[22 Paradise Rd., Northampton, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
June 1, 1942
After this long time I shall start a new series and call this letter NO. 1.

My dearest Emily,

Mytravels, trips and plansTSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden;e4as recounted to EH;a2 silence has been over a fortnight longer than I expected; and I fear that you (andEliot, Henry Ware, Jr. (TSE's brother);g4 others too: I had a cable from Henry) may have been somewhat worried. I was in Stockholm for two weeks longer than they led me to expect: theBritish Counciland TSE's mission to Sweden;a1 British Council people in London assured me that I would be back in three weeks; when I arrived I found that their representative on the spot had arranged a programme to cover four weeks – theAnglo-Swedish Societyaddressed in Sweden;a1 last speech was to the Anglo-Swedish Society, and the Anglo-Swedish Society has to be presided over by General Cederschiold and the General had to be away and could not meet any earlier date. And after that, I had to wait from day to day for transport home.1 I had been told not to mention my tour in advance, and especially not in letters. I could not see any good reason for this myself, as the visit had been well advertised in Sweden, and as soon as I got there it was reported in papers here: but private judgement has to be often in abeyance in war time. My'Development of Shakespeare's Verse, The'refashioned for Stockholm;b2 activity was purely ‘cultural’: lectures'Poetry, Speech and Music';a1 on Poetry'Poetry in the Theatre'delivered in Sweden;a1 and on Dramatic Poetry, and a lecture on Shakespeare fashioned out of my two old Edinburgh lectures; also readings of my own poems and meeting literary, theatrical and other people – the ‘social contacts’ and being entertained are a large part of these missions. It was all very interesting, rather boring, and extremely tiring; as well as an inconvenient interruption of everything else.

IClassical AssociationPresidential Address for;a4 was actually away, of course, for nearly a week longer than that, with the Classical Association meeting at Cambridge. I spent three nights there, with a Council Meeting, the General Meeting (at which the Provost of King’s was formally elected for next year – that having been decided by the Council some time ago!) and my address – as well as the Banquet, at which I had to respond to a speech of thanks from the Provost. MyClassics and the Man of Letters, Thereception;a7 address went off well, and earned a leading article in The Times the next day: 2 I shall be able to send you a copy as soon as it is printed by the Association. IHutchinsons, the;c4Hutchinson, BarbaraHutchinsons, theHutchinson, JeremyHutchinsons, theHutchinson, MaryHutchinsons, theHutchinson, St JohnHutchinsons, the stayed in college, and also dined with the Hutchinsons, JohnHayward, John;k8 Hayward (who was in bed with a sore throat, a most unusual illness for him) andAshcroft, Peggyat Merton Hall supper;a2 Peggy Ashcroft.3 But this is all small news, and seems a very long time ago. I returned to London for one day, and left the same night for my place of embarcation. I do not know whether I should say anything about getting to Stockholm and getting back – by air, of course, that is no secret: it was an interesting new experience, but uneventful: the sight of a foreign capital for the first time in that way is impressive. Stockholm is rather a lovely city, chiefly because of its natural advantages, being laced with waterways, and built on low hills round about. There is of course a certain nervousness about ‘neutral’ countries in these days, and for the first few mornings one half expected to wake up and find the Gestapo in the hotel corridor. I was very handsomely treated, and put up at the Grand Hotel, where there is running hot water all the time (hot water is rather limited in Sweden now): theMallets, thehost TSE in Stockholm;a1 second half of my visit was as a guest at the Legation, where the Minister and his wife were extraordinarily hospitable and friendly.4 I lectured twice at Upsala [sc. Uppsala] and twice at Lund – the two university towns; once at Gothenburg and three times in Stockholm. Upsala is only a short journey; Lund and Gothenburg are each a whole night’s journey by sleeping car – the latter easy because it is a terminus, but I did not sleep so well on the journey to Lund, because the train goes on to Malmo and I think by ferry into Denmark, so I was particularly anxious to get out at the right station!

Each of these visits was of course crammed with engagements: at Upsala and Lund a visit to the cathedral, in the former an interview with the Archbishop, in the latter lunch with the Bishop: lunch parties, dinner parties and supper parties. At these formal parties the host makes a speech about you (when you are the guest of honour, which you know by finding oneself at the hostess’s left) and at a later stage in the meal (a particular moment when the hostess lays her napkin on the table) you have to make a complimentary speech in reply: I found these extemporary speeches the most trying part of the work. You also have to write a letter to your hostess afterwards: I did not find this out till just as I was leaving, and so have had to spend the last two days in doing that. Everyone, by the way, talks English: some perfectly, others not so well. English is indeed the chief foreign language for the Swedes: they talk it better than German, and French hardly at all. I also had to lunch and dine with all sorts of people in Stockholm: the Minister gave a dinner and two lunches; there were various groups of literary folk – the poets who had made a volume of DIKTER I URVAL by T. S. Eliot,5 the P.E.N. Club (where I sat next to Prince Wilhelm, the literary member of the family)6 theBrunius, Pauline;a1 ‘Ars’ Group: the theatrical people, headed by Mrs. Pauline Brunius (‘the Sybil Thorndike of Sweden’ and doyenne of actresses),7 with one evening party which broke up at about 3 a.m. in broad daylight – there my poems were read in Swedish by Mrs. Christensen (a local actress and film star) and in English by me – Mrs. Kavli who acts the Queen in ‘Hamlet’ sang songs in every language and in several English dialects – after which (being Swedish as well as a theatrical group) everyone wept a little and embraced. There were also visits to Drottningholm (the local Versailles, with a beautiful 18th century theatre, to the Races, and an afternoon’s sail on the huge lake Malar [Mälaren] with three attachés from the Legation. That theatrical party left me very tired, allAulén, GustafTSE visits in Sweden;a1 the more so as I had spent the day at Strangnäs with Bishop Aulen and his family8 – a charming cathedral town with a beautiful cathedral.

All this is spreading English Culture abroad. IBell, George, Bishop of Chichester (earlier Dean of Canterbury)remains in Sweden after TSE;b5 left the Bishop of Chichester9 (whom you remember) there to carry on. I have seldom done anything more tiring. I must leave comments on Sweden to the next letter: this is merely to set the stage. ButGermanyGermans compared to Swedes;b7 I was surprised to find how like ourselves the Swedes (and I dare say all the Scandinavians) are, both in virtues and defects; and in spite of geography, rather more English than German – and much more like us than the Germans are. I think the Swedes were pleased, and they seem to consider that one is doing something rather daring by visiting them. I ate very good food, too: no doubt they put on their best menus for the visitor, and no doubt they will be worse off before very long: one notices that the bread ration is small, although some other things – butter and sugar, for instance – are more permitted than with us, and they get oranges and marmalade.10

IFabers, thehost TSE in Hampstead during war;e8 arrived in London on Monday night, and went to the Fabers. (TheyFabers, thesell house in Wales;f1 have sold Ty Glyn, and hope to get a place in Sussex, where there may be a cottage for me).11 Of course there have been a number of things for me to attend to at once, and I shall have to go to town this week: after that I mean to take a week at Shamley (MrsMirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff)boosted by son's promotion;c8. M. is in the best of spirits, because her son has been promoted to some very high command indeed); and after another week I hope to go away by myself for a week – I am think[ing] of inquiring at Ludlow, which I have never seen. ByLittle Giddingto be taken up again;b3 going away I might be able to re-write my poem again: at Shamley, as in London, I cannot get away from business.

I have four letters from you: April 6, 16, and 30, and May 11. ICockburn, James Hutchinson;a1 was interested in what you say about Hutchison Cockburn:12 I have met him from time to time on various commissions and councils, andSword of the Spirit, The;a2 on the Sword of the Spirit Committee which is still in existence. I have never heard him preach, but he is certainly an impressive and very Scotch figure. IThorps, theTSE imagines living with;d5 should not think the Thorpe household would be very restful: I know that Margaret would get on my nerves with her restless seriousness, and I am always irritated by people who do not control their dogs: and I cannot imagine any very intimate relations with such a person – the most personal matters would turn into a sociological survey.

Yourspringin wartime;b2 letters make me feel near to you again: asflowers and floralilacs;b9summon memories of EH;a2 doesflowers and florawisteria;d2summons memories of EH;a1 theflowers and floralaburnum;b8summons memories of EH;a1 springflowers and florarhododendrons;c6summon memories of EH;a1 here – whichflowers and floraazaleas;a2summon memories of EH;a1 at the same time makes distance all the more painful – withflowers and florahawthorn ('may');b5summons memories of EH;a1 may, lilac, wisteria, laburnum, rhododendrons and azaleas, and the whole country scented – Sweden was still cold and scentless, except in the woods where there were lilies of the valley – and reminders of Cotswold summer. TheSecond World Warits effect on TSE;b3 spring gives moments of reminder of what such a war does to one in burying, in a kind of hibernation, one’s private life, and at the same time overstraining one’s social thought and feeling: everything is ‘problems’, and only the social side of one is wide awake – which is not good for poetry, nor ultimately for the integrity of one’s thinking, unless fought against consciously. Well, I do not intend to make any more tours this summer, and I shall write regularly. Your first letter waiting for me referred to Glasgow (in February it was) and now your summer holidays will soon begin.

Your devoted

1.‘Classtravels, trips and plansTSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden;e4;a3n of 1910: Fiftieth Anniversary Report’ (1959?): ‘IBritish Counciland TSE's mission to Sweden;a1 had five weeks in Stockholm in 1942 …’ – for the British Council. For details of the trip to Sweden, see blog on ‘Cultural Warfare: Eliot’s work with the British Council’, tseliot.com. In addition, see TSE’s letters to Lord Vansittart, 9 Jan. 1942; Henry Eliot, 1 June 1942; Christina Morley, 27 July 1942.

Matthews, Great Tom, 129: ‘There are chapters, or at least paragraphs, in Eliot’s life that cannot be set forth with any certainty … Such a paragraph is the five weeks in May and June 1942 that Eliot spent in Stockholm with his friend Bishop Bell. It is known that a delegation of anti-Hitler Germans, including Hans Schönfield and Dietrich Bonhoeffer, went to Stockholm and had a series of meetings with Bishop Bell – about plans to overthrow Hitler and end the war – and that Bell later reported to Anthony Eden and that nothing came of it. Whether or not Eliot was privy to these abortive talks we do not know. At any rate, he was not present when the Bishop reported to the Foreign Secretary.’

2.‘TheClassics and the Man of Letters, Thereception;a7 Classics and the Man of Letters’: address delivered on 15 Apr. 1942. See ‘Literature and the Classics’, The Times, 16 Apr. 1942, 5: ‘The Classical Association, which has often heard presidential addresses from representative men in public life or from eminent scholars, listened yesterday at Cambridge to a man of letters. It was in that capacity that Mr T. S. ELIOT spoke. Men of letters, whatever grades and ranks there may be among them, provide a writer with his earliest models, constitute his first readers and critics, and help to guard and ensure the identity and continuity of English literature. And English literature, as Mr ELIOT says, is more than a succession of great authors; it is an entity and part of the larger entity of European literature. It is also a growth, and if a growing organism is wantonly destroyed there can be no putting it together again. Until quite recently all our men of letters were bred on the ancient classics, which also include the Bible; whether they were scholars in the academic sense or not, they all breathed the same atmosphere. On this broad ground Mr ELIOT bases the case for the continued study of the classics in schools, and for a more general study of the ancient languages than would serve to produce a few specialists. He views the problem not as one set before those who have to work out educational time-tables, but as a spiritual problem, on the solution of which depends the future of English literature.

‘Not very long ago MR ELIOT’s plea might have seemed superfluous. But various symptoms now make it welcome. There are iconoclasts who deny the value of the old literature; Latin and Greek are on the defensive in the schools, and the Bible is no longer the national reading that it was. These changes affect the general atmosphere in which writers do their work, while criticism for want of familiarity with the best is in danger of weakening its credentials. Mr ELIOT is well aware of the extremes to which criticism often tends to run – how the old critic can often see nothing good in new writing, for instance. But that is beside the point. Neither critic nor author can have too wide a general culture or too much sense of history or knowledge of the origins of English literature. To be a creative writer, or a critic worth the name, demands, in Mr ELIOT’s contention, a longer and more arduous initiation than apprenticeship to the other arts; and if the classical background to letters, a source of literary innovation and adventure in the past, is to be ignored, the loss will be a spiritual loss. Genius may not need the background, or may not appear to need it; for in fact SHAKESPEARE the unscholarly had it as much as MILTON the scholar. But genius is always rare, and Mr ELIOT is thinking rather of the general body of writers, who have served their generation and helped to maintain and enrich and renovate the tradition. It is not a question of obstinate conservatism, but of the recognition that the best of the past has its permanent claims on the living, who turn their backs on it to their own loss and, if they are writers, to the impoverishment of their public.’

See too ‘Classics and Men of Letters: Mr Eliot on Continuity’, Ibid, 7: ‘Mr T. S. Eliot, speaking on “The Classics and the Man of Letters” in his presidential address to the Classical Association at its annual meeting at Cambridge yesterday, held that the maintenance of classical education is essential to the maintenance of the continuity of English literature.

‘The President said that the standards of the highest classical scholarship had to be kept up, and the work of research honoured. That there would continue to be a place for the great scholar – without whom the fabric of classical education crumbled – he did not doubt; what was less certain was that in the future he would be discovered young enough to be given the proper training, and allowed any greater role than that of preparing a few younger men to carry on his work, without prospect of wider influence. A second category was that of non-professional scholarship, and of scholarship in other fields in which a reading knowledge of the classical languages was or should be required. But the maintenance of those types of scholarship was not enough unless some knowledge of the civilizations of Greece and Rome, some respect for their achievements, some understanding of their historical relation to our own, and some acquaintance with their literature and their wisdom in translation could be cultivated among a very much larger number of people.

‘Earlier in his address Mr Eliot made it clear that he did not pretend that a classical education was essential for the writer of genius. But a great literature was more than the sum of a number of great writers. The term ‘men of letters” included men of the second or third or lower ranks as well as the greatest; and those secondary writers furnished an important part of the environment of the great writer, as well as his first audience, his first appreciators, and his first critical correctors. The continuity of a literature was essential to its greatness. It was very largely the function of secondary writers to preserve that continuity and to provide a body of writing which, although not necessarily read by posterity, played a great part in forming the link between those writers who would continue to be read.’

3.PeggyAshcroft, Peggy Ashcroft (1907–91), celebrated British stage actor, was at this time married to the barrister Jeremy Hutchinson (son of TSE’s old friends St John and Mary Hutchinson).

4.VictorMallet, Victor Mallet (1893–1969), diplomat and author – who had served in Tehran, Buenos Aires, Brussels and Washington, DC – was Envoy to Sweden, 1940–5; later Ambassador to Spain, and to Italy; knighted, 1944; awarded GCMG, 1952. His wife was Christiana Jean Andreae.

SeeHinks, Rogerrecalls TSE in Sweden;a6n TheMallets, thewhere Roger Hinks remembers them;a2Mallet, VictorMallets, the Gymnasium of the Mind: The Journals of Roger Hinks 1933–1963, ed. John Goldsmith (1984), 84: ‘21 May 1942, Stockholm. Tom and I dined with the Mallets alone this evening. At table the conversation turned upon the intricacies of Swedish pronunciation, Peggy remarking that it was difficult when you could not tell the difference, by looking at things, between “anden”, the duck, and “Anden”, the Holy Ghost. Victor, without looking up from his fish, muttered: “How like the Swedes not to be able to tell the difference between a duck and a pigeon …” Afterwards V and P went upstairs, leaving Tom and me for a last talk before he goes back to London. WeMorgan, CharlesTSE's obiter dictum on;a2n discussed possible successors in the series of lectures. Charles Morgan and Herbert Read were mentioned. “Well,” said Tom, “if Charles Morgan came, I don’t suppose he’d do much harm to anything … except culture.” OfRead, Herberthis political persuasions;c4n Herbert he observed: “He would do, if his reputation as an anarchist had not preceded him. And even that might not matter, if only you could persuade people here that Herbert had some private reason for calling himself an anarchist when he is really only a social-democrat …” In the end we found ourselves talking about the nature of poetry. I confessed that I had really no idea why or how a poem ever came to be written. “A poem,” said Tom, “is the result of an urgent need to make a whole out of things which have nothing to do with each other.”’

5.DikterEliot, Henry Ware, Jr. (TSE's brother)as curator of Eliotana;e9n I Urval [‘Selected Poems’] (Stockholm: Albert Bonniers Förlag, 1942). TSE to Henry Eliot, 1 June 1942: ‘As soon as my books arrive I will send you a copy of Dikter i Urval, a volume of translations of my verse by Swedish poets, which was arranged to appear during my visit. This was a great help in publicity. I met most of the poets, as well as bishops, theatrical people (Murder was performed there, with considerable success, in 1938), a few cabinet ministers, publishers, and miscellaneous people.’

6.Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Södermanland (1884–1965), Swedish and Norwegian prince, published a number of books under the name Prins Wilhelm.

7.PaulineBrunius, Pauline Brunius (1881–1954), stage and film actor; director; managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, 1938–48. (TSE attended a performance of Strindberg’s Gustav Vasa, at the Rikstheater: see ‘Strindbergs inflytande på T. S. Eliot berydande’, CProse 7, 318–21.)

8.Gustaf AulénAulén, Gustaf (1879–1977), Lutheran theologian; Bishop of Strängnäs in the Church of Sweden; author of influential works including The Faith of the Christian Church (1923; trans. into English, 1948) and Christus Victor: A Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement (1930; English, 1931). His wife (m. 1907) was Kristine Björnstad. TSE to George Every, 27 May 1942: ‘I had a very happy day at Strangnass with Bishop Aulen and his family and liked them almost more than anyone I met in Sweden.’

9.George Bell, Bishop of Chichester.

10.Seetravels, trips and plansTSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden;e4as recounted to JDH;a4n too TSE to John Hayward, 14 June 1942: ‘IBritish Counciland TSE's mission to Sweden;a1 might have expected that when the British Council (in the person of Bridges Adams) assured me that I would be gone for three weeks, the British Council (in the person of Bottrall) would have arranged a programme for four: I might also have expected that after that I should have to wait day by day for a week for a plane. The weather was usually either too foggy in Scotland, or too fine in the Skaggerack. You can surely imagine for yourself the lunch, dinner and/or supper parties with the sppeches speeches [sic] complimentary by the host with the first glass of wone [sic], and the reply complimentary by the guest with the last glass of wine, the fluent English of every sort, the reception (in each place) by the Student Body, with Student Songs and performances on the Lute (the favourite instrument of the great barok poet Bellman) the perpetual handshaking and thanks and bowing; the visit to the local cathedral, art museum, modern theatre and/or concert hall; the supper the the [sic] PEN Club in the Bellman Rooms at the Gyldene Freden Restaurant which as everyone knows was bequeathed to the Swedish Academy by Anders Zorn; with Prins Wilhelm tall and lank and so completely Savile Row and Burlington Arcade that you could see he was a forreigner a mile off (‘and how is good old London?’ ‘cheerio!’) and poetry readings and performances on the Lute which was the favorite instrument of the poet Bellman who frequented the Gyldene Freden which was given to the Swedish Academy by the Painter Anders Zorn. I did manage NOT to look at the interior of the Town Hall. Roger Hinks shares with his chum Knapp Fisher a palatial flat in Strandvägen just above the Japanese Legation, with a card on the door: ROGER HINKS deuxième secrétaire de la legation britannique; Bill Pollock lives in a coquet villa on the side of the lake and plays records of Bela Bartok; there is a bouncing boy named Peter Tennant who says he knows you and who seems to talk Swedish better than English. He took me sailing one afternoon with two other attachés, Hubert Howard and Andrew Croft: you know the kind of expedition – most of the time spent in getting started and in picking up the mooring again, but a very pleasant relief from Swedish parties. There was also the bishops (mostly rather cagey and suspicious of Russia) and the Theatrical World – remarkably like the theatrical world everywhere else – Anders somebody who played Becket, with a portfolio full of photographs of himself as Hamlet, Othello etc., Mrs. Pauline Brunius the Sibyl Thorndike of Sweden who gave me tickets to Gustav Vasa historical play by Strindberg which seems to be modelled on Shakespeare’s historical plays but also contains several neurotic Swedish characters who are not very Shakespearean, where I sat next to a newspaper editor who is notoriously in the pay of the Nazis, several young laides ladies not laides but lovelies with interests in the films. Some of the parties were rather late. Large dinner by the Bonniers where I made my most moving speech; Mr. Svenson rather in the background but particularly agreeable person; another dinner by a rival publisher Bergk whom I have to give lunch to on Tuesday; and a number of Characters who turned up at almost any party, some of whom have presented me with their works. The books I collected have been sent on after me, with the exception of the copy of Money in the Bank which I particularly wanted for you as a curiosity, a first Swedish edition of the fallen Wodehouse; but I trust you have received Dikter I Urval. Bottrall skipping about with feverish energy. Newspaper interviews. Photographs: magnesium popping. The Grand Hotel very Phillips Oppenheim, full of international agents and Japs chattering in German. Last two weeks spent very pleasantly at the Legation: Mrs. Mallet gave me 2 neckties, a pleasant Sunday afternoon at the Races. Journey over very cold, in a flying suit and harness; journey back very hot. Still feeling very exhausted. I had hoped to come to Cambridge for Whitsun: but didnt get away from Bromma airport till that afternoon.’

TSE to Christina Morley, 27 July 1942: ‘Prince Wilhelm … says “cheerio” instead of “skol”.’

11.ByFabers, themove to Minsted;f2nFaber, Richard ('Dick')Fabers, theFaber, AnnFabers, theFaber, Enid EleanorFabers, theFaber, GeoffreyFabers, theFaber, Thomas Erle ('Tom', TSE's godson)Fabers, the arrangement with All Souls College, the Fabers presently took up residence at Minsted House, Midhurst, W. Sussex, where the property included a farm (as well as swimming pool). TSEMorley, Christina (née Innes);c5n to Christina Morley, 27 July 1942: ‘You may have heard of the great Faber migration: Ty Glyn sold to a Scotch Admiral, Oak Hill Park being dismantled, a flat in Russell Square being furnished, with a bedroom for me, but very little prospect of a charwoman, and the Cambrian Squire becoming a feudatory of the Bursar of All Souls’ in Sussex. (The new Seat I have not yet seen, but it seems to have one of the largest cow barns in existence).’

12.JamesCockburn, James Hutchinson Hutchison Cockburn (1882–1973), Church of Scotland clergyman and scholar; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1941–2. William Belden Lecturer at Harvard, 1942. From 1944 he was to be Chaplain to King George VI.

Anglo-Swedish Society, addressed in Sweden, then in London, prints TSE London speech, Strindberg Centenary formalities at,
Ashcroft, Peggy, in line to play Mary, at Merton Hall supper, in The Duchess of Malfi, and The Cocktail Party,

3.PeggyAshcroft, Peggy Ashcroft (1907–91), celebrated British stage actor, was at this time married to the barrister Jeremy Hutchinson (son of TSE’s old friends St John and Mary Hutchinson).

Aulén, Gustaf, TSE visits in Sweden, at Nobel Prize ceremony,

8.Gustaf AulénAulén, Gustaf (1879–1977), Lutheran theologian; Bishop of Strängnäs in the Church of Sweden; author of influential works including The Faith of the Christian Church (1923; trans. into English, 1948) and Christus Victor: A Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement (1930; English, 1931). His wife (m. 1907) was Kristine Björnstad. TSE to George Every, 27 May 1942: ‘I had a very happy day at Strangnass with Bishop Aulen and his family and liked them almost more than anyone I met in Sweden.’

Bell, George, Bishop of Chichester (earlier Dean of Canterbury), invites TSE to Chichester, to read 'Thoughts After Lambeth', Chichester visit described, consults TSE on extra-liturgical devotions, invites the Eliots for Whitsun, fancied for archbishopric, the Perkinses given introduction to, asks TSE to advise Archbishop, at anti-totalitarian church meeting, on Hitler's Germany, remains in Sweden after TSE, volunteers to guest-edit CNL, TSE's view of, convenes 'The Church and the Artist' conference, and Religious Drama Conference, as patron of the arts,

4.RtBell, George, Bishop of Chichester (earlier Dean of Canterbury) Revd George Bell, DD (1883–1958), Bishop of Chichester, 1929–58: see Biographical Register.

British Council, and TSE's mission to Sweden, honours TSE with Edinburgh reception, and TSE's abortive mission to Italy, and TSE's abortive North Africa mission, despaired of, wartime trip to Paris, think TSE's lecture too French, TSE opens exhibition for, trip to Paris,
Brunius, Pauline,

7.PaulineBrunius, Pauline Brunius (1881–1954), stage and film actor; director; managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, 1938–48. (TSE attended a performance of Strindberg’s Gustav Vasa, at the Rikstheater: see ‘Strindbergs inflytande på T. S. Eliot berydande’, CProse 7, 318–21.)

Classical Association, TSE disqualifies himself for presidency, Livingstone confers Presidency on TSE, TSE's communiqué to Greek Minister, Presidential Address for,
Classics and the Man of Letters, The, being written, revised with suggestions from GCF, reception,
Cockburn, James Hutchinson,

12.JamesCockburn, James Hutchinson Hutchison Cockburn (1882–1973), Church of Scotland clergyman and scholar; Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1941–2. William Belden Lecturer at Harvard, 1942. From 1944 he was to be Chaplain to King George VI.

'Development of Shakespeare's Verse, The', TSE reading Shakespeare in preparation, composition and revision, as lectured, Morley comments on, Granville-Barker, Wilson and Martin Browne sent, sent to EH, who seeks permission to recite, revised again for Bristol, refashioned for Stockholm, bibliographic details of,
Eliot, Henry Ware, Jr. (TSE's brother), hears TSE's Dryden broadcast, as potential confidant, sibling most attuned to TSE's needs, witness to the Eliots in 1926, surprises TSE in Boston, his aura of futility, disputes New Yorker profile of TSE, at Eliot family Thanksgiving, attends second Norton lecture, his business in Chicago, hosts TSE in New York, TSE reads his second detective story, his immaturity, accuses TSE of wrath, writes TSE long critical letter, the favourite of TSE's parents, sends New York Murder clippings, writes again about religion, insensitive to European affairs, Peabody Museum employ as research associate, gives TSE pyjamas for Christmas, sends TSE luggage for Christmas, hosts Murder's Boston cast, sends present to Morley children, cables TSE on 50th birthday, given draft of Family Reunion, gives TSE portfolio, champions Kauffer's photograph of TSE, explains operation on ears, sends list of securities, takes pleasure in shouldering Margaret, undergoes serious operation, recovering at home, as curator of Eliotana, as curator of Eliotana, war imperils final reunion with, and TSE's rumoured Vatican audience, corresponds with TSE monthly, offers Tom Faber wartime refuge, nervous about TSE during Blitz, as described by Frank Morley, recalls The Dry Salvages, has appendix out, cautioned as to health, frail, condition worries TSE, as correspondent, friend to J. J. Sweeney, tries TSE's patience, reports on Ada, describes Ada's funeral, beleaguered by Margaret, sent Picture Post F&F photos, likened to Grandfather Stearns, goitre operated on, his archaeological endeavours, back in hospital, imagined in exclusively female company, ill again, as brother, has pneumonia, terminal leukaemia, prospect of his death versus Ada's, anxieties induced by deafness, writes to TSE despite illness, death, memorial service for, on EH's presumption, Michael Roberts's symptoms reminiscent of, his Chicago acquaintance, friends with Robert Lowell's father, invoked against EH, on TSE's love for EH, buried in Garrett family lot, The Rumble Murders,

3.HenryEliot, Henry Ware, Jr. (TSE's brother) Ware Eliot (1879–1947), TSE’s older brother: see Biographical Register.

Fabers, the, model of happiness and respectability, their domestic situation, Faber children to tea chez Eliot, visit TSE at Pike's Farm, compared to the Morleys, closer to TSE than to VHE, 1933 summer holiday with, Ty Glyn Aeron described, request TSE to write play, too absorbed in their children, at the Morleys' party, give anti-Nazi party for author, host poker party, 1934 summer holiday with, take TSE to lunch in Oxford, 1935 summer holiday with, for which the children are bought tent, give party, 1936 summer holiday with, at Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party, sail model boats with TSE, and TSE's foggy adventure, cinema-going with TSE, take TSE to Witch of Edmonton, and Morleys take TSE to pantomime, and TSE attend opening of Ascent of F6, 1937 summer holiday with, and the Bradfield Greek play, School for Scandal with, take TSE to pantomime again, 1938 summer holiday with, 1939 summer holiday with, offer possible wartime refuge, 1940 summer holiday with, host TSE in Hampstead during war, TSE makes bread sauce for, brought vegetables from Shamley, move to Minsted, and TSE attend musical revue, 1941 summer holiday with, Minsted as substitute for nursing-home, trying to sell Welsh home, take TSE to International Squadron, invite TSE to Wales for Christmas, host TSE at Minsted, away fishing in Scotland, mourn TSE's post-war independence, 1947 Minsted summer stay, 1948 Minsted summer stay, host TSE for weekend, on 1950 South Africa trip, on TSE's 1951 Spain trip, 1951 Minsted summer stay, 1952 Minsted summer stay, 1953 Minsted summer stay, on 1953–4 South Africa trip, 35th wedding anniversary weekend,
flowers and flora, aconite, at Shamley, imagined in Cambridge, azaleas, summon memories of EH, bamboo, imagined by TSE in California, bluebells, in Shamley Wood, bourgainvillea, imagined by TSE in California, cactus, imagined by TSE in California, carnations, from Chipping Campden, catkins, at Shamley, celandine, spotted at Shamley, chrysanthemums, TSE prefers to roses, cowslips, at Shamley, crocuses, at Shamley, imagined in Cambridge, gladioli, sent to EH in TSE's name, hawthorn ('may'), summons memories of EH, heliotrope, enclosed in letter from Christine Galitzi, hibiscus, imagined by TSE in California, laburnum, summons memories of EH, lilacs, in Russell and Woburn Squares, summon memories of EH, lilies-of-the-valley, delivered to EH on the Samaria, Michaelmas daisies, around Pike's Farm, palms, imagined by TSE in California, primroses, and the English spring, at Shamley, pussy-willow, at Shamley, rhododendrons, summon memories of EH, roses, in autumn, sent to EH on birthday, from Chipping Campden, left by EH in TSE's Grenville rooms, their emotionally disturbing scent, given to TSE as EH's parting gift, for EH's birthday, snowdrops, at Shamley, sweet peas, and EH's performance in Hay Fever, effect of their scent on TSE, no longer painful to TSE, delivered to EH, TSE buys himself at Gloucester Road, cheer TSE up, the essence of summer, sent to Aunt Edith, violets, EH gives TSE as buttonhole, emotionally disturbing, left by departing EH, wisteria, summons memories of EH, Wood anemone, at Shamley, yew, sprig picked for TSE by EH, zinnias, TSE prefers over roses,
Germany, and The Road Back, and Triumphal March, needs to cooperate with Britain and France, and TSE's Lloyds war-work, TSE listening to speeches from, its actresses, and its Jewish population, in light of Versailles, Oldham reports on religious resistance in, remilitarises the Rhineland, its territorial ambitions under Hitler, Germans compared to Austrians, under Nazism, Duncan-Jones on religious persecution in, German conduct in warfare, Germans compared to Swedes, TSE's post-war sense of duty to, TSE diagnoses its totalitarian slide, TSE urges renewed cultural relations with, TSE on visiting,
Hayward, John, in TSE's thumbnail description, his condition and character, what TSE represents to, VHE complains about TSE to, TSE's new chess-playing neighbour, meets EH over tea, hosts TSE, GCF and de la Mare, on EH, on EH (to TSE), gives TSE cigars for Christmas, calls EH TSE's 'sister', and the Dobrées on Boxing Day, and TSE play a prank on guests, backstage at The Times, taken for walk, on Jenny de Margerie, Empson, TSE and Sansoms call on, evening with Spender, Jennings and, exchanges Christmas presents with TSE, exchanges rare books with TSE, sends luxuries to convalescent TSE, TSE's only regular acquaintance, dines with TSE and Camerons, lent Williams's Cranmer, accompanied to the Fabers' party, hosts discussion about Parisian Murder, inspects French translation of Murder, and TSE's Old Buffers' Dinner, gives TSE bath-mitts, given wine for Christmas, one of TSE's dependents, at Savile Club Murder dinner, Empson takes TSE on to see, possible housemate, in second line of play-readers, walked round Earl's Court, and Bradfield Greek play, and TSE drive to Tandys, and TSE give another party, corrects TSE's Anabase translation, watches television with TSE, Christmas Day with, introduced to Djuna Barnes, meets Christina Morley, walk round Brompton Cemetery with, Hyde Park excursion with, moving house, at his birthday-party, honoured at F&F, displaced to the Rothschilds, where TSE visits him, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, the prospect of Christmas without, excursions to Cambridge to visit, 'my best critic', gives TSE American toilet-paper, helps TSE finish Little Gidding, possible post-war housemate, protector of TSE's literary remains, foreseeably at Merton Hall, discusses plays with TSE, flat-hunting with, and Carlyle Mansions, his furniture, installed at Carlyle Mansions, further handicapped without telephone, undermines TSE's aura of poetic facility, irritates except in small doses, helps with adjustment of TSE's OM medal, at the Brighton Cocktail Party, hounded by Time, quid pro quo with TSE, arranges first-night party for Cocktail Party, arranges Confidential Clerk cast dinner, and TSE's Selected Prose, and TSE entertained by Yehudi Menuhin,

11.JohnHayward, John Davy Hayward (1905–65), editor and critic: see Biographical Register.

Hinks, Roger, quizzed over Roman Art book, at JDH's birthday-party, recalls TSE in Sweden, on TSE's 1947 visit to Rome,

4.RogerHinks, Roger Hinks (1903–63), Assistant Keeper, 1926–39, in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, from which he resigned in consequence of a scandal caused by his arrangements for deep-cleaning the Elgin Marbles. He later worked at the Warburg Institute, at the British Legation in Stockholm (where he met TSE in 1942) and for the British Council (Rome, The Netherlands, Greece, Paris). His writings include Carolingian Art (1935) and Caravaggio: His Life – His Legend – His Works (1953). See also ‘Roger Hinks’, Burlington Magazine 105: 4738 (Sept. 1964), 423–34; and The Gymnasium of the Mind: The Journals of Roger Hinks, 1933–1963, ed. John Goldsmith (1984).

Hutchinsons, the, dine chez Eliot, questioned by VHE as to TSE's whereabouts, dine in company with TSE, give TSE Bath Olivers, as friends,
Little Gidding, things 'done to others' harm', and TSE's St. Kevin's cave excursion, TSE's pilgrimage to the eponymous, and John Inglesant, in the Four Quartets scheme, as TSE's war work, latent within TSE, being drafted, first draft finished, suspended, to be taken up again, partly redrafted at Buckler's Hard, further redrafting, seven lines from completion, redrafting finished, in which JDH proved indispensable, NEW version sent to EH, published, sales, ends hopefully,
Mallet, Victor, in Rome, makes Testaccio Cemetery appeal,
see also Mallets, the

4.VictorMallet, Victor Mallet (1893–1969), diplomat and author – who had served in Tehran, Buenos Aires, Brussels and Washington, DC – was Envoy to Sweden, 1940–5; later Ambassador to Spain, and to Italy; knighted, 1944; awarded GCMG, 1952. His wife was Christiana Jean Andreae.

Mallets, the, host TSE in Stockholm, where Roger Hinks remembers them,
Mirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff), taken round the Tower, invites TSE to Shamley, described for EH, offers to house TSE gratis, her religion, as horticulturalist, concerns TSE, her distress on animals' behalf, not an irritant, secures better gardener for Shamley, circumstances in which she offered TSE refuge, indifferent to enlarging acquaintance, engineers solitude at Shamley, surprises TSE with lobster and cigars, reduces TSE's rent, celebrates 80th birthday, abed and anxious, anxious about North African campaign, going deaf, boosted by son's promotion, receives offer for Shamley, theatrical by nature, TSE prefers being alone with, TSE's sense of responsibility to, spoils TSE on his birthday, aflutter over Christmas turkey, delighted by recording at Shamley, takes in hopeless cases, collector of recipes, pleased by TSE's lawnmowing, hankers after life in Menton, dreams of leaving Shamley, pulls out of selling Shamley, as landlady, frustrations with gardener, her aura, summons TSE to Shamley, during TSE's final Shamley Christmas, dying, still just living, dies following operation, Wishful Cooking,
see also Mirrleeses, the

3.HopeMirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff) Mirrlees’s mother was Emily Lina Mirrlees, née Moncrieff (1862–1948) – known as ‘Mappie’ or ‘Mappy’ – see Biographical Register.

Morgan, Charles, Flashing Stream, TSE's obiter dictum on, EVE's quondam employer,
Morley, Christina (née Innes), and country life, at Joyce dinner in Paris, taken to theatre in Morley's absence, again to Love for Love, knits TSE socks, her Celtic temperament, therefore special affinity with Donald, sleeping at Donald's school, as tennis-player, falls asleep at wheel, entertained at The Berkeley, accompanies TSE to Three Sisters, taken to meet JDH, accompanies TSE to Bulgakov's White Guard, brings Morley boys along to Shakespeare, faced with departure for America, America's effect on, sends Ada's New York Times obituary, TSE writes letter of condolence to, for which she thanks him, in Cambridge,
see also Morleys, the
'Poetry in the Theatre', delivered in Sweden, revamped for Salisbury audience, rewritten for Rome,
'Poetry, Speech and Music',
Read, Herbert, indebted to Hulme, on Wilfred Owen, part of Criterion inner circle, his divorce, on TSE and children, TSE formulates his dislike for, hosts TSE in Hampstead, his dismal birthday-party, and his old ladies object of TSE and JDH's practical jokes, at Dobrée's farewell lunch, begrudged contribution to Milton volume, clashes with TSE in Criterion, discusses Anglo-French relations with TSE and Saurat, TSE spends weekend with, hosts TSE in Bucks, and Bukhari to lunch with TSE, his political persuasions, wheeled out at Norwegian dinner, on Canterbury excursion,
see also Reads, the

3.Herbert ReadRead, Herbert (1893–1968), English poet and literary critic: see Biographical Register.

Second World War, the prospect of, F&F plans in the event of, Britain's preparations for, prognostications as to its outbreak, and The Family Reunion, and the policy of appeasement, and transatlantic tourism, evacuation imminent, TSE discusses its outbreak with Dutchman, TSE refrains from commenting on, TSE's thoughts on, its effect on TSE, the 'Winter War', the 'Phoney War', Molotov–Ribbentrop pact, rationing, evacuation, seems continuous with First World War, invasion of Poland, invasion of Denmark and Norway, Chamberlain's resignation, Italy's declaration of war, Dunkirk, The Blitz, Battle of Cape Matapan, Operation Barbarossa, Greece enters war, Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War, Libyan campaign, North African campaign, and TSE's decision to remain in England, in relation to the First, prospect of its end unsettles, and returning to London, bombing of German cities, its effect on TSE's work, prognostications as to its end, the Little Blitz, Operation Overlord, V-1 Cruise Missile strikes, Operation Market Garden, and continental privations, and post-war European prospects, The Battle of the Bulge, possibility of post-war pandemic, V-2 Bombs, concentration camps, Germany's surrender, VE Day, and post-war Anglo-American relations, VJ Day, atomic bomb, its long-term economic consequences,
spring, tormenting, bittersweet, unsettles, the cruelties of April, troubles, ennervates, irritates, weakens, languorous, at Shamley, in wartime, melancholy,
Sword of the Spirit, The, committee meetings of,
Thorps, the, EH brings to TSE's notice, to tea chez Eliot, take flat in Lincoln's Inn, attend TSE's Poetry Bookshop reading, VHE invites to party, host the Eliots to tea, grow on TSE, host the Eliots for claret, cheesecake and Ombre, invite VHE to supper, compared to the Noyeses, take offence where none intended, called on in Princeton, appear in Campden, worth discussing American politics with, TSE imagines living with, TSE against leaving letters to, likeness to the Webbs, EH on, differentiated, take in worthy Chaplin exhibition, unrelaxing hosts, advise EH over terms of Princeton bequest, and EH's 'recording', pushing EH to write autobiography,
travels, trips and plans, EH's 1930 trip to England, EH's proposed 1931 England visit, called off, EH's 1932 summer holidays, the Eliots' Derby Day excursion, related, the Eliots' July 1932 Hindhead visit, the Eliots' August 1932 Eastbourne holiday, described, TSE's 1932–3 year in America, Norton Professorship offered to TSE, and the prospect of reunion with EH, which TSE refuses to see as decisive, which angers EH, who writes and destroys a response, TSE's financial imperatives, TSE's itinerary, and the question of discretion, opportunity for adventurous lecture-tours, TSE speculates on attendant feelings, TSE on the voyage over, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, the Eliot family's Randolph holiday, TSE's 1933 westward tour to Scripps, proposed to EH, and TSE's need to lecture, possibly via St. Louis, TSE's itinerary, possible stopover in Seattle, a shameful source of happiness, still a happy thought, described by Havens and others, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, TSE wonders at after-effect on EH, EH urged to reflect honestly on, Ada on, and a conversation about divorce, in EH's recollection, possible EH 1933 summer in England, TSE's 1933 Faber summer holiday, set for mid-August, postponed, rearranged, TSE buys summer outfits for, described, TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, possible itinerary, Morley's preparations for, described for EH, TSE's 1933 trip to Paris, mooted, described, EH's 1934–5 year in Europe, TSE delighted at the prospect, attempts to coordinate with TSE's 1934 summer plans, the Perkinses due in Chipping Camden, EH's itinerary, TSE's initial weekend at Chipping Campden, TSE books rooms in Lechlade, TSE visits Campden again with family, and again alone, which visit TSE reflects on, TSE's plans to entertain EH en route to Europe, EH's continental itinerary, VHE and propriety inhibit pre-Paris arrangements, L'Escargot lunch, weekend in Sussex for EH's birthday, possible London tea-party, second lunch at L'Escargot, EH and TSE's November excursions, a month which TSE reflects happily on, EH's summer 1935 plans, EH departs England, EH in Florence, arrived in Rome, TSE coordinating with EH's return, TSE recommends Siena, EH returns to Florence, EH sails for Riviera, EH returns from France, L'Escargot lunch on EH's return, EH sails for Guernsey, May 1935, EH's June 1935 London sortie, TSE attends Dr Perkins's birthday, TSE's July 1935 Campden week, TSE offers to fund EH in London, where EH joins Jeanie McPherrin, TSE's Campden birthday weekend, prospect of EH spending month at Blomfield Terrace, Thorp theatre outing, TSE's 6–8 September Campden weekend, EH staying at 19 Rosary Gardens, EH to Campden for 15–17 November, EH sails for Boston, EH and TSE's final farewell, TSE and EH's final weeks in London, their excursion to Finchampstead, TSE reflects on, excursion to Greenwich, EH reflects on the final weeks of, TSE's 1934 Faber summer holiday, described, TSE's dream of Cairo, TSE's invitation to Finland, palmed off on Robert Nichols, TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, proposed by Blake, attempts to coordinate with EH, TSE's itinerary, TSE's 1935 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, described, TSE's 1936 visit to Ireland, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's spring/summer 1936 trip to Paris, first contemplated, date fixed, Morleys invited, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1936 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, TSE's 1936 American trip, spring arrival dependent on New York Murder, if not spring, then autumn, possible excursions, autumn better for seeing EH, and possible Princeton offer, and possible Smith visit, efforts to coordinate with EH, passage on Alaunia booked, TSE's itinerary, Murder to pay for, coordinating with Eliot Randolph holiday, the moment of parting from EH, TSE's birthday during, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, itinerary, recounted, the Morley–Eliot 1937 trip to Salzburg, contemplated, itinerary, EH receives postcard from, described, as relayed to OM, EH's 1937 summer in England, and Mrs Seaverns, EH accompanies TSE to Edinburgh, itinerary coordinated with EH, dinner at L'Escargot, TSE's 10–11 July Campden visit, TSE's 17–22 July Campden visit, TSE's 21 August Campden visit, EH travels to Yorkshire, TSE reminisces about, TSE's 1937 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, leaves TSE sunburnt, TSE's 1938 trip to Lisbon, outlined to EH, TSE advised on, travel arrangements, the voyage out, described, EH's 1938 summer in England, and whether EH should spend it at Campden, EH's arrival confirmed, TSE's July Campden visit, EH's late-July London stay, TSE's 5–21 August Campden fortnight, TSE's 3–6 September Campden visit, EH's September London stay, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1938 Faber summer holiday, TSE's preparations for, TSE reports from, possible EH England Christmas 1938 visit, possible TSE 1939 visit to America, mooted for spring, complicated by Marion and Dodo's trip, shifted to autumn, threatened by war, made impossible, EH's 1939 England visit, TSE's efforts to coordinate with, threatened by war, complicated by Marion's arrival, EH's itinerary, EH's initial London stay, TSE's 7–20 July Campden visit, TSE's 22–30 August Campden visit, TSE's 2–4 September Campden visit, EH again London, EH and TSE's parting moments, in TSE's memory, memory vitiated by EH's subsequent letter, TSE's 1939 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, possible wartime transatlantic crossings, contingencies, in case of EH being ill, TSE's reasons for and against, and TSE's New York proposition, following invasion Denmark and Norway, impossible for TSE unless official, TSE's desire to remain in England, TSE's reasons for and against accepting lectureship, given Ada's impending death, TSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission, possible but confidential, lectures prepared for, and the prospect of seeing EP, might include Paris, itinerary, in jeopardy, final preparations for, cancelled, TSE's 1940 visit to Dublin, approved by Foreign Office, in national interest, itinerary, recounted, involves TSE's first plane-journey, TSE's 1940 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Faber summer holiday, Kipling and fishing-rod packed for, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Northern tour, proposed by the Christendom group, arranged with Demant, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden, TSE makes cryptic allusion to, as recounted to EH, as recounted to JDH, return leg in London, as war-work, TSE's 1942 New Forest holiday, described, TSE's 1942 week in Scotland, recounted, TSE's abortive 1942 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 trip to Edinburgh, recounted, TSE's abortive 1943 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 New Forest holiday, TSE's 1944 trip to Edinburgh, TSE's abortive 1944 North Africa mission, TSE's May 1945 trip to Paris, described, TSE's June 1945 trip to Paris, recounted, possible post-war American visit, and Henry's impending death, ideally ancillary to work, possibly as F&F's representative, waits on TSE's health and Carlyle Mansions, TSE's 1945 September fortnight in Lee, described, TSE's 1945 Christmas in Lee, described, TSE's 1946 summer in America, date for passage fixed, paperwork for, TSE's itinerary, its aftermath, recounted, TSE's 1947 summer in America, dependent on lecture engagements, TSE seeks to bring forward, Henry's condition brings further forward, set for April, itinerary, EH reflects on, TSE's scheduled December 1947 visit to Marseilles and Rome, itinerary, TSE's preparations for, dreaded, Roman leg described by Roger Hinks, EH's hypothetical March 1948 visit to England, TSE's postponed 1948 trip to Aix, itinerary, recounted, home via Paris, TSE's 1948 trip to America, itinerary, TSE's visit to EH in Andover, disrupted by Nobel Prize, TSE's 1948 Nobel Prize visit to Stockholm, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1949 family motor-tour of Scotland, described, TSE's October–November 1949 trip to Germany, possible itinerary, preparations for, final itinerary, TSE's account of, the return via Belgium, TSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa, all but fixed, itinerary, described by TSE, recounted by Faber, EH's 1950 summer in England, TSE books EH's hotel room for, TSE's efforts to coordinate with EH's movements, EH in Campden, TSE reports to Aunt Edith on, TSE's 1950 visit to America, and TSE's possible Chicago post, the Chicago leg, November itinerary, TSE's spring 1951 trip to Spain, itinerary, recounted, TSE's September 1951 Geneva stay, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's second 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to Rennes and the Riviera, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to America, itinerary, efforts to coordinate with EH's summer, TSE on meeting with EH, TSE's 1952 rest cure in Switzerland, TSE's 1953 visit to St. Louis and America, set for June, to include fortnight in Cambridge, itinerary, EH's 1953 trip to England, EH's Alnwick plans, TSE books hotel for EH, and EH's ticket to Confidential Clerk, TSE's 1953 visit to Geneva, TSE's 1953–4 trip to South Africa, itinerary, described, arrival described to JDH, GCF on, TSE's 1954 Geneva rest cure, Geneva preferred to Paris, TSE's deferred 1955 visit to Hamburg, prospect inspires reluctance in TSE, proposed for spring 1955, dreaded, TSE now returned from, TSE's 1955 visit to America, and contingent speaking engagements, foreshortened, itinerary, Washington described, TSE's return from, TSE's 1955 Geneva rest cure, TSE's 1956 visit to America, passage fixed for April, itinerary, TSE in the midst of, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1956 Geneva rest cure, itinerary, recounted, illness during, EH's 1957 visit to England, TSE and EVE invited to Campden, TSE reciprocates with London invitation, but EH leaves England abruptly, which TSE consults Eleanor Hinkley over, who duly explains, TSE and EVE's 1958 trip to America, as rumoured to EH, EH's 1959 tour of Scandinavia, funded by bequest from cousin, TSE and EVE's 1959 trip to America, TSE and EVE's 1963 trip to America,