[22 Paradise Rd., Northampton, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
The Criterion
12 May 1939
My Dearest,

Your last letter was that of the 25 April; and I hope that another may come to-day; but I am obliged to write early for a slow route, the Montreal boat now being the only one for some days. IEvans, Mauriceas Hamlet;a2 am glad that you saw the Hamlet: I expect that Evans has developed a good deal since I last saw him at the Old Vic. ThereMayne, RutherfordThe Bridgehead;a1 areMauriac, FrançoisAsmodée;a1 two plays here worth seeing, or which I want to see: The Bridgehead, by an Irishman named Mayne (said to be quite an old man, though I never heard of him before)1 which has a good press, and Mauriac’s Asmodée2 (‘The Intruder’) of which I hear varied opinion. I have not been thinking very much about politics during the last week. DuringSociety of Retreat Conductors, Queen's GateTSE makes retreat with;a1 the weekend I was in retreat – a good, but rather arduous retreat, with four hours meditation daily, but a walk in Battersea Park, in lovely weather (the last two days have been cool again); andHutchinsons, the;b8Hutchinson, BarbaraHutchinsons, theHutchinson, JeremyHutchinsons, theHutchinson, MaryHutchinsons, theHutchinson, St JohnHutchinsons, the have had two dinner parties since – a small informal one at the Hutchinsons’, andMaritain, Jacquesdinner for;b8 last night my party for Maritain, who was as charming as ever. It went off pretty well, I think; I always take the part of host rather heavily, but in this case at least I had no responsibility for choice of guests, asMoot, Theinvited to TSE's Maritain dinner;a8 theyMannheim, Karlat TSE's Maritain dinner;a1 consistedMoberley, Sir Walterat TSE's Maritain dinner;a3 automaticallyOakeshott, Walter F.;a1 ofHodges, H. A.;a1 whatShaw, Gilbert;a1 membersTomkins, Oliver;a1 of the Moot were able to come: Mannheim,3 Sir Walter Moberly [sic], Oakeshott (the new High Master of St Paul’s School, young and silent),4 Professor Hodges of Reading,5 Gilbert Shaw6 and Oliver Tomkins ex officio.7 IDawson, Christopher;a8 wasMurry, John Middleton;b1 sorry that neither Christopher Dawson nor Middleton Murry was well enough to come. The discussion, considering that it had to be bilingual – Maritain doesn’t express himself in English, and only Mannheim and myself could talk French – went very smoothly, and I think they found it profitable. Now a quiet weekend at home.

IBoutwood Lectures (afterwards The Idea of a Christian Society)being rewritten for publication;a9 am trying to do the final re-writing of my lectures, so that they may be published in the autumn: that is my main job at present. MyBickersteth, Revd Julian;a1 onlyFelsted School, Essexfledgling literary society addressed;a1 speaking engagement between now and December is to go to Felsted School in Essex and talk informally to fifteen boys who are starting a literary society there – this at the request of the Headmaster Bickersteth, a son of Canon Bickersteth of Canterbury8 – Iddings Bell thinks quite well of him. That I rather look forward to: it is so much pleasanter to talk to fifteen than to a hundred.

ISeaverns, Helenseeks advice from TSE on transatlantic tourism;c8 had a note from Mrs. Seaverns – I am to dine with her again on the 24th – to consult me about the opinion she should give to Mrs. Perkins about the advisability of coming this summer. ISecond World Warand transatlantic tourism;a7 told her (it was her opinion anyway) that I did not see any immediate cause for anxiety, and that I was not discouraging my sister from coming. NotGermanyunder Nazism;b4 that I yet see any way out of the eventual conflict: if Germany is prevented from expanding to the East, and gets no colonies, and is checked in South America, I do not see what the solution can be. IHitler, Adolfhis Reichstag speech on Poland;b1 cannot blame Hitler for distrusting conferences, and I fear that the interests against him are too powerful to let him get anything except by menaces. I wish that the Germans were not so unpleasant, and did not do everything in such an unpleasant way! Hitler’s speech was very able.9

Telltravels, trips and plansEH's 1939 England visit;d5;a4 me again what boat your reservation is on; I know you said the 14th June, but I don’t remember in what letter you said it: and, if I may say so, reading through an indefinite number of your back letters in the search for a particular piece of information not taking up much room, is rather a long job! We have been promised a warm summer, by the people who write in the newspapers about sun-spots. It would be very welcome – though catching cold in Wales last summer had its compensation in being nursed at Campden! But I should like you for once to have a summer primarily dedicated to your own health.

Your loving

TheFamily Reunion, TheF&F's sales;h1 Family Reunion has sold so far about 2600 copies here; I don’t know how many of the American edition, but I hear that it has gone into a second printing.10 NoFamily Reunion, Theand Orson Welles;g9 further news, of course, of Housman and Wells.

[Postscript on separate page]

IMorley, Frank Vigoraccepts Harcourt Brace position;i3 forgot, by some blindness that occasionally overcomes me, a rather important piece of news: whichHarcourt, Brace & Co.poach Frank Morley;a2 is that Frank Morley has decided to accept a very attractive offer to join the firm of Harcourt Brace & Co. in New York.11 His prospects there are better than anywhere else; because I think he will certainly become head of the business in time. I should not have advised him to accept it on the grounds of financial advantage and future importance alone, because those could never be the primary considerations with a man of his type: the chief reason for which we felt that he ought to accept was the certainty of being able to bring up his children outside of the war area of the future. His greatest responsibility is to them. ItMorley, Christina (née Innes)faced with departure for America;c2 will be difficult for Christina, of course. Again, if the children had been older, I should not have advised transplanting them, but they are all young enough to be able to flourish in America. IPike's Farmthe Morleys mean to leave;b4 think they are very regretful at being taken away from Pike’s Farm. I hope you may see them before they go (the date is not definite yet, but they may be here into July) but if you cared to write Christina a note about it, I am sure it would be appreciated.

OfFaber and Faber (F&F)lose Morley to America;e1 course it is a blow for me, and for all of his friends here, I do not like to think yet how great. The business is being rearranged, I think as satisfactorily as possible – of course such a man cannot be replaced.

1.RutherfordMayne, Rutherford Mayne – pen name of Samuel John Waddell (1878–1967) – playwright and actor; co-founder of the Ulster Literary Theatre, 1904; author of The Bridgehead (1939).

2.FrançoisMauriac, François Mauriac, Asmodée (1937).

3.KarlMannheim, Karl Mannheim (1893–1947), Hungarian–Jewish sociologist: see Biographical Register.

4.WalterOakeshott, Walter F. F. Oakeshott (1903–87), a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford (first class honours in Greats), he was a school and university administrator, and scholar of medieval art. Assistant Master, Winchester College, 1931–8. High Master of St Paul’s School, London, 1939–46. Headmaster of Winchester, 1946–54. Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, 1954–72. Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, 1962–4. President of the Bibliographical Society, 1966–8. Fellow of the British Academy, 1971. Knighted, 1980. He became famous in June 1934 for his discovery, in the Fellows’ Library at Winchester, of a manuscript copy of Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (now British Library: Add MS 59678). The ‘Winchester Manuscript’ was to be published in The Works of Sir Thomas Malory, ed. Eugène Vinaver (1947); see Oakeshott, ‘The Finding of the Manuscript’, Essays on Malory, ed. J. A. W. Bennett (Oxford, 1963), 1–3.

5.H. A. HodgesHodges, H. A. (1905–76), Professor of Philosophy, University of Reading, 1936–69.

6.GilbertShaw, Gilbert Shaw (1886–1967), Anglican clergyman and spiritual director; from 1940, influential vicar of St Anne’s, Soho, London. See Rod Hacking, ‘Gilbert Shaw (1886–1967)’, Fairacres Chronicle 19: 2 (Summer 1986), 6–10.

7.OliverTomkins, Oliver Tomkins (1908–92), Anglican priest; from 1945, Secretary of the World Council of Churches; Bishop of Bristol, 1959–72.

8.RevdBickersteth, Revd Julian Julian Bickersteth, MC (1885–1962) – Anglican priest, military chaplain, teacher, Headmaster of Felsted School, Essex (later Archdeacon of Maidstone, Kent, 1942–58) – wrote on 11 Mar. to invite TSE to address a new literary society for the senior boys: TSE was to visit the school on 16 May 1939.

9.AdolfHitler, Adolfhis Reichstag speech on Poland;b1 Hitler’s speech to the Reichstag, 28 Apr. 1939, included these remarks:

ITreaty of VersaillesHitler inveighs against;a6n considered it […] necessary to make it clear to the Government in Warsaw that just as they desire access to the sea, so Germany needs access to her province in the east. Now these are all difficult problems. It is not Germany who is responsible for them, however, but rather the jugglers of Versailles, who either in their maliciousness or their thoughtlessness placed 100 powder barrels round about in Europe, all equipped with hardly extinguishable lighted fuses. […] Poland’s access to the sea by way of the Corridor, and, on the other hand, a German route through the Corridor have, for example, no kind of military importance whatsoever. Their importance is exclusively psychological and economic … [N]ow Poland, like Czecho-Slovakia a year ago, believes, under the pressure of a lying international campaign, that it must call up troops, although Germany on her part has not called up a single man and had not thought of proceeding in any way against Poland. As I have said, this is in itself very regrettable and posterity will one day decide whether it was really right to refuse this suggestion made this once by me […] According to my conviction Poland was not a giving party in this solution at all but only a receiving party, because it should be beyond all doubt that Danzig will never become Polish. The intention to attack on the part of Germany, which was merely invented by the international press, led as you know to the so-called guarantee offer and to an obligation on the part of the Polish Government for mutual assistance, which would also, under certain circumstances, compel Poland to take military action against Germany in the event of a conflict between Germany and any other Power and in which England, in her turn, would be involved. This obligation is contradictory to the agreement which I made with Marshal Pilsudski some time ago, seeing that in this agreement reference is made exclusively to existing obligations, that is at that time, namely, to the obligations of Poland towards France of which we were aware. To extend these obligations subsequently is contrary to the terms of the German–Polish non-aggression pact. Under these circumstances I should not have entered into this pact at that time, because what sense can non-aggression pacts have if in practice they leave open an enormous number of one partner exceptions […]

I have sent a communication to this effect to the Polish Government. However, I can only repeat at this point that my decision does not constitute a modification of my attitude in principle with regard to the problems mentioned above. Should the Polish Government wish to come to fresh contractual arrangements governing its relations with Germany, I can but welcome such an idea, provided, of course, that these arrangements are based on an absolutely clear obligation binding both parties in equal measure. Germany is perfectly willing at any time to undertake such obligations and also to fulfil them.

10.U.S. sales of The Family Reunion ran to 2,349 by 30 June 1939.

11.FVMHarcourt, Brace & Co.poach Frank Morley;a2 had accepted an offer – with a salary of $12,500 plus expenses, as a minimum – to become editor-in-chief of the publisher Harcourt Brace, New York.

Bickersteth, Revd Julian,

8.RevdBickersteth, Revd Julian Julian Bickersteth, MC (1885–1962) – Anglican priest, military chaplain, teacher, Headmaster of Felsted School, Essex (later Archdeacon of Maidstone, Kent, 1942–58) – wrote on 11 Mar. to invite TSE to address a new literary society for the senior boys: TSE was to visit the school on 16 May 1939.

Boutwood Lectures (afterwards The Idea of a Christian Society), Spens invites TSE to deliver, being prepared, and Oldham's Times letter, TSE on delivering, being rewritten for publication, approaching publication, published as Christian Society, sent to EH, reception, selling strongly, apparently stimulating to others,
Dawson, Christopher, co-orchestrates BBC religious talks, signatory to Credit Reform letter, encouraged to expand Christianity and Sex, writes Times's Abdication Crisis editorial, anointed reader of Boutwood Lectures, promised article for Dublin Review, in Oxford, where he hosts TSE,

2.ChristopherDawson, Christopher Dawson (1889–1970), cultural historian: see Biographical Register.

Evans, Maurice, as Hamlet,

2.MauriceEvans, Maurice Evans (1901–89): British-born American actor of West End and Broadway; movie and TV. He was the homicidal husband in the stage production of Dial M for Murder (1952); and he later featured in Planet of the Apes (1968) and Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970).

Faber and Faber (F&F), TSE's office in, the garrulousness of publishing, refuge from home, in financial straits, future feared for, tranquil Saturday mornings at, TSE disenchanted with, hosts summer garden-party, as part of Bloomsbury, TSE considers 'home', VHE intrusion dreaded at, robbed, increases TSE's workload, TSE's editorial beat at, negotiate over Murder in the Cathedral, pay advance for Murder, VHE's appearances at, and Duff Cooper's Haig, 'blurbs' for, commission new letterhead from Eric Gill, give Ivy lunch for Dukes, TSE as talent-spotter and talent-counsellor, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, mark TSE's 50th birthday, and the prospect of war, and closing The Criterion, lose Morley to America, on war footing, war ties TSE to, fire-watching duties at, wartime bookbinding issues, advertisements to write for, Picture Post photographs boardroom, offices damaged by V-1, consider moving to Grosvenor Place, lunch at Wednesday board-meetings, Christmas staff party,
Family Reunion, The, and TSE as Orestes, plot sought for, progress stalled, referred to as 'Orestes play', written against countdown to war, should be artistically a stretch, plot still not settled on, begun, compared to Murder, TSE on writing, described (mid-composition), and Gunn's Carmina Gadelica, described to GCF, EH questions Harry's entrance, draft read to Martin Brownes, projected autumn 1938 production, depletes TSE, and Mourning Becomes Electra, its Greek inheritance, alternatively 'Follow the Furies', first draft promised to EH, as inspired by Tenebrae, being rewritten, work suspended till summer, fair copy being typed, waiting on Browne and Dukes, 'Follow the Furies' quashed by EH, aspires to be Chekhovian, Dukes keen to produce, criticised by Martin Browne, under revision, submitted to EH's theatrical wisdom, for which TSE credits her, possible John Gielgud production, Gielgud-level casting, Browne's final revisions, with the printers, Henry loaned draft, Donat and Saint-Denis interested, in proof, progress towards staging stalled, Saint-Denis interest tempered, possible Tyrone Guthrie production, possible limited Mercury run, its defects, publication scheduled, first draft sent to EH, Michael Redgrave interested in, March 1939 Westminster Theatre production, waits on terms, rehearsals for, which are photographed, opening night contemplated without EH, last-minute flutters, opening night, reception, coming off, TSE's final visit to, Dukes bullish on New York transfer, EH spurs TSE's reflections on, and Otway's Venice Preserv'd, American reception, and Orson Welles, F&F's sales, 1940 American production, Henry harps on the personal aspect, its cheerfulness, EH acknowledges part in, 1943 ADC production, in Dadie Rylands's hands, described, certain lines expressing TSE's frustrations, EH discusses with pupils, plays in Zurich, 1946 Birmingham production, 1946 Mercury revival, rehearsals for, opening night, TSE attends again in company, Spanish translation of, VHE's death calls to mind, its deficiencies, BBC Gielgud broadcast version, first aired, to be repeated, goes nominally with The Cocktail Party, Swedish National Theatre production, compared to Cocktail Party, EH's response to, more 'personal' than Cocktail Party, performed in Göttingen, 1950 Düsseldorf production, 1953 New York production vetoed, 1956 Phoenix Theatre revival, described, Peter Brook congratulated on, Martin Browne seeks MS of,
Felsted School, Essex, fledgling literary society addressed,
Germany, and The Road Back, and Triumphal March, needs to cooperate with Britain and France, and TSE's Lloyds war-work, TSE listening to speeches from, its actresses, and its Jewish population, in light of Versailles, Oldham reports on religious resistance in, remilitarises the Rhineland, its territorial ambitions under Hitler, Germans compared to Austrians, under Nazism, Duncan-Jones on religious persecution in, German conduct in warfare, Germans compared to Swedes, TSE's post-war sense of duty to, TSE diagnoses its totalitarian slide, TSE urges renewed cultural relations with, TSE on visiting,
Harcourt, Brace & Co., and Selected Essays, poach Frank Morley, negotiations over New York Murder, refuse illustrated edition of Cats, and Four Quartets, which they print disappointingly, advance TSE money,
Hitler, Adolf, Bishop Bell on, occupies the Rhineland, post-Anschluss, and Mussolini, and Vansittart, Kauffer's photo of TSE resembles, and appeasement, and the future of Europe, replies to Roosevelt, his Reichstag speech on Poland,
Hodges, H. A.,

5.H. A. HodgesHodges, H. A. (1905–76), Professor of Philosophy, University of Reading, 1936–69.

Hutchinsons, the, dine chez Eliot, questioned by VHE as to TSE's whereabouts, dine in company with TSE, give TSE Bath Olivers, as friends,
Mannheim, Karl, at TSE's Maritain dinner, and CNL, dinner in Cambridge with, notable correspondence with, Man and Society,
see also Mannheims, the

3.KarlMannheim, Karl Mannheim (1893–1947), Hungarian–Jewish sociologist: see Biographical Register.

Maritain, Jacques, and de Menasce's conversion and ordination, responsible for Cocteau's reconversion, on Cocteau, approaching sainthood, Boston reunion with, TSE appreciates his spiritual inferiority to, introduced to Jeanette McPherrin, on The Use of Poetry, writes to Jeanette McPherrin, TSE chairs talk by, which EH attends, thanks TSE for hospitality, and TSE's Paris itinerary, dinner for,
see also Maritains, the

5.JacquesMaritain, Jacques Maritain (1882–1973), philosopher and littérateur, was at first a disciple of Bergson, but revoked that allegiance (L’Evolutionnisme de M. Bergson, 1911; La Philosophie bergsonienne, 1914) and became a Roman Catholic and foremost exponent of Neo-Thomism. For a while in the 1920s he was associated with Action Française, but the connection ended in 1926. Works include Art et scolastique (1920); Saint Thomas d’Aquin apôtre des temps modernes (1923); Réflexions sur l’intelligence (1924); Trois Réformateurs (1925); Primauté du spirituel (1927), Humanisme intégral (1936), Scholasticism and Politics (1940), Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry (1953). TSE told Ranjee Shahani (John O’London’s Weekly, 19 Aug. 1949, 497–8) that Maritain ‘filled an important role in our generation by uniting philosophy and theology, and also by enlarging the circle of readers who regard Christian philosophy seriously’. See Walter Raubicheck, ‘Jacques Maritain, T. S. Eliot, and the Romantics’, Renascence 46:1 (Fall 1993), 71–9; Shun’ichi Takayanagi, ‘T. S. Eliot, Jacques Maritain, and Neo-Thomism’, The Modern Schoolman 73: 1 (Nov. 1995), 71–90; Jason Harding, ‘“The Just Impartiality of a Christian Philosopher”: Jacques Maritain and T. S. Eliot’, in The Maritain Factor: Taking Religion into Interwar Modernism, ed. J. Heynickx and J. De Maeyer (Leuven, 2010), 180–91; James Matthew Wilson, ‘“I bought and praised but did not read Aquinas”: T. S. Eliot, Jacques Maritain, and the Ontology of the Sign’, Yeats Eliot Review 27: 1–2 (Spring–Summer 2010), 21; and Carter Wood, This Is Your Hour: Christian Intellectuals in Britain and the Crisis of Europe, 1937–40 (Manchester, 2019), 69–72.

Mauriac, François, Asmodée,

2.FrançoisMauriac, François Mauriac, Asmodée (1937).

Mayne, Rutherford, The Bridgehead,

1.RutherfordMayne, Rutherford Mayne – pen name of Samuel John Waddell (1878–1967) – playwright and actor; co-founder of the Ulster Literary Theatre, 1904; author of The Bridgehead (1939).

Moberley, Sir Walter, at anti-totalitarian church meeting, fellow contributor to BBC series, at TSE's Maritain dinner, writes CNL,

2.SirMoberley, Sir Walter Walter Moberley (1881–1974), Professor of Philosophy, University of Birmingham, 1921–4; Principal of the University College of the South West of England, 1925–6; Vice-Chancellor, University of Manchester, 1926–34; Chairman of the University Grants Committee, 1935–49. Keith Clements, Faith on the Frontier, 367: ‘Combining the academic and man of affairs, (Sir) Walter Moberley was perhaps the nearest anyone ever attained to Oldham’s ideal of the theologically aware and responsible Christian layperson … Since 1935 he had been chairman of the University Grants Committee, the most powerful and politically influential position in higher education in England. His close association with Oldham already long-standing …’

Moot, The, first meeting, invited to TSE's Maritain dinner, no substitute for individual friendships, seems futile, welcomes Reinhold Niebuhr as guest, discusses TSE's paper,
Morley, Christina (née Innes), and country life, at Joyce dinner in Paris, taken to theatre in Morley's absence, again to Love for Love, knits TSE socks, her Celtic temperament, therefore special affinity with Donald, sleeping at Donald's school, as tennis-player, falls asleep at wheel, entertained at The Berkeley, accompanies TSE to Three Sisters, taken to meet JDH, accompanies TSE to Bulgakov's White Guard, brings Morley boys along to Shakespeare, faced with departure for America, America's effect on, sends Ada's New York Times obituary, TSE writes letter of condolence to, for which she thanks him, in Cambridge,
see also Morleys, the
Morley, Frank Vigor, TSE on sharing an office with, Criterion monthly meeting regular, returns from New York, indispensable in proofing Selected Essays, Criterion lunch in company with, joins farewell lunch for Hodgson, offers TSE post-separation refuge, acts for TSE during separation, spirits TSE away to Surrey, on TSE at Pike's Farm, as châtelain, acting as TSE's courier, on TSE's relationship to children, music-hall evening with, suggests tour of Scotland, which he plans out, suggests trip to Paris, thanks Joyce for hospitality, on TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, negotiating for Ulysses, his absence means more work, treasured and missed, gets on famously with Ada, mercifully returned to F&F, produces birthday-cake, peacekeeper between Rowse and Smyth, in on Sherlock Holmes prank, encourages TSE to go to Finland, on TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, and TSE drink GCF's whisky, takes TSE to Wimbledon, monopolises typewriter for joint story, as tennis-player, overawes GCF, TSE and EH's elected emergency go-between, good with thrusting young authors, backs publication of Nightwood, helps deal with Joyce, naturally projects strength, his French, escapes Criterion gathering to catch last train home, unusually subdued among the French, submits his Johnson Society paper, depends on TSE, on TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, which Morley describes, two nights' sleep in a caravan with, potential reader for Family Reunion, his father dies, Spender discussed with, sends TSE corrected Anabasis, heads for New York and Baltimore, his energy, returns from America, visiting dying mother, shoulders burden of EP, insufficiently honours EP, Boutwood Lectures submitted to, accepts Harcourt Brace position, what his leaving F&F will mean, taken to tea with Woolfs, remembers EH taking priority, first wartime letter from, which reports on TSE's family, sounds depressed in America, sounds less depressed to GCF, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, on Christian Society's American reception, suspected of indiscretion, EH explains 'Defence of the Islands' to, indifferent to Cats, entrusted with emergency Dry Salvages, America's effect on, gives Henry MS of 'Yeats', suggests 'Night Music' over 'Kensington Quartets', Ada too ill to see, his use of 'poised', puts TSE up in New York, on TSE's 1947 New York stay, presently unemployed, but inherits Graham Greene's job,
see also Morleys, the

4.FrankMorley, Frank Vigor Vigor Morley (1899–1980), American publisher and author; a founding editor of F&F, 1929–39: see Biographical Register.

Murry, John Middleton, TSE's peculiar relationship with, dismissed qua Marxist by Mirsky and Rowse, attacks TSE over Social Credit, TSE delighted to praise his Shakespeare, taking orders, at first Moot meeting, anointed reader of Boutwood Lectures, Shakespeare,

1.JohnMurry, John Middleton Middleton Murry (1889–1957), English writer and critic; editor of the Athenaeum, 1919–21; The Adelphi, 1923–48. In 1918, he married Katherine Mansfield. He was friend and biographer of D. H. Lawrence. His first notable critical work was Dostoevsky (1916); his most influential study, The Problem of Style (1922). Though as a Romanticist he was an intellectual opponent of the avowedly ‘Classicist’ Eliot, Murry offered Eliot in 1919 the post of assistant editor on the Athenaeum (which Eliot had to decline); in addition, he recommended him to be Clark Lecturer at Cambridge in 1926, and was a steadfast friend to both TSE and his wife Vivien. See F. A. Lea, The Life of John Middleton Murry (1959); David Goldie, A Critical Difference: T. S. Eliot and John Middleton Murry in English Literary Criticism, 1919–1928 (1998).

Oakeshott, Walter F.,

4.WalterOakeshott, Walter F. F. Oakeshott (1903–87), a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford (first class honours in Greats), he was a school and university administrator, and scholar of medieval art. Assistant Master, Winchester College, 1931–8. High Master of St Paul’s School, London, 1939–46. Headmaster of Winchester, 1946–54. Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford, 1954–72. Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, 1962–4. President of the Bibliographical Society, 1966–8. Fellow of the British Academy, 1971. Knighted, 1980. He became famous in June 1934 for his discovery, in the Fellows’ Library at Winchester, of a manuscript copy of Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (now British Library: Add MS 59678). The ‘Winchester Manuscript’ was to be published in The Works of Sir Thomas Malory, ed. Eugène Vinaver (1947); see Oakeshott, ‘The Finding of the Manuscript’, Essays on Malory, ed. J. A. W. Bennett (Oxford, 1963), 1–3.

Pike's Farm, TSE installed at, daily life at, Morley on TSE at, TSE's situation at, TSE's stay with the Eameses extended, TSE missing, TSE's June 1934 fortnight at, village bells at New Year, September 1935 week at, the Morleys mean to leave, graced by nightingales,
see also Morleys, the
Seaverns, Helen, finally dines with TSE, teaches TSE card games, bearer of EH's Christmas present, charms TSE, hosts TSE and the Perkinses, entertained by TSE, TSE hesitates to confide in, and Perkinses dine with TSE, to tea with TSE, seeks advice from TSE on transatlantic tourism, her comforts equivalent to Mappie's, houses EH on 1939 arrival, an old spoiled child, disburdens herself over tea, laments life in Hove, removed from grandchildren,

3.HelenSeaverns, Helen Seaverns, widow of the American-born businessman and Liberal MP, Joel Herbert Seaverns: see Biographical Register.

Second World War, the prospect of, F&F plans in the event of, Britain's preparations for, prognostications as to its outbreak, and The Family Reunion, and the policy of appeasement, and transatlantic tourism, evacuation imminent, TSE discusses its outbreak with Dutchman, TSE refrains from commenting on, TSE's thoughts on, its effect on TSE, the 'Winter War', the 'Phoney War', Molotov–Ribbentrop pact, rationing, evacuation, seems continuous with First World War, invasion of Poland, invasion of Denmark and Norway, Chamberlain's resignation, Italy's declaration of war, Dunkirk, The Blitz, Battle of Cape Matapan, Operation Barbarossa, Greece enters war, Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War, Libyan campaign, North African campaign, and TSE's decision to remain in England, in relation to the First, prospect of its end unsettles, and returning to London, bombing of German cities, its effect on TSE's work, prognostications as to its end, the Little Blitz, Operation Overlord, V-1 Cruise Missile strikes, Operation Market Garden, and continental privations, and post-war European prospects, The Battle of the Bulge, possibility of post-war pandemic, V-2 Bombs, concentration camps, Germany's surrender, VE Day, and post-war Anglo-American relations, VJ Day, atomic bomb, its long-term economic consequences,
Shaw, Gilbert,

6.GilbertShaw, Gilbert Shaw (1886–1967), Anglican clergyman and spiritual director; from 1940, influential vicar of St Anne’s, Soho, London. See Rod Hacking, ‘Gilbert Shaw (1886–1967)’, Fairacres Chronicle 19: 2 (Summer 1986), 6–10.

Society of Retreat Conductors, Queen's Gate, TSE makes retreat with,
Tomkins, Oliver,

7.OliverTomkins, Oliver Tomkins (1908–92), Anglican priest; from 1945, Secretary of the World Council of Churches; Bishop of Bristol, 1959–72.

travels, trips and plans, EH's 1930 trip to England, EH's proposed 1931 England visit, called off, EH's 1932 summer holidays, the Eliots' Derby Day excursion, related, the Eliots' July 1932 Hindhead visit, the Eliots' August 1932 Eastbourne holiday, described, TSE's 1932–3 year in America, Norton Professorship offered to TSE, and the prospect of reunion with EH, which TSE refuses to see as decisive, which angers EH, who writes and destroys a response, TSE's financial imperatives, TSE's itinerary, and the question of discretion, opportunity for adventurous lecture-tours, TSE speculates on attendant feelings, TSE on the voyage over, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, the Eliot family's Randolph holiday, TSE's 1933 westward tour to Scripps, proposed to EH, and TSE's need to lecture, possibly via St. Louis, TSE's itinerary, possible stopover in Seattle, a shameful source of happiness, still a happy thought, described by Havens and others, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, TSE wonders at after-effect on EH, EH urged to reflect honestly on, Ada on, and a conversation about divorce, in EH's recollection, possible EH 1933 summer in England, TSE's 1933 Faber summer holiday, set for mid-August, postponed, rearranged, TSE buys summer outfits for, described, TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, possible itinerary, Morley's preparations for, described for EH, TSE's 1933 trip to Paris, mooted, described, EH's 1934–5 year in Europe, TSE delighted at the prospect, attempts to coordinate with TSE's 1934 summer plans, the Perkinses due in Chipping Camden, EH's itinerary, TSE's initial weekend at Chipping Campden, TSE books rooms in Lechlade, TSE visits Campden again with family, and again alone, which visit TSE reflects on, TSE's plans to entertain EH en route to Europe, EH's continental itinerary, VHE and propriety inhibit pre-Paris arrangements, L'Escargot lunch, weekend in Sussex for EH's birthday, possible London tea-party, second lunch at L'Escargot, EH and TSE's November excursions, a month which TSE reflects happily on, EH's summer 1935 plans, EH departs England, EH in Florence, arrived in Rome, TSE coordinating with EH's return, TSE recommends Siena, EH returns to Florence, EH sails for Riviera, EH returns from France, L'Escargot lunch on EH's return, EH sails for Guernsey, May 1935, EH's June 1935 London sortie, TSE attends Dr Perkins's birthday, TSE's July 1935 Campden week, TSE offers to fund EH in London, where EH joins Jeanie McPherrin, TSE's Campden birthday weekend, prospect of EH spending month at Blomfield Terrace, Thorp theatre outing, TSE's 6–8 September Campden weekend, EH staying at 19 Rosary Gardens, EH to Campden for 15–17 November, EH sails for Boston, EH and TSE's final farewell, TSE and EH's final weeks in London, their excursion to Finchampstead, TSE reflects on, excursion to Greenwich, EH reflects on the final weeks of, TSE's 1934 Faber summer holiday, described, TSE's dream of Cairo, TSE's invitation to Finland, palmed off on Robert Nichols, TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, proposed by Blake, attempts to coordinate with EH, TSE's itinerary, TSE's 1935 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, described, TSE's 1936 visit to Ireland, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's spring/summer 1936 trip to Paris, first contemplated, date fixed, Morleys invited, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1936 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, TSE's 1936 American trip, spring arrival dependent on New York Murder, if not spring, then autumn, possible excursions, autumn better for seeing EH, and possible Princeton offer, and possible Smith visit, efforts to coordinate with EH, passage on Alaunia booked, TSE's itinerary, Murder to pay for, coordinating with Eliot Randolph holiday, the moment of parting from EH, TSE's birthday during, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, itinerary, recounted, the Morley–Eliot 1937 trip to Salzburg, contemplated, itinerary, EH receives postcard from, described, as relayed to OM, EH's 1937 summer in England, and Mrs Seaverns, EH accompanies TSE to Edinburgh, itinerary coordinated with EH, dinner at L'Escargot, TSE's 10–11 July Campden visit, TSE's 17–22 July Campden visit, TSE's 21 August Campden visit, EH travels to Yorkshire, TSE reminisces about, TSE's 1937 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, leaves TSE sunburnt, TSE's 1938 trip to Lisbon, outlined to EH, TSE advised on, travel arrangements, the voyage out, described, EH's 1938 summer in England, and whether EH should spend it at Campden, EH's arrival confirmed, TSE's July Campden visit, EH's late-July London stay, TSE's 5–21 August Campden fortnight, TSE's 3–6 September Campden visit, EH's September London stay, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1938 Faber summer holiday, TSE's preparations for, TSE reports from, possible EH England Christmas 1938 visit, possible TSE 1939 visit to America, mooted for spring, complicated by Marion and Dodo's trip, shifted to autumn, threatened by war, made impossible, EH's 1939 England visit, TSE's efforts to coordinate with, threatened by war, complicated by Marion's arrival, EH's itinerary, EH's initial London stay, TSE's 7–20 July Campden visit, TSE's 22–30 August Campden visit, TSE's 2–4 September Campden visit, EH again London, EH and TSE's parting moments, in TSE's memory, memory vitiated by EH's subsequent letter, TSE's 1939 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, possible wartime transatlantic crossings, contingencies, in case of EH being ill, TSE's reasons for and against, and TSE's New York proposition, following invasion Denmark and Norway, impossible for TSE unless official, TSE's desire to remain in England, TSE's reasons for and against accepting lectureship, given Ada's impending death, TSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission, possible but confidential, lectures prepared for, and the prospect of seeing EP, might include Paris, itinerary, in jeopardy, final preparations for, cancelled, TSE's 1940 visit to Dublin, approved by Foreign Office, in national interest, itinerary, recounted, involves TSE's first plane-journey, TSE's 1940 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Faber summer holiday, Kipling and fishing-rod packed for, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Northern tour, proposed by the Christendom group, arranged with Demant, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden, TSE makes cryptic allusion to, as recounted to EH, as recounted to JDH, return leg in London, as war-work, TSE's 1942 New Forest holiday, described, TSE's 1942 week in Scotland, recounted, TSE's abortive 1942 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 trip to Edinburgh, recounted, TSE's abortive 1943 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 New Forest holiday, TSE's 1944 trip to Edinburgh, TSE's abortive 1944 North Africa mission, TSE's May 1945 trip to Paris, described, TSE's June 1945 trip to Paris, recounted, possible post-war American visit, and Henry's impending death, ideally ancillary to work, possibly as F&F's representative, waits on TSE's health and Carlyle Mansions, TSE's 1945 September fortnight in Lee, described, TSE's 1945 Christmas in Lee, described, TSE's 1946 summer in America, date for passage fixed, paperwork for, TSE's itinerary, its aftermath, recounted, TSE's 1947 summer in America, dependent on lecture engagements, TSE seeks to bring forward, Henry's condition brings further forward, set for April, itinerary, EH reflects on, TSE's scheduled December 1947 visit to Marseilles and Rome, itinerary, TSE's preparations for, dreaded, Roman leg described by Roger Hinks, EH's hypothetical March 1948 visit to England, TSE's postponed 1948 trip to Aix, itinerary, recounted, home via Paris, TSE's 1948 trip to America, itinerary, TSE's visit to EH in Andover, disrupted by Nobel Prize, TSE's 1948 Nobel Prize visit to Stockholm, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1949 family motor-tour of Scotland, described, TSE's October–November 1949 trip to Germany, possible itinerary, preparations for, final itinerary, TSE's account of, the return via Belgium, TSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa, all but fixed, itinerary, described by TSE, recounted by Faber, EH's 1950 summer in England, TSE books EH's hotel room for, TSE's efforts to coordinate with EH's movements, EH in Campden, TSE reports to Aunt Edith on, TSE's 1950 visit to America, and TSE's possible Chicago post, the Chicago leg, November itinerary, TSE's spring 1951 trip to Spain, itinerary, recounted, TSE's September 1951 Geneva stay, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's second 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to Rennes and the Riviera, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to America, itinerary, efforts to coordinate with EH's summer, TSE on meeting with EH, TSE's 1952 rest cure in Switzerland, TSE's 1953 visit to St. Louis and America, set for June, to include fortnight in Cambridge, itinerary, EH's 1953 trip to England, EH's Alnwick plans, TSE books hotel for EH, and EH's ticket to Confidential Clerk, TSE's 1953 visit to Geneva, TSE's 1953–4 trip to South Africa, itinerary, described, arrival described to JDH, GCF on, TSE's 1954 Geneva rest cure, Geneva preferred to Paris, TSE's deferred 1955 visit to Hamburg, prospect inspires reluctance in TSE, proposed for spring 1955, dreaded, TSE now returned from, TSE's 1955 visit to America, and contingent speaking engagements, foreshortened, itinerary, Washington described, TSE's return from, TSE's 1955 Geneva rest cure, TSE's 1956 visit to America, passage fixed for April, itinerary, TSE in the midst of, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1956 Geneva rest cure, itinerary, recounted, illness during, EH's 1957 visit to England, TSE and EVE invited to Campden, TSE reciprocates with London invitation, but EH leaves England abruptly, which TSE consults Eleanor Hinkley over, who duly explains, TSE and EVE's 1958 trip to America, as rumoured to EH, EH's 1959 tour of Scandinavia, funded by bequest from cousin, TSE and EVE's 1959 trip to America, TSE and EVE's 1963 trip to America,
Treaty of Versailles, TSE on, letter to The Times on, and Germany's subsequent violations, Keynes's book on, and Hitler's remilitarisation of the Rhineland, Hitler inveighs against,