[No surviving envelope]

T. S.Eliot
The Criterion
Ascension Day [21 May] 1936.
Dearest Love,

ThisCriterion, Theparticularly heavy gathering;b1 morning I did not arise betimes – I slept till 8.30. That was because of the Criterion Party last night. It was, to be sure, a very quiet party: IBeachcroft, Thomas Owen ('T. O.')last to leave Criterion gathering;a3 managedTomlin, E. Walter F.last to leave Criterion gathering;a2 toEmpson, Williamrakish appearance at Criterion gathering;a3 leave, with the last stragglers, Tom Beachcroft, Walter Tomlin and Bill Empson, at 11.45; nevertheless, the rare parties are exceedingly fatiguing for the hosts – Morley and myself – andMorley, Frank Vigorescapes Criterion gathering to catch last train home;f8 moreFlint, Frank Stuart ('F. S.')in Criterion inner-circle;a3 forBelgion, Montgomeryin Criterion inner-circle;b2 meRead, Herbertpart of Criterion inner circle;a3, becauseTandy, Geoffreypart of Criterion inner circle;b2 MorleyWilliams, Orlopart of Criterion inner circle;a4 leftTrend, John Brande ('J. B.')part of Criterion inner-circle;a2 about 11 to catch the last train to Lingfield – leaving his corkscrew behind with me – but I did not have to use it. I believe that most of the men who came enjoyed themselves: but when I am a host, I am so aware of the machinery going around, and of my own efforts to make it go round, that it seems to me that everyone is participating in some horrible mechanical ballet. They mostly seemed like corpses to which one gave a succession of sécousses.1 What bad mixers people are! They didn’t even appreciate each other sufficiently to evoke the latent vitality in each. Who were they: first of all, for supper, the interior Criterion circle. Morley, Flint, Belgion, Read, Tandy, Williams, Trend – difficult enough, as several social degrees are represented – queer bricks for which Morley and I had to provide the cement – but a discussion provided by Morley, of a circular to be issued for the Criterion, kept the party united. ThenDemant, Revd Vigo Augusteat heavy Criterion gathering;a7, atMairet, Philipat heavy Criterion gathering;a5 9 o’clockPorteus, Hugh Gordonfails to get drunk at Criterion gathering;a4 (thisRowse, Alfred Leslie ('A. L.')at heavy Criterion gathering;a6 wasThomas, Dylancannot get drunk at Criterion gathering;a1 atMadge, Charlesat heavy Criterion gathering;a3 Russell Square, of course: supper in the Board Room (which you remember) and reception in Morley’s room below), arrived stragglingly the twenty-five or thirty guests and the guests of members: a vague Spaniard, invited by Trend (who is Professor of Spanish at Cambridge); the Revd. Victor Demant, Philip Mairet, H. G. Porteus, A. L. Rowse, Tomlin, Dylan Thomas,2 Charles Madge, Bill Empson (who had rung up to ask in a muddled voice whether he might bring a young lady, to which I replied firmly NO) and many more (whose names on earth are dark). AlsoHeap, Janefirst female at Criterion gathering;a1 one lady guest – the first female ever to be invited to a Criterion Evening – Miss Jane Heap, sometime editor of the Little Review in New York, in the days when they published ‘Ulysses’ serially.3 Jane is very fat, approximating fifty, dresses like a man as nearly as possible, laughs loudly until she has to wipe the tears from her eyes, hasPound, Ezraanecdotalised by Jane Heap;b8 someJoyce, Jamesanecdotalised by Jane Heap;c8 very amusing anecdotes about Ezra Pound and Joyce, and is what you might call a Card. TheD'Arcy, Fr Martin;a9 Revd. M.C. D’Arcy S.J. was unfortunately unable to be present; butBurns, Tomat heavy Criterion gathering;a3 Tom Burns of Longmans, also an editor of the Tablet (leading R. C. weekly) came, and was very useful – got on well with Demant, whose book which we are publishing is to be called (that was decided during the evening) ‘Christian Polity’. Porteus, Thomas, and somebody else tried to get drunk on the sherry, hock and beer provided, but I am glad to say that they failed completely. RichardChurch, Richardat heavy Criterion gathering;a1 ChurchThorpe, W. A.at heavy Criterion gathering;a14 of Dent’s enjoyed himself mildly, as did Willie Thorpe, director of Greek and Roman antiquities in the Victoria & Albert Museum. One or two sketchy surrealists hovered in the background. ILister (caretaker at 24 Russell Square, formerly Faber's butler)at heavy Criterion gathering;a6 believe an enjoyable evening was had by all, except myself and the inscrutable Lister who had to clear up the bottles and ashes after we left: and I got to bed thankfully at 12.30.

This morning I could not get up early, so went to the 10.30 High Mass for Ascension Day, afterSt. Stephen's Church, Gloucester Roadchurchwarding at;a5 which balanced the collection money for the week so far, had a fitting at my tailor’s (such a tale he had to tell about the difficulty of getting good workmen nowadays), had to buy a new outfit of underwear (I can’t understand why it is I am always having to buy things: my new suit – well, it’s the first spring suit I have had since 1932: my new underwear – it’s the first I have had to buy since July 1933: that seems reasonable, and yet there’s always something: as soon as I have bought toothpaste, I have to buy shaving soap; and then I need new razor blades, and then bath soap, and then bath powder, and before you know it I need two new tooth brushes, and so on. And I have been having my spring do at my dentist’s for the last three weeks and that means a morning wasted each week. And I believe some of my shoes need re-soling. I have had to buy three pairs of spring socks, and now the weather has turned cold again and I can’t wear them but must go back to my woolen socks with holes in them. And ALL my hats are very shabby. The next thing to happen is that I shall lose my umbrella and have to buy a new one, and somehow every one you buy is more expensive than the last). If that wasn’t enough there’s always something on my conscience. It isn’t as if my business was just a matter of business. It’sTrouncer, Margaretwhich TSE is keen on;a8 allright so far as one is concerned with folk like Mrs. Trouncer – her book has done quite well, so I shall have her to tea again next week and arrange for her next book; but there are these young people who need to be guided, and who are trying to produce Art and (alas) to make a living at the same time. If one didn’t have to be a financial adviser and take the place of a Decent Home Influence at the same time! It is exceedingly difficult to advise them about their material interests and their spiritual interests at the same time. (I see that I have ended three sentences in succession with ‘at the same time’: I know that is bad, but my letters are for you and not to put myself among the Great English Letter writers).

The reason why I am writing tonight (Thursday) instead of tomorrow night (Friday) which would do equally well for the next boat (the Bremen) isBlackstone, Bernardexamined for PhD by TSE;a1 thatHerbert, GeorgeTSE examines PhD on;a2 I have let myself in innocently for examining a candidate for a degree at Trinity (Cambridge) who has written a thesis on George Herbert.5 Therefore, I must spend tomorrow night mugging up on the subject so as to be able to ask intelligent questions. I only get five guineas, and if I had realised that I had to participate in an oral examination, as well as reporting on the thesis, I wouldn’t have undertaken it. But he is quite able, and I mean him to get his degree – Ph.D. I believe. SoKeyneses, theaccompany TSE to Cambridge Murder;a3 that insteadEnglandLittle Gidding, Cambridgeshire;g9TSE's long-intended expedition to;a1 of merely stopping over the weekend with Maynard Keynes at King’s, to see ‘Murder’ at his theatre, IStewart, Hugh Fraser;a1 have to move on Monday to stay with old Dr. Stewart6 of Trinity, examine theLittle GiddingTSE's pilgrimage to the eponymous;a3 young man Blackstone with Stewart andStewart, Hugh Fraserand TSE's long-intended Little Gidding expedition;a2 thenCrashaw, Richardand Little Gidding;a1 goCollett, Maryinspires Little Gidding pilgrimage;a1 forFerrar, Nicholasinspires Little Gidding pilgrimage;a2 aShorthouse, John HenryJohn Inglesant and Little Gidding;a1 picnicLittle Giddingand John Inglesant;a4 to Little Gidding (an expedition that Dr. Stewart has intended for ten years) to shed a few tears over Crashaw, Mary Collett,7 Nicholas Ferrar and John Inglesant,8 and return to business on Tuesday morning.9 SoAndrewes, LancelotTSE examines PhD on;a1 tomorrowRolle, Richard;a1 nightJulian of Norwichand Blackstone's PhD;a1 I must busy myself working up nasty questions to ask the young man (who I have decided must get his degree anyway) about Andrewes’ opinion on the Real Presence, the influence of Richard Rolle and Juliana of Norwich upon George Herbert, the essence of baroque art, and so forth. And so I shall not be able to write to you again until Tuesday evening.

I hope, my darling, that when you receive this letter like the foregoing, you do not say or feel, how unsatisfactory! Because to me, to give you a letter like this is like giving you my stockings to mend, or coming home and explaining about my difficulties of the day and asking you to tell me what to do or not to do about them. Smalltalk [sic] – is an intimacy, like darning socks or brushing somebody’s hair. My dear.

My Emilie
from her Tom

1.Sécousses (Fr.): jerks.

2.DylanThomas, Dylan Thomas (1914–53) published Eighteen Poems in 1934, Twenty-Five Poems in 1936. Other works include Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog (1940), Under Milk Wood (1954), Adventures in the Skin Trade (1955) and Collected Poems 1934–1953 (1966). TSE to Hugh Gordon Porteus, 17 Dec. 1957: ‘I did not know Dylan Thomas very well and never took to him particularly, although I have been impressed by the warmth of affection for him of people whose opinions I respect including Vernon Watkins himself, whom I like very much, but I was rather too senior perhaps to see the side of him that must have been so very lovable.’

3.JaneHeap, Jane Heap (1883–1964), American publisher, was co-editor (with her lover Margaret Anderson) of The Little Review, 1916–29.

4.RichardChurch, Richard Church (1893–1972), poet, critic, novelist, journalist and autobiographer; worked as a civil servant before becoming in 1933 a full-time writer and journalist. His first book of verse, Mood without Measure, was published by TSE at F&G in 1928. On TSE: see Church, The Voyage Home (1964).

5.TSEBlackstone, Bernard was to examine the PhD thesis of Bernard Blackstone (1911–83), of Trinity College, Cambridge: ‘George Herbert and Nicholas Ferrar: a study in devotional imagery’.

6.HughStewart, Hugh Fraser Fraser Stewart, DD (1863–1948), Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, since 1918. An authority on Pascal, his works include a posthumous bilingual edition of the Pensées.

7.MaryCollett, Mary Collett (ca. 1600–80) became ‘mother’ to the community of Little Gidding from 1632. The poet Richard Crashaw was an admirer of Collett.

8.JohnShorthouse, John Henry Henry Shorthouse, John Iglesant: A Romance (2 vols., 1881): historical fiction about Little Gidding.

9.The Blackstone viva took place on the Monday morning, and TSE was driven over to visit Little Gidding for the first time that afternoon. EVE to Ana Olos, 11 Dec. 1990: ‘You will be amused to know that a distinguished American scholar wrote to me recently to say that my husband could not have visited Little Gidding on 25th May 1936, as he claimed, because TSE had said in a letter that it was a lovely day, but the scholar had checked the weather report and found it was wet and windy. Fortunately, with the aid of my archive, I was able to prove that TSE was staying with Lord Keynes in Cambridge just beforehand and had gone to Little Gidding on the afternoon of Monday the 25th’ (EVE).

See further Barry Spurr, ‘The Genesis of Little Gidding’, Yeats Eliot Review 6 (1979), 29–30; Ronald Schuchard, Eliot’s Dark Angel: Intersections of Life and Art (1999), 175–95.

Andrewes, Lancelot, TSE examines PhD on,
Beachcroft, Thomas Owen ('T. O.'), last to leave Criterion gathering, accompanies TSE to Cranmer,

2.T. O. BeachcroftBeachcroft, Thomas Owen ('T. O.') (1902–88), author and critic. A graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, he joined the BBC in 1924 but then worked for Unilevers Advertising Service until 1941. He was Chief Overseas Publicity Officer, BBC, 1941–61; General Editor of the British Council series ‘Writers and Their Work’, 1949–54. His writings include Collected Stories (1946).

Belgion, Montgomery, and Alida Monro dine chez Eliot, expensive club dinner with, accompanies TSE to Othello, and Charles Williams dine with TSE, accompanies TSE to Henry IV, Part II, to Garrigou-Lagrange lecture, takes TSE and Saurat to the Ivy, weekend's walking in Sussex with, in Criterion inner-circle, drink with Tom Burns and, accompanies TSE to Cranmer, and Mairet to lunch, accompanies TSE to Witch of Edmonton, arranges dinner for Murder, accompanies TSE to Uncle Vanya, to Measure for Measure, to Richard III, to Volpone, lonely, hosts dinner at Chinese restaurant, reviews Christian Society, on leave in London,

4.MontgomeryBelgion, Montgomery (‘Monty’) Belgion (1892–1973), author and journalist: see Biographical Register.

Blackstone, Bernard, examined for PhD by TSE,

5.TSEBlackstone, Bernard was to examine the PhD thesis of Bernard Blackstone (1911–83), of Trinity College, Cambridge: ‘George Herbert and Nicholas Ferrar: a study in devotional imagery’.

Burns, Tom, at heavy Criterion gathering, brings David Jones to dinner,

3.TomBurns, Tom Burns (1906–95), publisher and journalist: see Biographical Register.

Church, Richard, at heavy Criterion gathering,

4.RichardChurch, Richard Church (1893–1972), poet, critic, novelist, journalist and autobiographer; worked as a civil servant before becoming in 1933 a full-time writer and journalist. His first book of verse, Mood without Measure, was published by TSE at F&G in 1928. On TSE: see Church, The Voyage Home (1964).

Collett, Mary, inspires Little Gidding pilgrimage, immanent at Little Gidding,

7.MaryCollett, Mary Collett (ca. 1600–80) became ‘mother’ to the community of Little Gidding from 1632. The poet Richard Crashaw was an admirer of Collett.

Crashaw, Richard, and Little Gidding,
Criterion, The, its monthly meetings fatigue TSE, introduced TSE to Whibley, arrangements in TSE's absence, first contributors' meeting since Monro's death, 1932 contributors' gathering, first contributors' gathering of 1934, Russell Square gathering for, particularly heavy gathering, its gatherings dreaded, to be wound up, reflections on ending, shut up against contributions, lamented even in Brno, letters of condolence, reading poetry submissions for, July 1931, 'Commentary', April 1932, laborious 'Commentary', July 1932, 'Commentary', October 1932, 'Commentary', October 1933, 'Commentary' on Irving Babbitt, prepared on holiday, July 1934, 'Commentary', January 1935, TSE ordering, October 1935, 'Commentary', 'Commentary', which TSE regrets as too personal, July 1936, possibilities for 'Commentary', October 1936, being made up, being finalised, to be ordered, January 1937, prepared in August 1936, April 1937, 'Commentary', July 1937, 'Commentary', January 1938, 'Commentary' on Nuffield endowments, which is sparsely well received, April 1938, 'Commentary', July 1938, 'Commentary', January 1939, to be final issue, 'Last Words',
D'Arcy, Fr Martin, 'cleverest Jesuit in England', approves After Strange Gods, discusses 'Pro Fide' scheme, lent galoshes, compared to TSE qua Christian, compared to Freddie Ayer, consulted on BBC talk, recommended to EH, at Bishop Bell's conference,

3.MartinD'Arcy, Fr Martin D’Arcy (1888–1976), Jesuit priest and theologian: see Biographical Register.

Demant, Revd Vigo Auguste, appeals to TSE as economist, drinks and smokes in holy company, at heavy Criterion gathering, potential reader for Boutwood Lectures, as CNL editorial collaborator, sound on H. G. Wells, dull paper for Malvern 1941, at Chandos Group lunch, on TSE's Northern tour, given canonry in St. Paul's,

4.RevdDemant, Revd Vigo Auguste Vigo Auguste Demant (1893–1983), Anglican clergyman; leading exponent of ‘Christian Sociology’; vicar of St John-the-Divine, Richmond, Surrey, 1933–42: see Biographical Register.

Empson, William, invited to Criterion monthly meeting, TSE dines in company with, rakish appearance at Criterion gathering, takes TSE for Chinese meal, lunch on return from China, recommended for EH's 'criticism' course, gives small dinner, reads 'Bacchus', TSE reads poetry alongside,

4.WilliamEmpson, William Empson (1906–84), poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

England, TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit for, discomforts of its larger houses, and Henry James, at times unreal, TSE's patriotic homesickness for, which is not a repudiation of America, TSE's want of relations in, encourages superiority in Americans familiar with, reposeful, natural ally of France, compared to Wales, much more intimate with Europe than America, TSE on his 'exile' in, undone by 'Dividend morality', in wartime, war binds TSE to, post-war, post-war privations, the English, initially strange to TSE, contortions of upward mobility, comparatively rooted as a people, TSE more comfortable distinguishing, the two kinds of duke, TSE's vision of wealthy provincials, its Tories, more blunt than Americans, as congregants, considered racially superior, a relief from the Scottish, don't talk in poetry, compared to the Irish, English countryside, around Hindhead, distinguished, the West Country, compared to New England's, fen country, in primrose season, the English weather, cursed by Joyce, suits mistiness, preferred to America's, distinguished for America's by repose, relaxes TSE, not rainy enough, English traditions, Derby Day, Order of Merit, shooting, Varsity Cricket Match, TSE's dislike of talking cricket, rugby match enthralls, the death of George V, knighthood, the English language, Adlestrop, Gloucestershire, visited by EH and TSE, Amberley, West Sussex, ruined castle at, Arundel, West Sussex, TSE's guide to, Bath, Somerset, TSE 'ravished' by, EH visits, Bemerton, Wiltshire, visited on Herbert pilgrimage, Blockley, Gloucestershire, tea at the Crown, Bosham, West Sussex, EH introduced to, Bridport, Dorset, Tandys settled near, Burford, Oxfordshire, EH staying in, too hallowed to revisit, Burnt Norton, Gloucestershire, TSE remembers visiting, and the Cotswolds, its imagined fate, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, less oppressive than Oxford, TSE's vision of life in, possible refuge during Blitz, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, visited by EH and TSE, Chester, Cheshire, TSE's plans in, TSE on, Chichester, West Sussex, the Perkinses encouraged to visit, EH celebrates birthday in, TSE's guide to, 'The Church and the Artist', TSE gives EH ring in, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, Perkinses take house at, shockingly remote, TSE's first weekend at, likened to Florence, TSE jealous of memories associated with, its Arts & Crafts associations, its attractions to Dr Perkins, forever associated with TSE and EH, sound of the Angelus, without EH, treasured in TSE's memory, excursions from, EH on 'our' garden at, Stamford House passes into new hands, EH's fleeting return to, Cornwall, TSE's visit to, compared to North Devon, Cotswolds, sacred in TSE's memory, Derbyshire, as seen from Swanwick, Devon ('Devonshire'), likened to American South, the Eliots pre-Somerset home, its scenery, Dorset, highly civilised, TSE feels at home in, TSE's Tandy weekend in, Durham, TSE's visit to, East Anglia, its churches, TSE now feels at home in, East Coker, Somerset, visited by Uncle Chris and Abby, TSE conceives desire to visit, reasons for visiting, described, visited again, and the Shamley Cokers, now within Father Underhill's diocese, photographs of, Finchampstead, Berkshire, visited by TSE and EH, specifically the Queen's Head, Framlingham, Suffolk, visited, Garsington, Oxfordshire, recalled, Glastonbury, Somerset, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire, highly civilised, its beautiful edge, its countryside associated with EH, TSE at home in, its domestic architecture, Hadsleigh, Suffolk, visited, Hampshire, journey through, TSE's New Forest holiday, Hereford, highly civilised, Hull, Yorkshire, and 'Literature and the Modern World', Ilfracombe, Devon, and the Field Marshal, hideous, Knole Park, Kent, Lavenham, Suffolk, visited, Leeds, Yorkshire, TSE lectures in, touring Murder opens in, the Dobrées visited in, home to EVE's family, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, TSE's visit to, especially the Bishop's Palace, Lincolnshire, arouses TSE's curiosity, unknown to EH, Lingfield, Surrey, Little Gidding, Cambridgeshire, TSE's long-intended expedition to, London, in TSE's experience, TSE's isolation within, affords solitude and anonymity, contrasted to country life, its fogs, socially freer than Boston and Paris, eternally misty, its lionhunters, rain preferable in, more 'home' to TSE than America, socially more legible than Boston, its society compared to Boston's, TSE's desire to live among cockneys, South Kensington too respectable, Clerkenwell, Camberwell, Blackheath, Greenwich scouted for lodging, its comparatively vigorous religious life, Camberwell lodging sought, Clerkenwell lodging sought, and music-hall nostalgia, abandoned by society in August, the varieties of cockney, TSE's East End sojourn, South Kensington grows on TSE, prepares for Silver Jubilee, South Kensington street names, Dulwich hallowed in memory, so too Greenwich, during 1937 Coronation, preparing for war, Dulwich revisited with family, in wartime, TSE as air-raid warden in, Long Melford, Suffolk, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Lyme Regis, Dorset, with the Morleys, Marlborough, Wiltshire, scene of a happy drink, Needham Market, Suffolk, Newcastle, Northumberland, TSE's visit to, Norfolk, appeals to TSE, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, dreary, Nottinghamshire, described for EH, Oxford, Oxfordshire, as recollected by TSE, past and present, EH takes lodgings in, haunted for TSE, in July, compared to Cambridge, Peacehaven, Sussex, amazing sermon preached in, Penrith, TSE's visit to, Rochester, as Dickens described, Salisbury, Wiltshire, in the Richmonds' company, Shamley Green, Surrey, TSE's ARP work in, its post office, Pilgrim Players due at, Somerset, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Southwold, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Stanton, Gloucestershire, on TSE and EH's walk, Stanway, Gloucestershire, on EH and TSE's walk, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Surrey, Morley finds TSE lodging in, evening bitter at the Royal Oak, TSE misses, as it must have been, Sussex, commended to EH, TSE walking Stane Street and downs, EH remembers, Walberswick, Suffolk, Wells, Somerset, TSE on visiting, Whipsnade, Bedfordshire, EH and TSE visit, Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset, delightful name, Wiltshire, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Winchelsea, East Sussex, visited, Winchester, TSE on, Wisbech, Lincolnshire, TSE on visiting, Worcestershire, TSE feels at home in, Yeovil, Somerset, visited en route to East Coker, York, TSE's glimpse of, Yorkshire,
Ferrar, Nicholas, inspires Little Gidding pilgrimage,
Flint, Frank Stuart ('F. S.'), and Hulme, in Criterion inner-circle, sketched for EH, at Monro's funeral, and Dobrée give TSE farewell lunch, accompanies TSE to music hall,

2.F. S. FlintFlint, Frank Stuart ('F. S.') (1885–1960), English poet and translator: see Biographical Register.

Heap, Jane, first female at Criterion gathering,

3.JaneHeap, Jane Heap (1883–1964), American publisher, was co-editor (with her lover Margaret Anderson) of The Little Review, 1916–29.

Herbert, George, recited at Poetry Bookshop, TSE examines PhD on, inspires Leighton Bromswold pilgrimage, shortly followed by Bemerton expedition, TSE selects poems from, subject of TSE's Salisbury address,
Joyce, James, appears suddenly in London, admired and esteemed by TSE, takes flat in Kensington, lunches with TSE at fish shop, gets on with Osbert Sitwell, GCF on, consumes TSE's morning, dines in company chez Eliot, obstinately unbusinesslike, bank-draft ordered for, indebted to Harriet Weaver, writes to TSE about daughter, his place in history, evening with Lewis, Vanderpyl and, TSE appreciates loneliness of, TSE's excuse for visiting Paris, insists on lavish Parisian dinner, on the phone to the F&F receptionist, TSE's hairdresser asks after, defended by TSE at UCD, for which TSE is attacked, qua poet, his Miltonic ear, requires two F&F directors' attention, anecdotalised by Jane Heap, part of TSE's Paris itinerary, in Paris, strolls with TSE, and David Jones, and EP's gift of shoes, his death lamented, insufficiently commemorated, esteemed by Hugh Walpole, TSE's prose selection of, Indian audience addressed on, TSE opens exhibition dedicated to, TSE on the Joyce corpus, TSE on his letters to, Anna Livia Plurabelle, Joyce's recording of, Dubliners, taught in English 26, Ulysses, modern literature undiscussable without, Harold Monro's funeral calls to mind, its true perversity, likened to Gulliver's Travels, F&F negotiating for, 'Work in Progress' (afterwards Finnegans Wake), negotiations over, conveyed to London by Jolas, 'very troublesome', new MS delivered by Madame Léon,
see also Joyces, the

1.JamesJoyce, James Joyce (1882–1941), Irish novelist, playwright, poet; author of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), Ulysses (1922), Finnegans Wake (1939).

Julian of Norwich, and Blackstone's PhD,
Keyneses, the, host TSE and Woolfs in Sussex, their marriage, accompany TSE to Cambridge Murder, and TSE attend Auden–Isherwood premiere,
Lister (caretaker at 24 Russell Square, formerly Faber's butler), talks chimneys, at heavy Criterion gathering,

1.AnneMrs Lister (wife of 'Lister') Ridler, Memoirs, 122, onLister (caretaker at 24 Russell Square, formerly Faber's butler) Mr and Mrs Lister, the caretaker and his wife at 24 Russell Square: ‘Lister had been butler to the Fabers at their house in Frognal, and used to regale me (when I stayed late at the office) with stories of his experience there and at the Front in the First World War […] Lister was critical of his employers: “I think you Miss might have more sense in running this place than what they do.” Now he and his wife had twins, and occupied the top floor of No. 24.’

Little Gidding, things 'done to others' harm', and TSE's St. Kevin's cave excursion, TSE's pilgrimage to the eponymous, and John Inglesant, in the Four Quartets scheme, as TSE's war work, latent within TSE, being drafted, first draft finished, suspended, to be taken up again, partly redrafted at Buckler's Hard, further redrafting, seven lines from completion, redrafting finished, in which JDH proved indispensable, NEW version sent to EH, published, sales, ends hopefully,
Madge, Charles, treated to meal, at heavy Criterion gathering, in one line, elopes with Spender's wife,

1.CharlesMadge, Charles Madge (1912–96), poet and sociologist: see Biographical Register.

Mairet, Philip, approaches TSE over NEW, at Chandos Group, at heavy Criterion gathering, consulted on BBC talk, approves TSE's NEW note, takes Criterion closure symbolically, anointed reader of Boutwood Lectures, on Oldham's new wartime committee, often editorially opposed to TSE, especially missed during war, and 'Culture Class', and Notes towards the Definition of Culture,

8.PhilipMairet, Philip Mairet (1886–1975): designer; journalist; editor of the New English Weekly: see Biographical Register.

Morley, Frank Vigor, TSE on sharing an office with, Criterion monthly meeting regular, returns from New York, indispensable in proofing Selected Essays, Criterion lunch in company with, joins farewell lunch for Hodgson, offers TSE post-separation refuge, acts for TSE during separation, spirits TSE away to Surrey, on TSE at Pike's Farm, as châtelain, acting as TSE's courier, on TSE's relationship to children, music-hall evening with, suggests tour of Scotland, which he plans out, suggests trip to Paris, thanks Joyce for hospitality, on TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, negotiating for Ulysses, his absence means more work, treasured and missed, gets on famously with Ada, mercifully returned to F&F, produces birthday-cake, peacekeeper between Rowse and Smyth, in on Sherlock Holmes prank, encourages TSE to go to Finland, on TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, and TSE drink GCF's whisky, takes TSE to Wimbledon, monopolises typewriter for joint story, as tennis-player, overawes GCF, TSE and EH's elected emergency go-between, good with thrusting young authors, backs publication of Nightwood, helps deal with Joyce, naturally projects strength, his French, escapes Criterion gathering to catch last train home, unusually subdued among the French, submits his Johnson Society paper, depends on TSE, on TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, which Morley describes, two nights' sleep in a caravan with, potential reader for Family Reunion, his father dies, Spender discussed with, sends TSE corrected Anabasis, heads for New York and Baltimore, his energy, returns from America, visiting dying mother, shoulders burden of EP, insufficiently honours EP, Boutwood Lectures submitted to, accepts Harcourt Brace position, what his leaving F&F will mean, taken to tea with Woolfs, remembers EH taking priority, first wartime letter from, which reports on TSE's family, sounds depressed in America, sounds less depressed to GCF, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, on Christian Society's American reception, suspected of indiscretion, EH explains 'Defence of the Islands' to, indifferent to Cats, entrusted with emergency Dry Salvages, America's effect on, gives Henry MS of 'Yeats', suggests 'Night Music' over 'Kensington Quartets', Ada too ill to see, his use of 'poised', puts TSE up in New York, on TSE's 1947 New York stay, presently unemployed, but inherits Graham Greene's job,
see also Morleys, the

4.FrankMorley, Frank Vigor Vigor Morley (1899–1980), American publisher and author; a founding editor of F&F, 1929–39: see Biographical Register.

Porteus, Hugh Gordon, hosts TSE in his garrett, relieved by advance from F&F, fails to get drunk at Criterion gathering,

6.HughPorteus, Hugh Gordon Gordon Porteus (1906–93), literary and art critic; author: see Biographical Register. HisBartek, Zenda partner was Zenka Bartek, who left him in 1944.

Pound, Ezra, within Hulme's circle, at The Egoist, indebted to Harriet Weaver, epistolary style, on President Lowell, TSE recites for Boston audience, distinguished from Joyce and Lawrence, TSE's reasons for disliking, attacks After Strange Gods, as correspondent, needs pacification, and TSE's possible visit to Rapallo, recommended to NEW editorial committee, anecdotalised by Jane Heap, of TSE and David Jones's generation, his strange gift to Joyce recalled, delicacies of his ego, Morley halves burden of, lacks religion, his letters from Italy censored, one of TSE's 'group', indicted for treason, TSE on his indictment, his legal situation, correspondence between TSE and Bernard Shaw concerning, visited by TSE in Washington, defended by TSE in Poetry, Osbert Sitwell on, his treatment in hospital protested, his insanity, TSE's BBC broadcast on, The Pisan Cantos, TSE writes introduction for, TSE chairs evening devoted to, further efforts on behalf of, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, The Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, 'The Seafarer',
see also Pounds, the

3.Ezra PoundPound, Ezra (1885–1972), American poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

Read, Herbert, indebted to Hulme, on Wilfred Owen, part of Criterion inner circle, his divorce, on TSE and children, TSE formulates his dislike for, hosts TSE in Hampstead, his dismal birthday-party, and his old ladies object of TSE and JDH's practical jokes, at Dobrée's farewell lunch, begrudged contribution to Milton volume, clashes with TSE in Criterion, discusses Anglo-French relations with TSE and Saurat, TSE spends weekend with, hosts TSE in Bucks, and Bukhari to lunch with TSE, his political persuasions, wheeled out at Norwegian dinner, on Canterbury excursion,
see also Reads, the

3.Herbert ReadRead, Herbert (1893–1968), English poet and literary critic: see Biographical Register.

Rolle, Richard,
Rowse, Alfred Leslie ('A. L.'), compared qua Marxist to Mirsky and Murry, at risk of assaulting Smyth, as 'Cornishman', at heavy Criterion gathering, at All Souls dinner, takes issue with Spender,

3.A. L. RowseRowse, Alfred Leslie ('A. L.') (1903–97), Cornish historian and poet: see Biographical Register.

St. Stephen's Church, Gloucester Road, EH encouraged to visit, vestry goings-on, churchwarding at, Christmas at, receives TSE's BBC fee, two days' continuous prayer at, Christmas without, Lent without, wartime Easter at, in wartime, wartime Holy Week, TSE reduced to Sundays at, fundraising for,
Shorthouse, John Henry, John Inglesant and Little Gidding,

8.JohnShorthouse, John Henry Henry Shorthouse, John Iglesant: A Romance (2 vols., 1881): historical fiction about Little Gidding.

Stewart, Hugh Fraser, and TSE's long-intended Little Gidding expedition, The Secret of Pascal,

6.HughStewart, Hugh Fraser Fraser Stewart, DD (1863–1948), Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, since 1918. An authority on Pascal, his works include a posthumous bilingual edition of the Pensées.

Tandy, Geoffrey, at Pike's Farm, on cuts to The Rock, playing on slot-machine with TSE, described for EH, plays golf with TSE, at Dobrée's farewell lunch, his film of TSE, on Speaight's Becket, in poor spirits, part of Criterion inner circle, gives Christmas Eve BBC address, Metaphysical readings prepared for, brings TSE sherry in bed, accompanies TSE to Cambridge and Wisbech, TSE's stylistic influence discerned in, and the original 'Cats' broadcast, repeats 'Cats' broadcast, away on war business, his conversation missed, his war work,
see also Tandys, the

2.GeoffreyTandy, Geoffrey Tandy (1900–69), marine biologist; Assistant Keeper of Botany at the Natural History Museum, London, 1926–47; did broadcast readings for the BBC (including the first reading of TSE’s Practical Cats on Christmas Day 1937): see Biographical Register.

Thomas, Dylan, cannot get drunk at Criterion gathering, TSE reads poetry alongside,

2.DylanThomas, Dylan Thomas (1914–53) published Eighteen Poems in 1934, Twenty-Five Poems in 1936. Other works include Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog (1940), Under Milk Wood (1954), Adventures in the Skin Trade (1955) and Collected Poems 1934–1953 (1966). TSE to Hugh Gordon Porteus, 17 Dec. 1957: ‘I did not know Dylan Thomas very well and never took to him particularly, although I have been impressed by the warmth of affection for him of people whose opinions I respect including Vernon Watkins himself, whom I like very much, but I was rather too senior perhaps to see the side of him that must have been so very lovable.’

Thorpe, W. A., at heavy Criterion gathering,
Tomlin, E. Walter F., at Kelham, last to leave Criterion gathering, on TSE's return from Austria, distracts TSE from EH leaving,

10.E. WalterTomlin, E. Walter F. F. Tomlin (1914–88), writer and administrator; author of a memoir T. S. Eliot: A Friendship (1988): see Biographical Register.

Trend, John Brande ('J. B.'), part of Criterion inner-circle,

3.J. B. TrendTrend, John Brande ('J. B.') (1887–1958), journalist, musicologist – he wrote articles on music for the Criterion – was to become Professor of Spanish at Cambridge, 1933–52. See Margaret Joan Anstee, JB – An Unlikely Spanish Don: The Life & Times of John Brande Trend (Sussex Academic Press, 2013).

Trouncer, Margaret, introduced to TSE by EH, presses manuscript on TSE, which JDH's friend reads, loses baby, on warpath with second book, which TSE is keen on, on to her third book, produces novel, A Courtesan of Paradise,

2.MargaretTrouncer, Margaret Trouncer (1903–82), author of A Courtesan of Paradise: The Romantic Story of Louise de la Vallière, Mistress of Louis XIV (F&F, 1936). See http://archive.thetablet.co.uk/article/18th-december-1982/23/obituary-margaret-trouncer

Williams, Orlo, part of Criterion inner circle, finally hosts TSE for dinner,
see also Williamses, the

1.OrlandoWilliams, Orlo (Orlo) Williams (1883–1967), Clerk to the House of Commons, scholar and critic; contributor to TLS; Chevalier, Légion d’honneur. His works include The Clerical Organisation of the House of Commons 1661–1850 (1954); Vie de Bohème: A Patch of Romantic Paris (1913); Some Great English Novels: The Art of Fiction (1926).