[No surviving envelope]

T. S.Eliot
The Virgil Society
5 September 1948
My Dear,

Yourtravels, trips and plansTSE's 1948 trip to America;g5itinerary;a8 letter of the 24th shows me that once again I have thought I explained things which I have omitted. For instance, I am not flying, I am glad to say, but sailing on the S.S. ‘America’ (U.S. Lines < Southampton>) on the 23d, and due to arrive in New York on the 29th. What is more surprising still, you do not seem to know the duration of my stay. I am sailing from New York on December 8th. IPrinceton Universityand TSE's Institute for Advanced Study position;e3 intend to do my duty by the Institute of Advanced Studies for the two months I agreed upon, but to take the last week or ten days in Cambridge. OtherwisePound, Ezravisited by TSE in Washington;d4, I shall only play truant for weekends, except for a visit to Washington (toLibrary of Congress, Washington;a5 see Ezra Pound,1 butFrom Poe to Valéry;a3 it will involve a lecture at the Library of Congress to pay expenses, a meeting of the Fellows of the Library of Congress – I do not see why I should be a fellow, but I am – andEliot, Dr Martha May (TSE's cousin);b2 seeingEliot, Frank (TSE's cousin)on TSE's 1948 itinerary;a1 Martha, Frank (Frank Eliot from St. Louis who lives there),2 WilliamCastle, William R., Jr.hosts TSE in Washington;a2 CastleFinley, John Huston, Jr.;a1,3 theFinleys, the;a1 Finleys,4 CairnsCairns, Huntington;a1,5 LégerLéger, Alexis Saint-Léger ('Saint-John Perse')on TSE's 1948 Washington itinerary;a16 etc.) andMilton Academy, BostonTSE's War Memorial Lecture for;a8 a visit to give the'Leadership and Letters';a2 annual War Memorial Lecture at Milton, which I shall have to write in Princeton. I shall come up to Cambridge for a long weekend after about two weeks in Princeton, and will try to arrange with you to come out to Andover, or meet you somehow.

I feel that for my next visit I would do better to wait until I can come for longer. But one is in a cleft stick with the money difficulty: first the fact that I cannot use my own money but must earn it in the U.S. or be supported there; second, that I don’t know what money is worth now, or how much I shall need to live upon. The latter uncertainty makes one undertake more than one otherwise would, in order to be on the safe side. It is exasperating to think that in normal times I should not bother about lectures etc. at all; but could skip over for a month, and in that month see more of the people I come to see than I shall in over two months! AndEuropeTSE's sense of duty towards;b2 this is the maximum I can take now: thereCocktail Party, Theto be continued in Princeton;c4 is the play, andGermanyTSE's post-war sense of duty to;b8 there is the visit to Germany which is on my conscience.

I shall try to work steadily at the play (apart from writing the Milton address) but it is impossible to tell how much privacy one can have in Princeton. IThorps, thedifferentiated;e6 was very glad to have you write more about the Thorps. IThorp, Margaret (née Farrand)compared to husband;a5 think Margaret is aThorp, Willardcompared to Margaret;c7 much more interesting person than Willard, who seems to me to be rather ‘mothered’ by her and to enjoy a comfortable and rather padded life; but I think her earnest restlessness would become a great strain, and I cannot think of her as a person with whom anybody of either sex, could have a really enriching kind of friendship. There is something of the walking and talking bluebook about her; and she is rather of the type who feel that a full life is to be had by committees and entertaining in an intellectual kind of way. I am of course glad to have them in Princeton, for I like them and I think they are kind; but they may involve one in unsatisfying social activities and conversations with groups of undergraduates. StillRichards, Dorothy (née Pilley)as hostess;a4, Margaret is less fatiguing than Dorothea Richards, who is the sort of excellent hostess who protects one against everybody but herself 7 – and after protesting that you must be allowed peace and quiet, arranges two or three dinner parties in succession. And the Thorps are the only people I know in Princeton, exceptMaritains, the;a4 the Maritains (whom you remember, I hope); and I have no doubt it was Willard who worked to get me the Princeton degree. (DidUniversity of Munichawards TSE degree in absentia;a1 I tell you that Munich is to give me a degree of D. Phil. in absentia – the diploma is to be handed to the British Consul in Munich on my birthday – I was much touched by this).

I have a suspicion that Margaret has very definite notions about everybody, is quite sure that she understands them, and can tell you what they ought to do and how they ought to live without the least hesitation. Is this wrong?

INason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldineexpecting operation;b7 am anxious about Meg. I have written to her to ask her to get a word to me if she goes to Guy’s Hospital before I leave, and let me know if she would like me to come to see her after the operation. The removal of the gall bladder sounds pretty serious to me.

YouElsmith, Dorothy Olcott;c3 don’t say anything about the young man that Deborah Elsmith is marrying – whose name is as near to mustard in German as makes no difference) but I presume that as all of Dorothy’s other children seem to have married suitably and happily Deborah has done so too.8 I can believe that you arranged the flowers well! as I remember so clearly your flower compositions at Campden. WhatBrocklebanks, theand Alveston's painful associations;a5Brocklebank, Charlotte Carissima ('Cara')Brocklebanks, theBrocklebank, Lt-Col Richard Hugh RoydsBrocklebanks, the I did not say about my visit to Alveston was that my memories were more real than the reality, so that what was real to everyone else was ghostly to me – and I was almost glad, though distressed, that Alveston was to be soon only a memory for them – and I was aware too that it was full of ghosts for the poor Brocklebanks themselves. I am rather glad that they are coming to live in London; not merely because I like them, but because I like to have people near, who know, like myself, that their lives are not in the future, in this world.

ISitwell, Osbertmemoirs of TSE;a8 was interested to learn of Osbert’s article which I have not seen. HeSitwell, Edith;c1 and Edith are to do a lecture tour in America this winter, and I am rather anxious about them. I am afraid of their making the wrong impression, with the best intentions, and of their being exposed to the New York press. WithSpender, Stephenan innocent fool;d4 Stephen Spender, I was only afraid that he would make a fool of himself, but I was sure that he would never know it, and be quite happy about everything: but the Sitwells are much more sensitive and civilised people, and if they make mistakes they will be conscious and will suffer. WhatBowra, C. M.as succeeding Norton Professor;a2 sort of impression Maurice Bowra (the Warden of Wadham) will make as Eliot Norton Professor doesn’t worry me so much. He is a clever plebeian.

I’ll write to you next at Andover (Abbott [sic] Academy).

By sailing on the 23d I am, ITambimuttu, Meary James Thuairajah ('Tambi')T. S. Eliot: A Symposium;a1 hope escaping all attention to my birthday, including a dreadful book of appreciations by various hands, which is due to appear under the care of Tambimuttu) on my birthday. AndFamily Reunion, TheBBC Gielgud broadcast version;i6to be repeated;a2 IBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)Gielgud Family Reunion repeated;e1 shall miss theGielgud, Johnas Harry again;a8 production by the B.B.C. of ‘The Family Reunion’ with John Gielgud.

ThereWorld Congress of Intellectuals for PeaceTSE denounced at;a1 hasDos Passos, Johndenounced along with TSE;a1 beenO'Neill, Eugenedenounced along with TSE;a4 aMalraux, Andrédenounced along with TSE;a1 certainSartre, Jean-Pauldenounced along with TSE;a1 sensation caused by the Congress of Intellectuals for World Peace in Poland (to which I was invited, but which I refused to have anything to do with) at which a Russian writer referred to Eugene O’Neill, John Dos Passos, André Malraux, J. P. Sartre and myself as ‘Hyaenas or jackals’.9 And a writer (a lady, certainly) in some Russian literary journal referred to me as a ‘decadent, pornographic pro-Fascist’.

I look forward to ringing you up from Princeton.

I can imagine your loneliness in Grand Manan. Nevertheless, I hope that it strengthened you physically for the coming year.


1.OfPound, Ezrahis treatment in hospital protested;d7n TSE’s visit to Pound, on Sat. 20 Nov. 1948, few details are known, but he was able to speak with EP’s doctor Winfred Overholser before going in to talk with Pound himself.

TSEPound, Dorothy Shakespearvisited by TSE in Washington;a9 to Julian Cornell, 24 Nov. 1948: ‘Mrs. Pound told me that Pound was only allowed out of doors at the times when the other inmates of his ward were allowed to go out, under the supervision of a warder. She told me that in consequence he was never out of doors during the winter. It seems to me that it ought to be permissible for him to go out alone in the grounds with his wife, and with her responsible for his returning in due time … Surely he is entitled to have some fresh air daily, upon this condition.

‘I also think that it would be desirable to enquire whether there is not some other building on the grounds in which he could be confined, where he could have somewhat more normal conditions, and not be among patients of the types of insanity among which he is at present.’

TSEPound, Ezrahis insanity;d8n hadRudge, Olga;a1n written to Pound’s companion Olga Rudge on 12 June 1948:

‘It is possible that Ezra is pretending to be insane; but at the same time I believe that he is insane: that is to say, that he is irresponsible and that the opinion of Dr. Overholser and the decision of the Court were correct. I was worried about him in 1938, and my impression is that this has been progressive […] His behaviour, when I saw him a year ago, was not sane. He was certainly much calmer than a year before; most of his talk was perfectly lucid; but for the rest, his behaviour was only explicable as sane if he regarded me as a person whom he did not trust or with whom, for some reason, he wished to avoid any personal conversation. It was an exaggeration of that impersonality and reticence which has always baffled me with him, and the putting up of a barrier which I have always felt could not be broken down without hurting his feelings. But he is not merely exaggeratedly reserved about himself: he asked no questions about myself, or betrayed any interest in my affairs. I didn’t even have occasion to tell him that my wife had died, or anything like that.’

See further Daniel Swift, The Bughouse: The poetry, politics and madness of Ezra Pound (2017).

2.TSE to William Castle, 7 Oct. 1948, of Frank Eliot: ‘another cousin whom I have hardly seen since we were boys but who has sent me a couple of handsome food parcels’.

3.William R. Castle (1878–1963): US diplomat, statesman and author. A Republican, born in Honolulu and educated at Harvard, he remained at Harvard as an English instructor and assistant dean in charge of freshmen, 1904–13; and he was editor of the Harvard Graduates’ Magazine, 1915–17. It was at Harvard that he got to know TSE. After joining the US State Department in 1919, Castle served as Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs, 1921–7, and was promoted to Assistant Secretary of State and Under-Secretary of State. He was US Ambassador to Japan during the Naval Arms Conference, Jan.–May 1930 – where his subtle skills were much appreciated – and he was again Under-Secretary of State, 1931–3. In later years he wrote articles and speeches, and he served as President of Garfield Memorial Hospital, Washington, DC, 1945–52. See Alfred L. Castle, Diplomatic Realism: William R. Castle, Jr. and American Foreign Policy, 1919–53 (University of Hawai’i Press, 1998).

4.JohnFinley, John Huston, Jr. Huston Finley, Jr. (1904–95): Eliot Professor of Greek Literature, Harvard University, 1942–76; Master of Eliot House, 1941–68 – andFinley, Magdalena (née Greenslet) his wife, Magdalena Greenslet.

5.HuntingtonCairns, Huntington Cairns (1904–85): lawyer; secretary, treasurer and general counsel to the National Gallery of Art; author; adviser on pornography. Works include The Limits of Art, an anthology.

6.AlexisLéger, Alexis Saint-Léger ('Saint-John Perse') Saint-Léger Léger (1887–1975) – who wrote as Saint-John Perse – poet and diplomat; Nobel Laureate, 1960: see Biographical Register. TSE to William R. Castle, 12 Oct. 1948: ‘Leger is a little tiresome in company, because he is a great talker and he has consistently refused to learn English’ (EVE).

7.Dorothea Richards, née Pilley (1894–1986), journalist and climber; wife of I. A. Richards: see Biographical Register.

8.Deborah Gates (b. 1927) married Dr Alfred W. Senft in 1948. Senf (Ger.) means ‘mustard’.

9.Of the 500 scholars, writers and artists invited to the World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace, held in Wrocław, Poland, in Aug. 1948, organised by a joint Polish–French committee, more than 400 (including Pablo Picasso and Bertolt Brecht) accepted. However, Alexander Fadayev, novelist, zealous Stalinist, and co-founder and chair of the Union of Soviet Writers, seized the occasion, in his opening address on 25 Aug., to lambaste the reactionary, capitalist-corrupt influence of the USA and others. He attacked the likes of Eugene O’Neill and John Dos Passos, and remarked: ‘If jackals could learn to operate a typewriter and hyenas to push a fountain pen they would no doubt produce something strongly resembling the writings of the Henry Millers, the Eliots, the Malraux and sundry Sartres.’ Some delegates left in disgust.

Bowra, C. M., on After Strange Gods, as succeeding Norton Professor,

3.C. M. BowraBowra, C. M. (1898–1971), educated at New College, Oxford (DLitt, 1937), was a Fellow and Tutor of Wadham College, Oxford, 1922–38; Warden of Wadham, 1938–70; Oxford Professor of Poetry, 1946–51; Vice-Chancellor, 1951–4. President of the British Academy, 1958–62, he was knighted in 1951; appointed CH in 1971. Publications include Tradition and Design in the Iliad (1930), Greek Lyric Poetry (1936), The Romantic Imagination (1950), The Greek Experience (1957), Memories, 1898–1939 (1966). TSE wrote rhetorically to John Hayward, 23 June 1944, of Bowra: ‘was there ever a more vulgar little fat Head of a House than he?’

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), TSE's committee service for, its future discussed, TSE working on autumn programme for, TSE on educational broadcasting in general, Barbara Burnham production of Murder, lobbies TSE for next play, 'The Need for Poetic Drama', Metaphyical poet broadcasts for, 'The Church's Message to the World', Christmas Day 'Cats' broadcast, dramatic Waste Land adaptation, which is censored for broadcast, repeats 'Cats', plays Parsifal on Good Friday, broadcasts Hawkins interview with TSE, 'Towards a Christian Britain', 1941 production of Murder, Eastern Service broadcasts East Coker, broadcasts Webster talk, Tennyson talk, Dry Salvages, Poe talk, Dryden talk, Joyce talk, European Service broadcasts TSE's talk, TSE declines Christmas broadcast for, wants to record 'Milton II', broadcasts TSE's personal poetry selection, broadcasts Gielgud's Family Reunion, marks TSE's 60th birthday, Gielgud Family Reunion repeated, solicits TSE post-Nobel Prize, TSE's EP broadcast for, records TSE reading Ash-Wednesday, floats Reith Lectures suggestion, approaches Marilyn Monroe to star in Fitts's Lysistrata,
Brocklebanks, the, TSE visits at Alveston, their situation, and Alveston's painful associations,
Cairns, Huntington,

5.HuntingtonCairns, Huntington Cairns (1904–85): lawyer; secretary, treasurer and general counsel to the National Gallery of Art; author; adviser on pornography. Works include The Limits of Art, an anthology.

Castle, William R., Jr., relieves a dull dinner, hosts TSE in Washington,
see also Castles, the

6.WilliamCastle, William R., Jr. R. Castle, Jr. (1878–1963), teacher and distinguished diplomat, joined the U.S. State Department in 1919; Ambassador to Japan in 1930; subsequently Under Secretary of State. At Harvard he had been an Instructor in English, 1904–13; co-founder of the Fox Club. See Diplomatic Realism: William R. Castle Jr. and American Foreign Policy, 1919–1953, ed, Alfred L. Castle and Michael E. MacMillan (University of Hawaii Press, 1998).

Cocktail Party, The, copy inscribed to Miss Swan, Martin Browne's preference for a popular play, plot ruminated, still a distant prospect, deferred by war, at last begun, being written, EH begs TSE to continue, stimulated by the Martin Brownes, titled and nearly drafted, interrupted, attempts to reconcile EH to title, to be discussed with Brownes, to be continued in Princeton, end in prospect, TSE rewriting, alternative titles, its star appeal, 1949 Edinburgh Festival production, Martin Browne to produce, production schedule, the Martin Browne collaboration, 'reading' for, reviewed, cuts made during rehearsal, TSE's opening-night impressions, stage-set for, copy to be sent to EH, EH on, TSE disavows autobiographical basis, post-Edinburgh prospects, 1949 Theatre Royal, Brighton run, its fate, closing, 1950 New York transfer, TSE skeptical of, its fate, being negotiated, fixed, revisions made in mind of, alarmingly successful, royalties from, prospects beyond 1 June 1950, final act still being rewritten, its reception, EH's second opinion on, 1950 New Theatre production, preliminary week in Southsea, its fate, opening night, to close with provinicial tour, comes off at New Theatre, Mrs Nef's reading-group reading, in which TSE reads Reilly, and casting for Confidential Clerk, its first draft, difficult to produce in France, 1954 Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier production, reception, Muriel Spark on, EH detects hidden meaning in,
Dos Passos, John, denounced along with TSE,
Eliot, Dr Martha May (TSE's cousin), superior to brother, sent to England on commission, returns to America, TSE's favourite cousin, shares prognosis on Henry's leukaemia,

1.DrEliot, Dr Martha May (TSE's cousin) Martha May Eliot (1891–1978), pediatrician: see Biographical Register.

Eliot, Frank (TSE's cousin), on TSE's 1948 itinerary,
Elsmith, Dorothy Olcott, issues invitation to Woods Hole, TSE and EH to stay with, now living in Boston, invites TSE again to Woods Hole, thanked for hospitality, on TSE as nurse, attends Kind Lady, reports on Kind Lady, in New Zealand, taken to dinner at Garrick, EH in Grand Manan with, EH visits during Christmas holidays, present when EH learns of TSE's death,
see also Elsmiths, the

4.TSEElsmiths, theseminal Woods Hole stay with;a1Elsmith, Dorothy OlcottElsmiths, the andAmericaWoods Hole, Falmouth, Massachusetts;i2TSE and EH's holiday in recalled;a2St. LouisAmericaBostonAmericaCaliforniaAmericaCambridge, MassachusettsAmericaHollywoodAmericaNew EnglandAmericaNew YorkAmerica EHElsmith, Dorothy Olcott were going to visit a friend of EH’s named Dorothy Olcott Elsmith (a graduate of Smith College), who lived with her family in a white clapboard house by the seaside at Woods Hole, Falmouth, Mass.: see Biographical Register.

Europe, and Henry James, through the 1930s, its importance for America, potentially inspired by FDR, in the event of war, seems more alive than America, the effects of war on, its post-war future, its post-war condition, the possibility of Federal Union, TSE's sense of duty towards,
Family Reunion, The, and TSE as Orestes, plot sought for, progress stalled, referred to as 'Orestes play', written against countdown to war, should be artistically a stretch, plot still not settled on, begun, compared to Murder, TSE on writing, described (mid-composition), and Gunn's Carmina Gadelica, described to GCF, EH questions Harry's entrance, draft read to Martin Brownes, projected autumn 1938 production, depletes TSE, and Mourning Becomes Electra, its Greek inheritance, alternatively 'Follow the Furies', first draft promised to EH, as inspired by Tenebrae, being rewritten, work suspended till summer, fair copy being typed, waiting on Browne and Dukes, 'Follow the Furies' quashed by EH, aspires to be Chekhovian, Dukes keen to produce, criticised by Martin Browne, under revision, submitted to EH's theatrical wisdom, for which TSE credits her, possible John Gielgud production, Gielgud-level casting, Browne's final revisions, with the printers, Henry loaned draft, Donat and Saint-Denis interested, in proof, progress towards staging stalled, Saint-Denis interest tempered, possible Tyrone Guthrie production, possible limited Mercury run, its defects, publication scheduled, first draft sent to EH, Michael Redgrave interested in, March 1939 Westminster Theatre production, waits on terms, rehearsals for, which are photographed, opening night contemplated without EH, last-minute flutters, opening night, reception, coming off, TSE's final visit to, Dukes bullish on New York transfer, EH spurs TSE's reflections on, and Otway's Venice Preserv'd, American reception, and Orson Welles, F&F's sales, 1940 American production, Henry harps on the personal aspect, its cheerfulness, EH acknowledges part in, 1943 ADC production, in Dadie Rylands's hands, described, certain lines expressing TSE's frustrations, EH discusses with pupils, plays in Zurich, 1946 Birmingham production, 1946 Mercury revival, rehearsals for, opening night, TSE attends again in company, Spanish translation of, VHE's death calls to mind, its deficiencies, BBC Gielgud broadcast version, first aired, to be repeated, goes nominally with The Cocktail Party, Swedish National Theatre production, compared to Cocktail Party, EH's response to, more 'personal' than Cocktail Party, performed in Göttingen, 1950 Düsseldorf production, 1953 New York production vetoed, 1956 Phoenix Theatre revival, described, Peter Brook congratulated on, Martin Browne seeks MS of,
Finley, John Huston, Jr.,
see also Finleys, the

4.JohnFinley, John Huston, Jr. Huston Finley, Jr. (1904–95): Eliot Professor of Greek Literature, Harvard University, 1942–76; Master of Eliot House, 1941–68 – andFinley, Magdalena (née Greenslet) his wife, Magdalena Greenslet.

Finley, Magdalena (née Greenslet),
see also Finleys, the
Finleys, the,
From Poe to Valéry, revised from Aix lecture,
Germany, and The Road Back, and Triumphal March, needs to cooperate with Britain and France, and TSE's Lloyds war-work, TSE listening to speeches from, its actresses, and its Jewish population, in light of Versailles, Oldham reports on religious resistance in, remilitarises the Rhineland, its territorial ambitions under Hitler, Germans compared to Austrians, under Nazism, Duncan-Jones on religious persecution in, German conduct in warfare, Germans compared to Swedes, TSE's post-war sense of duty to, TSE diagnoses its totalitarian slide, TSE urges renewed cultural relations with, TSE on visiting,
Gielgud, John, TSE takes against, declares interest in Family Reunion, subsequent negotiations with, on Family Reunion, renews interest in Family Reunion, in The Duchess of Malfi, as Harry in BBC broadcast, as Harry again,

2.JohnGielgud, John Gielgud (1904–2000), distinguished actor and theatre director. Knighted in 1953; awarded Legion of Honour, 1960; created Companion of Honour, 1977; Order of Merit, 1996.

'Leadership and Letters',
Léger, Alexis Saint-Léger ('Saint-John Perse'), on TSE's 1948 Washington itinerary,

6.AlexisLéger, Alexis Saint-Léger ('Saint-John Perse') Saint-Léger Léger (1887–1975) – who wrote as Saint-John Perse – poet and diplomat; Nobel Laureate, 1960: see Biographical Register. TSE to William R. Castle, 12 Oct. 1948: ‘Leger is a little tiresome in company, because he is a great talker and he has consistently refused to learn English’ (EVE).

Library of Congress, Washington, solicits lecture, for which TSE revamps Poe lecture,
Malraux, André, denounced along with TSE,
Maritains, the, dine with EH and TSE, visited in Paris, dine with TSE in Princeton,
Milton Academy, Boston, TSE on revisiting, TSE's Commencement Address for, stages Murder, TSE's War Memorial Lecture for,
Nason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldine, sends TSE birthday letter, sends TSE birthday cake, sends TSE box of toffee, apparently forgets TSE's birthday, but remembers, ill, expecting operation, among the saved, a 'Cosy Pet', and sister to lunch, given small iron wheelbarrow, her health,

1.MargaretNason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldine (Meg) Geraldine Nason (1900–86), proprietor of the Bindery tea rooms, Broadway, Worcestershire, whom TSE and EH befriended on visits to Chipping Campden.

O'Neill, Eugene, TSE's unformed opinion on, as modern dramatist, pure 'sensationalism', denounced along with TSE, All God's Chillun, Mourning Becomes Electra,

2.EugeneO'Neill, Eugene O’Neill (1888–1953), American playwright; author of works including Anna Christie (1920); The Emperor Jones (1920); The Hairy Ape (1922); All God’s Chillun Got Wings (1924); Desire Under the Elms (1924); Mourning Becomes Electra (1931); The Iceman Cometh (1940); Long Day’s Journey into Night (1941, 1956). Nobel Prize, 1936.

Pound, Dorothy Shakespear, dines with the Eliots, taken to dinner, TSE bids farewell to, ill and stuck in Rapallo, visited by TSE in Washington,
see also Pounds, the

4.DorothyPound, Dorothy Shakespear Shakespear Pound (1886–1973), artist and book illustrator, married Ezra Pound (whom she met in 1908) in 1914: see Biographical Register.

Pound, Ezra, within Hulme's circle, at The Egoist, indebted to Harriet Weaver, epistolary style, on President Lowell, TSE recites for Boston audience, distinguished from Joyce and Lawrence, TSE's reasons for disliking, attacks After Strange Gods, as correspondent, needs pacification, and TSE's possible visit to Rapallo, recommended to NEW editorial committee, anecdotalised by Jane Heap, of TSE and David Jones's generation, his strange gift to Joyce recalled, delicacies of his ego, Morley halves burden of, lacks religion, his letters from Italy censored, one of TSE's 'group', indicted for treason, TSE on his indictment, his legal situation, correspondence between TSE and Bernard Shaw concerning, visited by TSE in Washington, defended by TSE in Poetry, Osbert Sitwell on, his treatment in hospital protested, his insanity, TSE's BBC broadcast on, The Pisan Cantos, TSE writes introduction for, TSE chairs evening devoted to, further efforts on behalf of, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, The Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, 'The Seafarer',
see also Pounds, the

3.Ezra PoundPound, Ezra (1885–1972), American poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

Princeton University, according to TSE's fantasy, TSE engaged to lecture at, and Ronald Bottrall, TSE on his trip to, its architecture, compared to Harvard and Yale, Alumni Weekly print TSE's More tribute, possible wartime lectures at, and Allen Tate, among American colleges, extends wartime invitation to TSE, invites TSE to conference, Johnson lectures revamped for, confers honorary degree on TSE, and TSE's Institute for Advanced Study position, EH's information on, and Herbert Read, and EH's bequest,
Richards, Dorothy (née Pilley), TSE's fondness for, as hostess,
see also Richardses, the
Rudge, Olga,
Sartre, Jean-Paul, denounced along with TSE, Huis-Clos,
Sitwell, Edith, TSE likens EH's portrait to, which displeases EH, which likeness TSE presently disclaims, shockingly altered, now seems more herself, brings Pavel Tchelitchew to tea, to tea on New Year's Day, at Harold Monro's funeral, dragoons TSE into poetry reading, at which she is rated, at odds with Dorothy Wellesley, at Poetry Reading for China, sends TSE whisky in hospital,
see also Sitwells, the

2.EdithSitwell, Edith Sitwell (1887–1964), poet, biographer, anthologist, novelist: see Biographical Register.

Sitwell, Osbert, talks politics with Joyce, describes the Eliots' dinner-party, the Eliots dine with, rated at Aeolian Hall reading, mis-introduced, memoirs of TSE,
see also Sitwells, the

3.OsbertSitwell, Osbert Sitwell (1892–1969), poet and man of letters. Early in his career, he published collections of poems, including Argonaut and Juggernaut (1919), and a volume of stories, Triple Fugue (1924); but he is now most celebrated for his remarkable memoirs, Left Hand, Right Hand (5 vols, 1945–50), which include a fine portrayal of TSE. TSE published one sketch by him in the Criterion. See John Lehmann, A Nest of Tigers: Edith, Osbert and Sacheverell Sitwell in their Times (1968); John Pearson, Façades: Edith, Osbert and Sacheverell Sitwell (1978); Philip Ziegler, Osbert Sitwell (1998). TSE to Mary Trevelyan, 16 Oct. 1949: ‘Edith and Osbert are 70% humbug – but kind – and cruel' (in Mary Trevelyan, 'The Pope of Russell Square’, 19).

Spender, Stephen, described for EH, poems published by F&F, what TSE represents to, attacks After Strange Gods, his objections to After Strange Gods, and Sweeney rehearsal, and lunching young men generally, evening with JDH, Jennings and TSE, TSE chairs his 'free verse' talk, at the Woolfs with TSE and EH, describes club lunch with TSE, his first marriage, 'Eclipse of the Highbrow' controversy, introduces new wife Natasha, gives musical party, at Lady Colefax's Wavell dinner, part of British contingent at Norwegian dinner, chairs TSE's Whitman talk, which he does in fireman's uniform, at poetry reading to Free Hungarians, takes issue with Roy Campbell, exchanges conciliatory sonnets with TSE, object of Rowse's anger, his German sensibility, an innocent fool, encomium for TSE's 75th, 'Four Poems', The Temple, Trial of a Judge, 'Vienna',

12.Stephen SpenderSpender, Stephen (1909–95), poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

Tambimuttu, Meary James Thuairajah ('Tambi'), T. S. Eliot: A Symposium,

MearyTambimuttu, Meary James Thuairajah ('Tambi') James Thurairajah Tambimuttu – ‘Tambi’ (1915–83) – Tamil poet, editor and publisher, was born in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and educated at Columbo before arriving in London in Jan. 1938, aged twenty-three. In 1939 he launched Poetry London, which ran for fourteen volumes through the 1940s, publishing figures including Lawrence Durrell, Kathleen Raine, Roy Campbell, and Keith Douglas. In 1943 he established the imprint Editions Poetry London: works produced included Elizabeth Smart’s By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept, Keith Douglas’s Alamein to Zem Zem and Cleanth Brooks’s Modern Poetry and the Tradition. After three years back in Ceylon, 1949–52, he ventured to New York – launching Poetry London–New York (1956–60) – and spent his last years in London. TSE published his anthology Poetry in Wartime (1942). See further Tambimuttu: Bridge between Two Worlds, ed. Jane Williams (1989).

Thorp, Margaret (née Farrand), accompanied TSE and EH to Tristan, VHE's liking for, TSE on, TSE's Tristan references lost on, compared to husband, possible trustee of Hale correspondence, one of EH's few confidants, would think TSE romantic, TSE on EH's feeling of inferiority to, approachable but for Willard, Criterion review of her book, an unsoothing presence, F&F publish book by, teased for liberalism, EH on, EH seeks job opportunity through, encouraging EH to augment Princeton deposit, America at the Movies,
see also Thorps, the

16.MargaretThorp, Margaret (née Farrand) Farrand (1891–1970), author and journalist – see Margaret Thorp in Biographical Register.

Thorp, Willard, introduced by TSE to Dobrée, at the Criterion meeting, grows on TSE, teaches Ombre to the Eliots, EH thinks of entrusting letters to, seems lifeless, has stiffening effect on TSE, requests Paul More tribute, which he delivers to More, congratulates TSE on Family Reunion, invited TSE to Princeton, due to teach at Harvard, compared to Margaret, resembles Sweden's Crown Prince, formally notified of EH's bequest, objects to TSE's 50-year moratorium, and EH's 'recordings', seeks again to shorten moratorium, but again refused, invited to petition TSE directly, but shifts responsibility to Dix, makes transcript of EH's 'recording',
see also Thorps, the

1.Margaret Thorp, née Farrand (1891–1970), contemporary and close friend of EH; noted author and biographer. WillardThorp, Willard Thorp (1899–1990) was a Professor of English at Princeton University. See Biographical Register. See further Lyndall Gordon, Hyacinth Girl, 126–8, 158–9.

Thorps, the, EH brings to TSE's notice, to tea chez Eliot, take flat in Lincoln's Inn, attend TSE's Poetry Bookshop reading, VHE invites to party, host the Eliots to tea, grow on TSE, host the Eliots for claret, cheesecake and Ombre, invite VHE to supper, compared to the Noyeses, take offence where none intended, called on in Princeton, appear in Campden, worth discussing American politics with, TSE imagines living with, TSE against leaving letters to, likeness to the Webbs, EH on, differentiated, take in worthy Chaplin exhibition, unrelaxing hosts, advise EH over terms of Princeton bequest, and EH's 'recording', pushing EH to write autobiography,
travels, trips and plans, EH's 1930 trip to England, EH's proposed 1931 England visit, called off, EH's 1932 summer holidays, the Eliots' Derby Day excursion, related, the Eliots' July 1932 Hindhead visit, the Eliots' August 1932 Eastbourne holiday, described, TSE's 1932–3 year in America, Norton Professorship offered to TSE, and the prospect of reunion with EH, which TSE refuses to see as decisive, which angers EH, who writes and destroys a response, TSE's financial imperatives, TSE's itinerary, and the question of discretion, opportunity for adventurous lecture-tours, TSE speculates on attendant feelings, TSE on the voyage over, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, the Eliot family's Randolph holiday, TSE's 1933 westward tour to Scripps, proposed to EH, and TSE's need to lecture, possibly via St. Louis, TSE's itinerary, possible stopover in Seattle, a shameful source of happiness, still a happy thought, described by Havens and others, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, TSE wonders at after-effect on EH, EH urged to reflect honestly on, Ada on, and a conversation about divorce, in EH's recollection, possible EH 1933 summer in England, TSE's 1933 Faber summer holiday, set for mid-August, postponed, rearranged, TSE buys summer outfits for, described, TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, possible itinerary, Morley's preparations for, described for EH, TSE's 1933 trip to Paris, mooted, described, EH's 1934–5 year in Europe, TSE delighted at the prospect, attempts to coordinate with TSE's 1934 summer plans, the Perkinses due in Chipping Camden, EH's itinerary, TSE's initial weekend at Chipping Campden, TSE books rooms in Lechlade, TSE visits Campden again with family, and again alone, which visit TSE reflects on, TSE's plans to entertain EH en route to Europe, EH's continental itinerary, VHE and propriety inhibit pre-Paris arrangements, L'Escargot lunch, weekend in Sussex for EH's birthday, possible London tea-party, second lunch at L'Escargot, EH and TSE's November excursions, a month which TSE reflects happily on, EH's summer 1935 plans, EH departs England, EH in Florence, arrived in Rome, TSE coordinating with EH's return, TSE recommends Siena, EH returns to Florence, EH sails for Riviera, EH returns from France, L'Escargot lunch on EH's return, EH sails for Guernsey, May 1935, EH's June 1935 London sortie, TSE attends Dr Perkins's birthday, TSE's July 1935 Campden week, TSE offers to fund EH in London, where EH joins Jeanie McPherrin, TSE's Campden birthday weekend, prospect of EH spending month at Blomfield Terrace, Thorp theatre outing, TSE's 6–8 September Campden weekend, EH staying at 19 Rosary Gardens, EH to Campden for 15–17 November, EH sails for Boston, EH and TSE's final farewell, TSE and EH's final weeks in London, their excursion to Finchampstead, TSE reflects on, excursion to Greenwich, EH reflects on the final weeks of, TSE's 1934 Faber summer holiday, described, TSE's dream of Cairo, TSE's invitation to Finland, palmed off on Robert Nichols, TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, proposed by Blake, attempts to coordinate with EH, TSE's itinerary, TSE's 1935 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, described, TSE's 1936 visit to Ireland, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's spring/summer 1936 trip to Paris, first contemplated, date fixed, Morleys invited, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1936 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, TSE's 1936 American trip, spring arrival dependent on New York Murder, if not spring, then autumn, possible excursions, autumn better for seeing EH, and possible Princeton offer, and possible Smith visit, efforts to coordinate with EH, passage on Alaunia booked, TSE's itinerary, Murder to pay for, coordinating with Eliot Randolph holiday, the moment of parting from EH, TSE's birthday during, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, itinerary, recounted, the Morley–Eliot 1937 trip to Salzburg, contemplated, itinerary, EH receives postcard from, described, as relayed to OM, EH's 1937 summer in England, and Mrs Seaverns, EH accompanies TSE to Edinburgh, itinerary coordinated with EH, dinner at L'Escargot, TSE's 10–11 July Campden visit, TSE's 17–22 July Campden visit, TSE's 21 August Campden visit, EH travels to Yorkshire, TSE reminisces about, TSE's 1937 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, leaves TSE sunburnt, TSE's 1938 trip to Lisbon, outlined to EH, TSE advised on, travel arrangements, the voyage out, described, EH's 1938 summer in England, and whether EH should spend it at Campden, EH's arrival confirmed, TSE's July Campden visit, EH's late-July London stay, TSE's 5–21 August Campden fortnight, TSE's 3–6 September Campden visit, EH's September London stay, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1938 Faber summer holiday, TSE's preparations for, TSE reports from, possible EH England Christmas 1938 visit, possible TSE 1939 visit to America, mooted for spring, complicated by Marion and Dodo's trip, shifted to autumn, threatened by war, made impossible, EH's 1939 England visit, TSE's efforts to coordinate with, threatened by war, complicated by Marion's arrival, EH's itinerary, EH's initial London stay, TSE's 7–20 July Campden visit, TSE's 22–30 August Campden visit, TSE's 2–4 September Campden visit, EH again London, EH and TSE's parting moments, in TSE's memory, memory vitiated by EH's subsequent letter, TSE's 1939 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, possible wartime transatlantic crossings, contingencies, in case of EH being ill, TSE's reasons for and against, and TSE's New York proposition, following invasion Denmark and Norway, impossible for TSE unless official, TSE's desire to remain in England, TSE's reasons for and against accepting lectureship, given Ada's impending death, TSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission, possible but confidential, lectures prepared for, and the prospect of seeing EP, might include Paris, itinerary, in jeopardy, final preparations for, cancelled, TSE's 1940 visit to Dublin, approved by Foreign Office, in national interest, itinerary, recounted, involves TSE's first plane-journey, TSE's 1940 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Faber summer holiday, Kipling and fishing-rod packed for, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Northern tour, proposed by the Christendom group, arranged with Demant, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden, TSE makes cryptic allusion to, as recounted to EH, as recounted to JDH, return leg in London, as war-work, TSE's 1942 New Forest holiday, described, TSE's 1942 week in Scotland, recounted, TSE's abortive 1942 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 trip to Edinburgh, recounted, TSE's abortive 1943 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 New Forest holiday, TSE's 1944 trip to Edinburgh, TSE's abortive 1944 North Africa mission, TSE's May 1945 trip to Paris, described, TSE's June 1945 trip to Paris, recounted, possible post-war American visit, and Henry's impending death, ideally ancillary to work, possibly as F&F's representative, waits on TSE's health and Carlyle Mansions, TSE's 1945 September fortnight in Lee, described, TSE's 1945 Christmas in Lee, described, TSE's 1946 summer in America, date for passage fixed, paperwork for, TSE's itinerary, its aftermath, recounted, TSE's 1947 summer in America, dependent on lecture engagements, TSE seeks to bring forward, Henry's condition brings further forward, set for April, itinerary, EH reflects on, TSE's scheduled December 1947 visit to Marseilles and Rome, itinerary, TSE's preparations for, dreaded, Roman leg described by Roger Hinks, EH's hypothetical March 1948 visit to England, TSE's postponed 1948 trip to Aix, itinerary, recounted, home via Paris, TSE's 1948 trip to America, itinerary, TSE's visit to EH in Andover, disrupted by Nobel Prize, TSE's 1948 Nobel Prize visit to Stockholm, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1949 family motor-tour of Scotland, described, TSE's October–November 1949 trip to Germany, possible itinerary, preparations for, final itinerary, TSE's account of, the return via Belgium, TSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa, all but fixed, itinerary, described by TSE, recounted by Faber, EH's 1950 summer in England, TSE books EH's hotel room for, TSE's efforts to coordinate with EH's movements, EH in Campden, TSE reports to Aunt Edith on, TSE's 1950 visit to America, and TSE's possible Chicago post, the Chicago leg, November itinerary, TSE's spring 1951 trip to Spain, itinerary, recounted, TSE's September 1951 Geneva stay, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's second 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to Rennes and the Riviera, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to America, itinerary, efforts to coordinate with EH's summer, TSE on meeting with EH, TSE's 1952 rest cure in Switzerland, TSE's 1953 visit to St. Louis and America, set for June, to include fortnight in Cambridge, itinerary, EH's 1953 trip to England, EH's Alnwick plans, TSE books hotel for EH, and EH's ticket to Confidential Clerk, TSE's 1953 visit to Geneva, TSE's 1953–4 trip to South Africa, itinerary, described, arrival described to JDH, GCF on, TSE's 1954 Geneva rest cure, Geneva preferred to Paris, TSE's deferred 1955 visit to Hamburg, prospect inspires reluctance in TSE, proposed for spring 1955, dreaded, TSE now returned from, TSE's 1955 visit to America, and contingent speaking engagements, foreshortened, itinerary, Washington described, TSE's return from, TSE's 1955 Geneva rest cure, TSE's 1956 visit to America, passage fixed for April, itinerary, TSE in the midst of, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1956 Geneva rest cure, itinerary, recounted, illness during, EH's 1957 visit to England, TSE and EVE invited to Campden, TSE reciprocates with London invitation, but EH leaves England abruptly, which TSE consults Eleanor Hinkley over, who duly explains, TSE and EVE's 1958 trip to America, as rumoured to EH, EH's 1959 tour of Scandinavia, funded by bequest from cousin, TSE and EVE's 1959 trip to America, TSE and EVE's 1963 trip to America,
University of Munich, awards TSE degree in absentia,
World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace, TSE denounced at,