[22 Paradise Rd., Northampton, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
Letter 107
19 January 1942
Dearest Emily,

I still have no letter from you to report your Christmas vacation: which I hope for. I do hope that you did not get overtired with family duties, or which [sc. with] many short visits. IPerkins, Dr John Carroll (EH's uncle);e3 had a very kind letter from Uncle John, of Dec. 4, which gave me much pleasure; aNason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldinesends TSE birthday cake;a3 letter from Meg Nason (did I mention this?) and yesterday a belated cake from her – I mean that she promised it but was unable to send one before – not that it has taken all this time on the way – a very palatable one. She writes that they have been as busy as ever, and seems to have her mother still with her – I fear that this is an additional responsibility that she has taken on. TheSecond World Warthe Pacific War;d2 news from the far east continues to give the chief anxiety. The American forces in the Philippines appear to have been doing very gallantly.1 AndEliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister)sends Christmas supplies to Shamley;d7 to-day I have a Christmas box from Marion, withMirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff);c3 supplies which have given great pleasure to Mrs. M. (whom I have not seen for a fortnight, as she has been in bed with a cold[)].

LastMacCarthys, theTSE's Hampton stay with;a1 week involved a good deal of travel, as I went up on Monday afternoon to Hampton. The Garrick’s villa where the Mac Carthys live is a rather fine building, which speaks well for Garrick’s profits as an actor-manager: nice rooms, with Adam and Wedgwood decorations – I should think about the beginning of the last century (I don’t know when Garrick died).2 But being converted into flats means that you have to go through the library to get from your bedroom to the bathroom, and that sort of thing. On my way up to London stopped at Harrod’s and bought a pair of practical winter boots with rubber soles and fleece linings, very warm, and useful during the week, asde la Mare, RichardTSE's Much Hadham chauffeur;a6 I motored with Dick to and from Much Hadham each night and morning. Therede la Mares, theteach TSE vingt-et-un;a9 played vignt-et-un [sc. vingt-et-un], a new game to me, but won enough to defray most of my expenses at poker. TomorrowFabers, thehost TSE in Hampstead during war;e8 return to the Fabers’, and must be up for four nights: tomorrowBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)Tennyson talk;c8 IBukhari, Zulfiqar Alicommissions Tennyson broadcast;a6 broadcast to India, on Tennyson and In Memoriam, for the Umbrella Man;3 FridayAuthors' Club, Theaddressed at Howson's instance;a1 I must speak on ‘Poetry and Drama’ at a lunch of the Authors’ Club (goodnessHowson, Revd Vincentlures TSE into speaking engagement;a7 know who the Authors are, the Revd. Vincent Howson, chief actor in The Rock in 1934, got me into this engagement) andSword of the Spirit, Thecommittee meetings of;a1 on Saturday morning (most annoying time) a meeting of the Sword of the Spirit Council. I had forgotten all about the broadcast, and was reminded of it just in time: it meant spending most of this weekend with Tennyson, and'Notes Towards a Definition of Culture';a5 the rest on doing a little more to my essay on Culture and Religion. (StillChoice of Kipling's Verse, Asold out but unreviewed;a8 my copies of Kipling have not runed [turned] up: the first printing was sold out before I secured them, and I have to wait till the second impression – no reviews so far, either, except a long one in the New Statesman, which treated me quite pleasantly but repeated all the old objections to Kipling which I had attempted to controvert in my introduction).4 OnUniversity of GlasgowTSE's W. P. Ker Memorial Lecture;a1 my return to Shamley I'Music of Poetry, The';a4 must get down seriously to the Glasgow lecture. IBrooks, Van WyckTSE rebuts in Partisan Review;a1 have also written, to oblige my young men (or so I suppose them to be) of the Partisan Review, a few comments on Van Wyck Brooks whom I remember at Harvard as a very charming person, but who has been talking very foolishly and unwisely about literature.5 IIntroducing James JoyceTSE rereading Joyce in preparation;a1 haveJoyce, JamesTSE's prose selection of;d8 also been re-reading the works of James Joyce for the purpose of a small volume of selections from his prose – rather an interesting task.6 ASaroyan, WilliamTSE making story selection of;a1 less interesting task is to produce a selection of the stories of Saroyan.7 If you have come across the work of that energetic Armenian-Californian, itSaroyan, WilliamTSE's blurbs for;a2 will amuse you to know that I am the Saroyan expert in this country: having written the advertisements for most of his books, and already prepared a half-crown selection – the new one is to be a full size book. How I got this position I don’t know, but probably at the beginning we thought that he was going to be a different kind of writer from what he is. After some years of absorbing his work, I find it extremely boring. I wonder how long the New York public will go on attending his plays. His peculiar combination of humour, pathos and cheek becomes monotonous.

All this is to prove that I am not idle, although perhaps not very useful. IRoberts, Michaelassists TSE in judging translations;b3 have also, to oblige Michael Roberts, helped to judge a competition for the Belgian magazine published in London – translation of two poems of Verhaeren into English.8 The reward for this was an expensive lunch given us by the Belgians. As I do not know any Dutch, Norwegian or Polish I hope this will not happen again, though there is still ‘La France Libre’.

I am longing for your news. Stick to your job and don’t go enlisting in the Women’s Auxiliary Forces!

Your loving

I hope my Christmas cable to Commonwealth Avenue arrived in time.

1.By the date of this letter various Japanese forces had captured most of the Philippines and the Malayan peninsula, plus a growing number of islands in the Dutch East Indies. American forces in the Philippines had retreated to the Bataan Peninsula on Luzon and were resisting strongly there, but with no prospect of ultimate success.

2.Garrick’s Villa – bought in 1750 by the renowned actor-manager David Garrick (1717–79) – lies on Hampton Court Road, in Richmond, London; it was converted into flats in 1922.

3.TSE contributed to a series, ‘We Speak to India’, BBC Indian Service, 20 Jan. 1942; published as ‘“The Voice of His Time”: T. S. Eliot on Tennyson’s In Memoriam’, Listener 27 (12 Feb. 1942), 211–12: CProse 6, 261–7. The ‘umbrella man’ was Z. A. Bokhari.

4.G. W. StonierChoice of Kipling's Verse, Areviewed;b3, ‘Kipling’s Verse’, New Statesman & Nation 23 (3 Jan. 1942), 210–11. ‘Unlike Carlyle and Lawrence, impatient prophets, Kipling was the reporter, the spectacled onlooker keeping his anonymity and following his story to the end. His copy came fresh, barrack rooms and parade squares and troopships fascinated, and a skirmish to him was like a bullfight to Hemingway. These discoveries by the soldat manqué – more lifelike than if he had found his home in an officer’s mess – produced, I think, his best verse. He had an eye and an ear; above all, he had a nose. He sniffed. Glory led to the glory-hole, and on closer acquaintance it stank. Ça pue! is the reaction of the sensitive, but Kipling’s whiff is his tartest, most genuine quality. The brute smell of humanity, grinning, trudging, suffering and killing stoically, underdogs of one breed trampling underdogs of another, excited him naturally, and in later years disagreeably; but there is a sharp sweetness, too, as of an onion, in the cockney whine and swagger of the early ballads […] What disgusts about Kipling isn’t his scratch or his howl, but the holy purr of contentment that rises from his contemplation of cruelties […] Kipling (as Mr Eliot points out) always took exactly into account the audience he was addressing; as a poem Recessional wouldn’t stir men to action, but as a hymn —! This cunning over-awareness of an audience is both the strength and the weakness of Kipling as a poet; it ensures a means, it precludes either intimacy or style; and it seems to me inseparable from Kipling’s conception of the craftsman as against the artist. The poet becomes a word-craftsman, the soldier an empire-craftsman, God is the master-craftsman […]

‘Kipling is not a great poet. Mr Eliot distinguishes between great poetry and great verse, and argues that Kipling achieved the latter; unfortunately, in making this distinction, he provides neither definition nor examples […]

‘The problem of poetry and verse leads Mr Eliot to another point, which is that Kipling aimed only at the writing of verse and cannot be judged by other standards. This is true of the barrack-room Kipling (in my opinion, the most interesting) and even of the hymn-singing Kipling; but there is a good deal of verse-writing in between which aims at being poetry and misses. Even in Mr Eliot’s very acute and personal selection there are examples of mongrel forms, cheap rhetoric and a general wordiness that Kipling rarely escapes from at his best […] Mr Eliot’s introduction puts forward warily a case for Kipling. It is – for Mr Eliot – a very long piece of critical writing that walks round and round its subject, to dart in with an occasional brilliance. I am not convinced; and I don’t pretend to understand the claim made on the wrapper that A Choice of Kipling’s Verse is “something of a landmark in the history of English literature.” A surprise is hardly a landmark.

‘Mr Eliot rejects the idea that there is any Fascist tendency or even any “flattery of national, racial or imperial vanity” in Kipling. The second of these accusations seems to me proved by many passages, some of them reprinted here. The first is more questionable, but if mob appeal, appeal to cruelty, hatred of intellect, and the propagation of a politico-religious race doctrine are indications of a near-Fascist or pre-Fascist writer, then Kipling is one. His aims, it seems to me, made it impossible for him to be a great poet. Fascism itself appears to rule out the possibility of any good art, and we must expect its forerunners to share the taint.’

5.Comment on a lecture by Van Wyck Brooks on ‘Primary Literature and Coterie Literature’, Partisan Review 9: 2 (Mar./Apr. 1942), 115–16: CProse 6, 268–71.

6.Introducing James Joyce: A Selection of Joyce’s Prose, ed. TSE, with a preface by TSE (F&F, 1942); see further CProse 6, 329–31.

7.WilliamSaroyan, William Saroyan (1908–81): American novelist, playwright, screenwriter, essayist; author of The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze (1934) and The Time of Your Life (play, 1939), winner of the Pulitzer Prize (declined) and the New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award, and adapted for a 1948 film starring James Cagney.

BestSaroyan, WilliamTSE's blurbs for;a2 Stories of William Saroyan (F&F, Spr. 1942) carried this blurb by TSE: ‘Obviously, this title is too good to be true. The editor of this volume did his best to justify the title: but those who know the inexhaustible variety of this daring trapeze artist of the short story, will know that it is impossible honestly to declare that his best stories can be contained in one volume. We therefore dishonestly declare that these are the Best Stories of Saroyan: and honestly add that we have done our best, at least to provide a representative selection. If you have not room in your house to house all of the works of Saroyan, you can make do with this selection. And if you have any friends who have not acquired the Saroyan habit, you can tempt them with this book.’

8.There were fifteen entries to the translation prize sponsored by the Belgian review Message.

Authors' Club, The, addressed at Howson's instance, 'Author and Critic',
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), TSE's committee service for, its future discussed, TSE working on autumn programme for, TSE on educational broadcasting in general, Barbara Burnham production of Murder, lobbies TSE for next play, 'The Need for Poetic Drama', Metaphyical poet broadcasts for, 'The Church's Message to the World', Christmas Day 'Cats' broadcast, dramatic Waste Land adaptation, which is censored for broadcast, repeats 'Cats', plays Parsifal on Good Friday, broadcasts Hawkins interview with TSE, 'Towards a Christian Britain', 1941 production of Murder, Eastern Service broadcasts East Coker, broadcasts Webster talk, Tennyson talk, Dry Salvages, Poe talk, Dryden talk, Joyce talk, European Service broadcasts TSE's talk, TSE declines Christmas broadcast for, wants to record 'Milton II', broadcasts TSE's personal poetry selection, broadcasts Gielgud's Family Reunion, marks TSE's 60th birthday, Gielgud Family Reunion repeated, solicits TSE post-Nobel Prize, TSE's EP broadcast for, records TSE reading Ash-Wednesday, floats Reith Lectures suggestion, approaches Marilyn Monroe to star in Fitts's Lysistrata,
Brooks, Van Wyck, TSE rebuts in Partisan Review,
Bukhari, Zulfiqar Ali, presents TSE with ornate umbrella, embarrasses him with second, his umbrellas, commissions 'Duchess of Malfy' broadcast, commissions Tennyson broadcast,

1.ZulfiqarBukhari, Zulfiqar Ali Ali Bokhari/Bukhari (1904–75), born in Peshawar, was Director of the Delhi Broadcasting Station of All India Radio before removing to London in July 1937. Director of the Indian Section of the BBC Eastern Service, 1940–5; instrumental in recruiting George Orwell. In 1945 he returned to India as Director of All India Radio Station, Calcutta; later to Karachi to work as Controller in Broadcasting for Radio Pakistan. See Talking to India, ed. Orwell (1943); Ruvani Ranasinha, South Asian Writers in Twentieth Century Britain: Culture in Translation (Oxford, 2007); W. J. West, Orwell: The War Broadcasts (1985).

Choice of Kipling's Verse, A, TSE's high and low motives for undertaking, selection made on rereading Kipling, approved by Kipling's daughter, delayed, TSE paid £250 for, sold out but unreviewed, sent to EH, reviewed,
de la Mare, Richard, at JDH's Faber evening, offers Mrs Mirrlees seedlings, his 40th at Much Hadham, TSE's Much Hadham chauffeur,

12.Richardde la Mare, Richard de la Mare (1901–86) – elder son of the poet Walter de la Mare – director of F&F, in charge of design and production: see Biographical Register.

de la Mares, the, TSE forgoes EH's invitation for, TSE's dread of visiting, give dinner for the Morleys, give TSE wartime refuge, the children, teach TSE vingt-et-un,
Eliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister), described, her reading habits, not a suitable confidant, TSE reflects on reunion with, Symphony concerts with TSE, to the cinema with TSE, delighted with first Norton lecture, recommends TSE hairdresser for baldness, attends second Norton lecture, hosts birthday party for Margaret, remembered in St. Louis, worried by Dodo's manner, TSE's pride in, vigilant on TSE's health, on Randolph family holiday, congratulates TSE on separation, 1934 summer in England with Dodo, July arrival anticipated, arrangements for, visit to Chipping Campden, off to Salisbury, walks to Kelmscott, returns from Winchester, forces Regent's Park on TSE, excessively humble, next to Ada in TSE's affections, protects TSE from overbearing Hinkleys, supported Landon over FDR, co-hosts Murder party, 1939 summer in England with Dodo, trip in doubt, Southwold week planned, due 19 June, taken to Dulwich, ballet and dinner with, Southwold holiday with, given to post-lunch naps, sends Christmas supplies to Shamley, as correspondent, easiest Eliot in Ada's absence, experiences crisis, importance as sister, Henry's fondness for, devoutly Unitarian, ignorant of Henry's true condition, undernourished, abortive 1948 summer in England, cancelled, which comes as relief, hosts family dinner-party, letter about Nobel Prize to, TSE leaves money with, 1949 visit to England with Dodo, June arrival anticipated, plans for, EH bids 'bon voyage', visit to Cambridge, return from Southwold, Borders tour, Basil Street Hotel stay, Thanksgiving with, reports on Dr Perkins's funeral, efforts to support financially, tethered to Margaret, joins TSE in St. Louis, 1954 trip to England with Dodo, visit to Ely and Cambridge, in light of Margaret's death, invoked against EH, TSE to Theresa on,

1.Marian/MarionEliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister) Cushing Eliot (1877–1964), fourth child of Henry Ware Eliot and Charlotte Eliot: see Biographical Register.

Fabers, the, model of happiness and respectability, their domestic situation, Faber children to tea chez Eliot, visit TSE at Pike's Farm, compared to the Morleys, closer to TSE than to VHE, 1933 summer holiday with, Ty Glyn Aeron described, request TSE to write play, too absorbed in their children, at the Morleys' party, give anti-Nazi party for author, host poker party, 1934 summer holiday with, take TSE to lunch in Oxford, 1935 summer holiday with, for which the children are bought tent, give party, 1936 summer holiday with, at Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party, sail model boats with TSE, and TSE's foggy adventure, cinema-going with TSE, take TSE to Witch of Edmonton, and Morleys take TSE to pantomime, and TSE attend opening of Ascent of F6, 1937 summer holiday with, and the Bradfield Greek play, School for Scandal with, take TSE to pantomime again, 1938 summer holiday with, 1939 summer holiday with, offer possible wartime refuge, 1940 summer holiday with, host TSE in Hampstead during war, TSE makes bread sauce for, brought vegetables from Shamley, move to Minsted, and TSE attend musical revue, 1941 summer holiday with, Minsted as substitute for nursing-home, trying to sell Welsh home, take TSE to International Squadron, invite TSE to Wales for Christmas, host TSE at Minsted, away fishing in Scotland, mourn TSE's post-war independence, 1947 Minsted summer stay, 1948 Minsted summer stay, host TSE for weekend, on 1950 South Africa trip, on TSE's 1951 Spain trip, 1951 Minsted summer stay, 1952 Minsted summer stay, 1953 Minsted summer stay, on 1953–4 South Africa trip, 35th wedding anniversary weekend,
Howson, Revd Vincent, revises TSE's cockney dialogue, takes TSE on East End pub-crawl, as Bert, TSE's Stepney sojourn with, hosts TSE in Limehouse, submits novel, lures TSE into speaking engagement,

1.RevdHowson, Revd Vincent Vincent Howson (d. 1957), St James’ Vicarage, Ratcliff, London, was ‘Bert’ in The Rock. Founder and producer of the East End Amateurs, he had been a member of Sir Frank Benson’s Shakespearian Company. His final post was as rector of St Paul’s, Covent Garden.

Introducing James Joyce, TSE rereading Joyce in preparation, TSE's prefatory note completed,
Joyce, James, appears suddenly in London, admired and esteemed by TSE, takes flat in Kensington, lunches with TSE at fish shop, gets on with Osbert Sitwell, GCF on, consumes TSE's morning, dines in company chez Eliot, obstinately unbusinesslike, bank-draft ordered for, indebted to Harriet Weaver, writes to TSE about daughter, his place in history, evening with Lewis, Vanderpyl and, TSE appreciates loneliness of, TSE's excuse for visiting Paris, insists on lavish Parisian dinner, on the phone to the F&F receptionist, TSE's hairdresser asks after, defended by TSE at UCD, for which TSE is attacked, qua poet, his Miltonic ear, requires two F&F directors' attention, anecdotalised by Jane Heap, part of TSE's Paris itinerary, in Paris, strolls with TSE, and David Jones, and EP's gift of shoes, his death lamented, insufficiently commemorated, esteemed by Hugh Walpole, TSE's prose selection of, Indian audience addressed on, TSE opens exhibition dedicated to, TSE on the Joyce corpus, TSE on his letters to, Anna Livia Plurabelle, Joyce's recording of, Dubliners, taught in English 26, Ulysses, modern literature undiscussable without, Harold Monro's funeral calls to mind, its true perversity, likened to Gulliver's Travels, F&F negotiating for, 'Work in Progress' (afterwards Finnegans Wake), negotiations over, conveyed to London by Jolas, 'very troublesome', new MS delivered by Madame Léon,
see also Joyces, the

1.JamesJoyce, James Joyce (1882–1941), Irish novelist, playwright, poet; author of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), Ulysses (1922), Finnegans Wake (1939).

MacCarthys, the, TSE's Hampton stay with,
Mirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff), taken round the Tower, invites TSE to Shamley, described for EH, offers to house TSE gratis, her religion, as horticulturalist, concerns TSE, her distress on animals' behalf, not an irritant, secures better gardener for Shamley, circumstances in which she offered TSE refuge, indifferent to enlarging acquaintance, engineers solitude at Shamley, surprises TSE with lobster and cigars, reduces TSE's rent, celebrates 80th birthday, abed and anxious, anxious about North African campaign, going deaf, boosted by son's promotion, receives offer for Shamley, theatrical by nature, TSE prefers being alone with, TSE's sense of responsibility to, spoils TSE on his birthday, aflutter over Christmas turkey, delighted by recording at Shamley, takes in hopeless cases, collector of recipes, pleased by TSE's lawnmowing, hankers after life in Menton, dreams of leaving Shamley, pulls out of selling Shamley, as landlady, frustrations with gardener, her aura, summons TSE to Shamley, during TSE's final Shamley Christmas, dying, still just living, dies following operation, Wishful Cooking,
see also Mirrleeses, the

3.HopeMirrlees, Emily Lina ('Mappie', née Moncrieff) Mirrlees’s mother was Emily Lina Mirrlees, née Moncrieff (1862–1948) – known as ‘Mappie’ or ‘Mappy’ – see Biographical Register.

'Music of Poetry, The', outlined, revised for print,
Nason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldine, sends TSE birthday letter, sends TSE birthday cake, sends TSE box of toffee, apparently forgets TSE's birthday, but remembers, ill, expecting operation, among the saved, a 'Cosy Pet', and sister to lunch, given small iron wheelbarrow, her health,

1.MargaretNason, Margaret ('Meg') Geraldine (Meg) Geraldine Nason (1900–86), proprietor of the Bindery tea rooms, Broadway, Worcestershire, whom TSE and EH befriended on visits to Chipping Campden.

'Notes Towards a Definition of Culture', commissioned by Reckitt, outline for, drafted,
Perkins, Dr John Carroll (EH's uncle), wished speedy recovery, Perkins household apparently restored, and TSE's King's Chapel address, at first Norton lecture, writes about second Norton lecture, supplied with tobacco, unused to intelligent opposition, suggests title for Murder, recommended Endless Adventure, TSE on, novelty birthday-present suggested for, comes by The Achievement of T. S. Eliot, once again preaching, his accent, his versus Eliot-family Unitarianism, reports on TSE from Aban Court, remarks on photograph of TSE, his Pastor Emeritus position endangered, starved of male company, more remote with age, donates Eliotana to Henry's collection, relations with Aunt Edith, ailing, altered with age, and Campden memories, sends photograph of EH portrait, on 1946 reunion with TSE, withdrawn, according to EH, honoured by bas-relief, celebrates 86th birthday, feared for, celebrates 87th birthday, thanks EH for her help, his final illness, dies, elegised by TSE, funeral, obituary and funeral, obituary, TSE receives old clothes of, Miss Lavorgna on, apparently communicated in Anglican churches, Annals of King's Chapel,
see also Perkinses, the

3.DrPerkins, Dr John Carroll (EH's uncle) John Carroll Perkins (1862–1950), Minister of King’s Chapel, Boston: see Biographical Register.

Roberts, Michael, sketched in thumbnail, reviews Collected Poems, introduces radio Waste Land, described for EH, EH interests herself in, singles out Burnt Norton, asks TSE to be godfather, fingered for TSE's mentor role, recommended for EH's 'criticism' course, working for BBC, resemblance to wife, assists TSE in judging translations, at Norwegian diplomatic dinner, makes way for TSE's broadcast, terminally ill, dies of leukaemia, The Modern Mind, New Signatures, T. E. Hulme,
see also Robertses, the

1.MichaelRoberts, Michael Roberts (1902–48), critic, editor, poet: see Biographical Register.

Saroyan, William, TSE making story selection of, TSE's blurbs for, finally meets TSE, The Beautiful People,

7.WilliamSaroyan, William Saroyan (1908–81): American novelist, playwright, screenwriter, essayist; author of The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze (1934) and The Time of Your Life (play, 1939), winner of the Pulitzer Prize (declined) and the New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award, and adapted for a 1948 film starring James Cagney.

Second World War, the prospect of, F&F plans in the event of, Britain's preparations for, prognostications as to its outbreak, and The Family Reunion, and the policy of appeasement, and transatlantic tourism, evacuation imminent, TSE discusses its outbreak with Dutchman, TSE refrains from commenting on, TSE's thoughts on, its effect on TSE, the 'Winter War', the 'Phoney War', Molotov–Ribbentrop pact, rationing, evacuation, seems continuous with First World War, invasion of Poland, invasion of Denmark and Norway, Chamberlain's resignation, Italy's declaration of war, Dunkirk, The Blitz, Battle of Cape Matapan, Operation Barbarossa, Greece enters war, Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War, Libyan campaign, North African campaign, and TSE's decision to remain in England, in relation to the First, prospect of its end unsettles, and returning to London, bombing of German cities, its effect on TSE's work, prognostications as to its end, the Little Blitz, Operation Overlord, V-1 Cruise Missile strikes, Operation Market Garden, and continental privations, and post-war European prospects, The Battle of the Bulge, possibility of post-war pandemic, V-2 Bombs, concentration camps, Germany's surrender, VE Day, and post-war Anglo-American relations, VJ Day, atomic bomb, its long-term economic consequences,
Sword of the Spirit, The, committee meetings of,
University of Glasgow, TSE's W. P. Ker Memorial Lecture, described,