14 Alexander Street, Princeton, New Jersey, engaged for TSE, later inhabited by Randall Jarrell, TSE's first impressions of,
14 Elvaston Place, London, TSE takes furnished room at, described, TSE removing himself from,
19 Carlyle Mansions, London, TSE's tour of no. 14, its Chelsea environs, TSE on settling down at, its post-war condition, refurbishments to, described, almost habitable, TSE installed at, joined by JDH, TSE's first home for years, servant problems, redecorated, TSE's possessions remain at, no longer TSE's address,
22 Paradise Road, Northampton, Massachusetts, EH moves to,
23 Russell Square, London, TSE thinks of moving to, unready for occupation, TSE and Fabers move into, too cramped for permanent residence, temperature of, home to Cat Morgan, following explosion,
24 Russell Square, London, TSE's stay at,
2635 Locust Street, St. Louis, TSE's childhood in, remembered,
3 Kensington Court Gardens, London, TSE and EVE take residence at,
35 School Street, Andover, Massachusetts, set aside for EH, not yet ready,
51 Gordon Square, London, the Eliots nearly move to, the heart of Bloomsbury society,
57 Chester Terrace, London, as a financial burden, TSE hopes to be divested of,
68 Clarence Gate Gardens, London, potential swap for 51 Gordon Square, compared to Gordon Square, and St. Cyprian's Church, VHE leases for herself,
83 Crescent Street, Northampton, Massachusetts, EH resident at,
9 Church Green, Concord, Massachusetts, EH's address,
9 Grenville Place, London, compared to Courtfield Road, TSE's rent for, described for EH, delights TSE, as refuge, and Burnt Norton, tea-party for Perkinses at, TSE's practical jokes at, in winter, as repository for TSE's books, EH's sojourns at, described by Virginia Woolf, sanctified by EH's presence, offered to Jeanie, adorned with photos of EH, evokes memories of childhood homecomings, likely to be sold,
9 Lexington Road, Concord, Massachusetts, EH moves to, EH's daily existence at, EH removing from,
Abbey of St Mary the Virgin, Burnham, TSE's stay at,
Abbot Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, offers EH short-term employment, EH's career at, EH on her situation at, offers EH permanent position, EH on joining, TSE offers signed books to, EH's wish to leave, EH on leaving, Eleanor Hinkley on EH at, EH's retirement from,
Abbott, Charles D.,

2.CharlesAbbott, Charles D. D. Abbott (1900–61), Director of Libraries at the University of Buffalo, 1935–60.

Abbott, Senda Berenson,

2.SendaAbbott, Senda Berenson Berenson Abbott, née Valvrojenski (1868–1954), a Lithuanian Jew by origin, was a sister of the art connoisseur and historian Bernard Berenson. At Smith College she was Director of the Gymnasium and Instructor of Physical Culture, introducing the first rules of women’s basketball and organising the first women’s college basketball game. In 1911 she married Herbert Vaughan Abbott, Professor of English at Smith College.

Abrahams, Harold,

4.HaroldAbrahams, Harold Abrahams (1899–1978), track and field athlete, won gold in the 100 metres sprint at the Paris Olympic Games 1924 (as depicted in the film Chariots of Fire, 1981); later a practising lawyer. While at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge, 1919–23, he had been romantically involved with Christina Innes – who went on to marry Frank Morley.

meets TSE at the Morleys,
Abyssinia Crisis, TSE asks EH for news of, TSE's opinion of Abyssinians, English public opinion on, debated by Keynes and Leonard Woolf, eventuates in war, and the League of Nations, Italian atrocities during,
Acheson, Dean,

11.DeanAcheson, Dean Acheson (1893–1971): Democrat politician; appointed by Harry S. Truman in 1945 as Undersecretary of the US Department of State, he was to be Secretary of State, 1949–53.

Acton, Sir Harold,

3.HaroldActon, Sir Harold Acton (1904–94), British historian, writer, poetaster and aesthete; son of a successful British art dealer and an American heiress; was educated at Eton College (where contemporaries included Cyril Connolly, Robert Byron, Ian Fleming, Anthony Powell, Steven Runciman, and Henry York (the novelist Henry Green) and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he was a friend of Evelyn Waugh. He lived for some time in Paris and in Beijing, and for many years at his childhood home, ‘La Pietra’ (just outside Florence). His writings include Peonies and Ponies (verse, 1941); Memoirs of an Aesthete (1948); The Bourbons of Naples (1734–1825) (1956); Nancy Mitford: A Memoir (1975); and The Last Medici (F&F, 1932).

totem of expatriate decadence, dismissed,
actors and actresses, to be pitied, TSE on thespian withdrawal symptoms, enjoyable company of, English and German actresses compared, and the benefits of repertory, as readers of poetry, in Sweden,
Adam Smiths, the,
Adams, Fr Walter Frederick, SSJE,

2.FatherAdams, Fr Walter Frederick, SSJE Walter Frederick Adams, SSJE (1871–1952), of the Cowley Fathers, was for twelve years the confessor and spiritual director of C. S. Lewis.

Adams, James Luther,

12.JamesAdams, James Luther Luther Adams (1901–94), influential theologian and scholar, was minister of the Second Church, Unitarian, in Salem, Massachusetts, 1927–34. After a number of years with the faculty of the Unitarian and Universalist Meanville/Lombard Theological School, Chicago, he was appointed Professor of Christian Ethics at Harvard Divinity School, 1956–68.

Adams, John Quincy, letters censored by Eliot family member,
'Address to Members of the London Library, An',
Adrian, Max,

2.MaxAdrian, Max Adrian (1903–73), Irish stage, film and TV actor; founding member of the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre. He became better known than Harris.

Ady, Cecilia,

1.CeciliaAdy, Cecilia Ady (1881–1958), an Oxford don, was to write, with TSE’s encouragement, The English Church and How It Works (F&F, 1940).

Afinogenov, Alexander, Distant Point: A Soviet Play,
Agar, Herbert,

3.HerbertAgar, Herbert Agar (1897–1980), eminent conservative American journalist and author. Educated at Columbia and Princeton (PhD, 1922), he spent the years 1929–35 in England, where he was literary editor of Douglas Jerrold’s English Review (he also wrote for Chesterton’s periodical G. K.’s Weekly). On returning to the USA, where he edited the Louisville Courier-Journal, he won distinction as an author. The People’s Choice, From Washington to Harding: A Study of Politics (1933) won the Pulitzer Prize 1934; and he edited (with Allen Tate) Who Owns America? A New Declaration of Independence (1936). Other major publications include Land of the Free (1935) and The Price of Union: The Influence of the American Temper on the Course of History (1950).

frightens TSE,
Aiken, Conrad,

1.ConradAiken, Conrad Aiken (1889–1973), American poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

TSE dreads seeing, his depressing bohemian existence,
Aiken, Mary Hoover,

4.MaryAiken, Mary Hoover Hoover Aiken, his third wife.

wants TSE to sit for her, which he does,
'Aims of Education, The', finished, first lecture, second lecture, candidate for Reith Lectures, TSE rewriting,
Aims of Poetic Drama: The Presidential Address to the Poets’ Theatre Guild, The,
Ainley, Richard,

6.RichardAinley, Richard Ainley (1910–67), theatre and film actor; son of actor Henry Ainley (1879–1945).

Albert, Heinrich,

2.HeinrichAlbert, Heinrich Albert (1874–1960), German civil servant, businessman and diplomat (as Commercial Attaché to the USA in 1914–17, he was accused of espionage and sabotage). He opened his own law firm in 1924; and it was perhaps in his capacity as lawyer that he came to discuss with TSE Erich Alport’s claim that Stephen Spender was on the brink of libelling him in his novel ‘The Temple’, which Geoffrey Faber and TSE were interested in publishing with F&F.

visits TSE,
alcohol, as pleasure, as temptation, as weakness, whisky as necessity, whisky as suppressant, as aid to sleep, and American Prohibition, the 'bedtime Guinness', too much sherry, whisky as medicine, at The Swan, Commercial Road, GCF's pillaged whisky, and buying cheap delicious wine, 'whisky' vs 'whiskey', erroneous belief about brandy, Guinness before Mass, asperity on port, at JDH and TSE's dinner, Château Latour 1874, Château Leoville-Poyferré 1915, fine wines at JDH's, wartime whisky, bottle of beer with wireless, 'dry sherry' and rationing,
Aldington, Richard,

3.RichardAldington, Richard Aldington (1892–1962), poet and critic; friend of TSE in the years immediately after WW1. Aldington’s Stepping Heavenward, with its caricatures of TSE and Vivien Eliot, Ottoline Morrell and Virginia Woolf, had been published on 12 Nov. 1931. See further Vivien Whelpton, Richard Aldington, vol. 1: Poet, Soldier and Lover 1911–1929; vol 2: Novelist, Biographer and Exile 1930–1962 (Cambridge, 2019).

TSE on, 'Farewell to Europe', Stepping Heavenward,
Alexander, Field Marshal Harold, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis,

4.FieldAlexander, Field Marshal Harold, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis Marshal Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis (1891–1969): distinguished British Army officer; Governor General of Canada, 1946–52.

Alice, Princess, Countess of Athlone,

4.PrincessAlice, Princess, Countess of Athlone Alice, Countess of Athlone (1883–1981): last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria. Her husband was Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone (1874–1957), Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, 1923–30; Governor-General of Canada, 1940–6.

All Souls Club, The, TSE joins, first dinner with, discussion vague at second dinner, even vaguer at third, to discuss 'Church, Community and State', discusses adult baptism, discusses the Edinburgh Conference, discusses church music, discusses war policy, discusses Encyclical, and Revd Duncan-Jones,
All Souls College, Oxford, and Isaiah Berlin's election to, evening with GCF at, over-represented in the Literary Society, lodges TSE, and the Fabers' property dealings, festivities at,
Allgood, Sara,

1.SaraAllgood, Sara Allgood (1879–1950), Irish actor.

Alliance Française, TSE British Federation council for, TSE gives lecture to, Maison Française opened in Oxford, where TSE stays, honours TSE with dinner, Annual Meeting in Birmingham, reception for French president, Annual Meeting in Newcastle, Annual Meeting at Brighton, TSE addresses in Edinburgh, council meeting of, Annual Meeting in Bristol,
Alport, Dr Erich,

1.DrAlport, Dr Erich Erich Alport (b. 1903), educated in Germany and at Oxford, was author of Nation und Reich in der politischen Willenbildung des britischen Weltreiches (Berlin, 1933). In the early 1930s Geoffrey Faber often sought his advice about German books suitable for translation into English.

described, lunches with TSE, Cattaui and Roditi, calls on TSE, at the Eliots' tea-party,
Ament, William Sheffield,

2.WilliamAment, William Sheffield Sheffield Ament (1997–51), Professor of English, Scripps College.

and TSE's UCLA lecture, earns TSE's gratitude,
America, TSE on not returning in 1915, and TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit, dependence on Europe, TSE's sense of deracination from, and the Great Depression, TSE a self-styled 'Missourian', as depicted in Henry Eliot's Rumble Murders, its national coherence questioned, its religious and educational future, versus Canadian and colonial society, where age is not antiquity, drinks Scotland's whisky, and FDR's example to England, underrates Europe's influence on England, redeemed by experience with G. I.'s, TSE nervous at readjusting to, and post-war cost of living, more alien to TSE post-war, its glories, landscape, cheap shoes, its horrors, Hollywood, climate, lack of tea, overheated trains, over-social clubs, overheating in general, perplexities of dress code, food, especially salad-dressing, New England Gothic, earthquakes, heat, the whistle of its locomotives, 'Easter holidays' not including Easter, the cut of American shirts, television, Andover, Massachusetts, EH moves to, Ann Arbor, Michigan, TSE on visiting, Augusta, Maine, EH stops in, Baltimore, Maryland, and TSE's niece, TSE engaged to lecture in, TSE on visiting, Bangor, Maine, EH visits, Bay of Fundy, EH sailing in, Bedford, Massachusetts, its Stearns connections, Boston, Massachusetts, TSE tries to recollect society there, its influence on TSE, its Museum collection remembered, inspires homesickness, TSE and EH's experience of contrasted, described by Maclagan, suspected of dissipating EH's energies, EH's loneliness in, Scripps as EH's release from, possibly conducive to TSE's spiritual development, restores TSE's health, its society, TSE's relations preponderate, TSE's happiness in, as a substitute for EH's company, TSE's celebrity in, if TSE were there in EH's company, its theatregoing public, The Times on, on Labour Day, Brunswick, Maine, TSE to lecture in, TSE on visiting, California, as imagined by TSE, TSE's wish to visit, EH suggests trip to Yosemite, swimming in the Pacific, horrifies TSE, TSE finds soulless, land of earthquakes, TSE dreads its effect on EH, Wales's resemblance to, as inferno, and Californians, surfeit of oranges and films in, TSE's delight at EH leaving, land of kidnappings, Aldous Huxley seconds TSE's horror, the lesser of two evils, Cannes reminiscent of, TSE masters dislike of, land of monstrous churches, TSE regrets EH leaving, winterless, its southern suburbs like Cape Town, land of fabricated antiquities, Cambridge, Massachusetts, TSE's student days in, socially similar to Bloomsbury, TSE lonely there but for Ada, TSE's happiness in, exhausting, EH's 'group' in, road safety in, Casco Bay, Maine, TSE remembers, Castine, Maine, EH holidays in, Cataumet, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, Chicago, Illinois, EH visits, reportedly bankrupt, TSE on, TSE takes up lectureship in, its climate, land of fabricated antiquities, Chocurua, New Hampshire, EH stays in, Concord, Massachusetts, EH's househunting in, EH moves from, Connecticut, its countryside, and Boerre, TSE's end-of-tour stay in, Dorset, Vermont, EH holidays in, and the Dorset Players, Elizabeth, New Jersey, TSE on visiting, Farmington, Connecticut, place of EH's schooling, which TSE passes by, EH holidays in, Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, EH recuperates in, Gerrish Island, Maine, TSE revisits, Hollywood, perceived debauchery of its movies, TSE's dream of walk-on part, condemned by TSE to destruction, TSE trusts Murder will be safe from, Iowa City, Iowa, TSE invited to, Jonesport, Maine, remembered, Kittery, Maine, described, Lexington, Massachusetts, and the Stearns family home, Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, Madison, Wisconsin, Aurelia Bolliger hails from, Ralph Hodgson sails for, EH summers in, as conceived by TSE, who eventually visits, Maine, its coast remembered by TSE, TSE recalls swimming off, Minneapolis, on EH's 1952 itinerary, TSE lectures in, New Bedford, Massachusetts, EH's holidays in, TSE's family ties to, New England, and Unitarianism, more real to TSE than England, TSE homesick for, in TSE's holiday plans, architecturally, compared to California, and the New England conscience, TSE and EH's common inheritance, springless, TSE remembers returning from childhood holidays in, its countryside distinguished, and The Dry Salvages, New York (N.Y.C.), TSE's visits to, TSE encouraged to write play for, prospect of visiting appals TSE, as cultural influence, New York theatres, Newburyport, Maine, delights TSE, Northampton, Massachusetts, TSE on, EH settles in, TSE's 1936 visit to, autumn weather in, its spiritual atmosphere, EH moves house within, its elms, the Perkinses descend on, Aunt Irene visits, Boerre's imagined life in, TSE on hypothetical residence in, EH returns to, Peterborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, TSE's vision of life at, Petersham, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, TSE visits with the Perkinses, EH spends birthday in, Edith Perkins gives lecture at, the Perkinses cease to visit, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, TSE on, and TSE's private Barnes Foundation tour, Independence Hall, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, surrounding countryside, Portsmouth, Maine, delights TSE, Randolph, New Hampshire, 1933 Eliot family holiday in, the Eliot siblings return to, Seattle, Washington State, EH summers in, EH's situation at, TSE prefers to California, EH repairs to post-Christmas, EH visits on 1952 tour, EH returns to, Sebasco, Maine, EH visits, South, the, TSE's first taste of, TSE's prejudices concerning, St. Louis, Missouri, TSE's childhood in, TSE's homesickness for, TSE styling himself a 'Missourian', possible destination for TSE's ashes, resting-place of TSE's parents, TSE on his return to, the Mississippi, compared to TSE's memory, TSE again revisits, TSE takes EVE to, St. Paul, Minnesota, TSE on visiting, the Furness house in, Tryon, North Carolina, EH's interest in, EH staying in, Virginia, scene of David Garnett's escapade, and the Page-Barbour Lectures, TSE on visiting, and the South, Washington, Connecticut, EH recuperates in, West Rindge, New Hampshire, EH holidays at, White Mountains, New Hampshire, possible TSE and EH excursion to, Woods Hole, Falmouth, Massachusetts, TSE and EH arrange holiday at, TSE and EH's holiday in recalled, and The Dry Salvages, TSE invited to, EH and TSE's 1947 stay in, EH learns of TSE's death at,
American Embassy in London,
'American Literature and the American Language',
American Presidential Election, 1936, TSE favours Roosevelt, 1944, 1952, TSE's English perspective on, 1956, and American foreign policy,
American Women's Club of London,
Amery, Leo,

7.LeoAmery, Leo Amery (1873–1955), distinguished Conservative Party politician and journalist.

in English Review, friend of F. W. Bain,
Amherst College, hosts TSE's poetry-recital,
Anabasis, JDH's help with,
Anderson, John,

2.JohnAnderson, John Anderson (1882–1958): British civil servant and politician; independent Member of Parliament for the Combined Scottish Universities, 1939–40; Lord President of the Council, 1940–3; and Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1939–45. Created 1st Viscount Waverley in 1952.

Anderson, Mary,

4.MaryAnderson, Mary Anderson (1859–1940), successful American stage actor who married in 1890 an American sportsman and barrister named Antonio Fernando de Navarro (1860–1932); they settled in Broadway, Worcs. (near Chipping Campden). Anderson published two volumes of memoirs, neither published by F&F.

F&F offered memoir of,
Anderson, Maxwell,

2.MaxwellAnderson, Maxwell Anderson (1888–1959), American playwright, author and journalist; winner of the Pulitzer Prize 1933 for the satire Both Your Houses. Some of his plays are written in blank verse, including Mary of Scotland (1933); Winterset (1935); The Wingless Victory (1936). Wingless Victory was the play EH was to act in.

The Wingless Victory,
Andrewes, Katharine Day,

Little’sAndrewes, Katharine Day first wife (m. 1911), was Katharine Day Andrews, who bore three children: the couple divorced in 1929. In 1930, Little married Beatrice Winifred Johnson (1899–1973), a scientific researcher who worked as his laboratory assistant: they had two children.

Andrewes, Lancelot, TSE examines PhD on,
Angioletti, Giovanni Battista,

6.GiovanniAngioletti, Giovanni Battista Battista Angioletti (1896–1961), novelist and journalist; editor from 1929 of Italia letteraria; correspondent for Corriere della Sera; founder-editor of Trifalco, 1930. Novels include Il giorno del giudizio (1928, Bagutta Prize); La memoria (1949; Strega Prize); I grandi ospiti (1960; Viareggio Prize). Founder of the European Community of Writers.

dinner-party for,
Anglican Club of the University of London, TSE's speech to,
Anglo-Catholic Congress, Elizabeth, New Jersey, TSE speaks at,
Anglo-Catholic Summer School of Sociology, TSE addresses,
Anglo-Swedish Society, addressed in Sweden, then in London, prints TSE London speech, Strindberg Centenary formalities at,
'Animula', and TSE's childhood,
Annie (the Fabers' housemaid), plays prank on TSE,
Anouilh, Jean, quoted, as playwright, Antigone, Medée,
Anrep, Helen,

11.BorisAnrep, Helen Anrep 1883–1969), Russian mosaicist. Helen Anrep, 48 Bernard Street, Russell Square, W.C.1., whose marriage to Anrep had failed, became Fry’s companion for life.

Anschluss, the, response to,
anti-Semitism, and Marie von Moritz, and Mosley, within TSE's racial hierarchy, in After Strange Gods, and Mosley's Albert Hall rally, and Nazi persecution in Vienna, and the prospect of immigration, and EP, in South Africa,
Apollinaire, Guillaume, TSE chairs lecture on,
appearance (TSE's), 'pudding-faced', TSE remembers wearing make-up, of a third-rate actor, likened to a crook, of a Chicago magnate, of a dissipated movie actor, of a debauched British statesman, hair-style, lobster-skinned, of a brutal Roman emperor, of a superior comic actor, of Maurice Evans, proud of his legs, wart on scalp, baldness, 'in spots', unlikely treatment for, 'as a bat', worsened by travel, due to worry, may require wig, in retreat, reasserts itself, confines TSE to single barber, eyes, dark, damaged by teeth-poisoning, figure, 'obese', altered by war, hernia, described, deferred operation for, recovery from, nose, the Eliot nostril, a Norman nose, too thin for pince-nez, teeth, 'nothing but chalk', EH severe on the state of, 'stumps', blamed for hair-loss, liable to be removed, blamed for rheumatism, false upper plate, plate reconstructed, state of, new false teeth, keystone tooth removed, remaining upper teeth removed, new plate,
'Approach to James Joyce, The', written for Indian audience, admired by EH,
Apthorp, Harrison Otis,

5.RichardCobb, Richard Cobb was Head of Milton Academy, 1904–10. HisApthorp, Harrison Otis immediate predecessor was Harrison Otis Apthorp (1857–1905), Head of Milton, 1887–1904.

Aquinas Society,
Ara Vos Prec, inscribed to EH in 1923, inscription from Dante explained,
Arab–Israeli War, 1948,
Archbishop of York's Conference, Malvern 1941, paper prepared for, occasion recounted, proceedings to be published,
Ardrey, Robert, Thunder Rock,
Ariel Poems, recited at Wellesley,
Aristophanes, Eirene, Frogs, Lysistrata,
Aristotle, on character versus plot,
Arlen, Michael,

6.MichaelArlen, Michael Arlen (1895–1956) – born Dikran Kouyoumdjian, in Armenia – was a naturalised British writer of novels, short stories, plays, screenplays. For some reason, TSE disliked him.

Arlington St. Church, Boston, TSE's student place of worship, versus Unitarianism in St. Louis,
Armstrong, Profressor A. J.,

1.TSEArmstrong, Profressor A. J. had been approached out of the blue on 17 Oct. by Professor A. J. Armstrong, of the Dept of English Language and Literature at Baylor University (a Baptist foundation) of Waco, Texas, with the request that he undertake to place a wreath on the tomb of Robert Browning in Westminster Abbey at 12.30 on 12 Dec. 1951, the anniversary of the poet’s death. Armstrong (1873–1954) had taught at Baylor since 1908, serving for forty years (1912–52) as Head of the Department of English Language and Literature. Having become friendly with Browning’s son, Robert Barrett (Pen) Browning in Italy in 1909, he aspired to gather together a world-beating collection of the poet’s works, manuscripts, letters and related materials: and he fulfilled this obsessive self-imposed task with such indefatigable passion that by the 1940s he had assembled the best Browning collection in the world. The President of Baylor University nominated $1.75 million towards a building to house the collection on campus, on the understanding that Armstrong would raise the huge balance required for the completion of the project. The Armstrong Browning Library was ultimately opened in 1951. See further Scott Lewis, Boundless Life: A Biography of Andrew Joseph Armstrong (2014).

Arnold, Matthew, discussed with student, poets' symposium on, TSE regrets attacking, recommended for EH's 'criticism' course,
Arnold, Revd Harold G.,

9.RevdArnold, Revd Harold G. Harold G. Arnold, West Roxbury, Massachusetts, invited TSE on 20 Feb. to speak to the Boston Association of Ministers. TSE responded, ‘I should be very glad to oblige the Boston Association of Ministers in any way that I can. I confess, however, that my real difficulty, as, if I may say so, a rather fanatical Catholic, is what subject I could talk about to such an Association.’ TSE delivered his address, ‘The Modern Dilemma’, on 3 Apr. – ‘the Unitarians … did not discuss my paper at all,’ he told Paul Elmer More (18 May), ‘but attacked me for not being a Papist’ – and repeated it on 10 Apr. for the Clerical Association of Massachusetts in Jamaica Plain (‘who behaved like a very amiable tar-baby’): CProse 4, 810–16.

Arthur, Prince, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn,

3.PrinceArthur, Prince, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942), seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

TSE presented to,
Arts Theatre, Cambridge, stages On the Frontier,
Ash Wednesday, inspired by EH, TSE recites after dinner, OM compares to Anna Livia Plurabelle, recited at Wellesley, inscribed to Scott Fitzgerald, its imperatives self-directed, TSE explains, TSE's last uncommissioned poem, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields recital, which TSE gives from pulpit, TSE cross-examined by child on, recorded for BBC,
Ashbee, C. R.,

1.C. R. AshbeeAshbee, C. R. (1863–1942), architect and designer; charismatic leader of the Arts and Crafts movement that took inspiration from the works of John Ruskin and the socialism of William Morris. The ‘Ashbee Memoirs’ (which were too enormous for F&F to contemplate publishing at this time) are now housed in the Library of King’s College, Cambridge.

courted by TSE over memoirs,
Ashcroft, Peggy,

3.PeggyAshcroft, Peggy Ashcroft (1907–91), celebrated British stage actor, was at this time married to the barrister Jeremy Hutchinson (son of TSE’s old friends St John and Mary Hutchinson).

in line to play Mary, at Merton Hall supper, in The Duchess of Malfi, and The Cocktail Party,
Ashton, Frederick,

5.FrederickAshton, Frederick Ashton (1904–88), British ballet dancer and choreographer; trained by Léonide Massine and Marie Rambert, he was chief choreographer for Ninette de Valois at the Vic-Wells Ballet, Sadler’s Wells and the Royal Ballet. Works include Façade (1931), Symphonic Variations (1946) and Enigma Variations (1968). Knighted in 1962; CH, 1970; OM, 1977.

to produce Yeats,
Asquith, Lady Cynthia Mary Evelyn,
Association of Bookmen of Swansea and West Wales, paper prepared for, itinerary for TSE's address to, engagement undertaken at GCF's instance, lecture recounted,
Astor family, rumoured to be pro-German,
Astor, Nancy, Viscountess, invites TSE to Bernard Shaw lunch, reputedly pro-German, and the Abdication Crisis,
Athenaeum, The, TSE's decision not to assist Murry, stepping stone to TLS, TSE's experience of weekly reviewing,
Attlee, Clement,

11.ClementAttlee, Clement Attlee (1883–1967), distinguished British politician, served as Leader of the Labour Party from 1935, and took part in Winston Churchill’s wartime coalition government, 1940–5, serving in Cabinet first as Lord Privy Seal and from 1942 as Deputy Prime Minister. After winning a landslide victory for Labour in July 1945, Attlee was Prime Minister until 1951. With the British economy being virtually bankrupt in the postwar era, he set about trying to generate a massive recovery of the economy, as well as introducing social and public services reforms. His major achievements included the passing of the National Insurance Act (1946), the introduction of the National Health Service (1948), and the nationalisation of public utilities including coal and electricity: his vision of the state supporting people from cradle to grave came to be realised, along with significant steps towards decolonisation of countries including India and Pakistan.

Leonard Woolf situates within Labour, compared to Churchill as orator,
Auden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.'),

10.W. H. AudenAuden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.') (1907–73), poet, playwright, librettist, translator, essayist, editor: see Biographical Register.

and EP's 'Seafarer', TSE sends EH Poems, TSE recites 'To Gabriel Carritt', remembered by Ethel Swan, as dramatist, and Yeats's Mercury Theatre plans, Holmesian prank devised for, Doone wants for Westminster Theatre, collaborative efforts lamented by TSE, talks films at JDH's, strays from F&F, preoccupied with Byron and Barcelona, TSE on 'Letter to Lord Byron', as verse dramatist, away in Aragon for premiere, and Isherwood's plays versus Spender's, forgets to thank Keynes, TSE on his Isherwood plays, condoles TSE over Sandburg accusation, in bad odour, in America, circulating drollery on latest book-title, as pictured by TSE in America, Journey to a War (with Isherwood), Letters from Iceland (with MacNeice), New Year Letter, On the Frontier (with Isherwood), Paid on Both Sides, The Ascent of F6 (with Isherwood), The Dance of Death, The Dog Beneath the Skin (with Isherwood),
Aulén, Gustaf,

8.Gustaf AulénAulén, Gustaf (1879–1977), Lutheran theologian; Bishop of Strängnäs in the Church of Sweden; author of influential works including The Faith of the Christian Church (1923; trans. into English, 1948) and Christus Victor: A Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement (1930; English, 1931). His wife (m. 1907) was Kristine Björnstad. TSE to George Every, 27 May 1942: ‘I had a very happy day at Strangnass with Bishop Aulen and his family and liked them almost more than anyone I met in Sweden.’

TSE visits in Sweden, at Nobel Prize ceremony,
Austen, Jane, buried at Winchester,
Austin, Charles,

4.CharlesAustin, Charles Austin (1878–1944), celebrated music hall comedian.

Austin, Henry Wilfred ('Bunny'),

12.HenryAustin, Henry Wilfred ('Bunny') Wilfred (‘Bunny’) Austin (1906–2000), British tennis player.

TSE watches at Wimbledon,
'Author and Critic',
Authors' Club, The, addressed at Howson's instance, 'Author and Critic',
autumn, quickens, disturbs, irritates, at Pike's Farm, in Kensington versus Massachusetts, at Shamley,
Aydelotte, Frank,
Ayer, A. J. ('Freddie'),

5.A. J. ‘FreddieAyer, A. J. ('Freddie')’ Ayer (1910–89), philosopher, logical positivist, humanist, atheist; Lecturer in Philosophy, Christ Church, Oxford, 1933–40; Grote Professor of Mind and Logic, University College London, 1946–59; Wykeham Professor of Logic, New College, Oxford, 1959–78. His influential works include Language, Truth and Logic (1936) and The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge (1940). Knighted 1970.

at Elizabeth Bowen's,
Aylward, James de Vine,

1.JamesAylward, James de Vine de Vine Aylward (1870–1966) had been a colleague at Lloyds Bank; author of The Small-Sword in England: Its History, its Forms, Its Makers, and its Masters (1946); The House of Angelo: A dynasty of swordsmen, with special reference to Domenica Angelo and his son Henry (1953). TSEAylward, James de VineTSE on;a1 to Hayward, 29 Nov. 1939: ‘J. de V., up to August 1914, was a fairly successful portrait painter of horses, though of course not in the runnings with Munnings … [He] became my second in the Foreign Intelligence Bureau, because he was the only man in the Colonial and Foreign Department who could read French and German except myself.’

TSE on, TSE on Order of Merit to, retires to Cheshire,
Aymé, Marcel, Lucienne et le Boucher,
Babbitt, Dora D.,

1.DoraBabbitt, Dora D. D. Babbitt (1877–1944), wife of Irving Babbitt (1865–1933).

TSE has sombre lunch with, obliged with note on late husband, ruled by late husband's tastes, EH attends reading-party of,
see also Babbitts, the
Babbitt, Irving,

2.IrvingBabbitt, Irving Babbitt (1865–1933), American academic and literary and cultural critic; Harvard University Professor of French Literature (TSE had taken his course on literary criticism in France); antagonist of Rousseau and romanticism; promulgator (with Paul Elmer More) of ‘New Humanism’. His publications include Literature and the American College (1908); Rousseau and Romanticism (1919); Democracy and Leadership (1924). See TSE, ‘The Humanism of Irving Babbitt’ (1928), in Selected Essays (1950); ‘XIII by T. S. Eliot’, in Irving Babbitt: Man and Teacher, ed. F. Manchester and Odell Shepard (1941): CProse 6, 186–9.

compared to Paul More, 'considerably mellowed', ailing in bed, dies, More and TSE elegise, commemorated in Criterion, posthumous note on, likened to Reinhold Niebuhr, his attitude to TSE's poetry, compared to Maurras,
see also Babbitts, the
Babbitts, the, lunch with,
Babington, Margaret A.,

1.MargaretBabington, Margaret A. A. Babington was from 1928 Hon. Steward and Treasurer, Friends of Canterbury Cathedral; Hon. Festival Manager for the Festival of Music and Drama, 15–22 June 1935. See The Canterbury Adventure: An Account of the Inception and Growth of the Friends of Canterbury Cathedral 1928–1959 (1960): Canterbury Papers no. 10. She negotiated with F&F the terms of the production of the first (abbreviated) performance of Murder in the Cathedral in the Chapter House, June 1935, and the publication of the theatre edition.

and pre-Canterbury Murder negotiations, officiates at Canterbury Cathedral Festival, greets TSE as of old,
Bach, Johann Sebastian, at Chamber Music Club, Busch Quartet's Brandenburg, EH sings in B Minor Mass,
Bacon, Fr Philip G.,

2.FatherBacon, Fr Philip G. Philip G. Bacon, then of the Society of Retreat Conductors. Father Bacon (St Simon’s, Kentish Town, London) was to be quoted at the Requiem Mass for TSE at St Stephen’s, 17 Feb. 1965: ‘Eliot had, along with that full grown stature of mind, a truly child-like heart – the result of his sense of dependence on GOD. And along with it he had the sense of responsibility to GOD for the use of his talents. To his refinedness of character is due the fact that like his poetry he himself was not easily understood – but unbelievers always recognized his faith’ (St Stephen’s Church Magazine, Apr. 1965, 9).

stands in as TSE's confessor, receives TSE's confession,
Badel, Paul Annet,

3.PaulBadel, Paul Annet Annet Badel (1900–85), a French businessman, purchased the Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier, proposing to use the venue as a jazz club. Yet he arranged the première at his theatre of Huis-Clos, by Jean-Paul Sartre (May 1944), and of Murder in the Cathedral (June 1945). His wife was Gaby Sylvia, née Gabrielle Zignani (1920–80), film and TV actor. See Marie-Françoise Christout, Noëll Guibert and Danièle Pauly, Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier 1913–93 (1993).

Badoglio, Pietro,

3.PietroBadoglio, Pietro Badoglio (1871–1956), Italian general and politician. Badoglio was the Italian Army chief of staff at the start of WW2 but was dismissed during the unsuccessful Italian invasion of Greece in 1940. In 1943, when Mussolini was deposed and Italy changed sides in the war, Badoglio became Italy’s Prime Minister and held office until mid-1944. Badoglio, a loyal fascist, had been responsible for atrocities in Italian Libya and during Italy’s conquest of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in the 1930s but never faced trial.

Bailiffscourt Hotel, TSE convalesces at,
Baillie, Very Revd John,

3.VeryBaillie, Very Revd John Revd John Baillie (1886–1960), distinguished Scottish theologian; minister of the Church of Scotland; Roosevelt Professor of Systematic Theology at Union Seminary, New York, 1930–4; and was Professor of Divinity at Edinburgh University, 1934–59. In 1919 he married Florence Jewel Fowler (1893–1969), whom he met in service in France during WW1. Author of What is Christian Civilization? (lectures, 1945). See Keith Clements, ‘John Baillie and “the Moot”’, in Christ, Church and Society: Essays on John Baillie and Donald Baillie, ed. D. Fergusson (Edinburgh, 1993); Clements, ‘Oldham and Baillie: A Creative Relationship’, in God’s Will in a Time of Crisis: A Colloquium Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Baillie Commission, ed. A. R. Morton (Edinburgh, 1994).

and Union Theological Seminary discussion, inspects Revelation contribution, as Edinburgh host, TSE leaves pyjamas with, at inaugural Moot meeting, Our Knowledge of God,
Bain, Francis William ('F. W.'),

1.F. W. BainBain, Francis William ('F. W.') (1863–1940), Fellow of All Souls, 1889–97; Professor of History and Political Economy at the Deccan College at Poona, India, where he was esteemed ‘not only as a professor but also as a prophet and a philosopher’, 1892–1919. An old-style High Tory, enthused by the writings of Bolingbroke and Disraeli, his works include The English Monarchy and its Revolutions (1894), On the Realisation of the Possible and the Spirit of Aristotle (1897), and a series of ‘Hindu love stories’ purportedly translated from Sanskrit originals. See K. Mutalik, Francis William Bain (Bombay, 1963).

politically sympathetic, described for EH, relates his daughter's suicide,
Baker, George Pierce,

3.GeorgeBaker, George Pierce Pierce Baker (1866–1935) taught English at Harvard, where from 1905 he developed a pioneering playwriting course known as ‘Workshop 47’ that concentrated on performance and production rather than the literary text. This course extended, from 1914 to 1924, to an extracurricular practical workshop for playwrights called ‘47 Workshop’. From 1925 to 1933, he taught at Yale as professor of the history and technique of drama. Students included Hallie Flanagan, Eugene O’Neill and Thomas Wolfe. His influential publications include The Development of Shakespeare as a Dramatist (1907) and Dramatic Technique (1919). See Wisner Payne Kinne, George Pierce Baker and the American Theatre (1954).

his Yale theatre-group,
Baker, Harold,

6.OnBaker, Harold Monday 25 July, TSE attended the ‘Domum Dinner’ at Winchester College, at the invitation of the Warden, Harold Baker. He spoke for less than ten minutes.

Baker, Josephine, pointed out to TSE,
Baldwin, Stanley,

4.StanleyBaldwin, Stanley Baldwin (1867–1947), Conservative Party politician; Prime Minister, 1923–4; 1924–9; 1935–7.

and Whibley's memorial, parodied by Robert Nichols, friend to F. W. Bain, his retirement concerns TSE, responsibility for Munich, reminisces with TSE,
Balfour, Lady Rhoda,
Balfour, Sir Graham,
Bandler, Bernard,

5.BernardBandler, Bernard Bandler II (1905–93), co-editor of Hound & Horn. Born in New York, he gained an MA in philosophy from Harvard University, where he taught for two years before enrolling in the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University: he was in practice for many years as psychiatrist and was a Professor at Boston University. His wife was Doris Kate Ransohoff (1911–96).

Bankhead, Tallulah,

4.TallulahBankhead, Tallulah Bankhead (1902–68), celebrated actor of stage and screen; had appeared to date in Tarnished Lady (1931), dir. George Cukor; Devil and the Deep (1932), with Gary Cooper, Charles Laughton and Cary Grant; and Faithless (1932), with Robert Montgomery.

TSE invited to meet,
'Banquet Speech', in amongst Nobel proceedings,
Barclay, Sir Colville,

4.SirBarclay, Sir Colville Colville Barclay (1913–2010), diplomat, naval officer (WW2), artist and botanist.

Barea, Arturo, The Clash,
Barker, Ernest,

4.ErnestBarker, Ernest Barker (1874–1960), political scientist and author; Principal of King’s College, London, 1920–7; Professor of Political Science, Cambridge, from 1928. Knighted in 1944. See J. Stapleton, Englishness and the Study of Politics: The Social and Political Thought of Ernest Barker (Cambridge, 1994).

Barker, George,

1.GeorgeBarker, George Barker (1913–91), poet and author: see Biographical Register.

OM importuned to support,
Barnard College, New York, TSE makes recording at,
Barnes, Albert C.,

10.AlbertBarnes, Albert C. C. Barnes (1872–1951), chemist, businessman, art collector and educator, made his fortune after developing, with a German colleague, a silver nitrate antiseptic called Argyrol, and then fortuitously selling his company at a profit in July 1929, a few months before the stock market crash. Thereafter he dedicated his energies to purchasing works of art – his collection eventually included some of the best works of Renoir, Cézanne, Matisse, Picasso and Modigliani, as well as African-American art – and setting up the Barnes Foundation.

confounds TSE's expectations,
Barnes, Djuna,

1.DjunaBarnes, Djuna Barnes (1892–1982): American novelist, journalist, poet, playwright; author of Ryder (1928); Nightwood (her masterpiece, 1936); Antiphon (play, 1958). See ‘A Rational Exchange’, New Yorker, 24 June and 1 July 1996, 107–9; Nightwood: The Original Version and Related Drafts, ed. Cheryl J. Plumb (1995); Miriam Fuchs, ‘Djuna Barnes and T. S. Eliot: Authority, Resistance, and Acquiescence’, Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 12: 2 (Fall 1993), 289–313. Andrew Field, Djuna: The Formidable Miss Barnes (1983, 1985), 218: ‘Willa Muir was struck by the difference that came over Eliot when he was with Barnes. She thought that the way Barnes had of treating him with an easy affectionate camaraderie caused him to respond with an equally easy gaiety that she had never seen in Eliot before.’ See Letters 8 for correspondence relating to TSE’s friendship with Barnes, and with her friend, the sassy, irresistible Emily Holmes Coleman, and the brilliant editing of Nightwood.

GCF against publishing Nightwood, calls on TSE, Nightwood prepared for press, surprises TSE at OM's, TSE's exhausting lunch with, introduced to JDH, sends TSE ribs of beef,
Barnes, Ernest, Bishop of Birmingham,

3.ErnestBarnes, Ernest, Bishop of Birmingham Barnes (1874–1953), controversially liberal Bishop of Birmingham, 1924–53. An extreme modernist, he was later criticised for doubting the Virgin Birth and the Resurrection.

too liberal for All Souls Club, and the Abdication Crisis,
Barnes, George,

2.EducatedBarnes, George at King’s College, Cambridge, George Barnes (1904–60) was assistant secretary at Cambridge University Press, 1930–5. In 1935 he joined the Talks Department of the BBC, becoming Director of Talks in 1941. Head of the Third Programme, 1946–8; Director of TV, 1950–6. From 1956 he was Principal of the University College of North Staffordshire. He was brother-in-law of Mary Hutchinson. Knighted 1953.

dines with TSE on Christmas Eve, fusses over Metaphysical broadcast,
Barnes, James Stratchey,

9.JamesBarnes, James Stratchey Strachey Barnes (1890–1955), son of Sir Hugh Barnes. Brought up in Florence by his grandparents, Sir John and Lady Strachey, he went on to Eton and King’s College, Cambridge. During WW1 he served in the Guards and Royal Flying Corps. TSE to Sir Robert Vansittart, 12 Jan. 1939 (Letters 9, 16–17): ‘Barnes is the younger brother of an old friend of mine, Mrs St John Hutchinson … He wrote two books on Fascism … and was one of its earliest champions in this country. He was brought up in Italy (before going to Eton: he was subsequently in the Blues, then a Major in the Air Force, and at King’s after the War), has an Italian wife, and is the most convinced pro-Italian and pro-Fascist that I know. He is a Roman Catholic convert, and has or had some honorary appointment at the Vatican; but manages to combine this with a warm admiration for Mussolini, from which it follows that he has disapproved of British policy whenever that policy did not favour Italian policy … In private life he is rather a bore, and talks more than he listens, somewhat failing to appreciate that the person to whom he is talking may have other interests and other engagements.’ See too David Bradshaw and James Smith, ‘Ezra Pound, James Strachey Barnes (“the Italian Lord Haw-Haw”) and Italian Fascism’, Review of English Studies 64 (2013), 672–93.

to dine chez Eliot, discussing Mosley with TSE,
Barrault, Jean-Louis,

4.Jean-LouisBarrault, Jean-Louis Barrault (1910–94): celebrated French stage and screen actor, director and mime; his triumphs include roles in classic and contemporary plays, and in the film Les Enfants du Paradis (1945). He starred at the St James’ Theatre in a five-week run of the comedy Les Fausses Confidences (‘False Confidences’, 1737), by Pierre de Marivaux (1688–1763).

the Oliviers give party for,
Barrés, Maurice,
Barrés, Philippe,
Barrie, Sir James Matthew ('J. M.'),

5.SirBarrie, Sir James Matthew ('J. M.') James Barrie, Bt, OM (1860–1937), Scottish novelist and dramatist; world-renowned for Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up (1904).

attends Whibley memorial lecture, and Whibley, and the original Peter Pan, described for EH, EH in play by, likened to John Buchan, his estate, Dear Brutus, Peter Pan, The Admirable Crichton, The Old Lady Shows Her Medals,
Barrington-Ward, Robert,

1.RobertBarrington-Ward, Robert Barrington-Ward (1891–1948), barrister and journalist; assistant editor of The Times from 1934; editor, 1941–8.

Barry, Geoffrey,

2.GeoffreyBarry, Geoffrey Barry.

Barry, Griffin,

4.TheBarry, Griffin American journalist Griffin Barry (1884–1957) fathered two children, Harriet (b. 1930) and Roderick (b. 1932), with the gifted radical feminist and experimental educator Dora Russell (1894–1986), second wife of Bertrand Russell. See Harriet Ward, A Man of Small Importance: My Father Griffin Barry (Debenham, Surrey, 2003).

Bunny Wilson's cohabitant,
Barry, Iris,

2.IrisBarry, Iris Barry (1895–1969), Birmingham-born film critic and cinéaste, came to know Ezra Pound in London in the 1920s. With Wyndham Lewis, she had two children. She wrote on film for the Spectator, and for the Daily Mail, 1925–30; and co-founded the Film Society. After emigrating to the USA, she launched in 1932 the film study department of the Museum of Modern Art; she took American citizenship in 1941, and was a book critic for the New York Herald Tribune. Her publications include Splashing into Society (novel, 1923) Let’s go to the pictures (1926), and D. W. Griffith: American Film Master (1940). In 1923 she married the American poet Alan Porter (1899–1942) – author of a well-received collection, The Signature of Pain (1930) – who was working as assistant literary editor of the Spectator; but the marriage did not last. See further Leslie L. Hankins, ‘Iris Barry, Writer and Cinéaste: Forming Film Culture in London 1924–6: the Adelphi, the Spectator, the Film Society, and the British Vogue’, Modernism/modernity 11: 3 (2004), 488–515; Haidee Wasson, ‘The Woman Film Critic: Newspapers, Cinema and Iris Barry’, Film History 18: 2 (2006), 154–62.

TSE on, on TSE,
Barrymore, Ethel,

2.EthelBarrymore, Ethel Barrymore (1879–1959) – legendary American star of stage and screen; hailed as the ‘First Lady of American Theatre’ – was present at the first night of The Cocktail Party in New York.

at New York Cocktail Party premiere,
Bartek, Zenda,

6.HughPorteus, Hugh Gordon Gordon Porteus (1906–93), literary and art critic; author: see Biographical Register. HisBartek, Zenda partner was Zenka Bartek, who left him in 1944.

Bartók, Péter,

1.PéterBartók, Péter Bartók (1924–2020) – son of the Hungarian composer Béla Bartók – was a recording and sound engineer.

TSE records poems for,
Baruch, Bernard,

3.BernardBaruch, Bernard Baruch (1870–1965): wealthy and powerful American financier, stock investor, benefactor and statesman; adviser to Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Bateson, F. W., and John Peter's essay,
Bax, Clifford, The King and Mistress Shore,
Bayley, John,
Baylis, Lilian,

2.LilianBaylis, Lilian Baylis (1874–1937), English theatre producer; manager of the Old Vic and Sadler’s Wells theatres; an opera company (subsequently English National Opera) and a ballet company that was to become the Royal Ballet. She fostered the careers of numerous stars including John Gielgud, Laurence Olivier, Sybil Thorndike and Michael Redgrave.

presented to Prince Arthur, criticised over The Rock, at Sadler's Wells meeting, TSE's valediction on,
Beach, Sylvia,

2.SylviaBeach, Sylvia Beach (1887–1962), American expatriate; proprietor (with Adrienne Monnier) of Shakespeare & Company, Paris, a bookshop and lending library. Her customers included James Joyce (she published Ulysses), André Gide and Ezra Pound: see Biographical Register.

TSE's 'lecture de poésies' for, dinner in Paris with Gide and, thanks TSE,
Beachcroft, Thomas Owen ('T. O.'),

2.T. O. BeachcroftBeachcroft, Thomas Owen ('T. O.') (1902–88), author and critic. A graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, he joined the BBC in 1924 but then worked for Unilevers Advertising Service until 1941. He was Chief Overseas Publicity Officer, BBC, 1941–61; General Editor of the British Council series ‘Writers and Their Work’, 1949–54. His writings include Collected Stories (1946).

last to leave Criterion gathering, accompanies TSE to Cranmer,
Beatrice, Princess of the United Kingdom,

6.PrincessBeatrice, Princess of the United Kingdom Beatrice (1857–1933), youngest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

promises to read The Rock,
Beaumont, Hugh 'Binkie',

7.HughBeaumont, Hugh 'Binkie' ‘Binkie’ Beaumont (1908–73), noted theatre manager and producer; co-founder of H. M. Tennent company in 1936; close associate of the actor John Gielgud.

party to Gielgud negotiations,
Beckett, Eric,

4.EricBeckett, Eric Beckett (1896–1966), international lawyer; joined the Foreign Office in 1925, where he rose to be Legal Adviser, 1945–53. Educated at Sherborne School and at Wadham College, Oxford; Prize Fellow of All Souls, 1921. His wife was Katharine Mary Richards, younger daughter of the lawyer Sir Henry Erle Richards: the elder daughter was Geoffrey Faber’s wife Enid. Beckett was a godfather to Tom Faber – as was TSE.

Bedale, Fr Stephen, SSM,

6.StephenBedale, Fr Stephen, SSM Bedale (1882–1961), Prior of the Society of the Sacred Mission.

TSE on, approves 'Rannoch, by Glencoe',
Bédier, Joseph, Tristan et Iseult,
Beerbohm, Florence, Lady (née Kahn), 'overpowering' Southerner, in Roberts's Peer Gynt,
Beerbohm, Max, TSE invited to dine with, TSE misses funeral of,
Beethoven, Ludwig van, delights and awes TSE, TSE's favourite composer, TSE's authorial envy of, Jelly D'Aranyi plays, inspires Burnt Norton, Coriolan and 'Unfinished' Symphony, 3rd Symphony, 'Eroica' Symphony, 'Pastoral' Symphony, the 'Kreutzer' Sonata, 'Razumovsky' Quartet in F major, String Quartet No. 15 in A minor, Op. 132,
Behrens, Margaret Elizabeth (née Davidson),

4.MargaretBehrens, Margaret Elizabeth (née Davidson) Elizabeth Behrens, née Davidson (1885–1968), author of novels including In Masquerade (1930); Puck in Petticoats (1931); Miss Mackay (1932); Half a Loaf (1933).

comes to lodge at Shamley, tends to Shamley hens, mainstay of Shamley sanity, does not spoil her dog, takes refuge from Shamley's dogs, reports on poultry-feeding manuscript, sequesters dogs for TSE's recording, makes vatic pronouncements on Operation Overlord, cheers up Shamley, jeremiad on Shamley, introduces Violet Powell to TSE, in Ilfracombe, settled in Lee, during Christmas 1945, departing for Menton, visited in Menton,
Belgion, Montgomery,

4.MontgomeryBelgion, Montgomery (‘Monty’) Belgion (1892–1973), author and journalist: see Biographical Register.

and Alida Monro dine chez Eliot, expensive club dinner with, accompanies TSE to Othello, and Charles Williams dine with TSE, accompanies TSE to Henry IV, Part II, to Garrigou-Lagrange lecture, takes TSE and Saurat to the Ivy, weekend's walking in Sussex with, in Criterion inner-circle, drink with Tom Burns and, accompanies TSE to Cranmer, and Mairet to lunch, accompanies TSE to Witch of Edmonton, arranges dinner for Murder, accompanies TSE to Uncle Vanya, to Measure for Measure, to Richard III, to Volpone, lonely, hosts dinner at Chinese restaurant, reviews Christian Society, on leave in London,
Bell, Angelica, present for Charleston visit,
Bell, Bernard Iddings,

3.BernardBell, Bernard Iddings Iddings Bell, DD (1886–1958), American Episcopal priest, author and cultural commentator; Warden of Bard College, 1919–33. In his last years he was made Canon of the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Chicago, and a William Vaughn Lecturer at the University of Chicago.

TSE writes to Church Times about, recommended to EH, meets EH, subscribed to CNL, apparently anti-British, in Church Times contretemps, rebuked by TSE, reviews Christian Society, and America's position on war, sends TSE Four Quartets cutting, appears in London, TSE gives reading for, Preface to Religion,
Bell, Clive,

12.CliveBell, Clive Bell (1881–1964), author and critic of art: see Biographical Register.

lunches TSE and the Woolfs, described for EH, another Bloomsbury lunch with, gossips with TSE, usual lunch marred by Lady Colefax, duels with TSE at dinner-party, gossiping again with TSE, during TSE's Charleston visit, dines with JDH, Garnett and TSE, hosts lunch-party,
Bell, George, Bishop of Chichester (earlier Dean of Canterbury),

4.RtBell, George, Bishop of Chichester (earlier Dean of Canterbury) Revd George Bell, DD (1883–1958), Bishop of Chichester, 1929–58: see Biographical Register.

invites TSE to Chichester, to read 'Thoughts After Lambeth', Chichester visit described, consults TSE on extra-liturgical devotions, invites the Eliots for Whitsun, fancied for archbishopric, the Perkinses given introduction to, asks TSE to advise Archbishop, at anti-totalitarian church meeting, on Hitler's Germany, remains in Sweden after TSE, volunteers to guest-edit CNL, TSE's view of, convenes 'The Church and the Artist' conference, and Religious Drama Conference, as patron of the arts,
Bell, Henrietta Millicent Grace,
Bell, Kay,

6.KayBell, Kay Bell (1905–77), an associate editor of Vogue who took up portrait photography in the 1940s, married the publisher Eugene Reynal in 1947. Her candid image of TSE appears on the cover of Complete Poems and Plays 1909–1950 (Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1952).

Bell, Mary Hayley, Men in Shadow,
Bell, Quentin, during TSE's Charleston visit,
Bell, Vanessa,

6.VanessaBell, Vanessa Bell, née Stephen (1879–1961) – sister of Virginia Woolf; wife of Clive Bell – was an artist, illustrator and designer; member of the Bloomsbury Group. See Frances Spalding, Vanessa Bell (1979).

hosts TSE and Woolfs at Charleston, TSE relieved to be spared,
see also Stephens, the
Belvedere Hotel, 9 Grenville Place, TSE's Blitz headquarters, TSE recognised at,
Benét, William Rose,

1.WilliamBenét, William Rose Rose Benét (1886–1950), poet and editor, was associate editor of the New York Evening Post Literary Review, 1920–4; co-founder and editor of the Saturday Review of Literature, 1924–9. His works include the Pulitzer-Prize-winning The Dust Which Is God (autobiography in verse, 1941), and The Reader’s Encyclopedia (1948).

Benn, Sir Ernest,
Bennet-Clark, Elizabeth Constance,

7.ElizabethBennet-Clark, Elizabeth Constance Constance Bennet-Clark (1902–76), of Darby’s House, Chipping Campden, was a gardening friend of Edith Perkins.

Bennett, Arnold, commemorated by TSE, Gallup buys TSE's correspondence with, The Grand Babylon Hotel,
Bennett, Dilys,

1.DilysBennett, Dilys Bennett (1906–60), poet and author. Born in Wales, she married in 1936 Alexander Laing, a Dartmouth College academic, and became an American citizen. Works include Another England (New York, 1941) and The Collected Poems of Dilys Laing (Cleveland, 1967).

TSE looks forward to meeting, then promises to consider poems by, which he delivers verdict on, then writes to,
Bennett, Vivienne, as Cassandra in Agamemnon, waits on JDH,
Benthall, Michael,

10.MichaelBenthall, Michael Benthall (1919–74), partner of Robert Helpmann; artistic director of the Old Vic, 1953–62.

his revival of Murder,
Bentley, Nicholas,

2.TheBentley, Nicholas illustrator was Nicolas Bentley (1907–78), who worked at Shell publicity, together with Edward Ardizzone, Barnett Freedman, Rex Whistler, John Betjeman, Peter Quennell and Robert Byron, before getting his break as a book illustrator with Hilaire Belloc’s New Cautionary Tales (1930). His father was E. C. Bentley (inventor of the clerihew).

his Cats illustrations,
Beran, Josef, and the 1949 Berlin Murder,
Berdyaev, Nikolai,

6.NikolaiBerdyaev, Nikolai Berdyaev (1874–1948), Russian religious and political philosopher; author of The End of Our Time (1933).

Berenson, Bernard,

2.BernardBerenson, Bernard Berenson (1865–1959), American art critic, connoisseur and collector, born in Lithuania and educated at Harvard. An expert on Renaissance art and a knowledgeable and influential adviser to the worlds of art dealership and gallery acquisition, he lived for most of his life at ‘I Tatti’, a splendid villa just outside Florence. His works include The Venetian Painters of the Renaissance (1894); The Drawings of the Florentine Painters (1938); Aesthetics and History in the Visual Arts (1948); Italian Painters of the Renaissance (1952).

totem of expatriate decadence,
Bergner, Elizabeth,

7.ElizabethBergner, Elizabeth Bergner (1897–1986), Austrian-born British actor, established her career as stage and screen actor in Germany before emigrating to Britain after the rise of Nazism in 1933. In 1934 she played the part of Gemma Jones in Escape Me Never, by Margaret Kennedy, and she was nominated for an Academy Award for the film version. She was to play Rosalind opposite Laurence Olivier’s Orlando in the 1936 film of As You Like It.

TSE and Christina Morley watch, in The Constant Nymph, thought to lack the voice for Shakespeare,
Berlin, Isaiah,

7.IsaiahBerlin, Isaiah Berlin (1909–97), author, philosopher, historian of ideas, was born in Riga, Latvia, but came to England with his family in 1920. Educated at St Paul’s School, London, and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he gained a first in Greats and a second first in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, he won a prize fellowship at All Souls. He taught philosophy at New College until 1950. In 1957 he was appointed Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory at Oxford; and in the same year he was elected to the British Academy, which he served in the capacity of Vice-President, 1959–61, and President, 1974–8. He was appointed CBE in 1946; knighted in 1957. In 1971 he was appointed to the Order of Merit. Founding President of Wolfson College, Oxford, 1966–75. Works include Karl Marx (1939), The Hedgehog and the Fox (1953) and The Roots of Romanticism (1999).

on Russian philosophical vocabulary,
Bernhardt, Sarah,

3.TheBernhardt, Sarah French actor Sarah Bernhardt (1844–1923) practised Roman Catholicism, though she never hesitated to admit her Jewish heritage.

TSE's admiration for,
Berti, Luigi, produces bad Family Reunion translation, which is rejected,
Bethell, S. L.,
Betjeman, John,

3.JohnBetjeman, John Betjeman (1906–84), poet, journalist, authority on architecture; radio and TV broadcaster: see Biographical Register.

TSE discusses book proposal with, invites TSE for weekend, goes to Greta Garbo film with TSE,
see also Betjemans, the
Betjemans, the, host TSE in Berkshire,
Betti, Ugo, The Queen and the Rebels,
Bevan, Edwyn R.,

1.EdwynBevan, Edwyn R. R. Bevan (1870–1943), philosopher and historian of the Hellenic world, taught at King’s College London; elected FBA, 1942.

Bevan, Freda,

1.ValerieCourtfield Roadas described to EVE;a2n Eliot (1926–2012), who became TSE’s second wife in 1957, to Helen Gardner, 24 July 1973: ‘I think [Tom] was at Courtfield Road in 1934 for a matter of months only, or at most a year. He told me that the owner prided herself on having only public school men!’ (EVE). The ‘owner’ was actually an eccentric character named William Edward Scott-Hall, who had been ordained a bishop in the ‘Old Catholic’ Church; butBevan, Freda the real proprietor of the boarding house, which lay quite near the Gloucester Road tube station, wasBevan, Fredarecalls TSE from 1934;a3n a Miss Freda Bevan, who was to recall of TSE: ‘He would come in and sit in the garden listlessly. “I wonder,” he would keep repeating, “I wonder”’ (Sencourt).

recalls TSE from 1934,
Bevin, Ernest,

9.ErnestBevin, Ernest Bevin (1881–1951), trade union leader – General Secretary of the Transport and General Workers’ Union, 1922–40, he had served during the war as Minister of Labour and National Service – and Labour Party politician, became Foreign Secretary in Clement Attlee’s Labour government, 1945–51. An intense anti-Communist, he worked well with the Truman administration, and helped to develop the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).

strikes TSE as immediately preferable to Churchill,
Beyle, Marie-Henri (Stendhal), TSE suggests that he and EH read together, as realism, La Chartreuse de Parme,
'Bible and English Literature, The', lecture given at Princeton,
'Bible as Scripture and as Literature, The', originally suggested by EH, outlined, Dr Perkins writes to TSE about, yet to be written, TSE turns mind to, finished, and the prospect of Unitarian audience, EH promised copy, tarted up for Princeton,
Bickersteth, Revd Julian,

8.RevdBickersteth, Revd Julian Julian Bickersteth, MC (1885–1962) – Anglican priest, military chaplain, teacher, Headmaster of Felsted School, Essex (later Archdeacon of Maidstone, Kent, 1942–58) – wrote on 11 Mar. to invite TSE to address a new literary society for the senior boys: TSE was to visit the school on 16 May 1939.

Biddulph, Geoffrey,

3.GeoffreyBiddulph, Geoffrey Biddulph: young economist who contributed to the Criterion and the Economic Review.

Bigelow, Henry Bryant,

2.HenryBigelow, Henry Bryant Bryant Bigelow (1879–1967), oceanographer and marine biologist, taught zoology at Harvard from 1906.

'Billy M'Caw: The Remarkable Parrot', TSE on,
Binyon, Laurence,

4.LaurenceBinyon, Laurence Binyon, CH (1869–1943), Keeper of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum, 1932–3; translator of Dante. In 1933 he succeeded TSE as Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard. John Hatcher, Laurence Binyon: Poet, Scholar of East and West (1995).

living TSE's dream in Cairo, converses discreetly on Greek tragedy, commemorated at poetry reading,
Binyon, Nicolete,

2.PresumablyBinyon, Nicolete Nicolete Binyon (1911–97) – youngest daughter of Laurence Binyon – scholar of art and calligraphy; author of works including Rossetti, Dante, and Ourselves (F&F, 1947) – who was married in 1946 to Basil Gray (1904–89), art historian and author, and Keeper of Oriental Prints and Drawings at the British Museum.

Bird, Ernest, TSE shares details of his return to England with, TSE's consultations with, as solicitor, hosts discussion of separation terms, convenes meeting with TSE, Maurice and Alfred James, delivers separation deed to James, and retrieving TSE's property, instructed in case of death,
birds, TSE reading Birds of the Countryside, American Yellow warbler ('Summer Yellowbird'), fellow passenger on the Laetitia, Baltimore Oriole, spotted in Maine, blackbird, more innocent singer than nightingale, Blue Heron, spotted in Maine, blue tits, at Pike's Farm, budgerigar, belonging to Mrs Behrens, cardinals, spotted near Charlottesville, chaffinch, at Pike's Farm, Chestnut-sided warbler, spotted in Maine, chiffchaff, more piping than the nightingale, in Shamley woods, Common whitethroat, identified in Winchester, cuckoo, compared to nightingale, as herald of spring, its song, dove, EH as TSE's, Evening grosbeak, finches, at autumntide, more piping than the nightingale, swarm at Shamley, geese, slaughtered at autumntide, hermit thrush, TSE's personal poetic bird, heron, at Shamley, House Sparrow ('English Sparrow'), fellow passenger on the Laetitia, kestrels, over the Surrey fields, lapwings, in the Surrey fields, Longbilled Marsh Wren, spotted in Maine, magpies, in the fields of Surrey, mockingbird, TSE 'the Missouri Mockingbird', and Walt Whitman, nightingale, EH addressed as, 'clanging' at Pike's Farm, and Sophocles, associated with Pike's Farm, hoped for at Herbert Read's, Pied Wagtail, on lawn at Pike's Farm, songbirds, TSE and Hodgson discuss, tanagers, spotted near Charlottesville, thrush, inspires humility in TSE, more innocent singer than the nightingale, wagtails, on the lawn at Shamley, Willow Warbler ('Willow Wren'), identified in Winchester, wren, more piping than the nightingale,
Birrell, Francis,

4.FrancisBirrell, Francis Birrell (1889–1935), critic; owner with David Garnett of a Bloomsbury bookshop. He wrote for New Statesman and Nation, and published two biographies: his life of Gladstone came out in 1933.

at Clive Bell's Bloomsbury lunch, gossips with TSE, dying, wishes for death,
Bishop, Elizabeth, attends the Vassar Sweeney Agonistes,
Bishop, George, previews Family Reunion,
Blackburn, Raymond,

2.RaymondBlackburn, Raymond Blackburn (1915–91), who served in WW2 as a captain in the Royal Artillery, was a Labour Party Member of Parliament, 1945–51. (He was an alcoholic, was declared bankrupt in 1952, and in 1956 was convicted of fraud and served a prison sentence.)

with TSE against nuclear war,
Blackett, Patrick M. S.,

P. (PatrickBlackett, Patrick M. S.) M. S. Blackett (1897–1974) of Manchester University won the physics prize ‘for his work on cosmic radiation and his development of the Wilson method’.

in TSE's Nobel Prize cohort,
Blackmur, Richard Palmer ('R. P.'), on TSE's first Norton lecture,
Blackstone, Bernard,

5.TSEBlackstone, Bernard was to examine the PhD thesis of Bernard Blackstone (1911–83), of Trinity College, Cambridge: ‘George Herbert and Nicholas Ferrar: a study in devotional imagery’.

examined for PhD by TSE,
Blackwell, Basil,
Blake, George,

10.GeorgeBlake, George Blake (1893–1961), novelist, journalist, publisher: see Biographical Register.

TSE's office neighbour, interrupts TSE with offer of haggis, and TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, archetypal 'lowlander', reports launch of Queen Mary, and TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, and TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland,
see also Blakes, the
Blake, Grey,

1.EileenPeel, Eileen Peel (1909–99), British stage and screen actor, was to play Lavinia Chamberlayne at Henry Miller’s Theatre in New York, 21 Jan. 1950–13 Jan. 1951; later in London. GreyBlake, Grey Blake (1902–71), British stage and film actor, was to be Peter Quilpe.

Blake, William, quoted by way of nostrum, pervades 'Lines to a Persian Cat', appears to masseuse in vision,
Blakes, the, visited at Dollar,
Bland, Mary,

3.MaryBland, Mary Bland worked for a while as TSE’s secretary: she was the wife of David Bland (1911–70), printer and publisher, who ran the Production Department at F&F from 1937.

Bligh, Florence Rose, Countess of Darnley,

3.FlorenceBligh, Florence Rose, Countess of Darnley Rose Bligh (née Morphy), Countess of Darnley (1860–1944), Australian-born widow of Ivo Bligh, 8th Earl of Darnley.

gives her usual turn,
Bliss, Kathleen,

11.KathleenBliss, Kathleen Bliss (1908–89), theologian, missionary and writer, worked as assistant editor of the Christian News-Letter; as editor, 1945–9. She served too on the World Council of Churches; as a member of the executive committee from 1954; and also as a BBC producer, 1950–5. Her publications include The Service and Status of Women in the Churches (1952).

discusses future of CNL, accepts TSE's CNL resignation,
Blood, Thomas,

4.ThomasBlood, Thomas Blood (1618–80) – a self-styled ‘Colonel’ – attempted to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London in 1671.

TSE's myth of,
Blum, Léon,

3.LéonBlum, Léon Blum (1872–1950): French socialist politician – Prime Minister in a Popular Front government, 1936–7, 1938. During the war, as a Jew and stout antagonist of Vichy France, he had been incarcerated in Buchenwald concentration camp. TSE to Elena Richmond, 27 June 1948, of Blum: ‘a most charming man, who recites poetry with learning, taste and expressiveness, but who struck me as, like other socialists, a mediocre political philosopher’.

voices TSE's feelings about Munich, on Munich Agreement, and TSE both passengers in minor car accident,
Blumenfield, Olga,

2.OlgaBlumenfield, Olga Blumenfeld, married to Chaim Weizmann’s nephew Serge Blumenfeld.

Blunden, Edmund,

3.EdmundBlunden, Edmund Blunden (1896–1974), poet and critic, who won the Military Cross for valour in Flanders in 1916 – see his Undertones of War (1928; ed. John Greening: Oxford, 2015) – was Professor of English at the Imperial University, Tokyo, 1924–7; and in 1930–1 literary editor of The Nation. He was Fellow and Tutor in English at Merton College, Oxford, 1931–44; and for a year after WW2 he was assistant editor of the TLS. In 1947 he returned to Japan with the UK Liaison Mission; and he was Professor of English, Hong Kong, from 1953 until retirement. Made CBE in 1964, he received the Queen’s Gold Medal for Poetry in 1956. In 1966 he was elected Oxford Professor of Poetry (his rival was Robert Lowell), but stood down before the completion of his tenure. See Barry Webb, Edmund Blunden: A Biography (1990).

TSE sees in Oxford, at Aeolian Hall reading, TSE careful to honour,
Blunt, Alfred, Bishop of Bradford, on the Abdication Crisis,
Boas, George,

19.GeorgeBoas, George Boas (1891–1980), Professor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University.

Bodleian Library, Oxford, intended repository for EH's letters, letters which EH asks after,
Bogan, Louise, reviews Family Reunion,
Boie, Mildred Louise,

1.MildredBoie, Mildred Louise Louise Boie (b. 1907), educated in Minnesota and at Newnham College, Cambridge, became assistant professor of English at Smith College, 1935–7; associate editor of poetry for the Atlantic Monthly in Boston, 1937–40; Head of Publicity for the American Unitarian Association and Service Committee, 1940–3. From 1943 to 1946 she worked with the American Red Cross at U.S. Army bases in France, Italy and Egypt, and was awarded the Bronze Star by the United States Army. She published Better Than Laughter (poetry, 1946). On 17 Aug. she wrote to remind TSE that they had talked ‘five years ago’ about possible extension lecturing; and at Frederick Eliot’s house in St Paul, Minnesota, TSE had been encouraging. ‘I have been writing some verse and criticism’; and she had been asked too to discuss modern poetry at the meeting of the Modern Language Association in December.

Bolliger, Aurelia,

1.AureliaBolliger, Aurelia Bolliger (1898–1984), born in Pennsylvania, studied at Heidelberg College, Ohio; she taught in Wisconsin before journeying to teach at a mission school in Tokyo, 1922–3, and for the next seven years at the Women’s College of Sendai, where she met and fell in love with Ralph Hodgson. She was to marry Hodgson in 1933.

described, good for VHE, relieves trip to Hindhead, Ralph Hodgson confides in TSE his desire to marry,
see also Hodgsons, the
Bollingen Prize for Poetry, decision to confer on EP,
Bonham-Carter, Lady Helen Violet, plagues TSE at party,
Bonner, Barbara,

6.BarbaraBonner, Barbara Bonner: Hon. Secretary of ‘Books Across the Sea’.

Books Across the Sea, TSE unwillingly president of, AGM, letter to The Times for, exhibition, reception for Beatrice Warde, The Times reports on, TSE trumpets in TES, 'Bridgebuilders', TLS reports on, and South Audley Street library, absorbed into English Speaking Union, final meeting of,
'Books for the Freed World',
Bookshop for Boys and Girls, Boston, TSE gives reading at,
Boot, Gladys,

3.GladysBoot, Gladys Boot (1890–1964): stage and screen actor (a sometime student of TSE’s old collaborator Elsie Fogerty), emerged as a leading lady while at the Liverpool Playhouse.

in The Cocktail Party,
Booth-Wilbraham, Lady Constance Ada,

2.MargueriteBooth-Wilbraham, Lady Constance Ada Caetani’s mother-in-law was Lady Constance Ada Constance Bootle-Wilbraham (1846–1934), fourth daughter of the Hon. Colonel Edward Bootle-Wilbraham (second son of the first Baron Skelmersdale).

Marguerite Caetani in mourning for,
Bosanquet, Theodora,

3.TheodoraBosanquet, Theodora Bosanquet (1880–1961) had been Henry James’s amanuensis, 1907–16. See Larry McMurty, ‘Almost Forgotten Women’ (on Bosanquet and Lady Rhondda), New York Review of Books, 7 Nov. 2002, 51–2.

visits Shamley, sends TSE whisky in hospital,
see America
Boston Evening Transcript, profiles TSE, interviews TSE,
Boston Herald, interviews TSE,
Bottomley, Gordon, at Aeolian Hall reading, The Acts of St. Peter,
Bottrall, Ronald,

2.RonaldBottrall, Ronald Bottrall (1906–89), poet, critic, teacher and administrator, studied at Pembroke College, Cambridge and became Lektor in English, University of Helsingfors (Helsinki), Finland, 1929–31, before spending two years at Princeton. He was Johore Professor of English at Raffles University, Singapore, 1933–7, and taught for a year at the English Institute, Florence, before serving as British Council Representative in Sweden, 1941–5; Rome, 1945–54; Brazil, 1954–7; Greece, 1957–9; Japan, 1959–61. At the close of his career he was Head of the Fellowships and Training Branch of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations in Rome. His poetry includes The Loosening (1931) and Festivals of Fire (1934).

accompanies TSE to literary dinner, in Rome,
Boutwood Lectures (afterwards The Idea of a Christian Society), Spens invites TSE to deliver, being prepared, and Oldham's Times letter, TSE on delivering, being rewritten for publication, approaching publication, published as Christian Society, sent to EH, reception, selling strongly, apparently stimulating to others,
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, TSE on his visit to,
Bowdon, Lt.-Col. W. Butler,

16.Lt.-ColBowdon, Lt.-Col. W. Butler. W. Butler Bowdon, DSO, had recently discovered in his library the reminiscences of the medieval mystic Margery Kempe (dictated in 1436 and 1438, some of it from a copy of ca. 1432). The ‘Book of Margery Kempe of Lynn’ – she was the daughter of a prominent citizen of Lynn, and had been married for many years to John Kempe, ‘a worshipful burgess’, bearing him fourteen children, before taking a vow of chastity – combines lofty spiritual devotions with an account of her travels throughout Europe and to the Holy Land. This newly discovered text was to place her as one of the foremost mystics of the age, alongside contemporaries such as St Bridget of Sweden, St Catherine of Siena and St Joan of Arc. See Hope Emily Allen, ‘A Medieval Work: Margery Kempe of Lynn’ (letter), TLS, 27 Dec. 1934.

Bowen, Elizabeth (Mrs Cameron),

4.ElizabethBowen, Elizabeth (Mrs Cameron) Bowen (1899–1973) – Mrs Alan Cameron – Irish-born novelist; author of The Last September (1929), The Death of the Heart (1938), The Heat of the Day (1949). See Victoria Glendinning, Elizabeth Bowen: Portrait of a Writer (1977); Hermione Lee, Elizabeth Bowen: An Estimation (1981). TSE to Desmond Hawkins, 3 Feb. 1937: ‘She has a very definite place, and a pretty high one, amongst novelists of her kind.’

at the Eliots' tea, described, at the Woolfs' tea, TSE on her fiction, holds conversation with TSE into the small hours, Mrs Aubrey Coker and Enid Faber at school with, at Speaight's Garrick dinner, The House in Paris,
see also Camerons, the
Bowen, Henry S.,
Bowes-Lyon, Ann,

1.AnnBowes-Lyon, Ann Bowes-Lyon (1907–99), poet; cousin of the Queen Consort; intimate of Tom Burns, publisher and journalist. See Lyon, Poems (F&F, 1937).

Bowman, Louise Morey,

1.LouiseBowman, Louise Morey Morey Bowman (1882–1944), Canadian poet.

Bowra, C. M.,

3.C. M. BowraBowra, C. M. (1898–1971), educated at New College, Oxford (DLitt, 1937), was a Fellow and Tutor of Wadham College, Oxford, 1922–38; Warden of Wadham, 1938–70; Oxford Professor of Poetry, 1946–51; Vice-Chancellor, 1951–4. President of the British Academy, 1958–62, he was knighted in 1951; appointed CH in 1971. Publications include Tradition and Design in the Iliad (1930), Greek Lyric Poetry (1936), The Romantic Imagination (1950), The Greek Experience (1957), Memories, 1898–1939 (1966). TSE wrote rhetorically to John Hayward, 23 June 1944, of Bowra: ‘was there ever a more vulgar little fat Head of a House than he?’

on After Strange Gods, as succeeding Norton Professor,
Brace, Donald,

6.DonaldBrace, Donald Brace (1881–1955), publisher; co-founder of Harcourt, Brace: see Biographical Register.

pressuring TSE for After Strange Gods, on TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, at Joyce dinner in Paris, on TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, squanders American rights to Murder, receives Burnt Norton from Morley, reports on 1936 New York Murder, receives corrected Anabasis, on publishing Cats, on TSE's discharge from hospital, sends flowers,
Brace, Ida, a 'red hot momma',
Brackett, Jeffrey Richardson,

1.JeffreyBrackett, Jeffrey Richardson Richardson Brackett (1860–1949), pioneer in charity and social work; Head of the Boston School for Social Workers (later the Simmons College School of Social Work).

Brackett, Louisa,

2.EHBrackett, Louisa hoped for a position at St. Catherine’s School, Westhampton, Richmond, Virginia (a girls’ school, est. 1917). Louisa Brackett, wife of J. R. Brackett, was headmistress, 1924–47.

Brahms, Johannes, ranked by TSE alongside Beethoven, 2nd Symphony,
Brand, Robert,

1.TheBrand, Robert City magnate in question was Robert Brand (1878–1963), a Fellow of All Souls (and friend of Geoffrey Faber), who was a civil servant and financier. He worked for the merchant bank Lazard Brothers, as managing director till 1944, and as a director till 1960. During WW1 he worked for the Ministry of Munitions, and in WW2 he was Head of the British Food Mission to the USA, 1941–4. A skilful counsellor, he was a director of the Times Publishing Company, 1925–59. In 1946 he accepted a peerage, becoming Baron Brand.

Brandt, Bill,

1.BillBrandt, Bill Brandt’s expressive full-page photograph of TSE, pictured in tired, lined concentration against his dirty office window, with the trees of Gordon Square behind him, appeared in a feature article about Brandt’s work, entitled ‘Above the Crowd’, Harper’s Bazaar (New York), 79: 2803 (July 1945), [34–7] 34. Brandt (1904–83) spent his early years in Germany, where his British father was interned for some time during WW1 (his mother was German). Moving to London in 1933, he won a high reputation as photographer and photojournalist. His works include The English at Home (1936); A Night in London (1938); Literary Britain (1951); Perspective of Nudes (1961). See Paul Delany, Bill Brandt: A Life (Stanford, 2004).

Braque, Georges, painting by hanging in John Brocklebank's bedroom,
Bridie, James,

2.JamesBridie, James Bridie (1888–1951) – pen name of Dr O. H. Mavor – physician and playwright.

writes Pilgrim Players two plays, Tobias and the Angel,
Bridson, D. G. ('Geoffrey'),

1.D. G. BridsonBridson, D. G. ('Geoffrey') (1910–80), dramatist and poet, worked for thirty-five years as one of the most creative writer-producers on BBC Radio, for which he produced two authoritative series, The Negro in America (1964) and America since the Bomb (1966). Early writing figured in Ezra Pound’s Active Anthology (1933), and later books include The Filibuster: A Study of the Political Ideas of Wyndham Lewis (1972) and Prospero and Ariel: The Rise and Fall of Radio (1971).

Briggs, Sabra Jane,

1.SabraBriggs, Sabra Jane Jane Briggs (1887–1976), artist, illustrator, and proprietor since 1936 of ‘The Anchorage’, Grand Manan, Charlotte County, New Brunswick, Canada.

Brinnin, John Malcolm,

3.JohnBrinnin, John Malcolm Malcolm Brinnin (1916–98): US poet and critic. Educated at the University of Michigan and Harvard, he was Director of the Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association Poetry Center, New York, 1949–56 – where he famously hosted Dylan Thomas: see his memoir Dylan Thomas in America (1956). See too Brinnin, Sextet: T. S. Eliot, Truman Capote and Others (1981).

Bristowe, Sibyl,

4.SibylBristowe, Sibyl Bristowe (1870–1954), President of the Poetry Circle of the Lyceum Club, Piccadilly, London, invited TSE on 1 Oct. 1930 to attend the Annual Poetry Club Dinner ‘as our distinguished guest’. Bristowe’s publications included Provocations, with intro. by G. K. Chesterton (1918). See too her preface to The Lyceum Book of Verse, a collection by English women poets, ed. Mollie Stanley-Wrench (1931): this included a poem by Bristowe.

'Britain and America: Promotion of Mutual Understanding',
British Academy, TSE's Milton lecture for,
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), TSE's committee service for, its future discussed, TSE working on autumn programme for, TSE on educational broadcasting in general, Barbara Burnham production of Murder, lobbies TSE for next play, 'The Need for Poetic Drama', Metaphyical poet broadcasts for, 'The Church's Message to the World', Christmas Day 'Cats' broadcast, dramatic Waste Land adaptation, which is censored for broadcast, repeats 'Cats', plays Parsifal on Good Friday, broadcasts Hawkins interview with TSE, 'Towards a Christian Britain', 1941 production of Murder, Eastern Service broadcasts East Coker, broadcasts Webster talk, Tennyson talk, Dry Salvages, Poe talk, Dryden talk, Joyce talk, European Service broadcasts TSE's talk, TSE declines Christmas broadcast for, wants to record 'Milton II', broadcasts TSE's personal poetry selection, broadcasts Gielgud's Family Reunion, marks TSE's 60th birthday, Gielgud Family Reunion repeated, solicits TSE post-Nobel Prize, TSE's EP broadcast for, records TSE reading Ash-Wednesday, floats Reith Lectures suggestion, approaches Marilyn Monroe to star in Fitts's Lysistrata,
British Council, and TSE's mission to Sweden, honours TSE with Edinburgh reception, and TSE's abortive mission to Italy, and TSE's abortive North Africa mission, despaired of, wartime trip to Paris, think TSE's lecture too French, TSE opens exhibition for, trip to Paris,
British General Election, 1931, 1936, and the value of sterling, 1945, its political terrain, TSE fears Labour Party's agenda, but welcomes change of government, 1951,
British League for European Freedom, TSE becomes member of,
British local elections, 1947,
British Red Cross Society, TSE to address, which he does at Enid Faber's instance, which proves a distasteful experience,
British–Norwegian Institute, and 'The Social Function of Poetry', and proposals for Anglo-Norwegian dinner,
Britten, Benjamin,

1.BenjaminBritten, Benjamin Britten (1913–76), British composer, conductor, pianist, pacifist. His compositions include A Boy was Born (1934), Peter Grimes (1945), The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra (1945), The Turn of the Screw (1954) and War Requiem (1962). In 1948 he co-founded the Aldeburgh Festival; in 1952 he was made a Companion of Honour; in 1965 he was appointed to the Order of Merit; and in 1976 he was created a life peer.

disastrous meeting with, The Rape of Lucretia,
'Broadcast appeal for the Testaccio Cemetery',
'Broadcast on the liberation of Rome by the Allies',
'Broadcast on the publication of first ten “Guild Books” in Sweden',
Brocklebank, Charlotte Carissima ('Cara'),

2.CharlotteBrocklebank, Charlotte Carissima ('Cara') Carissima (‘Cara’) Brocklebank (1885–1948), only surviving daughter of Gen. Sir Bindon and Lady Blood, married in 1910 Lt.-Col. Richard Hugh Royds Brocklebank, DSO (1881–1965). They lived at 18 Hyde Park Square, London W.2, and at Alveston House, Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire: see Biographical Register.

Cheetham introduces to TSE, invites TSE to Nativity play, son killed in action, shares ancestors with TSE, suffers further family heartbreak, visited in Stratford-upon-Avon, news of her death, her death and inquest, provides inspiration for 'Celia',
Brocklebank, John Ralph Auckland,

5.JohnBrocklebank, John Ralph Auckland Ralph Auckland Brocklebank (1921–43). The Brocklebanks had lost another child, Bindon Henry Edmund, at the age of five in 1919.

killed in action, his childhood bedroom,
Brocklebank, Lt-Col Richard Hugh Royds, his catalogue of paintings, and TSE attend Troilus, in mourning for wife,
Brocklebank, Ursula Mary,
Brocklebanks, the, TSE visits at Alveston, their situation, and Alveston's painful associations,
Brook, Peter, congratulated by TSE for 1956 Family Reunion revival,
Brooke, Rupert,

8.RupertBrooke, Rupert Brooke (1887–1915), English poet who died of sepsis en route to Gallipoli in Apr. 1915. Educated at Eton and King’s College, Cambridge (Classics), he was elected to a Fellowship of King’s College; friend of Bloomsbury writers including Virginia Woolf; of the Georgian poets, and of the so-called Dymock poets including Edward Thomas and Robert Frost. Celebrated for his idealistic poetry of WW1 including 191 4 and Other Poems (1915).

qua poet,
Brooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexander,

11.SirBrooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexander Augustus Alexander Brooke-Pechell, 7th Baronet (1857–1937).

sketched for EH, dies, funeral,
see also Dobrées, the
Brooks, Collin,

8.CollinBrooks, Collin Brooks, MC (1893–1959): journalist, editor, broadcaster and prolific author. Although he had left school at the age of fifteen, his long experience of journalism included stints as editor of the Financial News and of the Sunday Dispatch. He was chair and editor of Truth, 1941–53; and in 1953 he was to join the Daily Express group. In later years he participated in the BBC broadcast programmes Any Questions and The Brains Trust. By origin a northerner, and a longstanding friend of Valerie Fletcher’s parents, he came to know that TSE was looking for a new secretary and recommended Valerie to apply. Two of Brooks’s books in the Eliot library, Tavern Talk (1950) and More Tavern Talk (1952), are inscribed to Valerie. TSE was to send Brooks a copy of On Poetry and Poets, inscribed ‘to Collin Brooks in gratitude and affection from T. S. Eliot 13.9.57.’ See TSE, ‘Memorial Talk for Collin Brooks’, The Statist, 30 May 1959, 1–2: CProse 8, 334–8.

recommends EVE as secretary,
Brooks, Van Wyck, TSE rebuts in Partisan Review,
Brown, Beatrix Curtis,
Brown, Harry, Jr.,

3.HarryBrown, Harry, Jr. Brown, Jr. (1917–86), American poet, novelist and screenwriter; his works include The End of a Decade (1940) and The Poem of Bunker Hill (1941). During WW2 he wrote for Yank, the Army Weekly; and he later found success as a screenwriter: his achievements included Ocean’s 11 (1960), starring Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Sammy Davis, Jr.

dumps his verses on TSE,
Brown, Howard Nicholson,

2.HowardBrown, Howard Nicholson Nicholson Brown (1849–1932), minister of King’s Chapel, Boston, 1895–1921.

Brown University, poetry reading at, for which TSE receives encore,
Browne, Elliott Martin,

4.E. MartinBrowne, Elliott Martin Browne (1900–80), English director and producer, was to direct the first production of Murder in the Cathedral: see Biographical Register.

meets TSE at Chichester, production of The Rock, meets TSE over possible collaboration, talks over outline of play, meets TSE with Martin Shaw, delighted with Rock choruses, discusses unwritten pageant scenes with TSE, predicament as The Rock's director, well connected in amateur circles, revising into the night with TSE, argues with Shaw at dress-rehearsal, presented to Prince Arthur, honoured by Rock cast-supper, producing Gordon Bottomley's play, speaks at Londonderry House with TSE, 1935 Canterbury Murder in the Cathedral, approached by TSE to 'produce', consulted throughout composition, goes silent, lunches with TSE and Speaight, directs and acts despite illness, pursues London Murder revival, 1935–6 Mercury Theatre Murder revival, engaged as producer by Dukes, keen that EH attend rehearsals, simultaneously part of BBC production, agrees about Speaight's decline, preferred as producer for TSE's next play, and Charles Williams's Cranmer, in which he plays 'the Skeleton', and TSE attend Tenebrae, taken to Cambridge after-feast, producing York Nativity Play, which TSE thinks Giottoesque, at Savile Club Murder dinner, producing Shakespeare's Dream, and Ascent of F6, and Tewkesbury Festival Murder confusion, 1939 production of The Family Reunion, due to be sent script, weighing TSE's proposal that he produce, enthused by script, suggests TSE see Mourning Becomes Electra, against Family Reunion as title, pleased with draft, quizzed on fire-safety, typescript prepared for, new draft submitted to, rewrite waits on, receives new draft, criticisms thereof, reports John Gielgud interest, mediates between Gielgud and TSE, TSE throws over Gielgud for, secures Westminster Theatre production, steps into company breach, then into still-greater breach, and the play's weaknesses, direction of Family Reunion, receives TSE's Shakespeare lectures, 1938 American Murder tour, re-rehearsing actors for, suffers fit of pre-tour gloom, yet to report from Boston, and Tewkesbury pageant, accompanies TSE to La Mandragola, on Family Reunion's future prospects, and possible Orson Welles interest, war leaves at loose end, advises TSE over next play, war work with Pilgrim Players, unavailable for modern-dress Murder, compared to tempter/knight successor, requests Pilgrim Players' play from TSE, New Plays by Poets series, as director, and This Way to the Tomb, and Family Reunion revival, urges TSE to concentrate on theatre, 1946 Mercury Family Reunion revival, in rehearsal, possible revue for Mercury Theatre, and The Lady's Not for Burning, Chairman of the Drama League, 1949 Edinburgh Cocktail Party, to produce, TSE's intended first reader for, receives beginning, approves first act, receives TSE's revisions, communciates Alec Guinness's enthusiasm, arranges reading, surpasses himself with production, in Florence, EH suggests moving on from, and the Poets' Theatre Guild, 1950 Cocktail Party New York transfer, compares Rex Harrison and Alec Guinness, TSE debates whether to continue collaboration with, suggests three-play TSE repertory, 1953 Edinburgh Confidential Clerk, receives first two acts, designing sets, 1953 Lyric Theatre Confidential Clerk, attends with TSE, 1954 American Confidential Clerk, 1954 touring Confidential Clerk, TSE and Martin Browne catch in Golders Green, seeks Family Reunion MS from EH,
Browne, Henzie (née Raeburn), meets TSE at Chichester, and initial discussions of The Rock with TSE, discusses unwritten pageant scenes, in Family Reunion, asks after EH, looking after her two boys, in Old Man of the Mountains, stands in for Henrietta Watson in Family Reunion, marks TSE's OM with party, as Cocktail Party understudy, as actress,
Browne, Wynyard,

3.WynyardBrowne, Wynyard Browne (1911–64), dramatist, playwright and screenwriter.

Brownes, the Martin, at TSE's theatrical tea-party, pick over scenario for Murder, TSE's fondness for, introduce TSE to Saint-Denis, both invited to Tenebrae, TSE reads Family Reunion to, and their Pilgrim Players, their sons, among TSE's intimates, encourage TSE over Cocktail Party, discuss Cocktail Party draft, Silver Wedding Party,
Browning, Robert, TSE honours grave of,
Brunius, Pauline,

7.PaulineBrunius, Pauline Brunius (1881–1954), stage and film actor; director; managing director of the Royal Dramatic Theatre, 1938–48. (TSE attended a performance of Strindberg’s Gustav Vasa, at the Rikstheater: see ‘Strindbergs inflytande på T. S. Eliot berydande’, CProse 7, 318–21.)

Bryant, Arthur,

2.ArthurBryant, Arthur Bryant (1899–1985), English historian and columnist; author of The Spirit of Conservatism (1929), Macaulay (1932), and a three-volume biography of Samuel Pepys (1933–4). Bryant’s second wife, from 1941, was Anne Elaine Brooke (1910–93), daughter of Bertram Willes Dayrell Brooke, one of the White Rajahs of Sarawak. See Andrew Roberts, Eminent Churchillians (1994; 2010), ch. 6: ‘Patriotism: The Last Refuge of Sir Arthur Bryant’; W. Sydney Robinson, Historic Affairs: The Muses of Sir Arthur Bryant (2021).

Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania, TSE lectures and reads at, reads at again in 1948,
Buchan, Anna Masterton ('O . Douglas'), Pink Sugar,
Buchan, John, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir,

2.JohnBuchan, John, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (1875–1940) – Scottish novelist, historian, Unionist politician; Governor-General of Canada – was author of novels including The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915) and Greenmantle (1916).

TSE on, Huntingtower,
Buckle, Charles, as described to TSE,
Buckmaster, Stanley, 1st Viscount Buckmaster,

10.StanleyBuckmaster, Stanley, 1st Viscount Buckmaster Buckmaster, 1st Viscount Buckmaster (b. 1861) – lawyer and Liberal Party politician; Lord Chancellor, 1915–16 – had died on 5 Dec. 1934.

Buckton, Alice Mary, Eager Heart: A Christmas Mystery-Play,
Budberg, Maria (Moura),

3.MariaBudberg, Maria (Moura) (Moura) Budberg (ca. 1891–1974), daughter of a Russian nobleman and diplomat, is believed to have been a double agent for OGPU and the British Intelligence Service – becoming known as the ‘Mata Hari’ of Russia. Married in 1911 to Count Johann von Benckendorff (who was killed in 1918), she was secretary and common-law wife to Maxim Gorky, 1922–33. From 1920, and again from 1933 until his death, she was mistress of H. G. Wells (she declined to marry him). Finally she was married, briefly, to Baron Nikolai von Budberg-Bönningshausen. She was in addition a writer, and worked on the scripts for films including The Sea Gull, directed by Sidney Lumet (1968), and Three Sisters, dir. Laurence Olivier (1970). See further Nina Berberova, Moura: The Dangerous Life of the Baroness Budberg (New York, 2005).

Budge, John Donald ('Don'),

13.JohnBudge, John Donald ('Don') Donald (‘Don’) Budge (1915–2000), American tennis player.

beats 'Bunny' Austin at Wimbledon,
'Building Up the Christian World',
Bukhari, Zulfiqar Ali,

1.ZulfiqarBukhari, Zulfiqar Ali Ali Bokhari/Bukhari (1904–75), born in Peshawar, was Director of the Delhi Broadcasting Station of All India Radio before removing to London in July 1937. Director of the Indian Section of the BBC Eastern Service, 1940–5; instrumental in recruiting George Orwell. In 1945 he returned to India as Director of All India Radio Station, Calcutta; later to Karachi to work as Controller in Broadcasting for Radio Pakistan. See Talking to India, ed. Orwell (1943); Ruvani Ranasinha, South Asian Writers in Twentieth Century Britain: Culture in Translation (Oxford, 2007); W. J. West, Orwell: The War Broadcasts (1985).

presents TSE with ornate umbrella, embarrasses him with second, his umbrellas, commissions 'Duchess of Malfy' broadcast, commissions Tennyson broadcast,
Bulgakov, Mikhail, The White Guard,
Bullard, Ellen Twistleton,

9.EllenBullard, Ellen Twistleton Twistleton Bullard (1865–1959) lived on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston. W. S. Bullard (d. 1897) had married Charles Eliot Norton’s eldest sister.

Bulwer-Lytton, Edward,

1.EdwardBulwer-Lytton, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Richelieu; Or the Conspiracy (historical play, 1839).

overpraised by Shaw,
Bulwer-Lytton, Victor, 2nd Earl of Lytton,

5.VictorBulwer-Lytton, Victor, 2nd Earl of Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, Earl of Lytton (1876–1947), politician and colonial administrator, wrote on 8 Feb.: ‘Miss Fogerty tells me that you have been good enough to join the Public Relations Committee [for a proposed National Theatre], which is being formed in connection with the National Theatre Appeal. I am very grateful to you for your help in this matter.’

Bunting, Basil, remembers TSE in make-up,
'Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar', and The Aspern Papers,
Burdett, Fr Francis, SJ,
Burdett, Osbert,

6.OsbertBurdett, Osbert Burdett (1885–1936), author of works including The Idea of Coventry Patmore (1921), William Blake (1926), W. E. Gladstone (1928), The Brownings (1928), The Two Carlyles (1930).

duff English Review contribution,
Burke Club, The,
Burnham, Barbara, directs BBC Murder, keen to broadcast TSE's next play,
Burnham, James,

2.JamesBurnham, James Burnham (1905–87), who taught philosophy at New York University, 1929–53, was co-editor of The Symposium, 1930–3. During the 1930s he was a Trotskyite communist.

Burns, Robert, hideous tomb of,
Burns, Tom,

3.TomBurns, Tom Burns (1906–95), publisher and journalist: see Biographical Register.

at heavy Criterion gathering, brings David Jones to dinner,
Burnt Norton, its Kensington origins, the moment in the rose-garden, opening sent to EH, TSE too moved to write, its composition a form of communion with EH, epigraphs from Heraclitus, 'our' first poem, as 'quartet', all but final lines please TSE, obscurity of, 'Garlic and sapphires' explained, 'about' EH, TSE forced into after-dinner reading of, TSE closes Edinburgh reading with, reprinted in shilling form, as 'Cotswolds poem', sales, most difficult quartet to record, and Alice in Wonderland,
Burnt Norton, Gloucestershire,
see England
Bussy, Dorothy (née Strachey),

3.DorothyBussy, Dorothy (née Strachey) Bussy (1865–1960) – one of thirteen children of Sir Richard and Jane Strachey; sister of Lytton – was married to the French painter Simon Bussy. Chief translator of André Gide, and his intimate. Her novel, Olivia, was published anonymously by the Hogarth Press. See Barbara Caine, Bombay to Bloomsbury: A Biography of the Strachey Family (Oxford, 2005).

TSE on,
see also Bussys, the
Bussy, Jane,

1.JaneBussy, Jane Bussy (1906–60), painter; her mother was Dorothy Bussy, née Strachey (1865–1960) – sister of Lytton and James Strachey – wife of the artist Simon Bussy (1870–1954).

and father dine chez Eliot, has the Strachey accent, during TSE's Charleston visit, potential reader of EH–TSE correspondence,
see also Bussys, the
Bussy, Simon, dines chez Eliot, described for EH,
see also Bussys, the
Bussys, the, host pack of Stracheys, report on wartime situation in Nice, TSE visits in Roquebrune,
Butler, Nicholas Murray,

4.TSEColumbia Universityconfers degree on TSE;a1 was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters at the 179th Commencement Exercise at Columbia University, New York, 6 June. NicholasButler, Nicholas Murray Murray Butler (1862–1947), philosopher, was President of Columbia University, 1901–45; Nobel Peace laureate, 1931.

Butler, R. A. ('Rab'),

4.R. A. ButlerButler, R. A. ('Rab') (1902–82), Conservative Party politician, was at this time – following Anthony Eden’s resignation as Foreign Secretary – Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. (He was later to serve as Education Minister, 1941–5; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1951–5; Home Secretary, 1957–62; Deputy Prime Minister, 1962–3, Foreign Secretary, 1963–4.)

possible wartime employer for TSE, not TSE's choice of Chancellor,
Bynner, Harold Witter,

4.HaroldBynner, Harold Witter Witter Bynner (1881–1968), Harvard graduate; poet and translator; long resident in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he associated with literary figures including D. H. Lawrence.

Byron, Robert,
Caetani, Camillo, sent to Albania, where he is killed,
Caetani, Lélia,

4.MargueriteCaetani, Marguerite (née Chapin) Caetani, née Chapin (1880–1963) – Princesse di Bassiano – literary patron and editor: see Biographical Register. LéliaCaetani, Lélia Caetani (1913–77), sole daughter, was to marry Hubert Howard (1908–87), a scion of the English Catholic House of Howard, who worked to preserve the Caetani heritage at Rome and at the castle of Sermoneta.

compared to her mother,
Caetani, Marguerite (née Chapin),

4.MargueriteCaetani, Marguerite (née Chapin) Caetani, née Chapin (1880–1963) – Princesse di Bassiano – literary patron and editor: see Biographical Register. LéliaCaetani, Lélia Caetani (1913–77), sole daughter, was to marry Hubert Howard (1908–87), a scion of the English Catholic House of Howard, who worked to preserve the Caetani heritage at Rome and at the castle of Sermoneta.

described for EH, potential guardian for VHE, and TSE's 1933 Paris trip, saga of unsettled debts, pedigree, and EH's trip to Rome, lacks definite nationality, and TSE's abortive Italian mission,
Caetani, Roffredo Michel Angelo Frank,

1.DonCaetani, Roffredo Michel Angelo Frank Roffredo Michel Angelo Frank Caetani (1871–1961), second son of Onorato Caetani (1842–1927) – Prince of Teano, and from 1883 the 14th Duke of Sermoneta – and Lady Constance Ada Constance Bootle-Wilbraham (1846–1934), fourth daughter of the Hon. Colonel Edward Bootle-Wilbraham (who was second son of the first Baron Skelmersdale).

Cailliet, Dr Emile,

4.DrCailliet, Dr Emile Emile Cailliet (1894–1981), Professor of French Literature and Civilisation, Scripps College and Claremont Graduate School, 1931–41 – ‘dear Mons. Caillet [sic],’ as EH called him (letter to Ruth George, 6 Dec. 1935; Scripps).

TSE to inscribe poem for, recalled by TSE,
Cain, Julien,

1.JulienCain, Julien Cain (1887–1974) was general administrator of the Bibliothèque nationale, 1945–64. A Jew, he had been held by the French authorities before being sent off to Buchenwald, Jan. 1941–Apr. 1945.

Cairns, Huntington,

5.HuntingtonCairns, Huntington Cairns (1904–85): lawyer; secretary, treasurer and general counsel to the National Gallery of Art; author; adviser on pornography. Works include The Limits of Art, an anthology.

Caitlin, George,

1.GeorgeCaitlin, George Catlin (1896–1979), Professor of Political Science, Cornell University; author of works on political philosophy – including Thomas Hobbes (1922) – and later on Anglo-American relations; friend and associate of Harold Laski, Ramsay MacDonald, Herbert Morrison, Nehru; husband of Vera Brittain (author of Testament of Youth). See John Catlin, Family Quartet: Vera Brittain and her family (1987). HerbertCaitlin, George;a2n Read to TSE, 3 Jan. 1930, ‘Avoid Catlin: he is a dreadful windbag. Morley had lunch with him recently & will concur.’

see America
Callender, Stephen J.,

10.StephenCallender, Stephen J. J. Callender, STB, MRE, Minister of the Copley Methodist Episcopal Church, Boston, had invited TSE (16 Mar.) to speak at their evening service on 2 Apr.

Cambridge, Cambridgeshire,
see England
Cambridge Literary Society, 'The Idiom of Modern Verse', TSE's lecture to,
Cambridge, Major-General Alexander, 1st Earl of Athlone,

5.AlexanderCambridge, Major-General Alexander, 1st Earl of Athlone Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, born Price Alexander of Teck (1874–1957) – cousin and brother-in-law of King George V – British Army officer who served with distinction in WW1 – was created 1st Earl of Athlone in 1917. Governor-General of South Africa, 1923–30, he served as Chancellor of the University of London until 1940, when he became Governor-General of Canada.

intrigued by The Rock,
Cambridge, Massachusetts,
see America
Cameron, Alan, owns television set,
see also Camerons, the
Cameron, Donald,
Camerons, the, removed from Oxford to London, at JDH's, evening with Freddie Ayer and, first television-watching experience with,
Camoens Prize, outlined, TSE invited to judge, the event itself,
Campbell, Henry Colville Montgomery, Bishop of Kensington (later Bishop of Guildford, eventually Bishop of London),
Campbell, Mrs Patrick (née Beatrice Tanner),

7.MrsCampbell, Mrs Patrick (née Beatrice Tanner) Patrick Campbell, née Beatrice Tanner (1865–1940), English stage actor, famous for her performances in plays by Shakespeare, J. M. Barrie and Bernard Shaw (who adored her).

Gielgud describes Family Reunion to,
Campbell, Oscar,

14.OscarCampbell, Oscar Campbell (1879–1970), Professor of English, State University of New York at Buffalo; author of Shakespeare’s Satire (1943); The Reader’s Encyclopedia of Shakespeare (1966).

Campbell, Robert Erskine,

2.RobertCampbell, Robert Erskine Erskine Campbell (1884–1977), a monk of the Order of the Holy Cross, was Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Liberia (West Africa), 1925–36.

Campbell, Roy,

6.RoyCampbell, Roy Campbell (1901–57), South African-born poet, satirist and translator, arrived in England in 1918 and was taken up by the composer William Walton and the Sitwells, and by Wyndham Lewis. He made his name with the long poem Flaming Terrapin (1924). Later poetry includes Adamastor (1930) – the volume to which TSE refers in this letter – The Georgiad (1931) and Talking Bronco (1946). See Peter F. Alexander, Roy Campbell: A Critical Biography (1982).

commended as poet, literary fracas surrounding Talking Bronco,
Canada, Campobello, New Brunswick, Grand Manan Island, New Brunswick, in TSE's recollection, EH holidays on, EH spends autumn on, Montreal, TSE due to arrive at, relatives offer to collect TSE from,
Canterbury Cathedral Festival, 1935, approaches TSE, unremunerative, abbreviated Murder offered to, TSE flirts with premiering Murder elsewhere, but settles on Canterbury, TSE reflects on,
Cantlie, Kenneth,

1.KennethCantlie, Kenneth Cantlie (1899–1986) – whose godfather was Sun Yat-Sen (1866–1925), first President of the Republic of China – was a British engineer who had worked in China, India and Argentina: he was famous for designing the KF 4–8–4 locomotive (a huge engine built in Britain for the Chinese railways); later a trade consultant with links to international espionage. See the Kenneth Cantlie Archive at the National Railway Museum. See further TSE to Hayward, 17 Jan. 1940 (Letters 9, 390–2).

'Cape Ann', admired by Richards, copied for EH,
Capponi, Agnes Manucci,
Cardozo, Benjamin N.,

8.BenjaminCardozo, Benjamin N. N. Cardozo (1870–1938), Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, was appointed (by Pres. Herbert Hoover) Judge of the Supreme Court, 1932–8. Both of his maternal grandparents were Western Sephardim of the Portuguese Jewish Community of New York.

specially impresses TSE,
Carmina Gadelica, inspires The Family Reunion,
Carmona, Óscar,

1.ÓscarCarmona, Óscar Carmona (1868–1951), army officer; politician; 11th President of Portugal, 1926–51.

Carpenter, Spencer,

1.SpencerCarpenter, Spencer Carpenter (1877–1959), Anglican priest; author; Master of the Temple, 1930–5.

Carroll, Lewis, TSE's personal torment suggests Alice in Wonderland, illustrates talk on English humour, TSE measures his nonsense against, Shamley post-office recalls, and TSE's door 'into the rose-garden',
Carroll, Sydney W.,

11.SydneyCarroll, Sydney W. W. Carroll, ‘A fine poetic play’, Daily Telegraph, 5 Nov. 1936. The Australian-born Carroll (1877–1958) was an actor, drama critic and theatre manager; theatre critic of the Sunday Times, 1918–23. Co-producer in 1932 of the Regent’s Park Open Air Theatre.

reviews Murder,
Carryl, Charles Edward,

6.CharlesCarryl, Charles Edward Edward Carryl (1841–1929), American businessman and stockbroker; author of children’s books including Davy and the Goblin (1884) and The Admiral’s Caravan (1892) – inspired by Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1862) and Through the Looking-Glass (1871).

TSE's standard for Old Possum's,
Carson, Edward,

EdwardCarson, Edward Carson, Baron Carson (1854–1935), Irish Unionist politician, barrister and judge, organised the Irish Volunteers in order to secure military resistance to Home Rule, 1912–14.

Carter, Barbara Barclay,

5.BarbaraCarter, Barbara Barclay Barclay Carter (1900–51), Catholic convert and writer who devoted her career to translation and to the Italian democratic movement under Don Luigi Sturzo.

Carter, Morris,

3.MorrisCarter, Morris Carter (1877–1965), Director of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 1924–54. TSE had corresponded with Gardner during WW1: see Letters 1, 100–3, 115–17, 290–2.

Cass, Henry,

1.HenryCass, Henry Cass (1903–89), theatre director and writer, ran the Old Vic Shakespeare Co., 1934–6.

wants TSE's play for Old Vic,
Casson, Ann,

3.AnnCasson, Ann Casson (1915–90), actor; daughter of Sir Lewis Casson and Dame Sybil Thorndike.

and the Pilgrim Players,
Casson, Christopher T.,

1.ChristopherCasson, Christopher T. T. Casson (1912–96), stage, screen and TV actor; younger son of the actors Sybil Thorndike and Lewis Casson.

on American Murder tour, reported ill,
Casson, Lewis,

4.LewisCasson, Lewis Casson (1875–1969): noted British actor and director; husband of Dame Sybil Thorndike.

in 1956 Family Reunion revival,
Castelli, Alberto,

1.AlbertoCastelli, Alberto Castelli (1907–71), who was ordained priest in 1930, taught Language and Literature for many years at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan. In 1961 he was to be elected Titular Archbishop of Rhusium; Vice-President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, 1966–70. Father Castelli reported to TSE on 21 May 1940 that he had given up working on his translation of Murder in the Cathedral, having been informed from Rome that another translation was to go into production. See Assassinio nella Cattedrale (Milano, Firenze, Roma: Bompiani, 1947): an authorised translation of the fourth English edn. by Alberto Castelli.

Castle, William R., Jr.,

6.WilliamCastle, William R., Jr. R. Castle, Jr. (1878–1963), teacher and distinguished diplomat, joined the U.S. State Department in 1919; Ambassador to Japan in 1930; subsequently Under Secretary of State. At Harvard he had been an Instructor in English, 1904–13; co-founder of the Fox Club. See Diplomatic Realism: William R. Castle Jr. and American Foreign Policy, 1919–1953, ed, Alfred L. Castle and Michael E. MacMillan (University of Hawaii Press, 1998).

relieves a dull dinner, hosts TSE in Washington,
see also Castles, the
Castles, the, special status,
'Cat Morgan Introduces Himself',
Catholic Literature Association, Book Committee meeting, at Pusey House, Oxford, TSE composing speech for,
Catholic Summer School of Sociology, 1940, TSE promises paper to, 'The English Tradition' prepared for, postponed, paper eventually delivered at,
'Catholicism and the International Order', dreaded, composed without enthusiasm, outlined to EH,
cats, the Eliots' Persian, the adopting of, possible abduction of Janes's pet, Cat Morgan,
Cattaui, Georges,

3.GeorgesCattaui, Georges Cattaui (1896–1974), Egyptian-born (scion of aristocratic Alexandrian Jews: cousin of Jean de Menasce) French diplomat and writer; his works include T. S. Eliot (1958), Constantine Cavafy (1964), Proust and his metamorphoses (1973). TSE to E. R. Curtius, 21 Nov. 1947: ‘I received the book by Cattaui [Trois poètes: Hopkins, Yeats, Eliot (Paris, 1947)] and must say that I found what he had to say about myself slightly irritating. There are some personal details which are unnecessary and which don’t strike me as in the best taste.’

at OM's, again at OM's, translates Murder badly,
Cavendish, Edward William Spencer, Marquess of Hartington (later 10th Duke of Devonshire),

7.EdwardCavendish, Edward William Spencer, Marquess of Hartington (later 10th Duke of Devonshire) William Spencer Cavendish (1895–1950), Conservative politician, was Marquess of Hartington, 1908–38, before succeeding his father as 10th Duke of Devonshire.

Cavendish-Bentinck, William John Arthur Charles James, 6th Duke of Portland, the pompous respectable sort of duke,
Cecchi, Emilio,

4.Valentino Bompiani, the publishing house in question, told TSE that they considered the translation by Berti to have ‘gravi difetti’ (grave defects). TSECecchi, Emilio took the initiative in seeking out the opinion of Emilio Cecchi (1887–1966), literary and art critic, screenwriter and short story writer – whose view, as TSE told Bompiano, was ‘so unfavourable’ that he released the publisher ‘from the clause in the contract binding you to accept Signor Berti’s translation’.

abominates Luigi Berti's translations of TSE,
Cecil, Algernon,

2.AlgernonCecil, Algernon Cecil (1879–1953), barrister, author and historian.

Cecil, Lord David,

5.LordCecil, Lord David David Cecil (1902–86), historian, critic, biographer; Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford, 1924–30; Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1939–69; Professor of English, Oxford, 1948–70; author of The Stricken Deer (1929), Early Victorian Novelists: Essays in Revaluation (1934), Jane Austen (1936) and studies of other writers including Hardy, Shakespeare, Scott.

seconds TSE in argument about religion, invited to tea by VHE, signatory to Credit Reform letter, believer in Dr Karl Martin,
Cecil, Lord Hugh,

8.LordCecil, Lord Hugh Hugh Cecil (1869–1956), Conservative party politician; Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford, 1891–1936; MP for Greenwich, 1895–1906, then for Oxford University, 1910–35; raised to the peerage as Baron Quickswood, 1941.

Centre Universitaire Meditérranéen, Nice, TSE's lecture to,
Cézanne, Paul, Barnes Foundation paintings delight,
Chailley, Claude,

4.ClaudeChailley, Claude Chailley, secrétaire général of the c onseil of the Fédération britannique des comités de l’Alliance Française.

Chamberlain, Neville, as Baldwin's successor, and the policy of appeasement, his policy towards Germany and Italy, rumoured rationale for appeasement, post-Munich, in TSE's opinion, his resignation,
Chambers, R. W.,

7.R. W. ChambersChambers, R. W. (1874–1942), Quain Professor of English at University College London, delivered an address on ‘The Place of St. Thomas More in English History and Literature’.

reads paper about Thomas More,
Chandlers, the,

4.BenjaminChandlers, the Martin Chandler (1872–1948) – a wealthy American from Manchester, New Hampshire (son of a banker) who became a local benefactor – lived in Chipping Campden with his second wife Frances Izod Robbins (1880–1972), for a while at the seventeenth-century Hidcote Manor. An amateur craftsman who spent time working with C. R. Ashbee and purchased one of the Kelmscott presses, he was co-founder of the Chipping Campden Trust. See Paul Whitfield, Benjamin Martin Chandler, 1872–1948 (privately printed, 2016).

Chandos Group, described, discusses Social Credit, discusses economics,
Channing, Revd Dr William Ellery, TSE reading sermons by,
Chapin, Samuel,

5.MargueriteChapin, Samuel Chapin’s Devon-born ancestor Samuel Chapin (1595–1675), a Protestant non-conformist, settled in 1635 in New England, where he became Selectman of Springfield, Mass. A renowned bronze statue by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, fixed in the centre of Springfield since 1887, depicts the swaggering Deacon Chapin as ‘The Puritan’.

Chaplin, Charlie, TSE finds increasingly over-deliberate, resembles Robert Helpman, identified as highbrow, City Lights, Modern Times,
Chapman, Dom John, OSB,

8.DomChapman, Dom John, OSB John Chapman, OSB (1865–1933), Spiritual Letters (1935). A posthumous publication.

TSE reads on Christmas Eve, recommended again to EH, compared to other spiritual letter-writers, Spiritual Letters,
Charles Eliot Norton Lectures (afterwards The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism), weekend spent meditating, a task for Lent, contemplated, stimulated by Mirsky, preoccupying TSE, hard-going, outlined, TSE yet to begin, unsatisfactory, 'The Relation of Criticism and Poetry' (afterwards 'Introduction'), TSE preparing, and the Charles Norton references, hard-going, a week's toil over, TSE on giving the lecture, EH promised copy, 'Poetry and Criticism in the Time of Elizabeth' (afterwards 'Apology for the Countess of Pembroke'), so far promising, finished, TSE on giving the lecture, 'The Classical Tradition: Dryden on Johnson' (afterwards 'The Age of Dryden'), TSE on the lecture itself, 'The Theories of Coleridge and