[No surviving envelope]

T. S.Eliot
Faber & Faber Ltd
Letter 35.
23 October 1944
Dearest Emily,

I have your two letters of September 28 (yes, it’s true that my birthday is the 26th – but of course the cable did not reveal the mistake, and as I was in Swansea it arrived in time in any case!) and October 6: and was rather startled to find 51 Main Street, plain as print – for once at the head of both letters. The address as given in your airgraph, from N.B. some time ago, certainly looks like 54; and you haven’t always put it on since. But as you say you have received letters 31 and 32, which I must have sent to Concord, I trust that none will have disappeared altogether. I shall be glad, however, to be reassured about 33 and 34.

I have had a very quiet weekend: HopeMirrlees, Hope;c6 returned from Wiltshire but in bed with bronchitis, Cockie gallivanting in London at the Sesame Club: it is delightful to be with Mrs. M. alone. OnBehrens, Margaret Elizabeth (née Davidson);b7 WednesdayEnglandIlfracombe, Devon;g2and the Field Marshal;a1 the Field Marshal (Margaret Behrens) returns from Ilfracombe: but that is altogether a pleasant addition. Two'Britain and America: Promotion of Mutual Understanding';a1 small tasks imposed on this weekend: a short article for the Times Literary Supplement to kill two birds with one stone: satisfyLindsay, Kenneth;a1 Kenneth Lindsay1 who asked me to support his plea in The Times for ‘Anglo-American educational links’, andBooks Across the SeaTSE trumpets in TES;b3 advertise the education work of ‘Books Across the Sea’.2 TheWarde, Beatrice (née Becker);a7 latter is very active, almost too active, with Beatrice Warde the human dynamo back from New York, for my ease. I'Responsibility of the European Man of Letters, The'trilingual commission;a1 haveBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)European Service broadcasts TSE's talk;d4 also done a two-minute talk on ‘The responsibility of the Man of Letters’ which I am to deliver, or try to, in English, French and German (somebody will make the translations for me) in the European service of the B.B.C.3 AlsoSinclair, Marjorie, Baroness Pentland;a2 went to lunch atBosanquet, Theodora;a2 ourMackworth, Margaret Haig, 2nd Viscountess Rhondda (née Thomas);a6 neighbour’s, Lady Pentland, to meet a Major Sedgwick of Boston: but the Major was unable to come, and there was nobody there except the Rhonddabouts. LadyGladstone, Williamrecollected by Lady Pentland;a2 P. reminisces of Mr. Gladstone, who was a friend of her father’s. TomorrowChristian News-Letter (CNL);c5 a busy day in town: C.N.L. lunch, massage at 2, teaSitwell, Edith;b6 with Edith Sitwell at the Sesame Club, andHaigh-Wood, Emily ('Ahmé') Cleveland (TSE's sister-in-law, née Hoagland)discusses Raggie's education with TSE;a5 dinner with Maurice Haigh-Wood’s wife, who is back in England with their small boy whom she wants to get in to Winchester.4 ThursdayOldham, Josephto meet Michael Roberts;e7 for Dr. Oldham toRoberts, Michael;b8 meet Michael Roberts. EnclosedRoberts, Janet;b1 note from Janet: the copy for you went off on October 5, and note that it went to 54 Main Street, so please let me know whether it arrives. ISt. Stephen's Church, Gloucester Roadchurchwarding at;a5 am wondering whether it is my duty to go up again to London on Saturday afternoon, in order to be present at St. Stephen’s Dedication Festival. I should certainly have retired from the wardenship several years ago, if there were any possible person available for the job. DoMcPherrin, Jeanette;f5 you remember a friend of Jeanie’s, a Melanie Grant (now Mrs. Hunter).5 She turned up the other day wanting me to attend a meeting of a weekend Youth Conference.

Your week sounds hard work enough: and I should think that having to take classes of such very different ages would involve a continual strain of re-adjustment. It sounds a big school. One thing I don’t like is your having to pick up a mid-day dinner ‘somewhere’ on Sundays. Do you still go out to a restaurant every evening – though a nice quiet place is better than eating with schoolchildren or undergraduates, I am sure. EvenHarrow SchoolTSE's visit to;a2 the Headmaster of Harrow can only stand dining with the boys (he runs a house as well) three times a week and I am glad to say that he did not take me to dine with them. I hate a noise while eating.

MyBussys, thereport on wartime situation in Nice;a6Bussy, Dorothy (née Strachey)Bussys, theBussy, JaneBussys, theBussy, SimonBussys, the friends the Busseys [sc. Bussys] (Dorothy Strachey) got a message through fromSecond World Warand continental privations;e8 Nice to one of her sisters here, to the effect that they were safe but that Nice was very near starvation, and they had only bread and grapes.6 The Riviera is of course under American control, so one can do nothing about it through English powers; and I am wondering if anything can be done at all. I have racked my brain, but I don’t know anybody who could help. IEuropethe effects of war on;a7 am very much worried about possible starvation in Europe this winter: we had been told that vast preparations for relief had been made, so I hope that they will not hold them up until the end of hostilities. Does anything appear about it in the American press? With such widespread want, it is all the more difficult to do anything for a particular family.

Well, I hope that you at least don’t starve this winter: but I don’t [think] taking your meals here and there is at all good for you. So I wish you would give me some particulars of your diet: what you eat, where you eat it, and at what times. Can you get anything for yourself, like a warm drink before going to bed?

I shall try to send your birthday greeting off tomorrow, but it may have to wait till Wednesday. I always feel more reliance on a large postoffice in London than upon the village postoffice in a corner of the village stores.

Your loving

I can write a little more easily, for a few sentences, than a few weeks ago.

1.KennethLindsay, Kenneth Lindsay (1897–1991), Labour Party politician and author; National Labour Member of Parliament for Kilmarnock, 1933–45.

2.TSE, ‘Britain and America: Promotion of Mutual Understanding’, Times Educational Supplement, Sat., 4 Nov. 1944, 532: CProse 6, 547–2.

3.‘The Responsibility of the European Man of Letters’: CProse 6, 541–2.

4.Maurice Haigh-Wood (1896–1980), Vivien’s brother, had married in 1930 an American dancer named Ahmé Hoagland; their son was Charles Warren, known as ‘Raggie’ (d. 1976).

5.MelanieHunter, Melanie (née Grant) Grant had married Robert Arbuthnott Hunter in 1937.

6.TSE to Hayward, 31 Oct. 1944: ‘As for the Bussys, Pernal [sc. Pernel] had a letter from them, by a devious route, and wrote to ask whether I knew any American authorities who could be appealed to, as they had nothing to eat but bread and grapes. However, Pernel has since made a contact otherwise: which is good, because I couldn’t have been of any use – I hardly know anyone in the American Army above the rank of sergeant.’

Behrens, Margaret Elizabeth (née Davidson), comes to lodge at Shamley, tends to Shamley hens, mainstay of Shamley sanity, does not spoil her dog, takes refuge from Shamley's dogs, reports on poultry-feeding manuscript, sequesters dogs for TSE's recording, makes vatic pronouncements on Operation Overlord, cheers up Shamley, jeremiad on Shamley, introduces Violet Powell to TSE, in Ilfracombe, settled in Lee, during Christmas 1945, departing for Menton, visited in Menton,

4.MargaretBehrens, Margaret Elizabeth (née Davidson) Elizabeth Behrens, née Davidson (1885–1968), author of novels including In Masquerade (1930); Puck in Petticoats (1931); Miss Mackay (1932); Half a Loaf (1933).

Books Across the Sea, TSE unwillingly president of, AGM, letter to The Times for, exhibition, reception for Beatrice Warde, The Times reports on, TSE trumpets in TES, 'Bridgebuilders', TLS reports on, and South Audley Street library, absorbed into English Speaking Union, final meeting of,
Bosanquet, Theodora, visits Shamley, sends TSE whisky in hospital,

3.TheodoraBosanquet, Theodora Bosanquet (1880–1961) had been Henry James’s amanuensis, 1907–16. See Larry McMurty, ‘Almost Forgotten Women’ (on Bosanquet and Lady Rhondda), New York Review of Books, 7 Nov. 2002, 51–2.

'Britain and America: Promotion of Mutual Understanding',
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), TSE's committee service for, its future discussed, TSE working on autumn programme for, TSE on educational broadcasting in general, Barbara Burnham production of Murder, lobbies TSE for next play, 'The Need for Poetic Drama', Metaphyical poet broadcasts for, 'The Church's Message to the World', Christmas Day 'Cats' broadcast, dramatic Waste Land adaptation, which is censored for broadcast, repeats 'Cats', plays Parsifal on Good Friday, broadcasts Hawkins interview with TSE, 'Towards a Christian Britain', 1941 production of Murder, Eastern Service broadcasts East Coker, broadcasts Webster talk, Tennyson talk, Dry Salvages, Poe talk, Dryden talk, Joyce talk, European Service broadcasts TSE's talk, TSE declines Christmas broadcast for, wants to record 'Milton II', broadcasts TSE's personal poetry selection, broadcasts Gielgud's Family Reunion, marks TSE's 60th birthday, Gielgud Family Reunion repeated, solicits TSE post-Nobel Prize, TSE's EP broadcast for, records TSE reading Ash-Wednesday, floats Reith Lectures suggestion, approaches Marilyn Monroe to star in Fitts's Lysistrata,
Bussys, the, host pack of Stracheys, report on wartime situation in Nice, TSE visits in Roquebrune,
Christian News-Letter (CNL), TSE's way of writing for, described, first number, TSE's commitment to as war work, TSE on Papal Encyclical, TSE's colleagues not quite friends, becoming too politic for TSE, features TSE on Wells's New World Order, 'Education in a Mass Society', TSE's guest-editorship of, TSE gives talk for, relocates to Oxford, 'Responsibility and Power', TSE, Hambleden and Mrs Bliss discuss,
England, TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit for, discomforts of its larger houses, and Henry James, at times unreal, TSE's patriotic homesickness for, which is not a repudiation of America, TSE's want of relations in, encourages superiority in Americans familiar with, reposeful, natural ally of France, compared to Wales, much more intimate with Europe than America, TSE on his 'exile' in, undone by 'Dividend morality', in wartime, war binds TSE to, post-war, post-war privations, the English, initially strange to TSE, contortions of upward mobility, comparatively rooted as a people, TSE more comfortable distinguishing, the two kinds of duke, TSE's vision of wealthy provincials, its Tories, more blunt than Americans, as congregants, considered racially superior, a relief from the Scottish, don't talk in poetry, compared to the Irish, English countryside, around Hindhead, distinguished, the West Country, compared to New England's, fen country, in primrose season, the English weather, cursed by Joyce, suits mistiness, preferred to America's, distinguished for America's by repose, relaxes TSE, not rainy enough, English traditions, Derby Day, Order of Merit, shooting, Varsity Cricket Match, TSE's dislike of talking cricket, rugby match enthralls, the death of George V, knighthood, the English language, Adlestrop, Gloucestershire, visited by EH and TSE, Amberley, West Sussex, ruined castle at, Arundel, West Sussex, TSE's guide to, Bath, Somerset, TSE 'ravished' by, EH visits, Bemerton, Wiltshire, visited on Herbert pilgrimage, Blockley, Gloucestershire, tea at the Crown, Bosham, West Sussex, EH introduced to, Bridport, Dorset, Tandys settled near, Burford, Oxfordshire, EH staying in, too hallowed to revisit, Burnt Norton, Gloucestershire, TSE remembers visiting, and the Cotswolds, its imagined fate, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, less oppressive than Oxford, TSE's vision of life in, possible refuge during Blitz, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, visited by EH and TSE, Chester, Cheshire, TSE's plans in, TSE on, Chichester, West Sussex, the Perkinses encouraged to visit, EH celebrates birthday in, TSE's guide to, 'The Church and the Artist', TSE gives EH ring in, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, Perkinses take house at, shockingly remote, TSE's first weekend at, likened to Florence, TSE jealous of memories associated with, its Arts & Crafts associations, its attractions to Dr Perkins, forever associated with TSE and EH, sound of the Angelus, without EH, treasured in TSE's memory, excursions from, EH on 'our' garden at, Stamford House passes into new hands, EH's fleeting return to, Cornwall, TSE's visit to, compared to North Devon, Cotswolds, sacred in TSE's memory, Derbyshire, as seen from Swanwick, Devon ('Devonshire'), likened to American South, the Eliots pre-Somerset home, its scenery, Dorset, highly civilised, TSE feels at home in, TSE's Tandy weekend in, Durham, TSE's visit to, East Anglia, its churches, TSE now feels at home in, East Coker, Somerset, visited by Uncle Chris and Abby, TSE conceives desire to visit, reasons for visiting, described, visited again, and the Shamley Cokers, now within Father Underhill's diocese, photographs of, Finchampstead, Berkshire, visited by TSE and EH, specifically the Queen's Head, Framlingham, Suffolk, visited, Garsington, Oxfordshire, recalled, Glastonbury, Somerset, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire, highly civilised, its beautiful edge, its countryside associated with EH, TSE at home in, its domestic architecture, Hadsleigh, Suffolk, visited, Hampshire, journey through, TSE's New Forest holiday, Hereford, highly civilised, Hull, Yorkshire, and 'Literature and the Modern World', Ilfracombe, Devon, and the Field Marshal, hideous, Knole Park, Kent, Lavenham, Suffolk, visited, Leeds, Yorkshire, TSE lectures in, touring Murder opens in, the Dobrées visited in, home to EVE's family, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, TSE's visit to, especially the Bishop's Palace, Lincolnshire, arouses TSE's curiosity, unknown to EH, Lingfield, Surrey, Little Gidding, Cambridgeshire, TSE's long-intended expedition to, London, in TSE's experience, TSE's isolation within, affords solitude and anonymity, contrasted to country life, its fogs, socially freer than Boston and Paris, eternally misty, its lionhunters, rain preferable in, more 'home' to TSE than America, socially more legible than Boston, its society compared to Boston's, TSE's desire to live among cockneys, South Kensington too respectable, Clerkenwell, Camberwell, Blackheath, Greenwich scouted for lodging, its comparatively vigorous religious life, Camberwell lodging sought, Clerkenwell lodging sought, and music-hall nostalgia, abandoned by society in August, the varieties of cockney, TSE's East End sojourn, South Kensington grows on TSE, prepares for Silver Jubilee, South Kensington street names, Dulwich hallowed in memory, so too Greenwich, during 1937 Coronation, preparing for war, Dulwich revisited with family, in wartime, TSE as air-raid warden in, Long Melford, Suffolk, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Lyme Regis, Dorset, with the Morleys, Marlborough, Wiltshire, scene of a happy drink, Needham Market, Suffolk, Newcastle, Northumberland, TSE's visit to, Norfolk, appeals to TSE, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, dreary, Nottinghamshire, described for EH, Oxford, Oxfordshire, as recollected by TSE, past and present, EH takes lodgings in, haunted for TSE, in July, compared to Cambridge, Peacehaven, Sussex, amazing sermon preached in, Penrith, TSE's visit to, Rochester, as Dickens described, Salisbury, Wiltshire, in the Richmonds' company, Shamley Green, Surrey, TSE's ARP work in, its post office, Pilgrim Players due at, Somerset, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Southwold, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Stanton, Gloucestershire, on TSE and EH's walk, Stanway, Gloucestershire, on EH and TSE's walk, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Surrey, Morley finds TSE lodging in, evening bitter at the Royal Oak, TSE misses, as it must have been, Sussex, commended to EH, TSE walking Stane Street and downs, EH remembers, Walberswick, Suffolk, Wells, Somerset, TSE on visiting, Whipsnade, Bedfordshire, EH and TSE visit, Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset, delightful name, Wiltshire, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Winchelsea, East Sussex, visited, Winchester, TSE on, Wisbech, Lincolnshire, TSE on visiting, Worcestershire, TSE feels at home in, Yeovil, Somerset, visited en route to East Coker, York, TSE's glimpse of, Yorkshire,
Europe, and Henry James, through the 1930s, its importance for America, potentially inspired by FDR, in the event of war, seems more alive than America, the effects of war on, its post-war future, its post-war condition, the possibility of Federal Union, TSE's sense of duty towards,
Gladstone, William, on Newman's conversion, recollected by Lady Pentland,
Haigh-Wood, Emily ('Ahmé') Cleveland (TSE's sister-in-law, née Hoagland), disconcertingly hard to place for an American, grows on TSE, smooths TSE's day of departure, discusses Raggie's education with TSE, at VHE's funeral,

5.MauriceHaigh-Wood, Maurice Haigh-Wood was eight years younger than his sister Vivien. InHaigh-Wood, Emily ('Ahmé') Cleveland (TSE's sister-in-law, née Hoagland) 1930 he married a 25-year-old American dancer, Emily Cleveland Hoagland – known as known as ‘Ahmé’ (she was one of the Hoagland Sisters, who had danced at Monte Carlo) – and they were to have two children.

Harrow School, Poetry Society addressed, TSE's visit to,
Hunter, Melanie (née Grant),

5.MelanieHunter, Melanie (née Grant) Grant had married Robert Arbuthnott Hunter in 1937.

Lindsay, Kenneth,

1.KennethLindsay, Kenneth Lindsay (1897–1991), Labour Party politician and author; National Labour Member of Parliament for Kilmarnock, 1933–45.

Mackworth, Margaret Haig, 2nd Viscountess Rhondda (née Thomas),

2.MargaretMackworth, Margaret Haig, 2nd Viscountess Rhondda (née Thomas) Haig Thomas, Viscountess Rhondda (1883–1958), writer and feminist, was proprietor and editor from 1926 of Time & Tide. See Angela V. John, Turning the Tide: The Life of Lady Rhondda (Cardigan, 2013); Catherine Clay, ‘Time and Tide’: The feminist and cultural politics of a modern magazine (Edinburgh, 2018).

McPherrin, Jeanette, first mentioned, mentions 'shriners', TSE approves of, to accompany EH to Paris, and her first London visit, thanks TSE for Caetani introduction, TSE offers to rearrange studies at Cambridge, under I. A. Richards, encouraged to join EH in Rome, causes EH difficulty, joins EH in Florence, with EH in Rome, offered rare editions of Commerce, given introduction to the Maritains, whom she visits, shares TSE's Perkins concerns, sent stuffed plums, not to be mentioned at Campden, compared favourably to Margaret Thorp, disliked by Edith Perkins, EH job-seeking for, TSE confides EH's breakdown to, accompanied TSE and EH to Burford, taken to the Elsmiths, still persona non grata with the Perkinses, promised and receives East Coker, a Christian Scientist, recalls TSE's final day with Henry, hosts EH at Wellesley, now Lecturer in French at Wellesley, missed by EH, asks TSE to read at Wellesley,

2.JeanetteMcPherrin, Jeanette McPherrin (1911–92), postgraduate student at Scripps College; friend of EH: see Biographical Register.

Mirrlees, Hope, sketched for EH, at the Eliots' tea-party, part of Bloomsbury society, VHE complains about TSE to, dinner in company with, and mother taken sightseeing, ordeal of a walk with, dinner and chess with, and her dachshund, exhausting but pitiable, her mother preferable, her religion, to Mappie as Eleanor Hinkley to Aunt Susie, irritates like Eleanor, indifferent to enlarging her acquaintance, at Shamley, researching in Worthing Public Library, bathing daily at Lee, and TSE judge fancy-dress parade, during TSE's final Shamley Christmas, suffers 'collapse', in Stellenbosch, visits London, go-between in TSE's second marriage,
see also Mirrleeses, the

2.HopeMirrlees, Hope Mirrlees (1887–1978), British poet, novelist, translator and biographer, was to become a close friend of TSE: see Biographical Register.

Oldham, Joseph, lunches with TSE, convenes discussion of contemporary Christianity, at the Unemployment Conference, éminence grise in Council for Life and Work, hearing improved, spearheading anti-Nazi Church movement, puts TSE up to BBC talk, sent TSE's Revelation contribution, which he prizes, organises Lambeth Council, initiates 'Moot', and the Moot, first Moot meeting, bewails mankind, anointed reader of Boutwood Lectures, founds new wartime committee, which meets, sent drafts for CNL, as editor of CNL, views diverge from those of TSE, pleased with TSE's education supplement, needs holiday, convenes education group meeting, propagates yet another religious body, his style, to meet Michael Roberts, Church, Community and State,
see also Oldhams, the

8.JosephOldham, Joseph (‘Joe’) Houldsworth Oldham (1874–1969), missionary, adviser, organiser: see Biographical Register.

'Responsibility of the European Man of Letters, The', trilingual commission, French broadcast, German broadcast,
Roberts, Janet, just returned from the Alps, laments The Criterion's closure, remembers EH in Scotland, her parents recalled by EH, sends TSE butter, resemblance to husband, TSE's fondness for, writes about Rome broadcast, confides Michael's illness, following Michael's death, TSE reads to her children, dinner with over Christmas, worried about Michael's job,
see also Robertses, the
Roberts, Michael, sketched in thumbnail, reviews Collected Poems, introduces radio Waste Land, described for EH, EH interests herself in, singles out Burnt Norton, asks TSE to be godfather, fingered for TSE's mentor role, recommended for EH's 'criticism' course, working for BBC, resemblance to wife, assists TSE in judging translations, at Norwegian diplomatic dinner, makes way for TSE's broadcast, terminally ill, dies of leukaemia, The Modern Mind, New Signatures, T. E. Hulme,
see also Robertses, the

1.MichaelRoberts, Michael Roberts (1902–48), critic, editor, poet: see Biographical Register.

St. Stephen's Church, Gloucester Road, EH encouraged to visit, vestry goings-on, churchwarding at, Christmas at, receives TSE's BBC fee, two days' continuous prayer at, Christmas without, Lent without, wartime Easter at, in wartime, wartime Holy Week, TSE reduced to Sundays at, fundraising for,
Second World War, the prospect of, F&F plans in the event of, Britain's preparations for, prognostications as to its outbreak, and The Family Reunion, and the policy of appeasement, and transatlantic tourism, evacuation imminent, TSE discusses its outbreak with Dutchman, TSE refrains from commenting on, TSE's thoughts on, its effect on TSE, the 'Winter War', the 'Phoney War', Molotov–Ribbentrop pact, rationing, evacuation, seems continuous with First World War, invasion of Poland, invasion of Denmark and Norway, Chamberlain's resignation, Italy's declaration of war, Dunkirk, The Blitz, Battle of Cape Matapan, Operation Barbarossa, Greece enters war, Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War, Libyan campaign, North African campaign, and TSE's decision to remain in England, in relation to the First, prospect of its end unsettles, and returning to London, bombing of German cities, its effect on TSE's work, prognostications as to its end, the Little Blitz, Operation Overlord, V-1 Cruise Missile strikes, Operation Market Garden, and continental privations, and post-war European prospects, The Battle of the Bulge, possibility of post-war pandemic, V-2 Bombs, concentration camps, Germany's surrender, VE Day, and post-war Anglo-American relations, VJ Day, atomic bomb, its long-term economic consequences,
Sinclair, Marjorie, Baroness Pentland,

5.MarjorieSinclair, Marjorie, Baroness Pentland Sinclair, Baroness Pentland, DBE (1880–1970), who grew up in Canada, was the widow of John Sinclair, 1st Baron Pentland (1860–1925).

Sitwell, Edith, TSE likens EH's portrait to, which displeases EH, which likeness TSE presently disclaims, shockingly altered, now seems more herself, brings Pavel Tchelitchew to tea, to tea on New Year's Day, at Harold Monro's funeral, dragoons TSE into poetry reading, at which she is rated, at odds with Dorothy Wellesley, at Poetry Reading for China, sends TSE whisky in hospital,
see also Sitwells, the

2.EdithSitwell, Edith Sitwell (1887–1964), poet, biographer, anthologist, novelist: see Biographical Register.

Warde, Beatrice (née Becker), TSE to meet, at reception in her honour, 'a spellbinder',

BeatriceWarde, Beatrice (née Becker) Warde, née Becker (1900–69), influential American scholar of typography; author; proponent of clarity in graphic design; publicity manager for the Monotype Corporation and editor of The Monotype Recorder and the Monotype Newsletter; associate of Eric Gill. Her works include an acclaimed essay on typography, ‘The Crystal Goblet’, which started out as a speech to the British Typographers’ Guild and has been widely reprinted. Founder and Vice-President of the cultural movement ‘Books Across the Sea’, which worked to secure a regular interchange of books between the USA and the UK during the wartime ban on the import and export of non-essential goods. TSE was presently to become chair of the formal organisation, which by 1944 had swopped up to 4,000 volumes between the two countries. See Warde, ‘Books Across the Sea: Ambassadors of good will’, The Times, 2 Jan. 1942, 5.