[240 Crescent St., Northampton, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
The Criterion
23 November 1936
My Dove,

At last, it seems as if I had not written to you since my return to England, it is so long since I had the opportunity to sit down for a quiet evening at the typewriter with nothing else to do. The last ten days have been very full. You know that when I have an engagement to speak I am a cat on hot bricks, and can’t settle to anything until it is over – and I have had three in the last ten days, this being the season. LastCambridge Literary SocietyTSE's lecture to;a3 FridayCorpus Christi College, CambridgeTSE twice guest at;a9 week I had to go to the English Club at Cambridge – dined with a selection of mixed young people first – lectured to them – answered questions or tried to – attended a party of them afterwards – andPickthorn, Kenneth;a5 spent the night at Corpus as the guest of Kenneth Pickthorn, whom I only saw at breakfast the next morning, andDavies, Hugh Sykes;a6 then was driven back to town by Sykes Davies. I didn’t feel very satisfied with this – I talked about ‘The Idiom of Modern Verse’, but the reception was very cordial, and I have had five letters since which I have not had time to answer. ThenBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)'The Need for Poetic Drama';a8 as'Need for Poetic Drama, The'delivered then revamped;a1 soon as I got back I had to set to work preparing a broadcast talk on ‘Modern Poetic Drama’, one of a course by various people intended for the Sixth Forms of Schools, at 3.30 last Friday, and that had to be rehearsed too. I think that went pretty well; if it comes out in ‘The Listener’ on Wednesday I will send it to you, if not I will send the script.1 ThenSt. Catherine's College, CambridgeTSE's Shirley Society address;a3 when that was done I had to re-vamp it as a talk to the Shirley Society at St. Catherine’s College, Cambridge, last night. IHenn, T. R.;a1 went down yesterday afternoon, and again staid with Pickthorn at Corpus, but dined at Catharane’s [sic] with a don named Henn ( ! an Irishman).2 I had hoped for an informal gathering of fifteen or twenty boys, but the Hall (a small one to be sure) was filled with undergraduates of both sexes. But although my matter had not been very formally prepared, it was fresh in my mind, and fairly concrete and easy to deal with in itself, and I thought the talk went off very well. Then more questions, and the rest of the evening in Henn’s rooms with a select three undergraduates and one who had been at Harvard for two years as a travelling scholar, andDane, Barbara (née Welch, later Sturtevant);a3 said he had heard of me there from a Mrs. Dane – apparently Barbara’s daughter. And back to London this morning. CambridgeHutchinson, St. Johnabducts TSE for tea;a5 very foggy and cold – onanti-Semitism;b8 the platform last night I ran into St John Hutchinson, who carried me off to tea (on my way to Corpus) atHutchinson, Barbaraand Victor Rothschild in Cambridge;a5 MertonRothschild, Victor;a3 Hall with Barbara Rothschild (his daughter) and her husband Victor. Barbara very charming, Victor as heavily Jewish as ever.

AndTatlow, Canon Tissingtonobliged with poetry reading;a1 now I feel very free! Nothing more serious on hand than a reading of verse to Canon Tissington Tatlow’s students next Sunday evening,3 andMorleys, thetheir Thanksgiving parties;b2 ThanksgivingKennerleys, theat Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party;a4 Day dinner at the Morleys (withFabers, theat Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party;d1 the Fabers and the Kennerleys). OnFabers, thesail model boats with TSE;d2 Saturday afternoon I went for a sail in Regents Park with the Fabers and Tom (the other children have not returned from school, and Tom is only with them because he has been ill) – they have some small sailing boats for hire on the pond there, but it takes careful steering because the space is so cramped and there are so many rowing boats – and Tom is reported to have said afterwards proudly that he had (under my tuition) ‘nearly mastered the art of sailing, but needed a great deal of practice’. So'Introduction' (to Revelation);a1 IFamily Reunion, Theprogress stalled;a4 am waiting to hear whether I must write that essay on Revelation4 before I start to grinding my wits over a new play. ‘MurderMurder in the Cathedral1937 Duchess Theatre West End transfer;e8royalties;a5’ seems to be just keeping its head above water, and will be paying me some royalties.5

ForeignSpanish Civil Wardivisions of English public opinion on;a1 affairs (and certain domestic politics too, as you may know from American papers) are very worrying at the present time. Public opinion is very divided, I believe, about Spain: too divided for any united action unless there is some crisis (which God forbid) that will affect our interests. Those people who are naturally Liberal, try to think of the Spanish Government as Liberals; those who are naturally Conservative, think of the Rebels as the Saviours of Order. The smaller number of people who think, do not find it so easy to make up their minds. My feelings, on the whole, are against the Rebels, but not strongly enough to make me want England to take sides.6 I certainly sympathise with the people of Catalonia, and with the Basques, both of whom are apparently united amongst themselves: thecommunismas against fascism;a7 formerChristianitypolitics;c5Christianity versus Fascism and Communism;a5 arefascismand the Spanish Civil War;a9 syndicalists, the latter Catholics, and neither likely to put up willingly with either a Fascist or a Communist regime. Both systems involve a centralisation which would be quite unnatural to a country so diverse as Spain – or to a country so diverse as any country ought to be. I think that fascism is as great an enemy, because more insidious, to Christianity as communism. And I cannot see that it is ever right to use black or brown or yellow mercenaries against one’s fellow-countrymen. Meanwhile England is distracted by theories of the right and wrong of war. Pacifism, not necessarily wrong in principle, tends to become wrong in fact, because it tends to assemble people who object to war for quite different reasons, not all of which can be right; and therefore tends to be degraded to the lowest motive.

IRoosevelt, Franklin D.TSE's views on;a4 should like to explain my views about Roosevelt. TheySheffields, theand TSE's view of FDR;c3 were formed before IconservatismLandon distinguished from Roosevelt;a3 came to America in September, and were certainly not moulded by the Sheffields: I make no claim to originality, because I think that similar views are held by most people here and are pretty well voiced by the press. Ieconomicsand FDR;a7 have very grave doubts about Roosevelt: I do not see how he can go on fitting his positive programme of helping those whom the economic system has depressed, with his practice of borrowing money from the banks. His notions of currency seem to be conventional. I cannot see how his policy of the last four years, unless he improves his financial ideas, can lead to anything but chaos. But it is possible, that under the pressure of circumstances he may be driven to be more radical in monetary policy. On the other hand, I cannot see that the return of Landon could have led to anything but disaster much quicker. One felt of course that Roosevelt was an individual, a responsible person for what he did; while Landon seemed to be nothing but a puppet of a very stupid conservatism. A Landon administration would have had either to continue the policy of Roosevelt, while declaring that it was reversing it, or else have reduced the country to general disorder and rebellion within a few months. In short, I only say that however bad Roosevelt may be, Landon would have been much worse. If everybody had known how large Roosevelt’s majority was to be, it would have been smaller, because I am sure that a great many people who might have preferred to vote for Thomas or Lemke voted for Roosevelt because they were afraid that Landon might get in. TheSheffields, thesound on American politics;c4Sheffield, Alfred Dwight ('Shef' or 'Sheff')Sheffields, theSheffield, Ada Eliot (TSE's sister)Sheffields, the onlySpencer, Theodoreworth discussing American politics with;c3 intelligentThorps, theworth discussing American politics with;c9 peopleMatthiessen, Francis Otto ('F. O.')worth discussing American politics with;a7 with whom I talked politics while I was in the States were the Sheffields, and Theodore Spencer, and the Thorpes, and Matthiessen. I dare say there were intelligent people whom I did not see, because I saw very few people, who supported Landon: butEliot, Margaret Dawes (TSE's sister)supported Landon over FDR;c2 theEliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister)supported Landon over FDR;d1 onlyMerriman, Roger Bigelowsupported Landon over FDR;a9 peopleHinkleys, thesupported Landon over FDR;e4Hinkley, Eleanor Holmes (TSE's first cousin)Hinkleys, theHinkley, Barbara (TSE's first cousin)Hinkleys, theHinkley, Susan Heywood (TSE's aunt, née Stearns)Hinkleys, the I met who supported Landon were my sisters Margaret and Marion, and Roger Merriman, and the Hinkleys, all of whom I should qualify as stupid. I can see very strong reasons for opposing Roosevelt; but they are all reasons for opposing Landon and the damned middle-class world of bankers and bankers’ relatives and dependents still more strongly. EnglandWolcotts, the'stupid noisome mercantile plebian snobs';a2 has any number of stupid noisome mercantile plebeian snobs just like the Wolcotts, you can see them at any hunt meeting: but they don’t have it all their own way as they do in Boston. AndO'Connell, Cardinal William Henrylast bastion of Boston decency;a1 nowNorton, Charles Eliotbastion of vanished Boston world;a3 that Charles Eliot Norton is dead there is no one to appeal to except Cardinal O’Connell.7

ThereBell, Bernard Iddings;a4 now. I hope you met Iddings Bell, who is rather a Bull in a China Shop but a good man and no heretic. Old bruises do I know begin to ache unexpectedly. IChapman, Dom John, OSBSpiritual Letters;a4 have sent for Dom Chapman’s Spiritual Letters,8 to read and send on to you if I like them. I must go to the post with this – but I hope to write again, more briefly, tomorrow night, but not for the same boat, so you will not receive it at the same time – and should like to tell you how I think of you – and especially when I wake up in the morning – and how I long for you – and how I imagine meeting you in the next July. In Christ always your

Emily’s Tom

ThereOld Possum’s Book of Practical Catsand Children's Hour;b7 is a possibility of Uncle Possum getting a job on the wireless for the Children’s Hour.

1.‘The Need for Poetic Drama’, Listener 16 (25 Nov. 1936), 994–5: CProse 5, 401–6.

2.T. R. HennHenn, T. R. (1901–74), Fellow and then President of St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, 1926–61; Judith Wilson Lecturer in Poetry and Drama, 1961–5. Works include The Lonely Tower (1950), The Harvest of Tragedy (1959) and The Bible as Literature (1970).

3.TissingtonTatlow, Canon Tissington Tatlow (1876–1957), Rector of All Hallows, Lombard Street, London, 1926–37; Hon. Chaplain to the Student Christian Movement of Great Britain and Ireland (of which he was founder and general secretary, 1903–29).

4.‘I by T. S. Eliot’, Revelation, ed. John Baillie and Hugh Martin (F&F, 1937).

5.DuchessMurder in the Cathedral1937 Duchess Theatre West End transfer;e8royalties;a5 Theatre receipts for Murder in the Cathedral for Dec. 1936 amounted to £1,940. 17. 2, yielding a royalty for TSE of £77. 12. 8. (ca. £500 in today’s values).

6.See Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War (Left Review, 1937):

‘The Question’ …

This is the question we are asking you:

Are you for, or against, the legal Government and the People of Republican Spain?

Are you for, or against, Franco and Fascism?

For it is impossible any longer to take no side.

Writers and Poets, we wish to print your answers. We wish the world to know what you, writers and poets, who are amongst the most sensitive instruments of a nation, feel.

TSE’s answer was placed in the category of ‘Neutral?’: ‘While I am naturally sympathetic, I still feel convinced that it is best that at least a few men of letters should remain isolated, and take no part in these collective activities.’ Reprinted in Spanish Front: Writers on the Civil War, ed. Valentine Cunningham (1986), 56.

See too TSE’s ‘Commentary’, Criterion, Jan. 1937: ‘Now an ideally unprejudiced person, with an intimate knowledge of Spain, its history, its racial characteristics, and its contemporary personalities, might be in a position to come to the conclusion that he should, in the longest view that could be seen, support one side rather than the other. But so long as we are not compelled in our own interest to take sides, I do not see why we should do so on insufficient knowledge: and even any eventual partisanship should be held with reservations, humility and misgiving. That balance of mind which a few highly-civilized individuals, such as Arjuna, the hero of the Bhagavad Gita, can maintain in action, is difficult for most of us even as observers, and, as I say, is not encouraged by the greater part of the Press.’

7.WilliamO'Connell, Cardinal William Henry Henry O’Connell (1859–1944), Catholic priest; Archbishop of Boston from 1907; appointed cardinal in 1911.

8.DomChapman, Dom John, OSB John Chapman, OSB (1865–1933), Spiritual Letters (1935). A posthumous publication.

anti-Semitism, and Marie von Moritz, and Mosley, within TSE's racial hierarchy, in After Strange Gods, and Mosley's Albert Hall rally, and Nazi persecution in Vienna, and the prospect of immigration, and EP, in South Africa,
Bell, Bernard Iddings, TSE writes to Church Times about, recommended to EH, meets EH, subscribed to CNL, apparently anti-British, in Church Times contretemps, rebuked by TSE, reviews Christian Society, and America's position on war, sends TSE Four Quartets cutting, appears in London, TSE gives reading for, Preface to Religion,

3.BernardBell, Bernard Iddings Iddings Bell, DD (1886–1958), American Episcopal priest, author and cultural commentator; Warden of Bard College, 1919–33. In his last years he was made Canon of the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Chicago, and a William Vaughn Lecturer at the University of Chicago.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), TSE's committee service for, its future discussed, TSE working on autumn programme for, TSE on educational broadcasting in general, Barbara Burnham production of Murder, lobbies TSE for next play, 'The Need for Poetic Drama', Metaphyical poet broadcasts for, 'The Church's Message to the World', Christmas Day 'Cats' broadcast, dramatic Waste Land adaptation, which is censored for broadcast, repeats 'Cats', plays Parsifal on Good Friday, broadcasts Hawkins interview with TSE, 'Towards a Christian Britain', 1941 production of Murder, Eastern Service broadcasts East Coker, broadcasts Webster talk, Tennyson talk, Dry Salvages, Poe talk, Dryden talk, Joyce talk, European Service broadcasts TSE's talk, TSE declines Christmas broadcast for, wants to record 'Milton II', broadcasts TSE's personal poetry selection, broadcasts Gielgud's Family Reunion, marks TSE's 60th birthday, Gielgud Family Reunion repeated, solicits TSE post-Nobel Prize, TSE's EP broadcast for, records TSE reading Ash-Wednesday, floats Reith Lectures suggestion, approaches Marilyn Monroe to star in Fitts's Lysistrata,
Cambridge Literary Society, 'The Idiom of Modern Verse', TSE's lecture to,
Chapman, Dom John, OSB, TSE reads on Christmas Eve, recommended again to EH, compared to other spiritual letter-writers, Spiritual Letters,

8.DomChapman, Dom John, OSB John Chapman, OSB (1865–1933), Spiritual Letters (1935). A posthumous publication.

Christianity, and human isolation, and modern economics, Ada on TSE's personal piety, scheme for 'Pro Fide' bookshop, among the Eliot family, and beauty, its sects like different clubs, Anglo-Catholicism, TSE's conversion to, which he dates to Eccleston Square meeting, Anglican Missal sought for EH, but unfortunately out of print, discussed at Boston Theological School, and the Petrine Claims, apostolic succession, over Roman Catholicism, as refuge from VHE, and the Reformation, asceticism, discipline, rigour, the necessity for, and TSE's daily exhortation, making and breaking habits, mastering emotions and passions, as salubrious, only remedy for a prurient culture, confession and communion, more possible during Harvard year, the case for unattainable ideals, in time of war, gets TSE up before 7 o'clock, hereditary with TSE, belief, and good poetry, faced with Second World War, and conversion, antidote to TSE's skepticism, Christendom, TSE ponders the decline of, TSE on his prominence within, its ruin, the Church Visible and Invisible, and TSE's war work, the Malabar Church, prospect of total reunion within, confession, helps to objectify sin, more dreaded than dentist, harder in the morning, death and afterlife, the struggle to prepare for, consoles TSE in life, and cremation, Requiem Mass, gives meaning to life, and what makes a desirable burial place, the nature of eternal life, divorce, unrecognised by Anglo-Catholic Church, which TSE regrets, in church law, would separate TSE from Church, evil, TSE's belief in, and moral percipience, guilt, and the New England conscience, hell, TSE's 1910 vision of, and damnation, according to TSE, liturgy, TSE's weekly minimum, Mass of the Pre-sanctified, Requiem Mass versus Mass of Good Friday, and whether to serve at Mass, Imposition of Ashes, at Christmas, High Mass over Mattins, aversion to Low Church Mattins, Roman service in Wayland, Tenebrae, in country parish church, as guest at Kelham, remarkable sermon, over Christmas, Tenebrae and Family Reunion, during Holy Week, Mass of Charles King and Martyr, love, loving one's neighbour, marriage, TSE's need for privacy within, mysticism and transcendence, interpenetration of souls, intimations of life's 'pattern', 'doubleness', arrived at through reconciliation, orthodoxy, only remedy for contemporary culture, and pagans, sets TSE at odds with modernity, necessarily trinitarian, 'Christian' defined, iniquities of liberal theology, and creed, authority, Transubstantiation, TSE disclaims 'self-centredness' in maintaining, politics, the Church and social change, how denomination maps onto, need for working-class priests, church leaders against totalitarianism and Nazism, Christianity versus Fascism and Communism, Papal Encyclical against Nazi Germany, the 'Dividend morality', Presbyterianism, TSE quips on the meanness of, Quakerism, resignation, reconciliation, peace, TSE's love allows for, 'peace that passeth all understanding', the struggle to maintain, following separation from VHE, retreat and solitude, EH at Senexet, the need for, a need increasing with age, and TSE's mother, Roman Catholicism, TSE's counter-factual denomination, Rome, sacraments, Holy Communion, marriage, sainthood, TSE's idea of, the paradoxes of, susceptible of different sins, sins, vices, faults, how to invigilate, the sense of sin, the sinner's condition, bound up with the virtues, as a way to virtue, TSE's self-appraisal, when humility shades into, when unselfishness shades into, among saints, proportionate to spiritual progress, daydreaming, despair, lust, pride, perfection-seeking pride, spiritual progress and direction, TSE's crisis of 1910–11, EH's crisis, versus automatism, TSE's sense of, towards self-knowledge, in EH's case, as personal regeneration, temptation, to action/busyness, the Church Year, Advent, Christmas, dreaded, happily over, TSE rebuked for bah-humbugging, church trumps family during, season of irreligion, thoughts of EH during, unsettling, fatiguing, in wartime, Easter preferred to, Ash Wednesday, Lent, season for meditation and reading, prompts thoughts of EH, Lady Day, Holy Week, its intensity, arduous, preserved from public engagements, exhausting but refreshing, excitingly austere, Easter, better observed than Christmas, missed through illness, Unitarianism, the Eliots' as against EH's, the prospect of spiritual revival within, as personified by TSE's grandfather, regards the Bible as literature, as against Catholicism, divides EH from TSE, and whether Jesus believed himself divine, according to Dr Perkins, in England as against America, over-dependent on preachers' personality, TSE's wish that EH convert from, outside TSE's definition of 'Christian', the issue of communion, baptism, impossibly various, virtues heavenly and capital, bound up with the vices, better reached by way of sin, charity, towards others, in Bubu, TSE's intentness on, delusions of, as against tolerance, chastity, celibacy, beneath humility, TSE lacks vocation for, faith, and doubt, hope, a duty, TSE's struggle for, humility, distinguished from humiliation, comes as relief, greatest of the virtues, propinquitous to humour, not an Eliot virtue, opposed to timidity, danger of pride in, is endless, TSE criticised for overdoing, theatre a lesson in, most difficult of the virtues, possessed by EH, possessed by EH to a fault, TSE compares himself to EH in, the paradox of, distinguished from inferiority, self-discovery teaches, possessed by Dr Perkins, patience, recommended to EH, its foundations, possessed by Uncle John, purity, distinguished from purification, temperance, with alcohol, beneath humility,
communism, TSE's fantasy political party conceived against, communists satirised in The Rock, communists known to TSE, essentially antagonistic to Christianity, discussed with Bunny Wilson, and unemployment, as against fascism, the church's case against, preferred to conservatism, TSE asked to sign Christian manifesto against, as inspiration for Auden and Isherwood's collaboration, preached by Cecil Day Lewis, and Middleton Murry, during the Cold War, Margaret Thorp's liberal hypocrises over,
conservatism, TSE inclines towards, TSE would favour communism over, Landon distinguished from Roosevelt,
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, TSE's friends at, honorary fellowship coveted at, TSE's favourite Oxbridge college, TSE twice guest at, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, awards TSE degree, and the Boutwood Lectures, and Tom Faber,
Dane, Barbara (née Welch, later Sturtevant), TSE's pity for, horror story connected with,
Davies, Hugh Sykes, invites TSE to St. John's feast, takes TSE to rugby match, at Dobrée's farewell lunch,

1.HughDavies, Hugh Sykes Sykes Davies (1909–84), author and critic; Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge: see Biographical Register

economics, and TSE's case against materialism, TSE opposed to economic orthodoxy, in TSE's fantasy political party, capitalism and Christianity, and TSE's ideal political economy, Social Credit, and FDR,
Eliot, Margaret Dawes (TSE's sister), not a suitable confidant, scandalised by Henry's detective story, threatens to visit England, compared to VHE, wishes to arrange TSE's birthday party, remote from TSE, TSE and Henry visit, TSE dreads visiting Uncle Rob with, drains TSE, takes TSE to hear spirituals, her history, amazes TSE by attending Norton lecture, celebrates 61st birthday at Marion's, remembered in St. Louis, unwanted presence on holiday, reason for avoiding Boston, supported Landon over FDR, in response to 1930s controversies, compared to Irene Hale, imposes on Henry, tends to monologue, her reclusive hotel existence, Henry describes moving house for, her condition, TSE leaves money with, Thanksgiving with, efforts to support financially, death, funeral, TSE's final visit to,

6.MargaretEliot, Margaret Dawes (TSE's sister) Dawes Eliot (1871–1956), TSE's second-oldest sister sister, resident in Cambridge, Mass. In an undated letter (1952) to his Harvard friend Leon M. Little, TSE wrote: ‘Margaret is 83, deaf, eccentric, recluse (I don’t think she has bought any new clothes since 1900).’

Eliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister), described, her reading habits, not a suitable confidant, TSE reflects on reunion with, Symphony concerts with TSE, to the cinema with TSE, delighted with first Norton lecture, recommends TSE hairdresser for baldness, attends second Norton lecture, hosts birthday party for Margaret, remembered in St. Louis, worried by Dodo's manner, TSE's pride in, vigilant on TSE's health, on Randolph family holiday, congratulates TSE on separation, 1934 summer in England with Dodo, July arrival anticipated, arrangements for, visit to Chipping Campden, off to Salisbury, walks to Kelmscott, returns from Winchester, forces Regent's Park on TSE, excessively humble, next to Ada in TSE's affections, protects TSE from overbearing Hinkleys, supported Landon over FDR, co-hosts Murder party, 1939 summer in England with Dodo, trip in doubt, Southwold week planned, due 19 June, taken to Dulwich, ballet and dinner with, Southwold holiday with, given to post-lunch naps, sends Christmas supplies to Shamley, as correspondent, easiest Eliot in Ada's absence, experiences crisis, importance as sister, Henry's fondness for, devoutly Unitarian, ignorant of Henry's true condition, undernourished, abortive 1948 summer in England, cancelled, which comes as relief, hosts family dinner-party, letter about Nobel Prize to, TSE leaves money with, 1949 visit to England with Dodo, June arrival anticipated, plans for, EH bids 'bon voyage', visit to Cambridge, return from Southwold, Borders tour, Basil Street Hotel stay, Thanksgiving with, reports on Dr Perkins's funeral, efforts to support financially, tethered to Margaret, joins TSE in St. Louis, 1954 trip to England with Dodo, visit to Ely and Cambridge, in light of Margaret's death, invoked against EH, TSE to Theresa on,

1.Marian/MarionEliot, Marion Cushing (TSE's sister) Cushing Eliot (1877–1964), fourth child of Henry Ware Eliot and Charlotte Eliot: see Biographical Register.

Fabers, the, model of happiness and respectability, their domestic situation, Faber children to tea chez Eliot, visit TSE at Pike's Farm, compared to the Morleys, closer to TSE than to VHE, 1933 summer holiday with, Ty Glyn Aeron described, request TSE to write play, too absorbed in their children, at the Morleys' party, give anti-Nazi party for author, host poker party, 1934 summer holiday with, take TSE to lunch in Oxford, 1935 summer holiday with, for which the children are bought tent, give party, 1936 summer holiday with, at Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party, sail model boats with TSE, and TSE's foggy adventure, cinema-going with TSE, take TSE to Witch of Edmonton, and Morleys take TSE to pantomime, and TSE attend opening of Ascent of F6, 1937 summer holiday with, and the Bradfield Greek play, School for Scandal with, take TSE to pantomime again, 1938 summer holiday with, 1939 summer holiday with, offer possible wartime refuge, 1940 summer holiday with, host TSE in Hampstead during war, TSE makes bread sauce for, brought vegetables from Shamley, move to Minsted, and TSE attend musical revue, 1941 summer holiday with, Minsted as substitute for nursing-home, trying to sell Welsh home, take TSE to International Squadron, invite TSE to Wales for Christmas, host TSE at Minsted, away fishing in Scotland, mourn TSE's post-war independence, 1947 Minsted summer stay, 1948 Minsted summer stay, host TSE for weekend, on 1950 South Africa trip, on TSE's 1951 Spain trip, 1951 Minsted summer stay, 1952 Minsted summer stay, 1953 Minsted summer stay, on 1953–4 South Africa trip, 35th wedding anniversary weekend,
Family Reunion, The, and TSE as Orestes, plot sought for, progress stalled, referred to as 'Orestes play', written against countdown to war, should be artistically a stretch, plot still not settled on, begun, compared to Murder, TSE on writing, described (mid-composition), and Gunn's Carmina Gadelica, described to GCF, EH questions Harry's entrance, draft read to Martin Brownes, projected autumn 1938 production, depletes TSE, and Mourning Becomes Electra, its Greek inheritance, alternatively 'Follow the Furies', first draft promised to EH, as inspired by Tenebrae, being rewritten, work suspended till summer, fair copy being typed, waiting on Browne and Dukes, 'Follow the Furies' quashed by EH, aspires to be Chekhovian, Dukes keen to produce, criticised by Martin Browne, under revision, submitted to EH's theatrical wisdom, for which TSE credits her, possible John Gielgud production, Gielgud-level casting, Browne's final revisions, with the printers, Henry loaned draft, Donat and Saint-Denis interested, in proof, progress towards staging stalled, Saint-Denis interest tempered, possible Tyrone Guthrie production, possible limited Mercury run, its defects, publication scheduled, first draft sent to EH, Michael Redgrave interested in, March 1939 Westminster Theatre production, waits on terms, rehearsals for, which are photographed, opening night contemplated without EH, last-minute flutters, opening night, reception, coming off, TSE's final visit to, Dukes bullish on New York transfer, EH spurs TSE's reflections on, and Otway's Venice Preserv'd, American reception, and Orson Welles, F&F's sales, 1940 American production, Henry harps on the personal aspect, its cheerfulness, EH acknowledges part in, 1943 ADC production, in Dadie Rylands's hands, described, certain lines expressing TSE's frustrations, EH discusses with pupils, plays in Zurich, 1946 Birmingham production, 1946 Mercury revival, rehearsals for, opening night, TSE attends again in company, Spanish translation of, VHE's death calls to mind, its deficiencies, BBC Gielgud broadcast version, first aired, to be repeated, goes nominally with The Cocktail Party, Swedish National Theatre production, compared to Cocktail Party, EH's response to, more 'personal' than Cocktail Party, performed in Göttingen, 1950 Düsseldorf production, 1953 New York production vetoed, 1956 Phoenix Theatre revival, described, Peter Brook congratulated on, Martin Browne seeks MS of,
fascism, and the unemployment crisis, essentially anti-Christian, The Rock's 'modern ballet' on, 'beastly', corrupts TSE's image of Rome, possible subject for July 1936 'Commentary', and the Spanish Civil War, TSE asked to sign Christian manifesto against, TSE accused of,
Henn, T. R.,

2.T. R. HennHenn, T. R. (1901–74), Fellow and then President of St Catharine’s College, Cambridge, 1926–61; Judith Wilson Lecturer in Poetry and Drama, 1961–5. Works include The Lonely Tower (1950), The Harvest of Tragedy (1959) and The Bible as Literature (1970).

Hinkleys, the, during TSE's student days, in London, cheerful but somehow stunted, take to Evelyn Underhill and Harriet Weaver, taken on Bloomsbury tour, OM on, TSE reflects on their departure, have never asked after EH's mother, not in TSE's confidence as to EH, at odds with TSE's view of marriage, EH yet to confide in, more conventional than moral, bemuse TSE, their company makes TSE feel wary, outside Ada's confidence, TSE repents of criticising, more intolerant even than TSE, apprised of TSE's separation, ignorant of TSE's feelings for EH, EH explains relationship with TSE to, family drama of Dane babies, supported Landon over FDR, their insularity, their family sclerosis, TSE imagines EH's evening with,
Hutchinson, Barbara, to lunch with TSE's nieces and Lucia Joyce, her engagement to Victor Rothschild, engagement-party dodged, appears with husband, and Victor Rothschild in Cambridge,
Hutchinson, St. John, cordial with TSE, urged by VHE to approach police, helps TSE over separation settlement, made KC, abducts TSE for tea, looking ill, removed to Cambridge post-stroke, recovering from stroke, dies,
'Introduction' (to Revelation),
Kennerleys, the, at the Morleys' farewell dinner, watch Modern Times with TSE, described for EH, at Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party,
Matthiessen, Francis Otto ('F. O.'), late-night poetry discussion with, and Spencer co-direct Dekker, sojourn in Maine with, retirement-party for, interrupts EH and TSE's parting, worth discussing American politics with, compared as critic to Sweeney, apparently pro Henry Wallace, The Achievement of T. S. Eliot,

7.F. O. MatthiessenMatthiessen, Francis Otto ('F. O.') (1902–50) taught for 21 years in the English Department at Harvard, where he specialised in American literature and Shakespeare, becoming Professor of History and Literature in 1942. The first Senior Tutor at Eliot House, he was a Resident Tutor, 1933–9. Works include The Achievement of T. S. Eliot (1935) and American Renaissance (1941).

Merriman, Roger Bigelow, praised, cultivates Oxford manner, arranges underwhelming Republican dinner, Lenten dinner with, TSE comes round to, reunited with TSE in Oxford, supported Landon over FDR,

3.RogerMerriman, Roger Bigelow Bigelow Merriman (1876–1945), the first Master of Eliot House, Harvard, which was opened in 1931. Born in Boston and educated at Harvard (PhD, 1902), he studied also at Balliol College, Oxford, and in Berlin. He was appointed Professor of History at Harvard in 1918. His writings include Life and Letters of Thomas Cromwell (1902), Rise of the Spanish Empire (4 vols, 1918–34) and Suleiman the Magnificent (1944). He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a vice-president of the Massachusetts Historical Society; and he received honorary degrees from Oxford, Glasgow and Cambridge. Robert Speaight was to say of him, in The Property Basket: Recollections of a Divided Life (1970), 187: ‘A ripe character and erudite historian of the Spanish Empire, Merriman was Balliol to the backbone. At Oxford he was known as “Lumps” and at Harvard he was known as “Frisky”, and while his appearance suggested the first his ebullience did not contradict the second.’

Morleys, the, join the Eliots in Eastbourne, TSE fears overburdening, go on holiday to Norway, more TSE's friend than VHE's, return from Norway, life at Pike's Farm among, reading Dickens aloud to, their Thanksgiving parties, suitable companions to Varsity Cricket Match, and TSE to Laughton's Macbeth, TSE's June 1934 fortnight with, and certain 'bathers' photographs', and TSE play 'GO', attend Richard II with EH, TSE's New Years celebrated with, take TSE to Evelyn Prentice and Laurel & Hardy, TSE's return from Wales with, TSE's September 1935 week with, leave for New York, one of two regular ports-of-call, see EH in Boston, safely returned from New York, TSE reads Dr Johnson to, compared to the Tandys, add to their menagerie, reiterate gratitude for EH's peppermints, in Paris with TSE, give TSE copy of Don Quixote, and Fabers take TSE to pantomime, and TSE's Salzburg expedition, join Dorothy Pound dinner, visit Hamburg, have Labrador puppies, dinner at Much Hadham for, TSE to see them off at Kings Cross, seem unhappy in America, Thanksgiving without, in New Canaan, return to Lingfield, remember TSE's birthday, difficulties of renewing friendship with,
Murder in the Cathedral, idea for initially suggested by Laurence Irving, offered to Martin Browne, St. Thomas as TSE's muse, TSE on writing, tentatively, 'The Archbishop Murder Case', uncertainties over title, currently 'Fear in the Way', which proves unpopular, TSE on rewriting, title settled on, final revisions for printer, tentatively critiqued by EH, and EH on TSE as dramatist, chorus copied for EH, Virginia Woolf's aspersions on, the form of its choruses, defended from obscurity, did not test TSE's plotting, book-sales to-date, $1,000 offered for American rights, pays for 1936 American trip, Italian and Hungarian rights sold, and Whiggery, Savile Club dinner to celebrate, compared to next play, discrepancies of Canterbury Text, Martin Browne's initial response to, TSE recognised as author of, TSE on its cheerful title, EH on, abandoned Mercury Theatre premiere, suggested by Yeats and Doone, in the offing, and Doone's response to first draft, EH requested at, imperilled, text copied for Yeats, 1935 Canterbury Festival production, in rehearsal, opening night, reception, final performance, and EH's response, 1935–6 Mercury Theatre revival, Martin Browne pushing for, in rehearsal, which EH attends, compared to Canterbury original, at the box-office, its 100th performance, still running, proposed tour to end, 1936 BBC radio version, BBC bid to produce, broadcast fixed, BBC memo on, in rehearsal, TSE on, abortive 1936 New York transfer, Dukes visits America to arrange, blighted by Brace's actions, quashed by Federal Theatre production, its usurper founders, deferred to autumn, unsolicited 1936 New York production, licensed by Brace, to be directed by Rice, seemingly withdrawn, Rice resigns from, delights EH and Eleanor Hinkley, TSE sent press-cuttings for, EH reports on, TSE speculates as to textual discrepancies, attended by Eleanor Roosevelt, extended and potentially expanded, TSE to the Transcript on, may predispose immigration authorities favourably in future, royalties from, 1936 University College, Dublin student production, described by TSE, rumoured Australian and American productions, 1936 Gate Theatre touring production, TSE's long-held wish, scheduled, 1936 touring production, due at the Arts Theatre, Cambridge, as it was played in Cambridge, 1936 America pirate production, 1937 Duchess Theatre West End transfer, date fixed for, announced in Times, dress-rehearsal attended, reception, reviewed, royalties, still playing, ticket sales pick up, coming to an end, receives royal visit, 1937 touring production, scheduled post-Duchess, beginning in Leeds, then Manchester, going strong, 1937 Harvard University production, 1937 Amherst College production, singled out for praise, 1937 Old Vic production, touring production arrived at, in rehearsal, 1937 Tewkesbury Drama Festival production, 1938 American tour, projected for January 1937, said date seconded by Dukes, deferred to September 1937, confirmed again by Dukes, pre-tour dates in Golders Green, then Liverpool, opening in Boston in January, over which EH is consulted, tour itinerary, Family Reunion keeps TSE from, preparatory re-rehearsal for, pre-crossing Liverpool dates, EH's judgement desired, EH reports on first night, reviewed in The Times, EH sends New York cuttings, prematurely transferred to New York, Dukes reports on, Westminster Cathedral Hall charity performance, 1940 Latham Mercury revival, revival suggested in rep with Family Reunion, wartime modern-dress production suggested, ambushes TSE, in rehearsal, first night, reviewed, Browne's wartime Pilgrim Players' adaptation, Hoellering film, Hoellering's initial approach made, Hoellering's vision for, TSE adapting for screen, reconnoitre of Canterbury for, casting Becket, recording made for, development process described to NYT, non-actor found for Becket, screenings of Groser, set-dressing, screening, approaching release, still in the edit, final screening, and Venice Film Festival, seeking distribution, soon to premiere, opens, initial reception, circulating in shortened version, 1945 Théâtre du Vieux Colombier production, compared to Martin Browne's, royalties, apparently a hit, reviewed, reaches 150 performances, Fluchère's involvement, 1946 German production, 1947 Edinburgh Festival production, 1948 Milton Academy production, 1949 broadcast, 1949 Berlin production, politically resonant, 1952 University of Rennes, Grand Théâtre abridgment, 1952 Théatre National Populaire production, 1953 Old Vic revival, waiting on Donat, TSE on, 1954 Harvard production,
'Need for Poetic Drama, The', delivered then revamped, sent to EH,
Norton, Charles Eliot, and Virginia Woolf, TSE reading up on, bastion of vanished Boston world,

10.CharlesNorton, Charles Eliot Eliot Norton (1827–1908), author, social critic and translator; friend of artists and writers including Carlyle, Ruskin and Leslie Stephen; Professor of the History of Art, Harvard.

O'Connell, Cardinal William Henry, last bastion of Boston decency,

7.WilliamO'Connell, Cardinal William Henry Henry O’Connell (1859–1944), Catholic priest; Archbishop of Boston from 1907; appointed cardinal in 1911.

Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats, conceived as money-spinner, written as jeu d'esprit, individual poems sent to EH, early fragment of 'Rumpuscat', as outlined to GCF, and 'the Heaviside layer', TSE despairs of finishing, provisionally Mr Eliot's Book of Pollicle Dogs and Jellicle Cats and Other Birds & Beasts, as advertised by GCF, delayed by Milton and Byron essays, written to relieve political gloom, written in tours de force, written occasionally, and Children's Hour, TSE asked to recite, TSE at leisure to write, Hodgson promises to illustrate, Hodgson as 'the Man in White Spats', to appear autumn 1939, TSE to design cover, published, read in the Roberts household, sent to EH, reception, selling strongly, being reprinted, published in America, EH receives, the illustrations, the original Cat Morgan, read to the Roberts children, 'Bustopher Jones: The St. James's Street Cat', 'Gus: The Theatre Cat', 'Marching Song of the Pollicle Dogs', 'Old Deuteronomy', 'Song of the Jellicles', 'The Naming of Cats', 'The Old Gumbie Cat', 'The Practical Cat', 'The Rum Tum Tugger',
Pickthorn, Kenneth, among TSE's Corpus 'friends', hosts TSE in Cambridge, described for EH, politically in sympathy with TSE,
see also Pickthorns, the

8.KennethPickthorn, Kenneth Pickthorn (1892–1975), historian and politician; Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge: see Biographical Register.

Roosevelt, Franklin D., an inspriration to radicals, TSE on prospect of his re-election, TSE's preference in 1936 election, TSE's views on, makes appeal to Hitler, and Italy's declaration of war, re-elected, 'Day of Infamy' speech, compared to Truman,
see also First New Deal
Rothschild, Victor, disapproved of by parents-in-law, TSE's first impressions of, takes in JDH,

1.TheRothschild, Victor Hutchinsons’ daughter Barbara was engaged to be married, on 28 Dec. 1933, to Victor Rothschild (1910–90), who would become a Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge, 1935–9. In 1937 he was to succeed his uncle as 3rd Baron Rothschild.

St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, engages TSE to speak, and 'The Need for Poetic Drama', TSE's Shirley Society address,
Sheffields, the, TSE feels able to confide in, save TSE from homesickness, discuss marriage to VHE with TSE, Radcliffe Club paper rehearsed with, Norton Lectures practised on, source of TSE's happiness in Cambridge, Mass., too polite, and the Eliot family Randolph holiday, compared to Marion as confidants, their marriage analysed, on second Randolph family holiday, and TSE's view of FDR, sound on American politics, to receive TSE's South India pamphlet,
Spanish Civil War, divisions of English public opinion on, Battle of Guadalajara, and air raids,
Spencer, Theodore, offers TSE suite in Eliot House, looks after TSE, shares whisky and conversation with TSE, talks poetry till late, appears deaf during first Norton lecture, hosts TSE after the first Norton lecture, and English 26, learns to tie tie from TSE, and Matthiessen co-direct Dekker, TSE shares homosexual experiences with, hails Burnt Norton, worth discussing American politics with, speaks with EH, and TSE's honorary Harvard degree, dies of heart attack,
see also Spencers, the

2.TheodoreSpencer, Theodore Spencer (1902–48), writer, poet and critic, taught at Harvard, 1927–49: see Biographical Register.

Tatlow, Canon Tissington, obliged with poetry reading,

3.TissingtonTatlow, Canon Tissington Tatlow (1876–1957), Rector of All Hallows, Lombard Street, London, 1926–37; Hon. Chaplain to the Student Christian Movement of Great Britain and Ireland (of which he was founder and general secretary, 1903–29).

Thorps, the, EH brings to TSE's notice, to tea chez Eliot, take flat in Lincoln's Inn, attend TSE's Poetry Bookshop reading, VHE invites to party, host the Eliots to tea, grow on TSE, host the Eliots for claret, cheesecake and Ombre, invite VHE to supper, compared to the Noyeses, take offence where none intended, called on in Princeton, appear in Campden, worth discussing American politics with, TSE imagines living with, TSE against leaving letters to, likeness to the Webbs, EH on, differentiated, take in worthy Chaplin exhibition, unrelaxing hosts, advise EH over terms of Princeton bequest, and EH's 'recording', pushing EH to write autobiography,
Wolcotts, the, 'stupid noisome mercantile plebian snobs', TSE's dislike of,