[Grace Toll Hall, Scripps College, Claremont]

T. S.Eliot
Faber & Faber
24 February 1934
Dearest Lady,

I have happened to get to the theatre much more than usual lately; besides the two films I have been, this week, twice to the theatre. IKennedy, MargaretThe Constant Nymph on stage;a2 tookBergner, Elizabethin The Constant Nymph;a2 Christina to a constant nymph play by Margaret Kennedy, in order to see a German actress who has been much praised: Elizabeth Bergner (she is in films too, so you may have seen her if you ever go to films do you?)1 (IAmericaCalifornia;d3surfeit of oranges and films in;b3 wonder if living near Los Angeles puts one off films as it does off oranges). I believe she is a good actress; but the play is so bad that it is difficult to tell. She seemed much more affecting in the tragic or tears than in the comic or smiles (this is ordinary melodrama up to date – the difference from the old melodrama is in such trifles as that the illegitimate baby is comic matter while it is alive, and only tragedy when it dies). Iactors and actressesEnglish and German actresses compared;a4 should say that aGermanyits actresses;a6 German actress is, comparatively to the English, always in movement, very restless; and in the lighter scenes this becomes a sort of archness and gaminerie which becomes very tedious (this is generalising from only one instance, to be sure). On the whole I am inclined to think that a play goes better when all the actors are of the same nationality, except possibly such parts as are cast for a foreigner anyway. LastShaw, Martin;a3 night Martin Shaw (the musician of our pageant) took me to ‘Within the Gates’ by Sean O’Casey (he is best known by ‘Juno and the Paycock’).2 ThisO'Casey, SeanWithin the Gates;a5 was very well done indeed (ShawMacDermott, Norman;a1 is a friend of Norman MacDermott the producer) (MacDermott used to run the Everyman Theatre in Hampstead, which was very good in its day).3 ThereMars, Marjorieas harlot in Sean O'Casey;a1 is one big & difficult part, and rather unpleasant to do, a harlot in Hyde Park, which was very well done by a woman named Marjorie Mars whom I never heard of before.4 The play is extremely grim (social unrest etc. hunger-marchers), and an extraordinary mixture of maudlin sentiment (there is a dreary poet known only as ‘Dreamer’! but he redeems himself somewhat by stealing a pound note from the harlot; and a Bishop less like a real Bishop than anything that has ever been seen on the Stage); but the play works up to a climax which is really impressive, though one doesn’t know what it is all about, and is not sure that the author knows. There are interesting weaknesses due to the author being an Irishman (I don’t know him, but would rather like to) and writing about England and English and as best he can in English. That is probably one reason why the Anglican Bishop is so unreal; if he had been able to make him an Irish Catholic he would probably have done better. SomeYeats, William Butler ('W. B.')gets away with more 'poetic' prose;a5 ofSynge, John Millington ('J. M')his diction;a1 theGregory, Lady Augustaher diction;a1 more maudlin ‘poetic’ passages, one feels, might pass in the language of Synge and Yeats and Lady Gregory, butEnglandthe English;c1don't talk in poetry;b3 the English just don’t talk poetry like that without appearing silly. It suffers from a vague symbolism which you suspect that the author has not thought out as he should do. If it has been printed (and I believe it has) I will send you a copy. But it has to be very well produced to be possible at all.

AlsoShakespeare, WilliamAntony and Cleopatra;b2 IRichards, Ivor Armstrong ('I. A.')invites TSE to Antony and Cleopatra;a8 have surrendered to the temptation of Richards to go down to Cambridge for a night (in three weeks time) to see the Marlowe Society do ‘Antony and Cleopatra’ (a favourite of mine).5 OnEeman, Berylas Cleopatra;a1 this occasion the role of Cleopatra will be taken by a female, some girl from Newnham I believe.6 TomorrowAuden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.')The Dance of Death;d4 nightHutchinson, Maryaccompanies TSE to Dance of Death;a9 IMcKnight Kauffers, theaccompany TSE to Dance of Death;a2 go to ‘The Dance of Death’ with Mary Hutchinson and the McKnight Kauffers. TonightRock, Theits political, anti-Blackshirt scene;b1 and most of tomorrow I must spend in trying to work out the pageant scene which is to be enacted by parishioners of St. Martins-in-the-Fields. Wecommunismcommunists satirised in The Rock;a2 wantfascismThe Rock's 'modern ballet' on;a3 it to be a sort of modern ballet, with communists and fascists and plutocrats and gunmen etc. (toFogerty, Elsieher chorus represents The Church;a3 all of whom the Church, represented by eight of Miss Fogerty’s young women, will appeal in vain); difficult to write, andMcCormick, Revd P. W. G.censor for The Rock;a1 thenRock, Theand its censors;b2 perhaps difficult to get accepted by the Revd. Pat McCormick of that Church,7 to say nothing of the Bp. of Kensington. DidAsh Wednesdaywhich TSE gives from pulpit;b3 I tell you I had to give a poetry recital at St. Martins? ‘Ash Wednesday’ of course.8 The first and I hope the last time I have ever spoken from a Pulpit. It is very high and steep and no room to move about in, and I was so terrified of falling down the stairs backward that I clung to the rail the whole time, and the sounding board and the microphone bothered me; andMcCormicks, the;a1McCormick, Revd P. W. G.McCormicks, the I lunched with the Rev. and Mrs. MacCormick and the Misses MacCormick afterwards, and he showed me photographs of the last Christmas pageant they had had at the church o dear with one of the Miss MacCormicks as the Angel Gabriel in the Annunciation.

Iwritingdialogue;b1 do find dialogue difficult to write. I always write too much, and don’t leave enough for the actor to do, and give him too much to say. But I hope that practice will improve that; and I ought to learn a lot from seeing the weaknesses in rehearsal.

DidRichardses, thehost TSE for Cambridge weekend;a4 I mention or not a pleasant weekend at the Richards’s in Cambridge? andDobrées, thepleasant weekend with;a2 since then a pleasant weekend at the Dobrées in Norfolk.9 IEnglandNorfolk;h8appeals to TSE;a1 had never been in that county before: a part of England one might become very fond of, I think. BonamyDobrée, Bonamyas country squire;a9 is cast for a country gentleman, and he is fundamentally much more an Army type than a University type (he was a Major in the Regular Army before ever he went up to Cambridge); but he can’t afford to keep up a country estate. The photographs enclosed are very unflattering and not very good likenesses (except of me). ThereDobrée, Georgina'quaint';a1 is also a quaint little daughter10 andBrooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexandersketched for EH;a1 an elderly father-in-law, Col. Sir Alexander Pechell11 who lives with them and drives a small car very slowly, explaining the dangers of the road the whole way (he drove me to church, and also an elderly villager who is very lame and who, he explained, has almost no other virtue than that of going to church regularly).

This is only a chatter letter, and I hope will be received as such. Please let them be understood always as carrying with them etc. etc. etc.

I will write after ‘The Dance of Death’.

Always your

My letters (like this) may sometimes sound as if I was absorbed in my own doings; but I am really much more interested in yours.

1.The play was adapted from The Constant Nymph (novel, 1924), by Margaret Kennedy.

2.Sean O’Casey, Within the Gates (1934): staged at the Royalty Theatre from 7 Feb.

TSEO'Casey, SeanTSE's impression of;a1n to Ronald Ayling (Dept of English, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, S. Africa), 20 July 1959: ‘I am most interested in what you say about Sean O’Casey and delighted to hear that he has liked my poetry including Murder in the Cathedral. I was indeed very much interested in Within The Gates. I didn’t think it altogether a success, as I felt that his hand was not quite so sure in dealing with English characters as with Irish ones, and the bishop in that play I remember as particularly improbable. What impressed me particularly was the more poetic aspect of the play and the use of choral effect which seemed to me brilliant. YetO'Casey, SeanThe Silver Tassie;a4n I think his earlier plays like The Silver Tassie much finer than Within The Gates. It is possible, however, that Within the Gates may have had some subconscious influence on me when I was writing The Family Reunion’.

SeeO'Casey, Seancited in review of The Rock;a2n ‘Mr Eliot’s Pageant Play’, TLS, 7 June 1934: ‘[W]hat might be called the modest or non-sublime approach to poetic drama has become almost a convention. They take the popular stage forms today (the modern “folk” forms), such as musical comedy or revue, and use them as a basis. There was recently Mr O’Casey’s Within the Gates; and echoes of its sing-song choruses, its pervasive harping on modern down-and-outs find their way into The Rock.’

SeanO'Casey, Sean O’Casey (1880–1964): Irish playwright. A socialist and anti-imperialist, with a lengthy but troubled association with the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, his works were challenging and often controversial. His plays include The Shadow of a Gunman (1923); Juno and the Paycock (1924, winner of the Hawthornden Prize); The Plough and the Stars (1926); and The Silver Tassie (first produced in 1929).

3.NormanMacDermott, Norman MacDermott (1890–1977), founder and first Director of the Everyman Theatre, Hampstead, 1920–6. Noel Coward’s The Vortex was first staged there by MacDermott.

4.MarjorieMars, Marjorie Mars (1903–91) – born Marjorie Brown – actor, was to become well known for her performance in Brief Encounter (1945).

5.See TSE to Theodore Spencer, 21 Apr. 1934 (Letters 7, 165–6).

6.‘Some girl from Newnham’ was BerylEeman, Beryl Eeman (1916–92), who was to become, in 1937, the fiancée of the American poet John Berryman (who held a scholarship at Clare College).

7.RevdMcCormick, Revd P. W. G. P. W. G. ‘Pat’ McCormick (1877–1940), vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trafalgar Square, London, 1927–40; editor of St Martin’s Review; chaplain to the King.

8.On 9 Feb.

9.The Dobrées were living at Mendham Priory, Harleston, Norfolk.

10.GeorginaDobrée, Georgina Dobrée (1930–2008) was to become a distinguished clarinettist; from 1967, Professor of Clarinet at the Royal Academy of Music.

11.SirBrooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexander Augustus Alexander Brooke-Pechell, 7th Baronet (1857–1937).

actors and actresses, to be pitied, TSE on thespian withdrawal symptoms, enjoyable company of, English and German actresses compared, and the benefits of repertory, as readers of poetry, in Sweden,
America, TSE on not returning in 1915, and TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit, dependence on Europe, TSE's sense of deracination from, and the Great Depression, TSE a self-styled 'Missourian', as depicted in Henry Eliot's Rumble Murders, its national coherence questioned, its religious and educational future, versus Canadian and colonial society, where age is not antiquity, drinks Scotland's whisky, and FDR's example to England, underrates Europe's influence on England, redeemed by experience with G. I.'s, TSE nervous at readjusting to, and post-war cost of living, more alien to TSE post-war, its glories, landscape, cheap shoes, its horrors, Hollywood, climate, lack of tea, overheated trains, over-social clubs, overheating in general, perplexities of dress code, food, especially salad-dressing, New England Gothic, earthquakes, heat, the whistle of its locomotives, 'Easter holidays' not including Easter, the cut of American shirts, television, Andover, Massachusetts, EH moves to, Ann Arbor, Michigan, TSE on visiting, Augusta, Maine, EH stops in, Baltimore, Maryland, and TSE's niece, TSE engaged to lecture in, TSE on visiting, Bangor, Maine, EH visits, Bay of Fundy, EH sailing in, Bedford, Massachusetts, its Stearns connections, Boston, Massachusetts, TSE tries to recollect society there, its influence on TSE, its Museum collection remembered, inspires homesickness, TSE and EH's experience of contrasted, described by Maclagan, suspected of dissipating EH's energies, EH's loneliness in, Scripps as EH's release from, possibly conducive to TSE's spiritual development, restores TSE's health, its society, TSE's relations preponderate, TSE's happiness in, as a substitute for EH's company, TSE's celebrity in, if TSE were there in EH's company, its theatregoing public, The Times on, on Labour Day, Brunswick, Maine, TSE to lecture in, TSE on visiting, California, as imagined by TSE, TSE's wish to visit, EH suggests trip to Yosemite, swimming in the Pacific, horrifies TSE, TSE finds soulless, land of earthquakes, TSE dreads its effect on EH, Wales's resemblance to, as inferno, and Californians, surfeit of oranges and films in, TSE's delight at EH leaving, land of kidnappings, Aldous Huxley seconds TSE's horror, the lesser of two evils, Cannes reminiscent of, TSE masters dislike of, land of monstrous churches, TSE regrets EH leaving, winterless, its southern suburbs like Cape Town, land of fabricated antiquities, Cambridge, Massachusetts, TSE's student days in, socially similar to Bloomsbury, TSE lonely there but for Ada, TSE's happiness in, exhausting, EH's 'group' in, road safety in, Casco Bay, Maine, TSE remembers, Castine, Maine, EH holidays in, Cataumet, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, Chicago, Illinois, EH visits, reportedly bankrupt, TSE on, TSE takes up lectureship in, its climate, land of fabricated antiquities, Chocurua, New Hampshire, EH stays in, Concord, Massachusetts, EH's househunting in, EH moves from, Connecticut, its countryside, and Boerre, TSE's end-of-tour stay in, Dorset, Vermont, EH holidays in, and the Dorset Players, Elizabeth, New Jersey, TSE on visiting, Farmington, Connecticut, place of EH's schooling, which TSE passes by, EH holidays in, Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, EH recuperates in, Gerrish Island, Maine, TSE revisits, Hollywood, perceived debauchery of its movies, TSE's dream of walk-on part, condemned by TSE to destruction, TSE trusts Murder will be safe from, Iowa City, Iowa, TSE invited to, Jonesport, Maine, remembered, Kittery, Maine, described, Lexington, Massachusetts, and the Stearns family home, Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, Madison, Wisconsin, Aurelia Bolliger hails from, Ralph Hodgson sails for, EH summers in, as conceived by TSE, who eventually visits, Maine, its coast remembered by TSE, TSE recalls swimming off, Minneapolis, on EH's 1952 itinerary, TSE lectures in, New Bedford, Massachusetts, EH's holidays in, TSE's family ties to, New England, and Unitarianism, more real to TSE than England, TSE homesick for, in TSE's holiday plans, architecturally, compared to California, and the New England conscience, TSE and EH's common inheritance, springless, TSE remembers returning from childhood holidays in, its countryside distinguished, and The Dry Salvages, New York (N.Y.C.), TSE's visits to, TSE encouraged to write play for, prospect of visiting appals TSE, as cultural influence, New York theatres, Newburyport, Maine, delights TSE, Northampton, Massachusetts, TSE on, EH settles in, TSE's 1936 visit to, autumn weather in, its spiritual atmosphere, EH moves house within, its elms, the Perkinses descend on, Aunt Irene visits, Boerre's imagined life in, TSE on hypothetical residence in, EH returns to, Peterborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, TSE's vision of life at, Petersham, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, TSE visits with the Perkinses, EH spends birthday in, Edith Perkins gives lecture at, the Perkinses cease to visit, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, TSE on, and TSE's private Barnes Foundation tour, Independence Hall, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, surrounding countryside, Portsmouth, Maine, delights TSE, Randolph, New Hampshire, 1933 Eliot family holiday in, the Eliot siblings return to, Seattle, Washington State, EH summers in, EH's situation at, TSE prefers to California, EH repairs to post-Christmas, EH visits on 1952 tour, EH returns to, Sebasco, Maine, EH visits, South, the, TSE's first taste of, TSE's prejudices concerning, St. Louis, Missouri, TSE's childhood in, TSE's homesickness for, TSE styling himself a 'Missourian', possible destination for TSE's ashes, resting-place of TSE's parents, TSE on his return to, the Mississippi, compared to TSE's memory, TSE again revisits, TSE takes EVE to, St. Paul, Minnesota, TSE on visiting, the Furness house in, Tryon, North Carolina, EH's interest in, EH staying in, Virginia, scene of David Garnett's escapade, and the Page-Barbour Lectures, TSE on visiting, and the South, Washington, Connecticut, EH recuperates in, West Rindge, New Hampshire, EH holidays at, White Mountains, New Hampshire, possible TSE and EH excursion to, Woods Hole, Falmouth, Massachusetts, TSE and EH arrange holiday at, TSE and EH's holiday in recalled, and The Dry Salvages, TSE invited to, EH and TSE's 1947 stay in, EH learns of TSE's death at,
Ash Wednesday, inspired by EH, TSE recites after dinner, OM compares to Anna Livia Plurabelle, recited at Wellesley, inscribed to Scott Fitzgerald, its imperatives self-directed, TSE explains, TSE's last uncommissioned poem, St. Martin's-in-the-Fields recital, which TSE gives from pulpit, TSE cross-examined by child on, recorded for BBC,
Auden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.'), and EP's 'Seafarer', TSE sends EH Poems, TSE recites 'To Gabriel Carritt', remembered by Ethel Swan, as dramatist, and Yeats's Mercury Theatre plans, Holmesian prank devised for, Doone wants for Westminster Theatre, collaborative efforts lamented by TSE, talks films at JDH's, strays from F&F, preoccupied with Byron and Barcelona, TSE on 'Letter to Lord Byron', as verse dramatist, away in Aragon for premiere, and Isherwood's plays versus Spender's, forgets to thank Keynes, TSE on his Isherwood plays, condoles TSE over Sandburg accusation, in bad odour, in America, circulating drollery on latest book-title, as pictured by TSE in America, Journey to a War (with Isherwood), Letters from Iceland (with MacNeice), New Year Letter, On the Frontier (with Isherwood), Paid on Both Sides, The Ascent of F6 (with Isherwood), The Dance of Death, The Dog Beneath the Skin (with Isherwood),

10.W. H. AudenAuden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.') (1907–73), poet, playwright, librettist, translator, essayist, editor: see Biographical Register.

Bergner, Elizabeth, TSE and Christina Morley watch, in The Constant Nymph, thought to lack the voice for Shakespeare,

7.ElizabethBergner, Elizabeth Bergner (1897–1986), Austrian-born British actor, established her career as stage and screen actor in Germany before emigrating to Britain after the rise of Nazism in 1933. In 1934 she played the part of Gemma Jones in Escape Me Never, by Margaret Kennedy, and she was nominated for an Academy Award for the film version. She was to play Rosalind opposite Laurence Olivier’s Orlando in the 1936 film of As You Like It.

Brooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexander, sketched for EH, dies, funeral,
see also Dobrées, the

11.SirBrooke-Pechell, Sir Augustus Alexander Augustus Alexander Brooke-Pechell, 7th Baronet (1857–1937).

communism, TSE's fantasy political party conceived against, communists satirised in The Rock, communists known to TSE, essentially antagonistic to Christianity, discussed with Bunny Wilson, and unemployment, as against fascism, the church's case against, preferred to conservatism, TSE asked to sign Christian manifesto against, as inspiration for Auden and Isherwood's collaboration, preached by Cecil Day Lewis, and Middleton Murry, during the Cold War, Margaret Thorp's liberal hypocrises over,
Dobrée, Bonamy, Criterion monthly meeting regular, photograph of his home on TSE's mantel, in thumbnail, and Flint take TSE for farewell lunch, as country squire, promulgates Credit Reform, sings songs with TSE, shilling life of, and 'Byron', doomed to American lecture tour, reduced to doing his own gardening, detects life in Willard Thorp, farewell lunch for, training gunner officers, chairs TSE's reading,
see also Dobrées, the

3.Bonamy DobréeDobrée, Bonamy (1891–1974), scholar and editor: see Biographical Register.

Dobrée, Georgina, 'quaint', and TSE play rounders, evacuated with Hotsons to America,
see also Dobrées, the

10.GeorginaDobrée, Georgina Dobrée (1930–2008) was to become a distinguished clarinettist; from 1967, Professor of Clarinet at the Royal Academy of Music.

Dobrées, the, accompany TSE to Mae West film, pleasant weekend with, second Norfolk weekend with, engaged for the ballet with EH, TSE's final visit to Mendham, on their uppers, visited in Leeds, return to London, their new residence,
Eeman, Beryl, as Cleopatra,

6.‘Some girl from Newnham’ was BerylEeman, Beryl Eeman (1916–92), who was to become, in 1937, the fiancée of the American poet John Berryman (who held a scholarship at Clare College).

England, TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit for, discomforts of its larger houses, and Henry James, at times unreal, TSE's patriotic homesickness for, which is not a repudiation of America, TSE's want of relations in, encourages superiority in Americans familiar with, reposeful, natural ally of France, compared to Wales, much more intimate with Europe than America, TSE on his 'exile' in, undone by 'Dividend morality', in wartime, war binds TSE to, post-war, post-war privations, the English, initially strange to TSE, contortions of upward mobility, comparatively rooted as a people, TSE more comfortable distinguishing, the two kinds of duke, TSE's vision of wealthy provincials, its Tories, more blunt than Americans, as congregants, considered racially superior, a relief from the Scottish, don't talk in poetry, compared to the Irish, English countryside, around Hindhead, distinguished, the West Country, compared to New England's, fen country, in primrose season, the English weather, cursed by Joyce, suits mistiness, preferred to America's, distinguished for America's by repose, relaxes TSE, not rainy enough, English traditions, Derby Day, Order of Merit, shooting, Varsity Cricket Match, TSE's dislike of talking cricket, rugby match enthralls, the death of George V, knighthood, the English language, Adlestrop, Gloucestershire, visited by EH and TSE, Amberley, West Sussex, ruined castle at, Arundel, West Sussex, TSE's guide to, Bath, Somerset, TSE 'ravished' by, EH visits, Bemerton, Wiltshire, visited on Herbert pilgrimage, Blockley, Gloucestershire, tea at the Crown, Bosham, West Sussex, EH introduced to, Bridport, Dorset, Tandys settled near, Burford, Oxfordshire, EH staying in, too hallowed to revisit, Burnt Norton, Gloucestershire, TSE remembers visiting, and the Cotswolds, its imagined fate, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, less oppressive than Oxford, TSE's vision of life in, possible refuge during Blitz, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, visited by EH and TSE, Chester, Cheshire, TSE's plans in, TSE on, Chichester, West Sussex, the Perkinses encouraged to visit, EH celebrates birthday in, TSE's guide to, 'The Church and the Artist', TSE gives EH ring in, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, Perkinses take house at, shockingly remote, TSE's first weekend at, likened to Florence, TSE jealous of memories associated with, its Arts & Crafts associations, its attractions to Dr Perkins, forever associated with TSE and EH, sound of the Angelus, without EH, treasured in TSE's memory, excursions from, EH on 'our' garden at, Stamford House passes into new hands, EH's fleeting return to, Cornwall, TSE's visit to, compared to North Devon, Cotswolds, sacred in TSE's memory, Derbyshire, as seen from Swanwick, Devon ('Devonshire'), likened to American South, the Eliots pre-Somerset home, its scenery, Dorset, highly civilised, TSE feels at home in, TSE's Tandy weekend in, Durham, TSE's visit to, East Anglia, its churches, TSE now feels at home in, East Coker, Somerset, visited by Uncle Chris and Abby, TSE conceives desire to visit, reasons for visiting, described, visited again, and the Shamley Cokers, now within Father Underhill's diocese, photographs of, Finchampstead, Berkshire, visited by TSE and EH, specifically the Queen's Head, Framlingham, Suffolk, visited, Garsington, Oxfordshire, recalled, Glastonbury, Somerset, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire, highly civilised, its beautiful edge, its countryside associated with EH, TSE at home in, its domestic architecture, Hadsleigh, Suffolk, visited, Hampshire, journey through, TSE's New Forest holiday, Hereford, highly civilised, Hull, Yorkshire, and 'Literature and the Modern World', Ilfracombe, Devon, and the Field Marshal, hideous, Knole Park, Kent, Lavenham, Suffolk, visited, Leeds, Yorkshire, TSE lectures in, touring Murder opens in, the Dobrées visited in, home to EVE's family, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, TSE's visit to, especially the Bishop's Palace, Lincolnshire, arouses TSE's curiosity, unknown to EH, Lingfield, Surrey, Little Gidding, Cambridgeshire, TSE's long-intended expedition to, London, in TSE's experience, TSE's isolation within, affords solitude and anonymity, contrasted to country life, its fogs, socially freer than Boston and Paris, eternally misty, its lionhunters, rain preferable in, more 'home' to TSE than America, socially more legible than Boston, its society compared to Boston's, TSE's desire to live among cockneys, South Kensington too respectable, Clerkenwell, Camberwell, Blackheath, Greenwich scouted for lodging, its comparatively vigorous religious life, Camberwell lodging sought, Clerkenwell lodging sought, and music-hall nostalgia, abandoned by society in August, the varieties of cockney, TSE's East End sojourn, South Kensington grows on TSE, prepares for Silver Jubilee, South Kensington street names, Dulwich hallowed in memory, so too Greenwich, during 1937 Coronation, preparing for war, Dulwich revisited with family, in wartime, TSE as air-raid warden in, Long Melford, Suffolk, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Lyme Regis, Dorset, with the Morleys, Marlborough, Wiltshire, scene of a happy drink, Needham Market, Suffolk, Newcastle, Northumberland, TSE's visit to, Norfolk, appeals to TSE, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, dreary, Nottinghamshire, described for EH, Oxford, Oxfordshire, as recollected by TSE, past and present, EH takes lodgings in, haunted for TSE, in July, compared to Cambridge, Peacehaven, Sussex, amazing sermon preached in, Penrith, TSE's visit to, Rochester, as Dickens described, Salisbury, Wiltshire, in the Richmonds' company, Shamley Green, Surrey, TSE's ARP work in, its post office, Pilgrim Players due at, Somerset, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Southwold, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Stanton, Gloucestershire, on TSE and EH's walk, Stanway, Gloucestershire, on EH and TSE's walk, Suffolk, TSE visits with family, Surrey, Morley finds TSE lodging in, evening bitter at the Royal Oak, TSE misses, as it must have been, Sussex, commended to EH, TSE walking Stane Street and downs, EH remembers, Walberswick, Suffolk, Wells, Somerset, TSE on visiting, Whipsnade, Bedfordshire, EH and TSE visit, Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset, delightful name, Wiltshire, highly civilised, TSE at home in, Winchelsea, East Sussex, visited, Winchester, TSE on, Wisbech, Lincolnshire, TSE on visiting, Worcestershire, TSE feels at home in, Yeovil, Somerset, visited en route to East Coker, York, TSE's glimpse of, Yorkshire,
fascism, and the unemployment crisis, essentially anti-Christian, The Rock's 'modern ballet' on, 'beastly', corrupts TSE's image of Rome, possible subject for July 1936 'Commentary', and the Spanish Civil War, TSE asked to sign Christian manifesto against, TSE accused of,
Fogerty, Elsie, to collaborate on The Rock, her chorus represents The Church, TSE gives poetry-reading to oblige, in rehearsal, her chorus on opening night, in the Archbishop of Canterbury's presence, committed to Mercury Murder revival, her chorus versus Dublin chorus, pioneer of contemporary chorus, Murder's chorus without, puts TSE forward for committee,

2.ElsieFogerty, Elsie Fogerty, CBE, LRAM (1865–1945), teacher of elocution and drama training; founder in 1906 of the Central School of Speech and Drama (Laurence Olivier and Peggy Ashcroft were favourite pupils). Fogerty was to train the chorus for the Canterbury premiere in 1935 of TSE’s Murder in the Cathedral.

Germany, and The Road Back, and Triumphal March, needs to cooperate with Britain and France, and TSE's Lloyds war-work, TSE listening to speeches from, its actresses, and its Jewish population, in light of Versailles, Oldham reports on religious resistance in, remilitarises the Rhineland, its territorial ambitions under Hitler, Germans compared to Austrians, under Nazism, Duncan-Jones on religious persecution in, German conduct in warfare, Germans compared to Swedes, TSE's post-war sense of duty to, TSE diagnoses its totalitarian slide, TSE urges renewed cultural relations with, TSE on visiting,
Gregory, Lady Augusta, her diction, The Dragon, The Rising of the Moon,
Hutchinson, Mary, her friendship compared to OM's, quondam admirer of TSE, enlisted to prevail on VHE, talks theatre and VHE, accompanies TSE to Dance of Death, at TSE's Ritz theatre tea-party, offers EH lunch before rehearsal, takes TSE to see Francis Birrell, issues Irish introductions to TSE, grumbles at Sadler's Wells meeting, on Eyeless in Gaza, accompanies TSE to Olivier's Hamlet, to I Have Been Here Before, to Mourning Becomes Electra, to Three Sisters, her company, accompanies TSE to Duchess of Malfi,

3.MaryHutchinson, Mary Hutchinson (1889–1977), literary hostess and author: see Biographical Register.

Kennedy, Margaret, The Constant Nymph on stage,

3.MargaretKennedy, Margaret Kennedy (1896–1967), prolific popular novelist, esteemed above all for The Constant Nymph (1924), a bestseller which the author herself adapted for stage and screen.

McCormick, Revd P. W. G., censor for The Rock,
see also McCormicks, the

7.RevdMcCormick, Revd P. W. G. P. W. G. ‘Pat’ McCormick (1877–1940), vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trafalgar Square, London, 1927–40; editor of St Martin’s Review; chaplain to the King.

McCormicks, the,
MacDermott, Norman,

3.NormanMacDermott, Norman MacDermott (1890–1977), founder and first Director of the Everyman Theatre, Hampstead, 1920–6. Noel Coward’s The Vortex was first staged there by MacDermott.

McKnight Kauffers, the, look in on Eliots' dinner, accompany TSE to Dance of Death, drop in on Boxing Day, their marital problems, celebrate JDH's birthday, TSE's sense of obligation to, host TSE in New York, see TSE off at La Guardia,
Mars, Marjorie, as harlot in Sean O'Casey,

4.MarjorieMars, Marjorie Mars (1903–91) – born Marjorie Brown – actor, was to become well known for her performance in Brief Encounter (1945).

O'Casey, Sean, TSE's impression of, cited in review of The Rock, compared to Robert Ardrey, The Silver Tassie, Within the Gates,

SeanO'Casey, Sean O’Casey (1880–1964): Irish playwright. A socialist and anti-imperialist, with a lengthy but troubled association with the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, his works were challenging and often controversial. His plays include The Shadow of a Gunman (1923); Juno and the Paycock (1924, winner of the Hawthornden Prize); The Plough and the Stars (1926); and The Silver Tassie (first produced in 1929).

Richards, Ivor Armstrong ('I. A.'), indebted to Hulme, his admiration for Hopkins, in TSE's assessment, consulted on Harvard living arrangements, his character and background, invites TSE to Antony and Cleopatra, telegrams praise for Murder, likes 'Cape Ann', Empson's mentor, invites TSE to Pepys Dinner, and TSE's honorary fellowship, vacillating on Harvard position, which he commits to, extends TSE 1940 American invitation, recommended for EH's 'criticism' course, has appendicitis, and TSE's honorary Harvard degree, invited for Institute for Advanced Study discussion, and Lewis's portrait of TSE,
see also Richardses, the

4.I. A. RichardsRichards, Ivor Armstrong ('I. A.') (1893–1979), theorist of literature, education and communication studies: see Biographical Register.

Richardses, the, at the Eliots' tea-party, compared to the Pickthorns, host TSE for Cambridge weekend, on TSE's stay, treat TSE to G. C. Coulton and Shakespeare, TSE rewatches The Rock with, leaving England for Harvard, host TSE before departing Magdalene, wartime dinner with,
Rock, The, TSE invited to write, outlined to the Martin Brownes, as TSE's theatrical apprenticeship, outlined for EH, TSE's motivation in undertaking, four choruses drafted, from which TSE quotes approvingly, TSE busy on the prose, its political, anti-Blackshirt scene, and its censors, its 'bastard' cockney, 'Rahere' scene sent to EH, its production, difficulties of composition, and Patricia Shaw-Page's 'prologue', awaiting final chorus, on the point of completion, cockney dialogue revised, Lord Chamberlain's Office pronounces on, its anti-fascism, in rehearsal, the dress-rehearsal, opening night and reception, cuts pondered, Tandy on cuts to, approaching finale, reception, two connected supper-parties, its choruses, Cornish schoolgirl recites chorus from, quoted by EH, EH on,
Shakespeare, William, Bunny Wilson and TSE discuss, writing Murder increases TSE's admiration for, but equally wariness of, spiritually 'helpful', preferable in modern dress, EH imagined as Lady Macbeth, later as Hermione, All's Well that Ends Well, Antony and Cleopatra, As You Like It, Coriolanus, Cymbeline, Hamlet, Henry VIII, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Measure for Measure, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Midsummer Night's Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, Othello, Richard II, Richard III, 'Sonnet CXXXII', The Tempest, Timon of Athens, Troilus and Cressida, Twelfth Night, The Winter's Tale,
Shaw, Martin, delighted with The Rock's choruses, which later he chants, argues with Martin Browne at dress-rehearsal,

1.MartinShaw, Martin Shaw (1875–1958), composer of stage works, choral pieces and recital ballads: see Biographical Register.

Synge, John Millington ('J. M'), his diction, The Playboy of the Western World,
writing, and routine, to EH, like talking to the deaf, development and development in the writer, and 're-creative thought', TSE's pace of working, correspondence, and Beethoven, and whether to keep a notebook, dialogue, and loving one's characters, and the necessity for reinvention, to someone as against speaking, plays written chiefly for EH, prose between poems, poetry versus prose, and originality, poetry three hours every morning, plot, and obscurity, blurbs, letters of rejection, requires periods of fruitful latency, on new typewriter, TSE's 'old Corona', the effect of war on, and reading, as taught by the book, prize-day addresses, weekly articles, concisely, from imagination, from experience, for broadcast, out of doors, rewriting old work, and public-speaking, by hand,
Yeats, William Butler ('W. B.'), known to TSE from 1916, at OM's tea-party, TSE to lunch with, TSE lectures on, gets away with more 'poetic' prose, discusses theatre companies, and abortive Mercury Theatre season, on Sweeney Agonistes, on Rupert Doone, TSE loyal to despite Doone, who records antipathy between TSE and, Murder copied out for, meeting up with TSE, and TSE discuss 'modern' poetry, presses Dorothy Wellesley on TSE, defended at UCD, qua writer of prose, in TSE's view, yet to master dramatic verse, TSE wonders how to mourn, stimulates East Coker, and 'Yeats', TSE unveils Woburn Walk plaque, At the Hawk's Well, Purgatory, Resurrection,

4.W. B. YeatsYeats, William Butler ('W. B.') (1865–1939), Irish poet and playwright: see Biographical Register.