[22 Paradise Rd., Northampton, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
Letter 32.
16 March 1940
My Dear,

Your letter no. 27 of February 26 is the last to arrive: I cannot help hoping that with the spring and more reliable weather coming, the air mail transit will be quicker; perhaps in the summer there will be a northern route. For this reason, I now incline to use the air service for every letter – other communications or enclosures by ordinary mail. IEast CokerEH sent;b1 posted a copy of the poem thus, a few days ago; andEast Cokerdecision to print in NEW;b2 beforeNew English Weeklyprints East Coker;b6 long you will get a copy of the New English Weekly with it 1 – I have asked them to send it direct as soon as the issue appears. I publish it there in order to help them with whatever publicity they will get from it; and because I am a member of the editorial board, and therefore in general sympathy. While there are other papers I should be willing to write in, for specific purposes, I feel distaste for giving anything so personal as a poem to a paper I am not associated with: and to sell it for the highest price would be undignified. I trust you will approve my preferring to give it away (of course the copyright remains mine, for further publication in book form) to selling it at auction. And having written it, and knowing that if it is good enough to preserve at all I shall not be wanting to revise it again except in minor detail, I want to get rid of it: and I never feel that a poem is done with and can be put behind me until it is published or destroyed. SoCocktail Party, The;a5 that clears the decks for a play! at least, means that there will be no other verse idea standing in the way and insisting upon being dealt with first: for, of course, I have a paper and two lectures to write first. Thetravels, trips and plansTSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission;d8lectures prepared for;a2 Italian job seems to have gone through: I'Types of English Religious Verse'prepared for Italy;a2 have to prepare a lecture on English Religious Poetry (with special attention to the XVII century) and'Last Twenty-Five Years of English Poetry, The'written for Italian audience;a2 one on Contemporary Poetry – the latter job requiring, obviously, great tact: but, that, not unnaturally, is what the Italians will want to hear about from me.2 Deartravels, trips and plansTSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission;d8and the prospect of seeing EP;a3 me, IPound, Ezradelicacies of his ego;c3 shall have to see Ezra – that is part of the price for getting to Italy: and I know, from his last visit to London that it is a strain on our friendship when we meet for any length of time, so I shall try to arrange to see him only for a night or so. He is a difficult person to explain. He is very proud and sensitive, and it is the kind of pride and sensitiveness which exposes itself, and makes him stick out his toes to be trodden on. APrinceton Universityamong American colleges;b4 rather plebeian origin, andYale Universitysuperior cadre of university;a8 having been educated at the University of Pennsylvania instead of Harvard or Yale or Princeton, etc. complicates matters. What is so trying is that sometimes the only way of avoiding hurting his feelings is to let him hurt yours; and sometimes one has to be silent or evasive – and the silence and the evasion themselves he is quite perceptive enough to be irritated by. And his sense of humour does not apply to himself: and finally, I am always uncomfortably aware of having been in some respects much more successful than he. PerhapsSantayana, George;a1 I shall see him in the company of Santayana, which should make things easier – or would it? 3 Anyway, having said all this, I feel better.

Itravels, trips and planspossible wartime transatlantic crossings;d7contingencies;a1 have discussed American possibilities with a friend in the F.O., and gather that there would be no objection. But the proposals I have had so far are on the assumption that I am coming anyway (apparently Henry has given that impression – everything seems to come to Henry and Theresa!) and therefore are financially inadequate. What with the cost of the voyage, and the increased income tax (to say nothing of American taxes) and my surrendering my salary here while absent, it would need a considerable price just to break even. IAmericaNorthampton, Massachusetts;g3TSE on hypothetical residence in;b4 confess that I should be rather frightened of anything which would involve months of residence in Northampton! partly for the reason of being appalled by the thought of facing a girls’ college for so long, and partly for reasons which will occur to you. I should prefer to be somewhere else within striking distance, if you take my meaning.

ISecond World Warand America's response;b8 don’t suppose that under present conditions there would be any objection to me because of my British nationality, would there? I mean, as a former American citizen. I didn’t notice any before, anywhere; but I don’t know what the feeling would be now. It would have to be quite clear that I was not there for any propagandist purposes whatsoever, but just to do my proper stuff – that is to say, my proper international stuff, literature; andAuden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.')in bad odour, in America;c3 thatIsherwood, Christopherputs TSE off American expedition;a4 I should not be staying long enough for anybody to be justified in accusing me of being embusqué. This last consideration, in view of Auden and Isherwood, is not quite so silly as it sounds.4

I am rather worried, after reading no. 27 by the thought that though your holidays may give you a wholesome change, you don’t get the chance of a real rest; and I do conjure you – especially if I can come in the autumn or winter – to bend all your efforts to this one aim for the summer vacation, and make it a rest in all the respects in which Campden is not restful. Is that quite clear of meaning, my dear? Indeed, I can’t remember when you have had a summer holiday of the proper unbroken kind; and the wonder is that your health has borne up so well as it has. And I shall try to set you a good example this summer myself: you need not fear that the Italian journey will be considered as a holiday – I shall more likely want to go away for a rest as soon as possible after my return.

So do take this to heart. And me also.

IOldham, Joseph;d6 haveSmith, William Henry, 3rd Lord Hambleden;a4 had a fairly busy week: havingDark, Sidney;a4 hadChurch Times;b2 Sidney Dark (editor of the Church Times) to lunch one day to meet Oldham and Hambleden; 5 havingRead, Herbertdiscusses Anglo-French relations with TSE and Saurat;b9 hadSaurat, Denis;a3 an evening with Herbert Read and Denis Saurat to discuss Anglo-French intellectual relations; having had two of my young men in for long conversations two afternoons; and having had a small conference at Lambeth with the two archbishops on the subject of Secondary Education. NextChristianitythe Church Year;d8preserved from public engagements;c1 week is Holy Week, and my public engagements will be as far as possible suspended to make room for church offices. I shall pray for you especially, and in the night of the Watch before the Altar, before dawn on Good Friday.

Your loving

I was much interested in the two cuttings you enclose.6 AsFirst World Warand war poetry;a2 for the absence of war poetry, there are two points to be made. OneKipling, Rudyardas war poet;a4 is that the poetry which is really representative of the last war is not what appeared at the beginning. Kipling was already an oldish man whose mind had been tuned to early wars in which the spirit was quite different (GeneralFuller, Major-General J. F. C.;a2 Fuller called his book about the Boer War very aptly ‘The Last of the Gentlemen’s Wars’) 7 andBrooke, Rupertqua poet;a1 Brooke was just a cheap and vulgar jingler,8 notMillay, Edna St. Vincentunfortunately named;a1 very far above the rank of Edna St. Vincent Millay (whose name always sounds like the first line of a limerick).9 TheOwen, Wilfredthe poet of the First World War;a2 poetry of the last war is primarily that of Wilfred Owen, andRosenberg, Isaacas war poet;a3 in less importance Isaac Rosenberg10 – both of whom hardly became well known until after the war was over. SassoonSassoon, Siegfriedas war poet;a4 has some merit too, but less that these too [sc. than these two]. But they had gone a long way from Kipling or Brooke (I don’t class the two together, Kipling was a great writer). AndChurchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencercompared to Halifax as orator;a3 of course the spirit of the age has changed again. ItWood, Edward, 3rd Viscount Halifax (later 1st Earl of Halifax)subtler than Churchill;a5 is somewhat reflected in the difference between the speeches of Churchill and Halifax. Churchill is a survivor, and a rather magnificent one, of twenty-five years ago; he speaks in the same tone he would have used then, and his very simplification makes his speeches refreshing to a muddled generation. But Halifax (a much more sensitive and meditative mind) belongs to our generation, so far as a politician can. IWaste Land, Thereferenced by Lord Halifax;b4 encloseWood, Edward, 3rd Viscount Halifax (later 1st Earl of Halifax)references The Waste Land;a6 his last speech: primarily because you will find several references to ‘The Waste Land’ (of course that may have been supplied by his secretary – one can never assume from a statesman’s speech what he has read himself – but as he knows me he may have read the poem) and second because I think it is a fine and moving speech by a modern, and yet quite civilised man.11 AndWood, Lady Agnes Elizabeth, Viscountess Halifax (née Courtenay)and Lord Halifax's pedigree;a1 his mother came of a very good family indeed.12

IHolmes, John Haynesreviews Christian Society;a1 confess that I am simply bewildered by the review by Mr. John Haynes Holmes.13 I feel that I should like to know more about him, if you know who he is: I should say from his writing that he is an old man, and of liberal views, but that is all I can tell. What puzzled me particularly was his beginning by stating that there had been a tendency in England (as well as America) to treat my book with ‘levity, even scorn’. I don’t mind, but what is puzzling is how he got this impression – one wonders what he has seen: because this is simply not true. RightBoutwood Lectures (afterwards The Idea of a Christian Society)reception;b4 or wrong, IChurch Timesreviews Christian Society;b3 have(Manchester) Guardian;a2 had the best press I have ever had, certainly for my prose book: the Times Supplement, KeithFeiling, Keithreviews Christian Society;a3 Feiling in the Observer,14 CharlesSmyth, Revd Charlescriticises Christian Society;a7 Smyth in the Spectator, MacMurrayMacMurray, Johnreviews Christian Society;a2 in the Statesman,15 the Church Times, the Guardian,16 were all laudatory.17 SoBelgion, Montgomeryreviews Christian Society;c5 were Belgion in Theology18 andVann, Fr Geraldreviews Christian Society;a1 Fr. Gerald Vann in Blackfriars.19 ReckittReckitt, Mauricereviews Christian Society;a4 criticised a few points severely, but these are misunderstandings (due, as I admitted, to a few badly phrased sentences of mine) which have been cleared up.20 I wonder what Mr. Holmes has seen. Of course I did not expect a good press in America (IddingsBell, Bernard Iddingsreviews Christian Society;b2 Bell praised the book, but not in an interesting way). FrankMorley, Frank Vigoron Christian Society's American reception;j5 said he did not expect that any but a few Roman Catholics would like it there. Asde Menasce, Jeansevere on Christian Society;a4 a matter of fact, the criticism that has been intelligently severe and given me pause is what I have had in correspondence from my Dominican friend in Switzerland, Fr. Pierre de Menasce. So I can’t help wondering what Holmes’s own views are!

1.‘East Coker’, New English Weekly 16: 22 (21 Mar. 1940), 325–8.

2.See ‘Types of English Religious Verse’, CProse 6, 46–62; ‘The Last Twenty-Five Years of English Poetry’, ibid., 29–45.

3.Ezra Pound had recently met the philosopher George Santayana (1863–1952). To TSE: ‘Had a lot of jaw with Geo. Santayana in Venice, and like him. Never met anyone who seems to me to fake less. In fact I give him a clean bill. He haz a low opnyn of yr/ ole pal Urvink Babbett [Irving Babbitt], in which I suspect he is right.’

4.embusqué (Fr.) = shirker. Auden, Isherwood (and others) had been criticised for moving to the USA.

5.To Hayward, 15 Mar. 1940: ‘On Tuesday I had to have Sidney Dark (the editor of the Church Times) to lunch with Oldham and Hambleden – and what an old Fleet Streeter like Dark can sop up is a strain on the host to keep up with …’ (Letters 9, 451–3)

6.Not found.

7.Maj.-Gen. J. F. C. Fuller, Last of the Gentlemen’s Wars: A Subaltern’s Journal of the War in South Africa, 1899–1902 (F&F, 1937).

8.RupertBrooke, Rupert Brooke (1887–1915), English poet who died of sepsis en route to Gallipoli in Apr. 1915. Educated at Eton and King’s College, Cambridge (Classics), he was elected to a Fellowship of King’s College; friend of Bloomsbury writers including Virginia Woolf; of the Georgian poets, and of the so-called Dymock poets including Edward Thomas and Robert Frost. Celebrated for his idealistic poetry of WW1 including 191 4 and Other Poems (1915).

9.EdnaMillay, Edna St. Vincent St Vincent Millay (1892–1950), American poet, playwright and librettist; graduate of Vassar College; bisexual; feminist activist and pacifist; close friend of Edmund Wilson, Floyd Dell and Susan Glaspell – with whom she participated in the work of the Provincetown Players on Macdougal Street, New York (she wrote the anti-war verse play Aria da Capo for the Players) – and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver (1923). Other works include the sonnet sequence Fatal Interview (1931) and Murder of Lidice (1942). See Nancy Milford, Savage Beauty: The Life of Edna St Vincent Millay (2001).

10.IsaacRosenberg, Isaac Rosenberg (1890–1918), English poet, artist and soldier (killed in action); widely recognised as one of the most important poets of WWI: one of sixteen WW1 poets to be commemorated with a stone in Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey. See further Jean Moorcroft Wilson, Isaac Rosenberg, poet and painter (1975). Jack Isaacs reported in a letter (‘Eliot’s Friends’, The Observer, 18 June 1967) that TSE first heard of Isaac Rosenberg from Sydney Schiff – ‘and Eliot praised [Rosenberg] and spread his fame long before the bandwagon rumbled. He once said to me that no English anthology that did not include Rosenberg was worth anything.’

11.Lord Halifax’s speech ‘A Conflict of Youth’ was delivered at the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, 27 Feb. 1940. See report ‘A Conflict of Youth: Lord Halifax to Oxford: Evil must be met by force’, The Times, 28 Feb. 1940, 9. Halifax, Speeches on Foreign Policy (1940).

12.HisWood, Lady Agnes Elizabeth, Viscountess Halifax (née Courtenay) mother was Lady Agnes Elizabeth Courtenay (1838–1919).

13.JohnHolmes, John Haynes Haynes Holmes (1879–1964), prominent and controversial Unitarian minister; pacifist and anti-war activist (winner of the Gandhi Peace Award); co-founder (1909) of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), co-founder (1920) of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) – of which he was chair, 1940–50. Works include New Wars for Old (1916); A Sensible Man’s View of Religion (1932); My Gandhi (1953). Review not found.

14.Keith G. Feiling, ‘Civitas Dei: Mr T. S. Eliot’s Searching Essay’, The Observer, 12 Nov. 1939.

15.John Macmurray, ‘Catholic Democracy’, New Statesman, 23 Dec. 1939.

16.Anon, ‘Reviews and Impressions: A Christian Society’, The [Manchester] Guardian, 24 Nov. 1939.

17.‘The Spirit and the Crisis’, TLS, 4 Nov. 1939, 641. Charles Smyth, ‘Church, Community, and State’, Spectator, 17 Nov. 1939, 687.

18.Montgomery Belgion, ‘Book Reviews: The Idea of a Christian Society …’, Theology, Jan. 1940.

19.Gerald Vann, ‘Mr Eliot’s Idea of a Christian Society’, Blackfriars 21 (Feb. 1940), 119–22.

20.InReckitt, Mauriceagainst TSE's elite Christian Society;a5n a generally favourable review of Idea of a Christian Society – ‘Views and Reviews: A Sub-Christian Society’, New English Weekly, 7 Dec. 1939, 115–16 – Reckitt was concerned about TSE’s vision of Christian life for the ‘great mass’ of humanity, of which TSE wrote in his lectures, ‘the religious life of the people would be largely a matter of behaviour and conformity’. Reckitt noted: ‘a religion which expects no more than this, nothing more elevated, nothing more heroic, from the mass of its devotees can surely be little more than an official cult and a code of morals’; TSE’s scheme therefore ‘represents no true idea of a Christian society’. TSE initially responded to Reckitt’s critique in ‘A Sub-Pagan Society’; but Reckitt returned to the issue on 18 Jan. 1940, expressing the hope that TSE would in future editions clear up his point about humanity’s natural and supernatural ends; failing that, there remained a doubt as to whether TSE’s vision ‘embodied the demands which Christianity must make if it is to remain itself’.

See TSE’s reply, New English Weekly 16 (14 Dec. 1939), 125–6 (Letters 9, 361–2); and letters: 21 Dec. 1939; 4 Jan. 1940; 11 Jan. 1940; 19 Jan. 1940; 1 Feb. 1940 (sent by TSE on 24 Jan., Letters 9, 398–9).

America, TSE on not returning in 1915, and TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit, dependence on Europe, TSE's sense of deracination from, and the Great Depression, TSE a self-styled 'Missourian', as depicted in Henry Eliot's Rumble Murders, its national coherence questioned, its religious and educational future, versus Canadian and colonial society, where age is not antiquity, drinks Scotland's whisky, and FDR's example to England, underrates Europe's influence on England, redeemed by experience with G. I.'s, TSE nervous at readjusting to, and post-war cost of living, more alien to TSE post-war, its glories, landscape, cheap shoes, its horrors, Hollywood, climate, lack of tea, overheated trains, over-social clubs, overheating in general, perplexities of dress code, food, especially salad-dressing, New England Gothic, earthquakes, heat, the whistle of its locomotives, 'Easter holidays' not including Easter, the cut of American shirts, television, Andover, Massachusetts, EH moves to, Ann Arbor, Michigan, TSE on visiting, Augusta, Maine, EH stops in, Baltimore, Maryland, and TSE's niece, TSE engaged to lecture in, TSE on visiting, Bangor, Maine, EH visits, Bay of Fundy, EH sailing in, Bedford, Massachusetts, its Stearns connections, Boston, Massachusetts, TSE tries to recollect society there, its influence on TSE, its Museum collection remembered, inspires homesickness, TSE and EH's experience of contrasted, described by Maclagan, suspected of dissipating EH's energies, EH's loneliness in, Scripps as EH's release from, possibly conducive to TSE's spiritual development, restores TSE's health, its society, TSE's relations preponderate, TSE's happiness in, as a substitute for EH's company, TSE's celebrity in, if TSE were there in EH's company, its theatregoing public, The Times on, on Labour Day, Brunswick, Maine, TSE to lecture in, TSE on visiting, California, as imagined by TSE, TSE's wish to visit, EH suggests trip to Yosemite, swimming in the Pacific, horrifies TSE, TSE finds soulless, land of earthquakes, TSE dreads its effect on EH, Wales's resemblance to, as inferno, and Californians, surfeit of oranges and films in, TSE's delight at EH leaving, land of kidnappings, Aldous Huxley seconds TSE's horror, the lesser of two evils, Cannes reminiscent of, TSE masters dislike of, land of monstrous churches, TSE regrets EH leaving, winterless, its southern suburbs like Cape Town, land of fabricated antiquities, Cambridge, Massachusetts, TSE's student days in, socially similar to Bloomsbury, TSE lonely there but for Ada, TSE's happiness in, exhausting, EH's 'group' in, road safety in, Casco Bay, Maine, TSE remembers, Castine, Maine, EH holidays in, Cataumet, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, Chicago, Illinois, EH visits, reportedly bankrupt, TSE on, TSE takes up lectureship in, its climate, land of fabricated antiquities, Chocurua, New Hampshire, EH stays in, Concord, Massachusetts, EH's househunting in, EH moves from, Connecticut, its countryside, and Boerre, TSE's end-of-tour stay in, Dorset, Vermont, EH holidays in, and the Dorset Players, Elizabeth, New Jersey, TSE on visiting, Farmington, Connecticut, place of EH's schooling, which TSE passes by, EH holidays in, Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, EH recuperates in, Gerrish Island, Maine, TSE revisits, Hollywood, perceived debauchery of its movies, TSE's dream of walk-on part, condemned by TSE to destruction, TSE trusts Murder will be safe from, Iowa City, Iowa, TSE invited to, Jonesport, Maine, remembered, Kittery, Maine, described, Lexington, Massachusetts, and the Stearns family home, Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, Madison, Wisconsin, Aurelia Bolliger hails from, Ralph Hodgson sails for, EH summers in, as conceived by TSE, who eventually visits, Maine, its coast remembered by TSE, TSE recalls swimming off, Minneapolis, on EH's 1952 itinerary, TSE lectures in, New Bedford, Massachusetts, EH's holidays in, TSE's family ties to, New England, and Unitarianism, more real to TSE than England, TSE homesick for, in TSE's holiday plans, architecturally, compared to California, and the New England conscience, TSE and EH's common inheritance, springless, TSE remembers returning from childhood holidays in, its countryside distinguished, and The Dry Salvages, New York (N.Y.C.), TSE's visits to, TSE encouraged to write play for, prospect of visiting appals TSE, as cultural influence, New York theatres, Newburyport, Maine, delights TSE, Northampton, Massachusetts, TSE on, EH settles in, TSE's 1936 visit to, autumn weather in, its spiritual atmosphere, EH moves house within, its elms, the Perkinses descend on, Aunt Irene visits, Boerre's imagined life in, TSE on hypothetical residence in, EH returns to, Peterborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, TSE's vision of life at, Petersham, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, TSE visits with the Perkinses, EH spends birthday in, Edith Perkins gives lecture at, the Perkinses cease to visit, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, TSE on, and TSE's private Barnes Foundation tour, Independence Hall, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, surrounding countryside, Portsmouth, Maine, delights TSE, Randolph, New Hampshire, 1933 Eliot family holiday in, the Eliot siblings return to, Seattle, Washington State, EH summers in, EH's situation at, TSE prefers to California, EH repairs to post-Christmas, EH visits on 1952 tour, EH returns to, Sebasco, Maine, EH visits, South, the, TSE's first taste of, TSE's prejudices concerning, St. Louis, Missouri, TSE's childhood in, TSE's homesickness for, TSE styling himself a 'Missourian', possible destination for TSE's ashes, resting-place of TSE's parents, TSE on his return to, the Mississippi, compared to TSE's memory, TSE again revisits, TSE takes EVE to, St. Paul, Minnesota, TSE on visiting, the Furness house in, Tryon, North Carolina, EH's interest in, EH staying in, Virginia, scene of David Garnett's escapade, and the Page-Barbour Lectures, TSE on visiting, and the South, Washington, Connecticut, EH recuperates in, West Rindge, New Hampshire, EH holidays at, White Mountains, New Hampshire, possible TSE and EH excursion to, Woods Hole, Falmouth, Massachusetts, TSE and EH arrange holiday at, TSE and EH's holiday in recalled, and The Dry Salvages, TSE invited to, EH and TSE's 1947 stay in, EH learns of TSE's death at,
Auden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.'), and EP's 'Seafarer', TSE sends EH Poems, TSE recites 'To Gabriel Carritt', remembered by Ethel Swan, as dramatist, and Yeats's Mercury Theatre plans, Holmesian prank devised for, Doone wants for Westminster Theatre, collaborative efforts lamented by TSE, talks films at JDH's, strays from F&F, preoccupied with Byron and Barcelona, TSE on 'Letter to Lord Byron', as verse dramatist, away in Aragon for premiere, and Isherwood's plays versus Spender's, forgets to thank Keynes, TSE on his Isherwood plays, condoles TSE over Sandburg accusation, in bad odour, in America, circulating drollery on latest book-title, as pictured by TSE in America, Journey to a War (with Isherwood), Letters from Iceland (with MacNeice), New Year Letter, On the Frontier (with Isherwood), Paid on Both Sides, The Ascent of F6 (with Isherwood), The Dance of Death, The Dog Beneath the Skin (with Isherwood),

10.W. H. AudenAuden, Wystan Hugh ('W. H.') (1907–73), poet, playwright, librettist, translator, essayist, editor: see Biographical Register.

Belgion, Montgomery, and Alida Monro dine chez Eliot, expensive club dinner with, accompanies TSE to Othello, and Charles Williams dine with TSE, accompanies TSE to Henry IV, Part II, to Garrigou-Lagrange lecture, takes TSE and Saurat to the Ivy, weekend's walking in Sussex with, in Criterion inner-circle, drink with Tom Burns and, accompanies TSE to Cranmer, and Mairet to lunch, accompanies TSE to Witch of Edmonton, arranges dinner for Murder, accompanies TSE to Uncle Vanya, to Measure for Measure, to Richard III, to Volpone, lonely, hosts dinner at Chinese restaurant, reviews Christian Society, on leave in London,

4.MontgomeryBelgion, Montgomery (‘Monty’) Belgion (1892–1973), author and journalist: see Biographical Register.

Bell, Bernard Iddings, TSE writes to Church Times about, recommended to EH, meets EH, subscribed to CNL, apparently anti-British, in Church Times contretemps, rebuked by TSE, reviews Christian Society, and America's position on war, sends TSE Four Quartets cutting, appears in London, TSE gives reading for, Preface to Religion,

3.BernardBell, Bernard Iddings Iddings Bell, DD (1886–1958), American Episcopal priest, author and cultural commentator; Warden of Bard College, 1919–33. In his last years he was made Canon of the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Chicago, and a William Vaughn Lecturer at the University of Chicago.

Boutwood Lectures (afterwards The Idea of a Christian Society), Spens invites TSE to deliver, being prepared, and Oldham's Times letter, TSE on delivering, being rewritten for publication, approaching publication, published as Christian Society, sent to EH, reception, selling strongly, apparently stimulating to others,
Brooke, Rupert, qua poet,

8.RupertBrooke, Rupert Brooke (1887–1915), English poet who died of sepsis en route to Gallipoli in Apr. 1915. Educated at Eton and King’s College, Cambridge (Classics), he was elected to a Fellowship of King’s College; friend of Bloomsbury writers including Virginia Woolf; of the Georgian poets, and of the so-called Dymock poets including Edward Thomas and Robert Frost. Celebrated for his idealistic poetry of WW1 including 191 4 and Other Poems (1915).

Christianity, and human isolation, and modern economics, Ada on TSE's personal piety, scheme for 'Pro Fide' bookshop, among the Eliot family, and beauty, its sects like different clubs, Anglo-Catholicism, TSE's conversion to, which he dates to Eccleston Square meeting, Anglican Missal sought for EH, but unfortunately out of print, discussed at Boston Theological School, and the Petrine Claims, apostolic succession, over Roman Catholicism, as refuge from VHE, and the Reformation, asceticism, discipline, rigour, the necessity for, and TSE's daily exhortation, making and breaking habits, mastering emotions and passions, as salubrious, only remedy for a prurient culture, confession and communion, more possible during Harvard year, the case for unattainable ideals, in time of war, gets TSE up before 7 o'clock, hereditary with TSE, belief, and good poetry, faced with Second World War, and conversion, antidote to TSE's skepticism, Christendom, TSE ponders the decline of, TSE on his prominence within, its ruin, the Church Visible and Invisible, and TSE's war work, the Malabar Church, prospect of total reunion within, confession, helps to objectify sin, more dreaded than dentist, harder in the morning, death and afterlife, the struggle to prepare for, consoles TSE in life, and cremation, Requiem Mass, gives meaning to life, and what makes a desirable burial place, the nature of eternal life, divorce, unrecognised by Anglo-Catholic Church, which TSE regrets, in church law, would separate TSE from Church, evil, TSE's belief in, and moral percipience, guilt, and the New England conscience, hell, TSE's 1910 vision of, and damnation, according to TSE, liturgy, TSE's weekly minimum, Mass of the Pre-sanctified, Requiem Mass versus Mass of Good Friday, and whether to serve at Mass, Imposition of Ashes, at Christmas, High Mass over Mattins, aversion to Low Church Mattins, Roman service in Wayland, Tenebrae, in country parish church, as guest at Kelham, remarkable sermon, over Christmas, Tenebrae and Family Reunion, during Holy Week, Mass of Charles King and Martyr, love, loving one's neighbour, marriage, TSE's need for privacy within, mysticism and transcendence, interpenetration of souls, intimations of life's 'pattern', 'doubleness', arrived at through reconciliation, orthodoxy, only remedy for contemporary culture, and pagans, sets TSE at odds with modernity, necessarily trinitarian, 'Christian' defined, iniquities of liberal theology, and creed, authority, Transubstantiation, TSE disclaims 'self-centredness' in maintaining, politics, the Church and social change, how denomination maps onto, need for working-class priests, church leaders against totalitarianism and Nazism, Christianity versus Fascism and Communism, Papal Encyclical against Nazi Germany, the 'Dividend morality', Presbyterianism, TSE quips on the meanness of, Quakerism, resignation, reconciliation, peace, TSE's love allows for, 'peace that passeth all understanding', the struggle to maintain, following separation from VHE, retreat and solitude, EH at Senexet, the need for, a need increasing with age, and TSE's mother, Roman Catholicism, TSE's counter-factual denomination, Rome, sacraments, Holy Communion, marriage, sainthood, TSE's idea of, the paradoxes of, susceptible of different sins, sins, vices, faults, how to invigilate, the sense of sin, the sinner's condition, bound up with the virtues, as a way to virtue, TSE's self-appraisal, when humility shades into, when unselfishness shades into, among saints, proportionate to spiritual progress, daydreaming, despair, lust, pride, perfection-seeking pride, spiritual progress and direction, TSE's crisis of 1910–11, EH's crisis, versus automatism, TSE's sense of, towards self-knowledge, in EH's case, as personal regeneration, temptation, to action/busyness, the Church Year, Advent, Christmas, dreaded, happily over, TSE rebuked for bah-humbugging, church trumps family during, season of irreligion, thoughts of EH during, unsettling, fatiguing, in wartime, Easter preferred to, Ash Wednesday, Lent, season for meditation and reading, prompts thoughts of EH, Lady Day, Holy Week, its intensity, arduous, preserved from public engagements, exhausting but refreshing, excitingly austere, Easter, better observed than Christmas, missed through illness, Unitarianism, the Eliots' as against EH's, the prospect of spiritual revival within, as personified by TSE's grandfather, regards the Bible as literature, as against Catholicism, divides EH from TSE, and whether Jesus believed himself divine, according to Dr Perkins, in England as against America, over-dependent on preachers' personality, TSE's wish that EH convert from, outside TSE's definition of 'Christian', the issue of communion, baptism, impossibly various, virtues heavenly and capital, bound up with the vices, better reached by way of sin, charity, towards others, in Bubu, TSE's intentness on, delusions of, as against tolerance, chastity, celibacy, beneath humility, TSE lacks vocation for, faith, and doubt, hope, a duty, TSE's struggle for, humility, distinguished from humiliation, comes as relief, greatest of the virtues, propinquitous to humour, not an Eliot virtue, opposed to timidity, danger of pride in, is endless, TSE criticised for overdoing, theatre a lesson in, most difficult of the virtues, possessed by EH, possessed by EH to a fault, TSE compares himself to EH in, the paradox of, distinguished from inferiority, self-discovery teaches, possessed by Dr Perkins, patience, recommended to EH, its foundations, possessed by Uncle John, purity, distinguished from purification, temperance, with alcohol, beneath humility,
Church Times, TSE on Fascism in, carries Murder review, receives violent letter from TSE, to which it responds and is corrected, demurral from TSE, leads on 'A Liberal Manifesto', Iddings Bell contretemps in, reviews Christian Society, 'Twenty-Five Years at Gloucester Road',
Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer, reviews Cooper's Haig, commendable speeches, compared to Halifax as orator, as successor to Chamberlain, 'Their Finest Hour', EH attends his Harvard address, as do Henry and Theresa, remarks on Basic English, compared to Bevin, unsuited to peacetime office, broadcast on King's death, as public figure,
Cocktail Party, The, copy inscribed to Miss Swan, Martin Browne's preference for a popular play, plot ruminated, still a distant prospect, deferred by war, at last begun, being written, EH begs TSE to continue, stimulated by the Martin Brownes, titled and nearly drafted, interrupted, attempts to reconcile EH to title, to be discussed with Brownes, to be continued in Princeton, end in prospect, TSE rewriting, alternative titles, its star appeal, 1949 Edinburgh Festival production, Martin Browne to produce, production schedule, the Martin Browne collaboration, 'reading' for, reviewed, cuts made during rehearsal, TSE's opening-night impressions, stage-set for, copy to be sent to EH, EH on, TSE disavows autobiographical basis, post-Edinburgh prospects, 1949 Theatre Royal, Brighton run, its fate, closing, 1950 New York transfer, TSE skeptical of, its fate, being negotiated, fixed, revisions made in mind of, alarmingly successful, royalties from, prospects beyond 1 June 1950, final act still being rewritten, its reception, EH's second opinion on, 1950 New Theatre production, preliminary week in Southsea, its fate, opening night, to close with provinicial tour, comes off at New Theatre, Mrs Nef's reading-group reading, in which TSE reads Reilly, and casting for Confidential Clerk, its first draft, difficult to produce in France, 1954 Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier production, reception, Muriel Spark on, EH detects hidden meaning in,
Dark, Sidney, part of Church Times contretemps, urged to moderate tone,

1.SidneyDark, Sidney Dark (1872–1947), editor of the Anglo-Catholic Church Times, 1924–41.

de Menasce, Jean, as Jamesian, as translator, TSE admits spiritual inferiority to, congratulated on ordination, severe on Christian Society,

6.Jeande Menasce, Jean de Menasce (1902–73), theologian and orientalist (his writings include studies in Judaism, Zionism and Hasidism), was born in Alexandria into an aristocratic Egyptian Jewish family and educated in Alexandria, at Balliol College, Oxford (he was contemporary with Graham Greene and took his BA in 1924), and at the Sorbonne (Licence de Lettres). In Paris, he was associated with the magazines Commerce and L’Esprit, and he translated several of TSE’s poems for French publication: his translation of The Waste Land was marked ‘revué et approuvée par l’auteur’. He became a Catholic convert in 1926, was ordained in 1935 a Dominican priest – Father Pierre de Menasce – and became Professor of the History of Religion at the University of Fribourg, 1938–48; Professor and Director of Studies, specialising in Ancient Iranian Religions, at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris (1949–70).

East Coker, its Kensington origins, and TSE's cousins' visit, TSE's own plan to visit eponymous village, which he does, TSE returns to East Coker, TSE on writing, and Yeats's Purgatory, needs polishing, ready for printer, EH sent, decision to print in NEW, TSE on its mood, sales, reception, EH yet to receive, EH promised shilling edition, broadcast by BBC Eastern Service, draft inevitably bought by Gallup, TSE recites for Czechs, EH recounts recitation of, TSE's recording of,
Feiling, Keith, reviews TSE's essays, reviews Christian Society,
First World War, TSE's disqualification from serving in, and war poetry, in retrospect, from the 1930s,
Fuller, Major-General J. F. C.,

4.Major-GeneralFuller, Major-General J. F. C. J. F. C. Fuller (1878–1966), British Army officer, historian and strategist; advocate of the mechanisation of the military. Following his retirement, he worked as a reporter and author. In the 1930s, he became a close associate of Sir Oswald Mosley, joining the British Union of Fascists and serving on the Party’s Policy Directorate. Two of his numerous books – Generalship: Its Diseases and Their Cure: A Study of the Personal Factor in Command (1932) and The Last of the Gentlemen’s Wars: A Subaltern’s Journal of the War in South Africa, 1899–1902 (1937) – were published by F&F (which built up a list of military memoirs and commentaries). There is no other known association between TSE and Fuller.

Holmes, John Haynes, reviews Christian Society,

13.JohnHolmes, John Haynes Haynes Holmes (1879–1964), prominent and controversial Unitarian minister; pacifist and anti-war activist (winner of the Gandhi Peace Award); co-founder (1909) of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), co-founder (1920) of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) – of which he was chair, 1940–50. Works include New Wars for Old (1916); A Sensible Man’s View of Religion (1932); My Gandhi (1953). Review not found.

Isherwood, Christopher, responsible for the best of F6, should pursue prose plays alone, neglects to thank Keynes, puts TSE off American expedition, post-exodus drollery on,
Kipling, Rudyard, friend of Charles Whibley's, set next to David Jones, as war poet, as poet, TSE contributes to Russian periodical on, beloved of General Wavell, his portrait at Magdalene, parodied by TSE,
'Last Twenty-Five Years of English Poetry, The', written for Italian audience,
MacMurray, John, fellow broadcaster, reviews Christian Society,

5.JohnMacMurray, John Macmurray (1891–1976), moral philosopher; Grote Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic, University College, London, 1928–44; Professor of Moral Philosophy, Edinburgh University, 1944–58. His works include Freedom in the Modern World (1932). See J. E. Costello, John Macmurray: A Biography (2002); John Macmurray: Critical Perspectives, ed. D. Fergusson and N. Dower (2002).

(Manchester) Guardian, TSE subscribes EH to,
Millay, Edna St. Vincent, unfortunately named, disparaged by TSE,

9.EdnaMillay, Edna St. Vincent St Vincent Millay (1892–1950), American poet, playwright and librettist; graduate of Vassar College; bisexual; feminist activist and pacifist; close friend of Edmund Wilson, Floyd Dell and Susan Glaspell – with whom she participated in the work of the Provincetown Players on Macdougal Street, New York (she wrote the anti-war verse play Aria da Capo for the Players) – and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver (1923). Other works include the sonnet sequence Fatal Interview (1931) and Murder of Lidice (1942). See Nancy Milford, Savage Beauty: The Life of Edna St Vincent Millay (2001).

Morley, Frank Vigor, TSE on sharing an office with, Criterion monthly meeting regular, returns from New York, indispensable in proofing Selected Essays, Criterion lunch in company with, joins farewell lunch for Hodgson, offers TSE post-separation refuge, acts for TSE during separation, spirits TSE away to Surrey, on TSE at Pike's Farm, as châtelain, acting as TSE's courier, on TSE's relationship to children, music-hall evening with, suggests tour of Scotland, which he plans out, suggests trip to Paris, thanks Joyce for hospitality, on TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, negotiating for Ulysses, his absence means more work, treasured and missed, gets on famously with Ada, mercifully returned to F&F, produces birthday-cake, peacekeeper between Rowse and Smyth, in on Sherlock Holmes prank, encourages TSE to go to Finland, on TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, and TSE drink GCF's whisky, takes TSE to Wimbledon, monopolises typewriter for joint story, as tennis-player, overawes GCF, TSE and EH's elected emergency go-between, good with thrusting young authors, backs publication of Nightwood, helps deal with Joyce, naturally projects strength, his French, escapes Criterion gathering to catch last train home, unusually subdued among the French, submits his Johnson Society paper, depends on TSE, on TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, which Morley describes, two nights' sleep in a caravan with, potential reader for Family Reunion, his father dies, Spender discussed with, sends TSE corrected Anabasis, heads for New York and Baltimore, his energy, returns from America, visiting dying mother, shoulders burden of EP, insufficiently honours EP, Boutwood Lectures submitted to, accepts Harcourt Brace position, what his leaving F&F will mean, taken to tea with Woolfs, remembers EH taking priority, first wartime letter from, which reports on TSE's family, sounds depressed in America, sounds less depressed to GCF, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, on Christian Society's American reception, suspected of indiscretion, EH explains 'Defence of the Islands' to, indifferent to Cats, entrusted with emergency Dry Salvages, America's effect on, gives Henry MS of 'Yeats', suggests 'Night Music' over 'Kensington Quartets', Ada too ill to see, his use of 'poised', puts TSE up in New York, on TSE's 1947 New York stay, presently unemployed, but inherits Graham Greene's job,
see also Morleys, the

4.FrankMorley, Frank Vigor Vigor Morley (1899–1980), American publisher and author; a founding editor of F&F, 1929–39: see Biographical Register.

New English Weekly, TSE joins editorial committee of, discussed with Mairet, TSE writing 'Views and Reviews' for, and Edward VIII, TSE's natural post-Criterion home, two contributions to, TSE attacks H. G. Wells in, prints East Coker, commission TSE on Keynes,
Oldham, Joseph, lunches with TSE, convenes discussion of contemporary Christianity, at the Unemployment Conference, éminence grise in Council for Life and Work, hearing improved, spearheading anti-Nazi Church movement, puts TSE up to BBC talk, sent TSE's Revelation contribution, which he prizes, organises Lambeth Council, initiates 'Moot', and the Moot, first Moot meeting, bewails mankind, anointed reader of Boutwood Lectures, founds new wartime committee, which meets, sent drafts for CNL, as editor of CNL, views diverge from those of TSE, pleased with TSE's education supplement, needs holiday, convenes education group meeting, propagates yet another religious body, his style, to meet Michael Roberts, Church, Community and State,
see also Oldhams, the

8.JosephOldham, Joseph (‘Joe’) Houldsworth Oldham (1874–1969), missionary, adviser, organiser: see Biographical Register.

Owen, Wilfred, qua poet, the poet of the First World War,

8.WilfredOwen, Wilfred Owen (1893–1918), soldier and war poet, was killed in France one week before the end of WW1. See Jon Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen: A Biography (1974).

Pound, Ezra, within Hulme's circle, at The Egoist, indebted to Harriet Weaver, epistolary style, on President Lowell, TSE recites for Boston audience, distinguished from Joyce and Lawrence, TSE's reasons for disliking, attacks After Strange Gods, as correspondent, needs pacification, and TSE's possible visit to Rapallo, recommended to NEW editorial committee, anecdotalised by Jane Heap, of TSE and David Jones's generation, his strange gift to Joyce recalled, delicacies of his ego, Morley halves burden of, lacks religion, his letters from Italy censored, one of TSE's 'group', indicted for treason, TSE on his indictment, his legal situation, correspondence between TSE and Bernard Shaw concerning, visited by TSE in Washington, defended by TSE in Poetry, Osbert Sitwell on, his treatment in hospital protested, his insanity, TSE's BBC broadcast on, The Pisan Cantos, TSE writes introduction for, TSE chairs evening devoted to, further efforts on behalf of, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, The Literary Essays of Ezra Pound, 'The Seafarer',
see also Pounds, the

3.Ezra PoundPound, Ezra (1885–1972), American poet and critic: see Biographical Register.

Princeton University, according to TSE's fantasy, TSE engaged to lecture at, and Ronald Bottrall, TSE on his trip to, its architecture, compared to Harvard and Yale, Alumni Weekly print TSE's More tribute, possible wartime lectures at, and Allen Tate, among American colleges, extends wartime invitation to TSE, invites TSE to conference, Johnson lectures revamped for, confers honorary degree on TSE, and TSE's Institute for Advanced Study position, EH's information on, and Herbert Read, and EH's bequest,
Read, Herbert, indebted to Hulme, on Wilfred Owen, part of Criterion inner circle, his divorce, on TSE and children, TSE formulates his dislike for, hosts TSE in Hampstead, his dismal birthday-party, and his old ladies object of TSE and JDH's practical jokes, at Dobrée's farewell lunch, begrudged contribution to Milton volume, clashes with TSE in Criterion, discusses Anglo-French relations with TSE and Saurat, TSE spends weekend with, hosts TSE in Bucks, and Bukhari to lunch with TSE, his political persuasions, wheeled out at Norwegian dinner, on Canterbury excursion,
see also Reads, the

3.Herbert ReadRead, Herbert (1893–1968), English poet and literary critic: see Biographical Register.

Reckitt, Maurice, drinks and smokes in godly company, at 'Pro Fide' bookshop meeting, reviews Christian Society, against TSE's elite Christian Society, and 'Notes Towards a Definition of Culture',

2.MauriceReckitt, Maurice Reckitt (1888–1980), Anglo-Catholic and Christian socialist writer; editor of Christendom: A Quarterly Journal of Christian Sociology: see Biographical Register.

Rosenberg, Isaac, TSE courted to preface his poems, championed by TSE, as war poet,

10.IsaacRosenberg, Isaac Rosenberg (1890–1918), English poet, artist and soldier (killed in action); widely recognised as one of the most important poets of WWI: one of sixteen WW1 poets to be commemorated with a stone in Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey. See further Jean Moorcroft Wilson, Isaac Rosenberg, poet and painter (1975). Jack Isaacs reported in a letter (‘Eliot’s Friends’, The Observer, 18 June 1967) that TSE first heard of Isaac Rosenberg from Sydney Schiff – ‘and Eliot praised [Rosenberg] and spread his fame long before the bandwagon rumbled. He once said to me that no English anthology that did not include Rosenberg was worth anything.’

Santayana, George,
Sassoon, Siegfried, bumps into TSE, described for EH, Hodgson's affection for encourages TSE's, as war poet,

5.SiegfriedSassoon, Siegfried Sassoon, MC (1886–1967), poet, writer and soldier. Initially recognised as a war poet and satirist, he won greater fame with his fictionalised autobiography Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man (F&F, 1928: James Tait Black Award), which was followed by Memoirs of an Infantry Officer (1930) and Sherston’s Progress (1936). He was appointed CBE in 1951.

Saurat, Denis, arranges TSE's introduction to de Gaulle, at Valéry memorial, at Centre Universitaire Meditérranéen,

3.DenisSaurat, Denis Saurat (1890–1958), Anglo-French scholar, writer, broadcaster; Professor of French Language and Literature, King’s College London, 1926–50; Director of the Institut français du Royaume Uni, 1924–45; author of La Pensée de Milton (1920: Milton: Man and Thinker, 1925).

Second World War, the prospect of, F&F plans in the event of, Britain's preparations for, prognostications as to its outbreak, and The Family Reunion, and the policy of appeasement, and transatlantic tourism, evacuation imminent, TSE discusses its outbreak with Dutchman, TSE refrains from commenting on, TSE's thoughts on, its effect on TSE, the 'Winter War', the 'Phoney War', Molotov–Ribbentrop pact, rationing, evacuation, seems continuous with First World War, invasion of Poland, invasion of Denmark and Norway, Chamberlain's resignation, Italy's declaration of war, Dunkirk, The Blitz, Battle of Cape Matapan, Operation Barbarossa, Greece enters war, Pearl Harbor, the Pacific War, Libyan campaign, North African campaign, and TSE's decision to remain in England, in relation to the First, prospect of its end unsettles, and returning to London, bombing of German cities, its effect on TSE's work, prognostications as to its end, the Little Blitz, Operation Overlord, V-1 Cruise Missile strikes, Operation Market Garden, and continental privations, and post-war European prospects, The Battle of the Bulge, possibility of post-war pandemic, V-2 Bombs, concentration camps, Germany's surrender, VE Day, and post-war Anglo-American relations, VJ Day, atomic bomb, its long-term economic consequences,
Smith, William Henry, 3rd Lord Hambleden, on Oldham's wartime committee, and CNL,

1.WilliamSmith, William Henry, 3rd Lord Hambleden Henry Smith, 3rd Lord Hambleden (1903–48), Governing Director of W. H. Smith.

Smyth, Revd Charles, among TSE's Corpus 'friends', at 'Pro Fide' bookshop meeting, at risk of assaulting Rowse, on Criterion gathering dress-code, TSE's ambitions for, criticises Christian Society, and wife visited by TSE, made Canon of Westminster, invites TSE to Royal Maundy,

9.RevdSmyth, Revd Charles Charles Smyth (1903–87), ecclesiastical historian; Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge: see Biographical Register.

travels, trips and plans, EH's 1930 trip to England, EH's proposed 1931 England visit, called off, EH's 1932 summer holidays, the Eliots' Derby Day excursion, related, the Eliots' July 1932 Hindhead visit, the Eliots' August 1932 Eastbourne holiday, described, TSE's 1932–3 year in America, Norton Professorship offered to TSE, and the prospect of reunion with EH, which TSE refuses to see as decisive, which angers EH, who writes and destroys a response, TSE's financial imperatives, TSE's itinerary, and the question of discretion, opportunity for adventurous lecture-tours, TSE speculates on attendant feelings, TSE on the voyage over, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, the Eliot family's Randolph holiday, TSE's 1933 westward tour to Scripps, proposed to EH, and TSE's need to lecture, possibly via St. Louis, TSE's itinerary, possible stopover in Seattle, a shameful source of happiness, still a happy thought, described by Havens and others, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, TSE wonders at after-effect on EH, EH urged to reflect honestly on, Ada on, and a conversation about divorce, in EH's recollection, possible EH 1933 summer in England, TSE's 1933 Faber summer holiday, set for mid-August, postponed, rearranged, TSE buys summer outfits for, described, TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, possible itinerary, Morley's preparations for, described for EH, TSE's 1933 trip to Paris, mooted, described, EH's 1934–5 year in Europe, TSE delighted at the prospect, attempts to coordinate with TSE's 1934 summer plans, the Perkinses due in Chipping Camden, EH's itinerary, TSE's initial weekend at Chipping Campden, TSE books rooms in Lechlade, TSE visits Campden again with family, and again alone, which visit TSE reflects on, TSE's plans to entertain EH en route to Europe, EH's continental itinerary, VHE and propriety inhibit pre-Paris arrangements, L'Escargot lunch, weekend in Sussex for EH's birthday, possible London tea-party, second lunch at L'Escargot, EH and TSE's November excursions, a month which TSE reflects happily on, EH's summer 1935 plans, EH departs England, EH in Florence, arrived in Rome, TSE coordinating with EH's return, TSE recommends Siena, EH returns to Florence, EH sails for Riviera, EH returns from France, L'Escargot lunch on EH's return, EH sails for Guernsey, May 1935, EH's June 1935 London sortie, TSE attends Dr Perkins's birthday, TSE's July 1935 Campden week, TSE offers to fund EH in London, where EH joins Jeanie McPherrin, TSE's Campden birthday weekend, prospect of EH spending month at Blomfield Terrace, Thorp theatre outing, TSE's 6–8 September Campden weekend, EH staying at 19 Rosary Gardens, EH to Campden for 15–17 November, EH sails for Boston, EH and TSE's final farewell, TSE and EH's final weeks in London, their excursion to Finchampstead, TSE reflects on, excursion to Greenwich, EH reflects on the final weeks of, TSE's 1934 Faber summer holiday, described, TSE's dream of Cairo, TSE's invitation to Finland, palmed off on Robert Nichols, TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, proposed by Blake, attempts to coordinate with EH, TSE's itinerary, TSE's 1935 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, described, TSE's 1936 visit to Ireland, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's spring/summer 1936 trip to Paris, first contemplated, date fixed, Morleys invited, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1936 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, TSE's 1936 American trip, spring arrival dependent on New York Murder, if not spring, then autumn, possible excursions, autumn better for seeing EH, and possible Princeton offer, and possible Smith visit, efforts to coordinate with EH, passage on Alaunia booked, TSE's itinerary, Murder to pay for, coordinating with Eliot Randolph holiday, the moment of parting from EH, TSE's birthday during, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, itinerary, recounted, the Morley–Eliot 1937 trip to Salzburg, contemplated, itinerary, EH receives postcard from, described, as relayed to OM, EH's 1937 summer in England, and Mrs Seaverns, EH accompanies TSE to Edinburgh, itinerary coordinated with EH, dinner at L'Escargot, TSE's 10–11 July Campden visit, TSE's 17–22 July Campden visit, TSE's 21 August Campden visit, EH travels to Yorkshire, TSE reminisces about, TSE's 1937 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, leaves TSE sunburnt, TSE's 1938 trip to Lisbon, outlined to EH, TSE advised on, travel arrangements, the voyage out, described, EH's 1938 summer in England, and whether EH should spend it at Campden, EH's arrival confirmed, TSE's July Campden visit, EH's late-July London stay, TSE's 5–21 August Campden fortnight, TSE's 3–6 September Campden visit, EH's September London stay, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1938 Faber summer holiday, TSE's preparations for, TSE reports from, possible EH England Christmas 1938 visit, possible TSE 1939 visit to America, mooted for spring, complicated by Marion and Dodo's trip, shifted to autumn, threatened by war, made impossible, EH's 1939 England visit, TSE's efforts to coordinate with, threatened by war, complicated by Marion's arrival, EH's itinerary, EH's initial London stay, TSE's 7–20 July Campden visit, TSE's 22–30 August Campden visit, TSE's 2–4 September Campden visit, EH again London, EH and TSE's parting moments, in TSE's memory, memory vitiated by EH's subsequent letter, TSE's 1939 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, possible wartime transatlantic crossings, contingencies, in case of EH being ill, TSE's reasons for and against, and TSE's New York proposition, following invasion Denmark and Norway, impossible for TSE unless official, TSE's desire to remain in England, TSE's reasons for and against accepting lectureship, given Ada's impending death, TSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission, possible but confidential, lectures prepared for, and the prospect of seeing EP, might include Paris, itinerary, in jeopardy, final preparations for, cancelled, TSE's 1940 visit to Dublin, approved by Foreign Office, in national interest, itinerary, recounted, involves TSE's first plane-journey, TSE's 1940 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Faber summer holiday, Kipling and fishing-rod packed for, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Northern tour, proposed by the Christendom group, arranged with Demant, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden, TSE makes cryptic allusion to, as recounted to EH, as recounted to JDH, return leg in London, as war-work, TSE's 1942 New Forest holiday, described, TSE's 1942 week in Scotland, recounted, TSE's abortive 1942 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 trip to Edinburgh, recounted, TSE's abortive 1943 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 New Forest holiday, TSE's 1944 trip to Edinburgh, TSE's abortive 1944 North Africa mission, TSE's May 1945 trip to Paris, described, TSE's June 1945 trip to Paris, recounted, possible post-war American visit, and Henry's impending death, ideally ancillary to work, possibly as F&F's representative, waits on TSE's health and Carlyle Mansions, TSE's 1945 September fortnight in Lee, described, TSE's 1945 Christmas in Lee, described, TSE's 1946 summer in America, date for passage fixed, paperwork for, TSE's itinerary, its aftermath, recounted, TSE's 1947 summer in America, dependent on lecture engagements, TSE seeks to bring forward, Henry's condition brings further forward, set for April, itinerary, EH reflects on, TSE's scheduled December 1947 visit to Marseilles and Rome, itinerary, TSE's preparations for, dreaded, Roman leg described by Roger Hinks, EH's hypothetical March 1948 visit to England, TSE's postponed 1948 trip to Aix, itinerary, recounted, home via Paris, TSE's 1948 trip to America, itinerary, TSE's visit to EH in Andover, disrupted by Nobel Prize, TSE's 1948 Nobel Prize visit to Stockholm, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1949 family motor-tour of Scotland, described, TSE's October–November 1949 trip to Germany, possible itinerary, preparations for, final itinerary, TSE's account of, the return via Belgium, TSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa, all but fixed, itinerary, described by TSE, recounted by Faber, EH's 1950 summer in England, TSE books EH's hotel room for, TSE's efforts to coordinate with EH's movements, EH in Campden, TSE reports to Aunt Edith on, TSE's 1950 visit to America, and TSE's possible Chicago post, the Chicago leg, November itinerary, TSE's spring 1951 trip to Spain, itinerary, recounted, TSE's September 1951 Geneva stay, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's second 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to Rennes and the Riviera, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to America, itinerary, efforts to coordinate with EH's summer, TSE on meeting with EH, TSE's 1952 rest cure in Switzerland, TSE's 1953 visit to St. Louis and America, set for June, to include fortnight in Cambridge, itinerary, EH's 1953 trip to England, EH's Alnwick plans, TSE books hotel for EH, and EH's ticket to Confidential Clerk, TSE's 1953 visit to Geneva, TSE's 1953–4 trip to South Africa, itinerary, described, arrival described to JDH, GCF on, TSE's 1954 Geneva rest cure, Geneva preferred to Paris, TSE's deferred 1955 visit to Hamburg, prospect inspires reluctance in TSE, proposed for spring 1955, dreaded, TSE now returned from, TSE's 1955 visit to America, and contingent speaking engagements, foreshortened, itinerary, Washington described, TSE's return from, TSE's 1955 Geneva rest cure, TSE's 1956 visit to America, passage fixed for April, itinerary, TSE in the midst of, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1956 Geneva rest cure, itinerary, recounted, illness during, EH's 1957 visit to England, TSE and EVE invited to Campden, TSE reciprocates with London invitation, but EH leaves England abruptly, which TSE consults Eleanor Hinkley over, who duly explains, TSE and EVE's 1958 trip to America, as rumoured to EH, EH's 1959 tour of Scandinavia, funded by bequest from cousin, TSE and EVE's 1959 trip to America, TSE and EVE's 1963 trip to America,
'Types of English Religious Verse', prepared for Italy,
Vann, Fr Gerald, reviews Christian Society,
Waste Land, The, once seemed like a consummation, those lines addressed to EH, the figure of 'Marie', and TSE's stay at Lausanne, where it was mostly written, TSE forced to recite at garden-party, TSE recites at Wellesley, TSE on his recording of, TSE relives 'Hyacinth girl' episode, compared to Burnt Norton, dramatised for broadcast, Bridson on 'dramatised' broadcast, referenced by Lord Halifax, TSE reads 'What the Thunder Said' before the Queen, read at Harvard,
Wood, Edward, 3rd Viscount Halifax (later 1st Earl of Halifax), at The Literary Society, 'wooden', rumoured to be pro-German, his position post-Anschluss, subtler than Churchill, references The Waste Land,

5.EdwardWood, Edward, 3rd Viscount Halifax (later 1st Earl of Halifax) Wood, 3rd Viscount and later 1st Earl of Halifax (1881–1959), distinguished Conservative politician; Viceroy of India, 1926–31; Foreign Secretary, 1938–40; British Ambassador in Washington, 1941–6. See Andrew Roberts, The Holy Fox: The Life of Lord Halifax (1991, 2019).

Wood, Lady Agnes Elizabeth, Viscountess Halifax (née Courtenay), and Lord Halifax's pedigree,

12.HisWood, Lady Agnes Elizabeth, Viscountess Halifax (née Courtenay) mother was Lady Agnes Elizabeth Courtenay (1838–1919).

Yale University, and 'English Poets as Letter Writers', more like Oxford than Harvard, compared to Princeton, negotiates amateur production of Murder, exhibits first editions of TSE, superior cadre of university, and George P. Baker's theatre-group, Herbert Read to lecture at, poetry reading at, confers degree on TSE, potential place of deposit for correspondence,