[35A School St., Andover, Mass.]

T. S.Eliot
19 Carlyle Mansions
19 February 1950
Dearest Emily,

I arrived back on the ‘Edinburgh Castle’ on Friday, and seem to have used up all my proper writing paper and envelopes before I left. IHale, Emilyreports on Cocktail Party's opening;t1 hope you received my cable thanking you for your cable and letter to the ship – the latter received on arrival at Cape Town: the letter was the first first-hand report of the first night of the play.1 (TheresaEliot, Theresa Garrett (TSE's sister-in-law)star-struck;f2, who wrote a little later, saidBarrymore, Ethelat New York Cocktail Party premiere;a1 she wanted to speak to Ethel Barrymore: why didn’t she?)2

Nowtravels, trips and plansTSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa;g9described by TSE;a5 I must try to summarise the expedition. AsFabers, theon 1950 South Africa trip;i1 you know, I went out with the Fabers, who were with me the whole time, saw me off (afterSmuts, Field Marshal Jandoesn't particularly impress TSE;a3 our lunch with Gen. Smuts) and who are now in Johannesburg (I am rather anxious about them, because there are very serious Native riots going on there) preparatory to flying back by way of Victoria Nyanza and Khartoum. The ‘Edinburgh Castle’ is a very comfortable ship, with a most agreeable Captain. On the voyage out, I was not feeling very sociable, and we hoped to get a table to ourselves; but (perhaps owing to not bribing the Head Waiter: libellous, do not repeat) we found ourselves sharing a table with a little Mrs. Potter. At first we took turns sitting next to her, as a kind of social duty, but in the end even Geoffrey succumbed to the innocent charms of this little person who was going out all alone to take up a post in a girls’ school in Cape Town; and when Mrs. Potter (who entered into every competition with zeal) appeared at the Fancy Dress Party as a Sunbird (tissue paper and gilt, and very ingenious) itDoyle, Sir Arthur ConanTSE dresses up as Holmes;a7Holmes, SherlockDoyle, Sir Arthur Conan was I (representing Sherlock Holmes, in a dressing gown with a magnifying glass and pipe) who escorted her in the parade. AlasFaber, Geoffreyas Captain Kidd, wins fancy-dress prize;l2, Mrs. Potter did not win a prize, but Geoffrey did – as Captain Kidd (you had to choose a prize from the ship’s shop: he chose an alarum clock which cost three pounds more than the prize award, and it stopped three days after we landed). But, apart from Mrs. Potter, we did not mix much with the other passengers. WeMillin, Sarah Gertrude;a3 were met at the quay by Sarah Gertrude Millin and her husband Mr. Justice Millin of the S.A. Supreme Court. Their influence helped wonderfully in getting through the formalities, which in South Africa are considerable: I needed a special licence to disembark, being classed as an ‘alien’ – i.e. a British subject by naturalisation. Also, they want to know the number of your typewriter, and other unexpected data. We spent the first three days as their guests at Fish Hoek, a seaside resort near Cape Town where they had rented a house for a month – excellent bathing from a beautiful sandy beach3 – and were waited on by a Rhodesian cook named Addison (who seems to have been named Absalom, but he changed it to Addison) a formidable and sinister looking Native, but a wonderful hand at preparing the local fish (which are brought in on the beach and are very fresh) a Coloured girl named Leah, and a black laundress named Evelyn. (Mrs. Millin had been having trouble with Addison, because he was waiting for his bride (aged eight) in Rhodesia to grow up, and meanwhile wanted to import a concubine into the household, which she told him wouldn’t do. However, he was a very good cook.

We were taken the next day to the Opening of Parliament. It was opened by the Governor General. Invan Zyl, Gideon Brand;a1 deference to local feeling (and the feeling of the Dutch, hereinafter called Afrikanders (because they detest the Holland Dutch about as much as they do the English) the Governor General is now always a Boer – a comic old peasant named Van der Zyl.4 The Government filed in – looking the most illiberal type of Flemish peasant which is what they are. It was obvious that England had lost the South African war. If only the Boer had won it, we should at least have preserved Cape Colony and Natal; whereas, after the Union, the whole Country is run by the Afrikanders.

SouthSouth AfricaTSE on;a1 Africa is a nightmare. It is the Country of Fear. They fear the millions of Blacks, boiling in unrest. In the country areas, these Natives live miserably, largely because their methods of farming wear out the soil, and because they will raise too many cattle (ten cows, however skinny, are the price for a bride – this custom is called lobola); in the towns (notably the poison spots of Johannesburg (gold) and Kimberley (diamonds) they live in squalor, T.B. and V.D. The younger generation of Afrikanders want to get rid of the English; they won’t have Italian immigrants (who would be desirable in that climate, and the best roads were made by Italian prisoners) because Italians are Roman Catholics and the Afrikander is a bigoted Dutch Reformed Protestant; theyanti-Semitismin South Africa;d2 would be anti-Semite (and the Semites are mostly English Jews. The ‘Coloured’ (i.e. a race of mixed Hottentot, Dutch, Portuguese, English and Malay descent) at the Cape are looked down upon, but look down upon the ‘Natives’ (Bantu and other pure Negro peoples); the Negroes and the Indians dislike each other; and the Malays disdain everybody. The business life of the country is in the hand of the English, and the political life belongs to the Afrikander: which is an unhealthy division.

This is not to say that it was not a pleasant holiday. The scenery is very fine: sometimes reminding me of New Mexico, sometimes of Provence; the summer climate is delightful – a strong Arctic wind on the coast (the bathing in some places very cold) and great dry heat inland. StellenboschMirrlees, Hopein Stellenbosch;d5 (whereClerk, Mabel Honor, Lady (née Dutton);a2 I went to lunch with Hope Mirrlees and her friend Lady Clerk of Penycuik) is a most charming little town – weMarquard, Leopold;a1 lunched there again with a nice South African whoMorley, Frank Vigor was a friend of Frank Morley as a Rhodes Scholar.5 And it is not to say that we did not meet some very agreeable people. – Hopevan der Spuy, Maj.-Gen. Kenneth;a1 had some friends, a General van der Spuy6 and his wife, living in a most beautiful house in the country near Stellenbosch, who were charming. I liked the Millins (but she is Jewish, and intelligent) and I liked Millin’s colleaguede Villiers, Drummond Louis;a1 Mr Justice de Villiers and his wife, who were on the boat coming back.7 MrsReitz, Leila (née Wright);a1. Deneys Reitz8 is charming, but then she is a product of Newnham College. As for Field Marshal Smuts, with whom we lunched on the day of my departure, I am still not quite sure that he is a great man: I may be influenced by the fact that I read a book about him on the voyage back, from which I discovered that some of the things he said to me were given almost verbatim in some previous conversation – I fear that he may be merely a talking machine.9

The Afrikans language is a barbarous deterioration of the original Dutch – so inferior to Dutch that there are only political reasons (that is to say envy and jealousy and vanity) why they should stick to it instead of adopting English. TheyShakespeare, William;a9 have no literature, butMilton, John;a8 are taught to believe that their poets are at least as good as Shakespeare and Milton. They have no music. TheyStern, Irma;a1 have no art – except that there is an interesting painter named Irma Stern – who is of course Jewish – she really is rather good.10 They have no theatre, except for the Experimental Theatre of the University (again, of course, presided over by a very agreeable English or Anglised [sc. Anglicised] Jew) which puts on four plays a year – ThorntonWilder, Thornton;a1 WilderAnouilh, Jean;a1, Anouilh etc. all European or American importations. They have nothing to talk about, for intellectual conversation, except the Native Problem.

It is indeed the Dark Continent.11

Owing to being on my own, the voyage back was more social than the voyage out. I had to sit at the Captain’s Table: with Lady Morley (I have no idea who she is, but a very sporting old lady of 72 who bathed every day before breakfast – and owing to my encouragement she appeared in the Fancy Dress as a Geisha Girl – and won a prize; Commander and Mrs. Stanley R.N. returning after four years service at the Navy Yard at Simonstown12 – andGillingham, Frank;a1 a Canon Gillingham, who seems to be a distinguished cricketer, but who had gone out for a holiday because he suffered from lapses of memory.13 ThereSutherland-Leveson-Gower, George, 5th Duke of Sutherland;a1 were also the Duke and Duchess of Sutherland – one of the Dukes whom it is not good form to know – whoMiller, Gilbertknows the wrong sort of duke;a5 are (or say they are) great friends of Gilbert Miller – and if you have ever seen Gilbert Miller that should warn you.14 ThereHarvey, Diana Blanchegives TSE painting;a1 was also the rattle-brained Diana Lady Balfour of Inchrye,15 who painted seascapes in her cabin looking out of the porthole: she invited me in to look at her work, with the result that I am to be given a painting of sunset at the equator (framed).

ICocktail Party, The1950 New York transfer;d7alarmingly successful;a9 am rather alarmed by the success of the Cocktail Party. DuringHayward, Johnhounded by Time;n3 myTimehounds JDH and Cheetham;a1 absence, JohnCheetham, Revd Erichounded by Time;h2 and Father Cheetham have been pestered by agents of ‘Time’ wanting to know how many umbrellas I have etc. Apparently there is to be a feature number about of me [sic] of the kind in which one’s private life is exposed naked. Cheetham refused to talk: John has been discreet.16 I shall not be too elated by this success: because my experience with ‘Murder’ tells me that plays always succeed for the wrong reasons. I am anxious to learn your detailed criticism of the last act.

Don’t regard this as a letter, but as a necessary bulletin. At least, it is a much fuller bulletin than anyone else will receive. After Germany, I thought I would write a kind of report which would do for everybody, but I never did – I can only write to one person at a time – so please accept this for what it is worth and remember that none of my remarks about S. Africa are for publication – and await a letter when I have got back into my routine.

With much love

1.In Apr. 1950, The Cocktail Party was to win an Antoinette Perry Award – a ‘Tony’.

2.EthelBarrymore, Ethel Barrymore (1879–1959) – legendary American star of stage and screen; hailed as the ‘First Lady of American Theatre’ – was present at the first night of The Cocktail Party in New York.

3.TSE was to inscribe a copy of the first edition of Four Quartets (1944) ‘to Sarah Gertrude Millin, from T. S. Eliot, in memory of Fish Hoek: January 1950’.

4.Gideonvan Zyl, Gideon Brand Brand van Zyl (1873–1956): Governor-General of the Union of S. Africa, 1945–50.

5.LeopoldMarquard, Leopold Marquard (1897–1974): politician, educator, publisher and author. Editorial manager for Oxford University Press in S. Africa, 1946–60. After studying at Oxford, 1920–3, he was founding president of the National Union of South African Students, 1924, and worked for some years as a teacher. In addition, he was co-founder of the South African Institute of Race Relations, of which he was President, 1957–8, 1968. In 1953 he became a founder member of the Liberal Party of South Africa. His works include The Story of South Africa (1966). TSE to Hope Mirrlees, 31 Mar. 1950: ‘If you should come across some people in Stellenbosch named Marquard, I found them agreeable and not uncultivated – they are I think Natives (i.e. whites of Huguenot–Dutch extraction) but he was a RHODES SCHOLAR IN HIS TIME (I did not intend capitals, but this typewriter surprises me that way from time to time) and is the Representative of the Oxford University Press in Cape Town.’ Geoffrey Faber, in his report on a second trip to S. Africa in 1954, noted of the ‘liberal minded Afrikaner’: ‘These intelligent “Dutch” are the salt of South Africa, and give points to all but a very few English men and women. They are apt, perhaps, to be a bit over serious. Alas, that there are not more of them!’

6.Major-Generalvan der Spuy, Maj.-Gen. Kenneth Kenneth van der Spuy, CBE, MC (1892–1991): South African Air Force officer.

7.Drummondde Villiers, Drummond Louis Louis de Villiers (b. 1907) was married to Nicolette Gray.

8.LeilaReitz, Leila (née Wright) Reitz, née Wright (1887–1959), South African politician, social reformer, advocate of women’s rights and suffrage – the first woman elected to Parliament in S. Africa, she served in the House of Assembly, 1933–43 – was married to the lawyer and politician Deneys Reitz (1882–1944), who had served with distinction in the Boer Wars and enjoyed a prominent career culminating in his appointment as South African High Commissioner to the UK, 1943.

9.Mary Trevelyan, ‘The Pope of Russell Square’: ‘On Remembrance Sunday [1956] we drove to Westminster, where we spent a happy time inspecting the statue of Smuts which had just been erected … The Smuts statue was in a bronze of vivid green – “Goodness me,” said Tom, “I hope he weathers! But it is like him – a little man in stature. I once dined next to him and he made a profound remark to me – as though it was new – but I had just read it in his book. Still, Smuts was a great man. I used not to think so, because he was so garrulous and verbose. But perhaps that is a characteristic of all Afrikaners.”’

10.IrmaStern, Irma Stern (1894–1966): celebrated South African artist, of German-Jewish descent.

11.Geoffreytravels, trips and plansTSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa;g9recounted by Faber;a6n Faber, ‘South African Visit’ (Faber Archive):

We – G.F., E.E.F., and T.S.E. – left Southampton in the Edinburgh Castle on Thursday, January 5, 1950. The voyage was pleasant and uneventful, after some initial rough weather […]. We saw porpoises and flying fish and a lot of sea. We consumed considerable amounts of gin and played a great many games of patience. None of us took any part in the deck sports; but G.F. won a prize in the fancy dress parade as a pirate. It was rather unpleasantly hot and humid for a day or two round about the equator. The only land we saw was Funchal by night, with the harbour full of boats trying to sell us teacloths and boys diving for coins by the light of flares, and next day the peak of Teneriffe sticking up out of cloud […]

We arrived at Cape Town early in the morning of Thursday, January 19. The view of Table Mountain at dawn, while we were some miles distant, was unforgettable. We were met by Mr Justice and Mrs Millin […] by Ray Hardingham (the senior of our representatives in South Africa), and by a number of reporters, who fastened avidly on T.S.E. The latter’s visit to the Cape caused greater interest, even excitement, than any of us had quite expected.

TheMillin, Sarah Gertrude;a4n Millins drove us to Fish Hoek, in False Bay, 20 miles or so from Cape Town; and we stayed there, as their guests, in a small house they were renting for a month’s holiday from the South African journalist-author Eric Rosenthal, until the following Monday, January 23. On the day after our arrival we went into Cape Town to attend the opening of Parliament – an agreeably ceremonial affair, with the Governor in a cocked hat and the Speakers of the two houses wearing robes and wigs. The Speech from the Throne read first in Afrikaans and then in English; outside, the military band played the Dutch (i.e. South African) National Anthem before the proceedings began, and the British ditto when they ended – or the other way round, I don’t remember exactly. I sat in a side gallery with an elderly Cape doctor, an ardent Nationalist, who pointed out to me all the members of the Government with pride, and also, quite politely, the leading members of the Opposition. He had the most beautiful manners – as, they say, most Afrikaners have. He said that his family had been intimate with the Smuts family for some generations but that ‘we feel that he no longer belongs: to us, he is no longer a South African’. He complained that the Nationalists’ views are not fairly represented in the British Press. WeSmuts, Field Marshal Jan;a4n were to find, later, that there is much criticism of Smuts up and down the Union outside the ranks of the Nationalist Party. He is thought to have spent too much time on the world stage and too little on the South African; and to have failed to encourage the emergence of political talent in his own party. All say that J. H. Hofmeyr’s premature death in 1949 was a tragedy for the Union, and that there is no outstanding figure, except Smuts himself, on the opposition benches […]

On Monday, January 23rd, we all three removed from the Millin household to the Robin Gordon Hotel at S. James, a mile or two away from Fish Hoek. This remained our base for the next ten days. During this time I made the round of the leading Cape Town bookshops with Ray Hardingham. We were taken by various friends on long drives into the country […] WeMarquard, Leopold;a2n also spent a day at Stellenbosch with the Marquards. Marquard is the Oxford University Press educational publishing representative in Cape Town – an able, liberally minded, man of Dutch descent, whoMorley, Frank Vigor;l9n was at New College with Frank Morley et hoc genus omne, at the same time as his wife (also Dutch) was studying English Literature at Somerville. Marquard is much more of a figure in Cape Town than this account of him suggests. He is a prominent spokesman for the minority of anglicized Afrikaners who would give the franchise to coloured and even to native persons; and what he says is reported at length in the Cape newspapers.

But the main event in this period […] was the Cocktail Party given by all three visitors (T.S.E. functioning as host with G.F. and E.E.F.) at the Mount Nelson Hotel in Cape Town on Tuesday, January 31. This party covered all the Cape Town booksellers, all the literary folk we could get hold of, and a lot of the University people […] It was much photographed and publicized; and I think it made quite a considerable dent […]

It was during our stay at the Robin Gordon Hotel that news began slowly to come through about the success of T.S.E.’s other Cocktail Party in New York.

12.Simon’s Town, near Cape Town, was the largest British naval base in S. Africa; it was to be handed over to S. Africa in 1957.

13.FrankGillingham, Frank Gillingham (1875–1953), ordained in 1899, played cricket for the Essex XI, 1903–28.

14.GeorgeSutherland-Leveson-Gower, George, 5th Duke of Sutherland Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland (1888–1963): Conservative politician and patron of the film industry. Following service in the regular army, Sutherland succeeded to the dukedom in 1913. He served in two successive Conservative administrations: as Under-Secretary of State for Air, 1922–4; Paymaster-General, 1925–8; Under-Secretary of State for War, 1928–9. In 1936 he became a Privy Councillor, and served as Lord Steward of the Household, 1935–6. He was first Chairman of the British Film Institute, 1933–6. He married Clare Josephine O’Brian (1903–88) in 1944, after the death of his first wife the previous year.

TSE’s sly reference to Sutherland as ‘one of the Dukes whom it is not good form to know’ almost certainly refers to the direct involvement of Sutherland’s forebears in the ‘Highland Clearances’ in the late 18th and 19th centuries: the enforced relocation of tenants.

15.DianaHarvey, Diana Blanche Blanche Harvey (d. 1982), daughter of Sir Robert Harvey, 2nd Bt., married Harold Harington Balfour, 1st Baron Balfour of Inchrye, in 1921: they were divorced in 1946.

16.‘Reflections: Mr. Eliot’, Time, 6 Mar. 1950, 22–6. See further Donal Harris, ‘Understanding Eliot: Mass Media and Literary Modernism in the American Century’, Modern Language Quarterly 76: 4 (Dec. 2015), 499–514.

Anouilh, Jean, quoted, as playwright, Antigone, Medée,
anti-Semitism, and Marie von Moritz, and Mosley, within TSE's racial hierarchy, in After Strange Gods, and Mosley's Albert Hall rally, and Nazi persecution in Vienna, and the prospect of immigration, and EP, in South Africa,
Barrymore, Ethel, at New York Cocktail Party premiere,

2.EthelBarrymore, Ethel Barrymore (1879–1959) – legendary American star of stage and screen; hailed as the ‘First Lady of American Theatre’ – was present at the first night of The Cocktail Party in New York.

Cheetham, Revd Eric, TSE's rent to, as landlord at 9 Grenville Place, asks TSE to be churchwarden, to which TSE agrees, invited to Sweeney Agonistes, taken ill, offers prayers for EH's passage, his pageant for Mothers' Union, on London colds, given wine for Christmas, possible flatmate, pleased to welcome EH, advice in case of fire, unfolds tale of French holiday, and St. Stephen's wartime finances, remembers TSE's birthday, indifferent to rationing, during Blitz, paid to house TSE's books, starts lending library in tube, living in modern penthouse, TSE drafts testimonial letter for, hosts TSE in penthouse, his testimonial, requests TSE's presence for Bishop of London, by whom he is chastened, and Elvaston Place, exhausted by war, prevented from giving TSE customary birthday greeting, one of TSE's few intimates, TSE on, hounded by Time, and the Bishop of Tokyo, retires under doctor's orders, TSE's outgoing tribute and succession, apparently in Hong Kong, leaves affairs in a mess, insouciant letter to parishioners,

4.RevdCheetham, Revd Eric Eric Cheetham (1892–1957): vicar of St Stephen’s Church, Gloucester Road, London, 1929–56 – ‘a fine ecclesiastical showman’, as E. W. F. Tomlin dubbed him. TSE’s landlord and friend at presbytery-houses in S. Kensington, 1934–9. See Letters 7, 34–8.

Clerk, Mabel Honor, Lady (née Dutton),

3.LadyClerk, Mabel Honor, Lady (née Dutton) Mabel Honor Clerk, née Dutton (1880–1974), widow of Sir George James Robert Clerk of Penicuik, 9th Baronet (1876–1943).

Cocktail Party, The, copy inscribed to Miss Swan, Martin Browne's preference for a popular play, plot ruminated, still a distant prospect, deferred by war, at last begun, being written, EH begs TSE to continue, stimulated by the Martin Brownes, titled and nearly drafted, interrupted, attempts to reconcile EH to title, to be discussed with Brownes, to be continued in Princeton, end in prospect, TSE rewriting, alternative titles, its star appeal, 1949 Edinburgh Festival production, Martin Browne to produce, production schedule, the Martin Browne collaboration, 'reading' for, reviewed, cuts made during rehearsal, TSE's opening-night impressions, stage-set for, copy to be sent to EH, EH on, TSE disavows autobiographical basis, post-Edinburgh prospects, 1949 Theatre Royal, Brighton run, its fate, closing, 1950 New York transfer, TSE skeptical of, its fate, being negotiated, fixed, revisions made in mind of, alarmingly successful, royalties from, prospects beyond 1 June 1950, final act still being rewritten, its reception, EH's second opinion on, 1950 New Theatre production, preliminary week in Southsea, its fate, opening night, to close with provinicial tour, comes off at New Theatre, Mrs Nef's reading-group reading, in which TSE reads Reilly, and casting for Confidential Clerk, its first draft, difficult to produce in France, 1954 Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier production, reception, Muriel Spark on, EH detects hidden meaning in,
de Villiers, Drummond Louis,

7.Drummondde Villiers, Drummond Louis Louis de Villiers (b. 1907) was married to Nicolette Gray.

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan, TSE's 'Cardboard Box' prank on Auden, 'Five Orange Pips' prank on GCF, Holmes quoted on false modesty, TSE's personal Colonel Moran, Dr Roylott's safe and the nightingale, Holmes quoted again, TSE dresses up as Holmes,
Eliot, Theresa Garrett (TSE's sister-in-law), witness to the Eliots in 1926, draws TSE, co-hosts Murder party, remembers TSE's intention to marry EH, her immaturity, expresses solicitude for EH, careless of Henry's health, inflator of rumours, apparently ill, a 'lovely person', as correspondent, more agreeable than an Eliot, TSE on, unsuited to resist Margaret, and Henry's mania for Eliotana, wishes to take Henry on holiday following illness, made fretful by Henry, relationship with Henry, ignorant of Henry's true condition, on EH and TSE, after Henry's death, sends TSE Henry's old greatcoat, EH reports on, visits lawyer with TSE, avid for Eliotana, star-struck, undergoes operation on ear, for which TSE bears cost, hosts TSE in 1952, hosts TSE in 1955, custodian of Henry's collection, hosts TSE in 1956, visits England, on whether to return EH's letters, on TSE not marrying EH,
Faber, Geoffrey, made TSE's literary executor, described for EH, as friend, overawed by Joyce, recounts the Eliots' dinner-party, discusses international situation with TSE, his annual effort to diet, introduced to TSE by Whibley, favours TSE taking Norton Professorship, suggests garden-party for TSE, mislays key to Hale correspondence, writes to TSE about separation, which he helps TSE over, blesses Scotland tour with whisky, victim of Holmesian prank, favours 'The Archbishop Murder Case', Times articles on Newman, Russell Square proclaims his gentlemanly standards, forgives TSE and Morley's prank, as tennis-player, champion of Haig biography, social insecurities, and the Faber family fortune, advertises 'Pollicle Dogs and Jellicle Cats', at lavish lunch for Dukes, relieved that 'Work in Progress' progresses, and JDH, needs persuading over Nightwood, on Edward VIII's abdication, Old Buffer's Dinner for, wins at Monopoly, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, thrilled by complimentary tickets, The Family Reunion described to, in line to read Family Reunion, has mumps, composes Alcaics from sickbed, at TSE and JDH's dinner, shares EH's Family Reunion criticism, on TSE's dinner-party bearing, discusses F&F's wartime plans, on meeting Ralph Hodgson, asks TSE to stay on during war, takes TSE to Oxford, argues with Major-General Swinton, and Purchase Tax exertions, and Literary Society membership, TSE's wartime intimacy with, drops teeth on beach, offers criticisms of 'Rudyard Kipling', falsely promised Literary Society membership, but eventually elected, helps revise TSE's Classical Association address, reports to Conversative Education Committee, deputed to America on publishing business, returned from America, Ada too ill to see, discusses National Service on BBC, depended on for breakfast, as fire-watching companion, and TSE rearrange attic at 23 Russell Square, recommends blind masseuse to TSE, in nursing home, and the Spender–Campbell spat, on TSE's Order of Merit, approached for essay on TSE, seeks to protect TSE's serenity, as Captain Kidd, wins fancy-dress prize, TSE's trip to Spain with, and National Book League, receives knighthood, on TSE's paroxysmal tachycardia, dies, his death,
see also Fabers, the

11.GeoffreyFaber, Geoffrey Faber (1889–1961), publisher and poet: see Biographical Register.

Fabers, the, model of happiness and respectability, their domestic situation, Faber children to tea chez Eliot, visit TSE at Pike's Farm, compared to the Morleys, closer to TSE than to VHE, 1933 summer holiday with, Ty Glyn Aeron described, request TSE to write play, too absorbed in their children, at the Morleys' party, give anti-Nazi party for author, host poker party, 1934 summer holiday with, take TSE to lunch in Oxford, 1935 summer holiday with, for which the children are bought tent, give party, 1936 summer holiday with, at Morleys' Thanksgiving Day party, sail model boats with TSE, and TSE's foggy adventure, cinema-going with TSE, take TSE to Witch of Edmonton, and Morleys take TSE to pantomime, and TSE attend opening of Ascent of F6, 1937 summer holiday with, and the Bradfield Greek play, School for Scandal with, take TSE to pantomime again, 1938 summer holiday with, 1939 summer holiday with, offer possible wartime refuge, 1940 summer holiday with, host TSE in Hampstead during war, TSE makes bread sauce for, brought vegetables from Shamley, move to Minsted, and TSE attend musical revue, 1941 summer holiday with, Minsted as substitute for nursing-home, trying to sell Welsh home, take TSE to International Squadron, invite TSE to Wales for Christmas, host TSE at Minsted, away fishing in Scotland, mourn TSE's post-war independence, 1947 Minsted summer stay, 1948 Minsted summer stay, host TSE for weekend, on 1950 South Africa trip, on TSE's 1951 Spain trip, 1951 Minsted summer stay, 1952 Minsted summer stay, 1953 Minsted summer stay, on 1953–4 South Africa trip, 35th wedding anniversary weekend,
Gillingham, Frank,

13.FrankGillingham, Frank Gillingham (1875–1953), ordained in 1899, played cricket for the Essex XI, 1903–28.

Hale, Emily, visits the Eliots for tea, returns to Boston, likened to TSE's mother, TSE identifies with her 'reserve', encouraged to write for periodicals, visits West Rindge, summers in Seattle, presents herself as cossetted, blames herself for an unfulfilled life, returns to Boston, consulted over TSE's Norton Professorship, holidays in Castine, vacations in New Bedford, TSE fears accident befalling, travels to stay in Seattle, Frank Morley on Ada on, arrives in California, brought to tears by music, goes horse-riding, baited over how to boil an egg, TSE passes old school of, takes motoring holiday via San Francisco, summers in Seattle, TSE composes squib for, takes TSE's hand in dream, returned to California, TSE sends Harvard Vocarium record, holidays in West Rindge, returns to Boston before embarking for England, arrives in England, to travel to Paris, returns to London, feels inferior to 'brilliant society', invited to Sweeney Agonistes rehearsal, attends Richard II with TSE, attends Sweeney Agonistes, takes TSE to Gielgud's Hamlet, taken to see Stravinsky conducting, leaves for Italy, takes tea at OM's before leaving, mistaken for TSE's sister, returns to Florence, sails for the Riviera, returns from France, returns to Chipping Campden, to Guernsey with Jeanie McPherrin, taken to Henry IV on return, shares open taxi with TSE through Parks and Whitehall, and TSE attend The Gondoliers, visit to the Russian ballet, invited to Murder in Canterbury, and TSE attend 1066 And All That, taken to Tovaritch, and Morleys set for ballet, which she excuses herself from, criticised for flower-arranging, and TSE walk in the Cotswolds, feels inferior to Margaret Thorp, and TSE theatre-going with Thorps, taken to Timon of Athens, taken to Peer Gynt, visited at Campden for TSE's birthday, takes lodgings in Oxford, lodges at 19 Rosary Gardens, watches TSE read to Student Christian Movement, and TSE visit Kenwood House, dines with the Maritains, describes tea with the Woolfs, returns to America, visits Ada on Boston homecoming, possible career-move into politics, pays winter visit to Rindge, and Eleanor Hinkley attend New York Murder, moves to 154 Riverway with Perkinses, considers volunteering for charity, living at 5 Clement Circle, holidays in Cataumet, returns abruptly to Cambridge, recuperates in New Hampshire, moves to 240 Crescent St., Northampton, Mass., lectures at Concord, returns to Brimmer Street, returns to Boston during vacation, sails for England, in residence at Chipping Campden, travels to Yorkshire, returned to Chipping Campden, returns and moves to 22 Paradise Road, Northampton, Mass., spends Thanksgiving in Boston, stays at Hotel Lincolnshire with the Perkinses, vacations at New Bedford, visits New York, holidays in Charleston, as patron of school, returns to Northampton, sails for England, day at Windsor with TSE, fortnight at Campden with TSE, at Campden with TSE again, returns to America with 'Boerre', ordered to stay in America in case of war, given Family Reunion draft with her comments, encouraged to write drama criticism, vacations in New Bedford, advises TSE against Tewkesbury choruses, holidays with the Havenses, sails for England, at Chipping Campden, stays with the Adam Smiths in Scotland, returns to America with Perkinses, safely returned, sent copy of TSE's daily prayers, sent first CNL, sends TSE selected American plays, holidays in New Bedford, spends Easter in Harwichport, holiday destinations, holidays in Cape Cod, returns to the Perkinses at 90 Commonwealth Avenue, stays with Elsmiths in Woods Hole, holidays on Grand Manan, visits Perkinses in Boston, returns to 90 Commonwealth Avenue, holidays in Madison, Wisc., travels on to Maine, holidays on Grand Manan, holidays in Bangor, Maine, as president of S. P. C. A., spends Christmas holiday in New Bedford, holidays in Woods Hole, loans out her Eliotana, removes from Smith to the Perkinses, spends time in Maine, repairs to New Bedford, spends time in Tryon, N. C., returned to Boston, spends three days in New York, shares details of will, holidays on Grand Manan, leaves TSE portrait in event of predeceasing him, late summer in New Brunswick, vacations in New Bedford, repairs to New Bedford, resident in Millbrook, takes short holiday at 'Bleak House', holidays on Grand Manan, visits Woods Hole, visits New Bedford, holidays in New Bedford, spends holiday at Sylvia Knowles's, holidays in Dorset, Vt., holidays briefly in Farmington, holidaying on Grand Manan, TSE seeks Trojan Women translation for, moves to 9 Lexington Road, gives Christmas readings, congratulates TSE on OM, urges TSE not to despair at honours, spends Easter in Boston, race-relations and the WPA, sings Bach's B Minor Mass, removes from Concord to Andover, on life in Grand Manan, congratulates TSE on Nobel Prize, resident at 35 School Street, Andover, summers between Boston, Woods Hole, New Bedford and Grand Manan, recounts journey to Grand Manan, takes The Cocktail Party personally, then repents of doing so, post-Christmas stay in New Bedford, reports on Cocktail Party's opening, summers between Chocorua and Campobello, tours westward to California during summer holiday, attends British Drama League summer school, holidays in Grand Manan, asks TSE for occasional poem, week in the Virgin Islands, summers between Mount Desert and California, spends holidays in New Bedford, recuperates in New Bedford, returns, briefly to Chipping Campden, Eleanor Hinkley reports on, writes to EVE, sends EVE photograph of TSE, makes tour of Scandinavia, approaches TSE on Smith's behalf, which approach TSE declines, writes to TSE on GCF's death, moves back to Concord, pays visit to Seattle, reacts to TSE's death, writes to EVE, meets EVE, dies, appearance and characteristics, her shapely neck, TSE's memory for certain of her old dresses, particularly four dresses, which TSE then describes, TSE begs EH to describe her clothing, in silk, autumn 1930, costumed in a 'Titian wig', EH encouraged to gain weight, EH encouraged to tan, her Jantzen suit, TSE begs a slip of hair from, her gold-and-green tea gown, her Praxitelean nose, EH congratulated on 'perm', EH refuses TSE lock of hair, her voice, Guardsman dress, as a Botticelli Madonna, her hands, recommended skin-cream, 'new goldy dress', TSE inquires after, in TSE's dreams, 'new and nuder' swimsuit demanded, her black dress/red jacket outfit, dressed in blue, in charming black dress, her sense of humour, her New England conscience, the famous apricot dress, her hair, various dresses, EH's idea of new dresses, EH hair cut in the new style, blue dress worn following masque, as actor, as Olivia in Twelfth Night, in the Cambridge Dramatic club, as Roxane in Cyrano in 1915/16, as Judith Bliss in Hay Fever, EH considers giving up for teaching, in the 'stunt show' with TSE, as Beatrice, TSE hopes, in The Footlight Club, in Berkeley Square, in The Yellow Jacket, EH praised over Ruth Draper, under Ellen van Volkenburg, cast as an octogenarian, in The Old Lady Shows Her Medals, TSE speculates as to her future in, and teaching, as Lady Bracknell, TSE begs to write part for, in The Footlight Club, potentially in summer theatre company, as the Duchess of Devonshire, potentially in The Family Reunion, Cambridge Dramatic club reunion, The Wingless Victory, in masque with TSE, in a Van Druten play, as Lodovico Sforza, in play by Laurence Housman, as Madame Arcati in Blithe Spirit, with Paul Stephenson, in Kind Lady, joins the Dorset Players, as director ('producer'), La Locandiera, Lady Gregory's The Dragon, Dust of the Road, Comus, possibly temporarily at St. Catherine's, Va., chorus work at Smith, Electra, Quality Street, The Merchant of Venice, Dear Brutus, Christmas play, Richard II, Hay Fever, Christmas pantomime, The Dorset Players, a reading of Outward Bound, Molnár's The Swan, Dulcy, The School for Scandal, Fanny and the Servant Problem, Dear Brutus again, Twelfth Night, Prunella, Christmas play, Antigone, The Merry Wives of Windsor, As You Like It, The Admirable Crichton, Holy Night, The Tempest, as teacher, EH lectures on 'Modern British Verse', as a career, at Milwaukee-Downer College, Mich., at Simmons College, Boston, EH considers post at Scripps, which she accepts, arrives at Scripps, establishes drama workshop at Scripps, EH lectures on TSE, EH's advice that TSE lecture less slowly, as described by Scripps student, and being admired by students, TSE sees her teaching as a kind of acting, requests year's leave from Scripps, resigns position at Scripps, declares intention to teach again, possibly, temporarily, at St. Catherine's, Va., possibly at Smith, post at St. Catherine's rejected, appointed to position at Smith, is installed at Smith, reappointed with pay-rise, reappointed again for two years, her work at Smith, unsettled at Smith, in time of war, insecure over job at Smith, from which EH takes 'sabbatical', let go by Smith, takes job at Concord Academy, appointed to post at Bennett Junior College, Millbrook, appointment to permanent Concord position, EH thinks of giving up, lectures on Family Reunion, her work at Concord Academy, resignation from Concord Academy, takes permanent position at Abbot, EH admits to being sheltered by, retirement from Abbot, according to Abbot Academy tribute, birthdays, presents and love-tokens, EH's birthday compared to TSE's, TSE sends Terry–Shaw correspondence for EH's birthday, EH sends TSE pomme purée, present from EH, flowers for EH's birthday arrive too soon, EH wearing TSE's ring, two rings bought for EH, EH bought typewriter, TSE 'cables' EH roses, TSE consults EH over potential present, TSE's second 'sapphire' ring for, EH refits new rings from TSE, TSE receives flowers for Christmas, EH given 'powder box' for Christmas, EH's present to TSE goes amiss, missing present (calendar) explained, EH left cigarettes by TSE, EH gives TSE cigarette case, TSE necklace-hunting for EH, pearls suggested for EH, EH bought sapphire bracelet, EH gives TSE a signet ring, EH bought blue-gray scarf, EH gives TSE silk handkerchiefs, TSE has signet ring engraved, further ring sought for EH, EH with TSE on his birthday, EH gives TSE initialled leather portfolio, TSE given ashtrays and matchbox, furs sought for EH, EH gives TSE stool, roses sent to EH on birthday, TSE given diary and hairbrush box, TSE given rosary and print, EH buys TSE towel rails, TSE receives diary for Christmas, 1810 ring bought for EH, EH buys TSE various ties, war means no flowers, EH's lapis lazuli ring, TSE neglects to cable EH, EH knits socks for TSE, which turn out large, EH sends TSE 'snowflake' socks, EH remembers TSE's birthday with reference to Shakespeare, TSE sent marmalade and liver-paste, EH writes poem for TSE's birthday, EH sends TSE provisions, EH loses sapphire from ring, diamond circlet given to EH in 1939, EH gives TSE socks for Christmas, TSE gives EH 'evening bag', EH unthanked for Christmas present, correspondence with TSE, TSE petitions EH to bestow on the Bodleian, TSE exalts as authoritative, TSE envisions as reading-group, the only writing TSE enjoys, TSE as Cyrano to EH's Roxane, TSE's dependence on, TSE's nights spent planning, TSE rereads with pleasure, the strain of interruption, switches to Air Mail, TSE on his decision to renew, TSE marks first anniversary of, keeps TSE sane, TSE hopes to telephone, TSE wishes to maintain when in America, EH would withhold from the Bodleian bequest, from which TSE tries to dissuade her, TSE violently dependent on, TSE begs EH that it be preserved, less exciting to EH than at first, TSE's horror of sounding sermonic, if such a correspondence were profitable, and TSE's respectful reticence, EH suggests entrusting to Willard Thorp, but subsequently explains she meant Margaret Thorp, EH's to do with as pleases, and the prospect of TSE writing every night, TSE still rereads with pleasure, excites TSE too much to write smoothly, compared with talking, phone call finally arranged, which finally takes place, EH importuned to write more, TSE promises three letters a week, EH refuses more than one, a solitude within a solitude, EH switches to typewriter, which TSE offers to buy, observed weekly by EH's students, flatters TSE most when EH writes undutifully, TSE's dread of EH rationing, TSE's efforts to moderate himself within, TSE imagines the unsealing of, TSE offers to cease, a place to vent one's feelings, TSE rebuked for 'intolerance' within, EH learns to type, hinders TSE from work, TSE on life before, third anniversary marked, thwarted by TSE's self-loathing, TSE doubts having pursued, restraints on TSE's ardour lifted, more constrained by day, TSE worries about burdening EH with, worth TSE getting home early for, by day, by night, TSE specially treasures recent 'love letters', more delightful since EH's reciprocation, and TSE's diminished ardour, switches to transatlantic airmail, constrained by war, opened by censor, and Shamley Green post-office, TSE apologises for, EH free to dispose of, within limits, particularly constrained by EH's letter of 1939, and the experience of delay, TSE equivocates on preserving, varied with airgraph, again, EH's to do with as she pleases, still intended for Bodleian, TSE chastened for short cables, TSE's letters 'undemonstrative and impersonal', post-war frequency, being and not being loving by letter, EH asks TSE to reduce, TSE criticised for following monthly injunction, TSE rebuked for impersonality, EH formally bequeaths to Princeton, TSE unfussed as to repository, TSE reiterates 50-year prohibition, TSE's worries as to future appearances, EH promises Princeton her statement on, promises letters with ten-year seal, attempts to shorten TSE's moratorium, which TSE refuses, which forces EH to relent, TSE encouraged to return EH's letters, EH deposits further material with Princeton, EH makes 'recording' for Princeton, EH renews plea to shorten moratorium, and is again refused, TSE destroys EH's letters, TSE repents of severe letter, which EH never receives, EH suspects TSE of destroying her letters, EH instructs Princeton to discard 'recording', EH ultimately respects TSE's wishes, EH on TSE's destruction of her letters, family, her father, her childhood compared to TSE's, TSE desires family history of, EH encouraged to keep younger company, EH's unity with parents, EH's relations with aunt and uncle, EH's relations with aunt and uncle, EH photographed with parents, and EH's obligations to, finances, health, physical and mental, admits to breakdown, TSE compares 'nightmares' with, TSE's desire to nurse, suffers neuritis, then neuralgia, recommended suncream, suffers arthritis, suffers with sinuses, her teeth, experiences insomnia, suffers 'hives', suffers crisis body and soul, feels depressed over Christmas, suffers neuralgia, suffers intestinal flu, has shingles, admitted to hospital, convalesces on Grand Manan, recuperates in Washington, Conn., photographs of, as a child, Edith Sitwellesque photograph, in 18th-century costume, in 18th-century French costume, in broad-brimmed 'picture' hat, TSE buys Kodak, in deck-chair, eating sandwich, in a car, 'the Beautiful one', which TSE has enlarged for his dressing-table, painful, because taken in the 'interim', in bacchanalian pose, 'Semitic', among young people, set 'Elizabeth' giggling, Diana Mannersesque, are mnemonic aids to TSE, kneeling beside can of flowers, TSE's favourite, with ordinarily sized hands, smoking in chair, as child with big ears, taken on TSE's arrival in Claremont, in Jane Austen fashion, in unfamiliar jacket, taken in autumn, with mother and father, as a child, in TSE's note-case throughout Blitz, in Wingless Victory, as child, in gold frame, in familiar jacket, taken with Boerre, surround TSE at Shamley, with baby, in a group, of EH's portrait, in sailor suit, all inadequate, carrying lamp, with Rag Doll, at Campobello, reading, Henry James, Letters from Baron Friedrich von Hügel to a Niece, All Passion Spent, Bubu de Montparnasse, F&F thriller, Eyeless in Gaza, Dante, Hopkins and Roosevelt, Henry Irving: The Actor and His World, relationship with TSE, TSE's first acquaintance with, its abnormality, runs to admiration from EH, and TSE's habitual reserve, its morality under examination, defended by TSE, its susceptibilities envisaged by TSE, EH admits estrangement within, and TSE's desire for intimacies, provokes sorrow and fury in TSE, confided to the Perkinses, Miss Ware and Father Underhill, TSE's chance to be frivolous, and the prospect of TSE's Harvard year, TSE dates first meeting to 1905, whereas EH dates to 1915, TSE's terror of renewing in California, teaches TSE true companionship, runs to a 'kiss', as perpetual progress and revelation, EH offered manumission from, if TSE were not married, seems more real for TSE's American year, TSE's reasons against marrying, TSE fears having misled over, EH again offered manumission from, EH writes to Ada concerning, EH blames TSE for his ardour, then apologises for blaming TSE, leads to unhappiness in EH, possible drain on EH's health, its perceived inequalities, pity and gratitude would corrupt, TSE conditionally promises marriage, TSE sees as an imposition on EH, potentially richer for meeting TSE's friends, EH 'kisses' TSE, EH rests head on TSE's shoulder, EH strokes TSE's face, as consubstantial union, TSE's love finally reciprocated, mutual embraces, EH kissed on the right foot, TSE favoured with birthday kiss, exhausting, should proceed without hope of marriage, TSE again regrets misleading EH, as one of mutual dependence, its unsatisfactions, its seasonal rhythm, but for VHE would be marriage, EH seeks post-war clarity on, and the prospect of VHE's death, following VHE's death, TSE reflects on the deterioration of, TSE reflects generally on, and men and women generally, according to Theresa Eliot, EH reflects on, since TSE discounted marriage, had TSE behaved differently in 1914, its new dispensation, source of mutual anguish, apropos of TSE's second marriage, EH's marriage regret, EH recoils from publicising, TSE re-evaluates, EH writes to EVE about, religious beliefs and practices, claims experience of 'vision', admits suffering spiritual crisis, goes on retreat, and TSE's definition of sainthood, compared to TSE's, professes to resent the Church, makes retreat to Senexet, the issue of communion, the possibility of confirmation, source of worry to EH, confronts TSE on religious differences, TSE on her 'Christian spirit', fears TSE considers her damned, TSE pointedly refrains from criticising, unclear to TSE, TSE's love for, and their conversation in Eccleston Square, declared, in 1915, and TSE's desire to be EH's spiritual possession, source of serenity to TSE, the strangeness of not broadcasting, first felt in 1913, recognised by TSE the night of Tristan und Isolde, TSE's reasons for not declaring in 1913, what TSE said instead of declaring, a pain of sorts, unconfided to friends, not immune to jealousy of EH's male friends, its passion tempered by religion, and the torment of resignation, defiled by possessiveness and anger, and a particular journey back from Pasadena, in light of California stay, increases his desire to quarrel with EH, TSE doubts decision to declare, eternally unconditional, shows TSE true meaning of tenderness, defined by TSE, violent, clarified and strengthened by Chipping Campden reunion, disquiets EH, obstructive to EH loving another, TSE initially relieved to find unrequited, queered by inexperience, TSE repents of over-prizing, startles TSE, like 'a burglar', strengthened and deepened, irrespective of physical beauty, finally reciprocated, ideal when unreciprocated, relieved only by poetry, as against love's travesties, as expressed in Burnt Norton, over time, apparently undimmed but dwarfed by war, and the first time TSE spoke EH's name, thwarted by question of divorce, EH questions, now better adjusted to reality, argument over communion challenges, would run to jealously but not marriage, as expressed in 1914 on Chestnut Hill, TSE's names, nicknames and terms of endearment for, 'Lady', 'Dove', 'My saint', 'Bienaimée', TSE's reason for calling her 'Dove', 'Isolde', 'My Lady', 'Emilie', 'Princess', 'Lady bird', 'Birdie', 'riperaspberrymouth', 'Emily of Fire & Violence', 'Bouche-de-Fraise', 'Bouch-de-Framboise', 'Raspberrymouth', not 'Wendy', 'Nightingale', 'Mocking Bird', 'Love', 'My true love', 'my Self', 'Emilia' and Shelley's Epipsychidion, 'my Own', 'Girl', 'Western Star', 'Darling', 'My Life', 'My Lamb', 'Beloved my Female', 'My own Woman', writings, an article on 'Weimar', letter to The Times about King's jubilee, account of communion at Beaulieu, EH asks to write about TSE, review of La Machine infernale, review of Dangerous Corner, a note for S. P. C. A., an 'epigram', 'Actors at Alnwick', 'An Etching', 'The Giocanda Smile', 'The Personal Equation in Spoken English', 'A Play from Both Sides of the Footlights', 'Summer Sunshine: A Memory of Miss Minna Hall', 'They flash upon the inward eye',
Harvey, Diana Blanche, gives TSE painting,

15.DianaHarvey, Diana Blanche Blanche Harvey (d. 1982), daughter of Sir Robert Harvey, 2nd Bt., married Harold Harington Balfour, 1st Baron Balfour of Inchrye, in 1921: they were divorced in 1946.

Hayward, John, in TSE's thumbnail description, his condition and character, what TSE represents to, VHE complains about TSE to, TSE's new chess-playing neighbour, meets EH over tea, hosts TSE, GCF and de la Mare, on EH, on EH (to TSE), gives TSE cigars for Christmas, calls EH TSE's 'sister', and the Dobrées on Boxing Day, and TSE play a prank on guests, backstage at The Times, taken for walk, on Jenny de Margerie, Empson, TSE and Sansoms call on, evening with Spender, Jennings and, exchanges Christmas presents with TSE, exchanges rare books with TSE, sends luxuries to convalescent TSE, TSE's only regular acquaintance, dines with TSE and Camerons, lent Williams's Cranmer, accompanied to the Fabers' party, hosts discussion about Parisian Murder, inspects French translation of Murder, and TSE's Old Buffers' Dinner, gives TSE bath-mitts, given wine for Christmas, one of TSE's dependents, at Savile Club Murder dinner, Empson takes TSE on to see, possible housemate, in second line of play-readers, walked round Earl's Court, and Bradfield Greek play, and TSE drive to Tandys, and TSE give another party, corrects TSE's Anabase translation, watches television with TSE, Christmas Day with, introduced to Djuna Barnes, meets Christina Morley, walk round Brompton Cemetery with, Hyde Park excursion with, moving house, at his birthday-party, honoured at F&F, displaced to the Rothschilds, where TSE visits him, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, the prospect of Christmas without, excursions to Cambridge to visit, 'my best critic', gives TSE American toilet-paper, helps TSE finish Little Gidding, possible post-war housemate, protector of TSE's literary remains, foreseeably at Merton Hall, discusses plays with TSE, flat-hunting with, and Carlyle Mansions, his furniture, installed at Carlyle Mansions, further handicapped without telephone, undermines TSE's aura of poetic facility, irritates except in small doses, helps with adjustment of TSE's OM medal, at the Brighton Cocktail Party, hounded by Time, quid pro quo with TSE, arranges first-night party for Cocktail Party, arranges Confidential Clerk cast dinner, and TSE's Selected Prose, and TSE entertained by Yehudi Menuhin,

11.JohnHayward, John Davy Hayward (1905–65), editor and critic: see Biographical Register.

Marquard, Leopold,

5.LeopoldMarquard, Leopold Marquard (1897–1974): politician, educator, publisher and author. Editorial manager for Oxford University Press in S. Africa, 1946–60. After studying at Oxford, 1920–3, he was founding president of the National Union of South African Students, 1924, and worked for some years as a teacher. In addition, he was co-founder of the South African Institute of Race Relations, of which he was President, 1957–8, 1968. In 1953 he became a founder member of the Liberal Party of South Africa. His works include The Story of South Africa (1966). TSE to Hope Mirrlees, 31 Mar. 1950: ‘If you should come across some people in Stellenbosch named Marquard, I found them agreeable and not uncultivated – they are I think Natives (i.e. whites of Huguenot–Dutch extraction) but he was a RHODES SCHOLAR IN HIS TIME (I did not intend capitals, but this typewriter surprises me that way from time to time) and is the Representative of the Oxford University Press in Cape Town.’ Geoffrey Faber, in his report on a second trip to S. Africa in 1954, noted of the ‘liberal minded Afrikaner’: ‘These intelligent “Dutch” are the salt of South Africa, and give points to all but a very few English men and women. They are apt, perhaps, to be a bit over serious. Alas, that there are not more of them!’

Miller, Gilbert, possible force behind Murder's transfer, negotiating Cocktail Party's transfer, repels TSE, knows the wrong sort of duke, bumps into TSE in Spain,

5.GilbertMiller, Gilbert Miller (1884–1969); American theatrical producer. In 1950 he was to win a Tony Award for his production of The Cocktail Party. The Gilbert Miller–Ashley Dukes production of Murder in the Cathedral (with Miller taking a quarter-share in the enterprise, and Dukes three-quarters to secure artistic control), starring Robert Speaight, was to open at the Ritz Theatre, West 48th Street, New York City, on 16 Feb. 1938. It ran for 21 performances.

Millin, Sarah Gertrude,

5.SarahMillin, Sarah Gertrude Gertrude Millin (1889–1968): South African novelist and writer of non-fiction and biography. Works include The Night is Long (autobiography: F&F, 1941); a six-volume diary (F&F, 1944–8); and The Measure of My Days (1955). See Martin Rubin, Sarah Gertrude Millin: A South African Life (Johannesburg and London: Ad. Donker, 1977). In Oct. 1934 F&F had offered a remarkable advance of £2,500, with royalty of 25%, for Millin’s two-volume life of General Smuts (1936). Her husband was Philip Millin (1888–1952), Judge of the South African Supreme Court.

Milton, John, on TSE's brain, TSE on Comus, appealing to the ear, TSE's Churchill Club talk on, British Academy lecture on, Frick lecture on, Comus,
Mirrlees, Hope, sketched for EH, at the Eliots' tea-party, part of Bloomsbury society, VHE complains about TSE to, dinner in company with, and mother taken sightseeing, ordeal of a walk with, dinner and chess with, and her dachshund, exhausting but pitiable, her mother preferable, her religion, to Mappie as Eleanor Hinkley to Aunt Susie, irritates like Eleanor, indifferent to enlarging her acquaintance, at Shamley, researching in Worthing Public Library, bathing daily at Lee, and TSE judge fancy-dress parade, during TSE's final Shamley Christmas, suffers 'collapse', in Stellenbosch, visits London, go-between in TSE's second marriage,
see also Mirrleeses, the

2.HopeMirrlees, Hope Mirrlees (1887–1978), British poet, novelist, translator and biographer, was to become a close friend of TSE: see Biographical Register.

Morley, Frank Vigor, TSE on sharing an office with, Criterion monthly meeting regular, returns from New York, indispensable in proofing Selected Essays, Criterion lunch in company with, joins farewell lunch for Hodgson, offers TSE post-separation refuge, acts for TSE during separation, spirits TSE away to Surrey, on TSE at Pike's Farm, as châtelain, acting as TSE's courier, on TSE's relationship to children, music-hall evening with, suggests tour of Scotland, which he plans out, suggests trip to Paris, thanks Joyce for hospitality, on TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, negotiating for Ulysses, his absence means more work, treasured and missed, gets on famously with Ada, mercifully returned to F&F, produces birthday-cake, peacekeeper between Rowse and Smyth, in on Sherlock Holmes prank, encourages TSE to go to Finland, on TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, and TSE drink GCF's whisky, takes TSE to Wimbledon, monopolises typewriter for joint story, as tennis-player, overawes GCF, TSE and EH's elected emergency go-between, good with thrusting young authors, backs publication of Nightwood, helps deal with Joyce, naturally projects strength, his French, escapes Criterion gathering to catch last train home, unusually subdued among the French, submits his Johnson Society paper, depends on TSE, on TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, which Morley describes, two nights' sleep in a caravan with, potential reader for Family Reunion, his father dies, Spender discussed with, sends TSE corrected Anabasis, heads for New York and Baltimore, his energy, returns from America, visiting dying mother, shoulders burden of EP, insufficiently honours EP, Boutwood Lectures submitted to, accepts Harcourt Brace position, what his leaving F&F will mean, taken to tea with Woolfs, remembers EH taking priority, first wartime letter from, which reports on TSE's family, sounds depressed in America, sounds less depressed to GCF, among TSE's closest friends, his conversation missed, on Christian Society's American reception, suspected of indiscretion, EH explains 'Defence of the Islands' to, indifferent to Cats, entrusted with emergency Dry Salvages, America's effect on, gives Henry MS of 'Yeats', suggests 'Night Music' over 'Kensington Quartets', Ada too ill to see, his use of 'poised', puts TSE up in New York, on TSE's 1947 New York stay, presently unemployed, but inherits Graham Greene's job,
see also Morleys, the

4.FrankMorley, Frank Vigor Vigor Morley (1899–1980), American publisher and author; a founding editor of F&F, 1929–39: see Biographical Register.

Reitz, Leila (née Wright),

8.LeilaReitz, Leila (née Wright) Reitz, née Wright (1887–1959), South African politician, social reformer, advocate of women’s rights and suffrage – the first woman elected to Parliament in S. Africa, she served in the House of Assembly, 1933–43 – was married to the lawyer and politician Deneys Reitz (1882–1944), who had served with distinction in the Boer Wars and enjoyed a prominent career culminating in his appointment as South African High Commissioner to the UK, 1943.

Shakespeare, William, Bunny Wilson and TSE discuss, writing Murder increases TSE's admiration for, but equally wariness of, spiritually 'helpful', preferable in modern dress, EH imagined as Lady Macbeth, later as Hermione, All's Well that Ends Well, Antony and Cleopatra, As You Like It, Coriolanus, Cymbeline, Hamlet, Henry VIII, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Measure for Measure, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Midsummer Night's Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, Othello, Richard II, Richard III, 'Sonnet CXXXII', The Tempest, Timon of Athens, Troilus and Cressida, Twelfth Night, The Winter's Tale,
Smuts, Field Marshal Jan, doesn't particularly impress TSE,

6.FieldSmuts, Field Marshal Jan Marshal Jan Smuts, OM, CH (1870–1950): South African (Afrikaner) lawyer (he read Law at Christ’s College, Cambridge, and was called to the bar at the Middle Temple), soldier, statesman; Prime Minister of the Union of S. Africa, 1919–24, 1939–48. An internationalist, he was a proponent of the League of Nations, United Nations and Commonwealth of Nations.

South Africa, TSE on,
Stern, Irma,

10.IrmaStern, Irma Stern (1894–1966): celebrated South African artist, of German-Jewish descent.

Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, George, 5th Duke of Sutherland,

14.GeorgeSutherland-Leveson-Gower, George, 5th Duke of Sutherland Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland (1888–1963): Conservative politician and patron of the film industry. Following service in the regular army, Sutherland succeeded to the dukedom in 1913. He served in two successive Conservative administrations: as Under-Secretary of State for Air, 1922–4; Paymaster-General, 1925–8; Under-Secretary of State for War, 1928–9. In 1936 he became a Privy Councillor, and served as Lord Steward of the Household, 1935–6. He was first Chairman of the British Film Institute, 1933–6. He married Clare Josephine O’Brian (1903–88) in 1944, after the death of his first wife the previous year.

Time, hounds JDH and Cheetham, TSE learns of Cocktail Party royalties in,
travels, trips and plans, EH's 1930 trip to England, EH's proposed 1931 England visit, called off, EH's 1932 summer holidays, the Eliots' Derby Day excursion, related, the Eliots' July 1932 Hindhead visit, the Eliots' August 1932 Eastbourne holiday, described, TSE's 1932–3 year in America, Norton Professorship offered to TSE, and the prospect of reunion with EH, which TSE refuses to see as decisive, which angers EH, who writes and destroys a response, TSE's financial imperatives, TSE's itinerary, and the question of discretion, opportunity for adventurous lecture-tours, TSE speculates on attendant feelings, TSE on the voyage over, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, the Eliot family's Randolph holiday, TSE's 1933 westward tour to Scripps, proposed to EH, and TSE's need to lecture, possibly via St. Louis, TSE's itinerary, possible stopover in Seattle, a shameful source of happiness, still a happy thought, described by Havens and others, TSE reflects on, TSE's return from, TSE wonders at after-effect on EH, EH urged to reflect honestly on, Ada on, and a conversation about divorce, in EH's recollection, possible EH 1933 summer in England, TSE's 1933 Faber summer holiday, set for mid-August, postponed, rearranged, TSE buys summer outfits for, described, TSE's 1933 tour of Scotland, possible itinerary, Morley's preparations for, described for EH, TSE's 1933 trip to Paris, mooted, described, EH's 1934–5 year in Europe, TSE delighted at the prospect, attempts to coordinate with TSE's 1934 summer plans, the Perkinses due in Chipping Camden, EH's itinerary, TSE's initial weekend at Chipping Campden, TSE books rooms in Lechlade, TSE visits Campden again with family, and again alone, which visit TSE reflects on, TSE's plans to entertain EH en route to Europe, EH's continental itinerary, VHE and propriety inhibit pre-Paris arrangements, L'Escargot lunch, weekend in Sussex for EH's birthday, possible London tea-party, second lunch at L'Escargot, EH and TSE's November excursions, a month which TSE reflects happily on, EH's summer 1935 plans, EH departs England, EH in Florence, arrived in Rome, TSE coordinating with EH's return, TSE recommends Siena, EH returns to Florence, EH sails for Riviera, EH returns from France, L'Escargot lunch on EH's return, EH sails for Guernsey, May 1935, EH's June 1935 London sortie, TSE attends Dr Perkins's birthday, TSE's July 1935 Campden week, TSE offers to fund EH in London, where EH joins Jeanie McPherrin, TSE's Campden birthday weekend, prospect of EH spending month at Blomfield Terrace, Thorp theatre outing, TSE's 6–8 September Campden weekend, EH staying at 19 Rosary Gardens, EH to Campden for 15–17 November, EH sails for Boston, EH and TSE's final farewell, TSE and EH's final weeks in London, their excursion to Finchampstead, TSE reflects on, excursion to Greenwich, EH reflects on the final weeks of, TSE's 1934 Faber summer holiday, described, TSE's dream of Cairo, TSE's invitation to Finland, palmed off on Robert Nichols, TSE's 1935 tour of Scotland, proposed by Blake, attempts to coordinate with EH, TSE's itinerary, TSE's 1935 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, described, TSE's 1936 visit to Ireland, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's spring/summer 1936 trip to Paris, first contemplated, date fixed, Morleys invited, TSE's itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1936 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, TSE's 1936 American trip, spring arrival dependent on New York Murder, if not spring, then autumn, possible excursions, autumn better for seeing EH, and possible Princeton offer, and possible Smith visit, efforts to coordinate with EH, passage on Alaunia booked, TSE's itinerary, Murder to pay for, coordinating with Eliot Randolph holiday, the moment of parting from EH, TSE's birthday during, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1937 tour of Scotland, itinerary, recounted, the Morley–Eliot 1937 trip to Salzburg, contemplated, itinerary, EH receives postcard from, described, as relayed to OM, EH's 1937 summer in England, and Mrs Seaverns, EH accompanies TSE to Edinburgh, itinerary coordinated with EH, dinner at L'Escargot, TSE's 10–11 July Campden visit, TSE's 17–22 July Campden visit, TSE's 21 August Campden visit, EH travels to Yorkshire, TSE reminisces about, TSE's 1937 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, leaves TSE sunburnt, TSE's 1938 trip to Lisbon, outlined to EH, TSE advised on, travel arrangements, the voyage out, described, EH's 1938 summer in England, and whether EH should spend it at Campden, EH's arrival confirmed, TSE's July Campden visit, EH's late-July London stay, TSE's 5–21 August Campden fortnight, TSE's 3–6 September Campden visit, EH's September London stay, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1938 Faber summer holiday, TSE's preparations for, TSE reports from, possible EH England Christmas 1938 visit, possible TSE 1939 visit to America, mooted for spring, complicated by Marion and Dodo's trip, shifted to autumn, threatened by war, made impossible, EH's 1939 England visit, TSE's efforts to coordinate with, threatened by war, complicated by Marion's arrival, EH's itinerary, EH's initial London stay, TSE's 7–20 July Campden visit, TSE's 22–30 August Campden visit, TSE's 2–4 September Campden visit, EH again London, EH and TSE's parting moments, in TSE's memory, memory vitiated by EH's subsequent letter, TSE's 1939 Faber summer holiday, TSE writes from, possible wartime transatlantic crossings, contingencies, in case of EH being ill, TSE's reasons for and against, and TSE's New York proposition, following invasion Denmark and Norway, impossible for TSE unless official, TSE's desire to remain in England, TSE's reasons for and against accepting lectureship, given Ada's impending death, TSE's abortive 1940 Italian mission, possible but confidential, lectures prepared for, and the prospect of seeing EP, might include Paris, itinerary, in jeopardy, final preparations for, cancelled, TSE's 1940 visit to Dublin, approved by Foreign Office, in national interest, itinerary, recounted, involves TSE's first plane-journey, TSE's 1940 Faber summer holiday, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Faber summer holiday, Kipling and fishing-rod packed for, TSE reports from, TSE's 1941 Northern tour, proposed by the Christendom group, arranged with Demant, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1942 British Council mission to Sweden, TSE makes cryptic allusion to, as recounted to EH, as recounted to JDH, return leg in London, as war-work, TSE's 1942 New Forest holiday, described, TSE's 1942 week in Scotland, recounted, TSE's abortive 1942 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 trip to Edinburgh, recounted, TSE's abortive 1943 Iceland mission, TSE's 1943 New Forest holiday, TSE's 1944 trip to Edinburgh, TSE's abortive 1944 North Africa mission, TSE's May 1945 trip to Paris, described, TSE's June 1945 trip to Paris, recounted, possible post-war American visit, and Henry's impending death, ideally ancillary to work, possibly as F&F's representative, waits on TSE's health and Carlyle Mansions, TSE's 1945 September fortnight in Lee, described, TSE's 1945 Christmas in Lee, described, TSE's 1946 summer in America, date for passage fixed, paperwork for, TSE's itinerary, its aftermath, recounted, TSE's 1947 summer in America, dependent on lecture engagements, TSE seeks to bring forward, Henry's condition brings further forward, set for April, itinerary, EH reflects on, TSE's scheduled December 1947 visit to Marseilles and Rome, itinerary, TSE's preparations for, dreaded, Roman leg described by Roger Hinks, EH's hypothetical March 1948 visit to England, TSE's postponed 1948 trip to Aix, itinerary, recounted, home via Paris, TSE's 1948 trip to America, itinerary, TSE's visit to EH in Andover, disrupted by Nobel Prize, TSE's 1948 Nobel Prize visit to Stockholm, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1949 family motor-tour of Scotland, described, TSE's October–November 1949 trip to Germany, possible itinerary, preparations for, final itinerary, TSE's account of, the return via Belgium, TSE's January 1950 voyage to South Africa, all but fixed, itinerary, described by TSE, recounted by Faber, EH's 1950 summer in England, TSE books EH's hotel room for, TSE's efforts to coordinate with EH's movements, EH in Campden, TSE reports to Aunt Edith on, TSE's 1950 visit to America, and TSE's possible Chicago post, the Chicago leg, November itinerary, TSE's spring 1951 trip to Spain, itinerary, recounted, TSE's September 1951 Geneva stay, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's second 1951 British Council mission to Paris, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to Rennes and the Riviera, itinerary, recounted, TSE's 1952 visit to America, itinerary, efforts to coordinate with EH's summer, TSE on meeting with EH, TSE's 1952 rest cure in Switzerland, TSE's 1953 visit to St. Louis and America, set for June, to include fortnight in Cambridge, itinerary, EH's 1953 trip to England, EH's Alnwick plans, TSE books hotel for EH, and EH's ticket to Confidential Clerk, TSE's 1953 visit to Geneva, TSE's 1953–4 trip to South Africa, itinerary, described, arrival described to JDH, GCF on, TSE's 1954 Geneva rest cure, Geneva preferred to Paris, TSE's deferred 1955 visit to Hamburg, prospect inspires reluctance in TSE, proposed for spring 1955, dreaded, TSE now returned from, TSE's 1955 visit to America, and contingent speaking engagements, foreshortened, itinerary, Washington described, TSE's return from, TSE's 1955 Geneva rest cure, TSE's 1956 visit to America, passage fixed for April, itinerary, TSE in the midst of, TSE reflects on, TSE's 1956 Geneva rest cure, itinerary, recounted, illness during, EH's 1957 visit to England, TSE and EVE invited to Campden, TSE reciprocates with London invitation, but EH leaves England abruptly, which TSE consults Eleanor Hinkley over, who duly explains, TSE and EVE's 1958 trip to America, as rumoured to EH, EH's 1959 tour of Scandinavia, funded by bequest from cousin, TSE and EVE's 1959 trip to America, TSE and EVE's 1963 trip to America,
van der Spuy, Maj.-Gen. Kenneth,

6.Major-Generalvan der Spuy, Maj.-Gen. Kenneth Kenneth van der Spuy, CBE, MC (1892–1991): South African Air Force officer.

van Zyl, Gideon Brand,

4.Gideonvan Zyl, Gideon Brand Brand van Zyl (1873–1956): Governor-General of the Union of S. Africa, 1945–50.

Wilder, Thornton, The Skin of Our Teeth,