[No surviving envelope]

T. S.Eliot
B-11 Eliot House
26 February 1933
Chère Princesse,

I shall have to write briefly again this week: tomorrow night I must talk to the Modern Language Conference; lectureHarvard UniversityEnglish 26 (Modern English Literature);a7;a7 Tuesday morning, and I am behind with – the most important of all – my Norton lecture for Friday night. I have had three busy, but not unpleasant days of tour. ThursdayCournos, Johndescribed for EH;a1 went to New Haven, andCournos, Johnputs TSE up;a2 staid there with John Cournos1 – a Russian Jew by birth, not vulgarised and Americanised, but a good ghetto type – married to an incongruously Connecticut wife, formerly a Mrs. Satterthwaite – heHulme, Thomas Ernest ('T. E.');a2 was on the edge of the old T. E. Hulme group in London before my time. ToPhelps, William Lyon;a1 lunch with William Lyon Phelps, thePerry, Blissdoomed to amuse;a3 Bliss Perry of Yale,2 who talked amusingly – rather amusingly, it is the best thing he does – andTinker, Chauncey Brewster;a2 Chauncey Brewster Tinker, andPottle, Frederick A.;a1 one Pottle who is editing the Talbot de Malahide Boswell papers,3 then lookedYale Universitymore like Oxford than Harvard;a3 round the new buildings with Cournos – very fair – notHarvard Universitycompared architecturally to Yale;a8 so hideous as I had been led to expect – much more Oxonian than Harvard is – butAmericaits horrors;c2New England Gothic;b1 IAmericaNew England;f9architecturally;a5 don’t like Gothic in New England – all the same Harvard is too ornate and luxurious too; went to the Art Museum to revisit my special Pollaiuolo and Piero di Cosimo paintings;4 metEliots, the Henryattend TSE's Yale lecture;a1 Henry and Theresa and her brother there, who had come to hear my lecture. Lecture'English Poets as Letter Writers'where it meets inverted reception;a2 went off well I think – they roared at some of the serious parts, and took solemnly some of the flippant parts, as I meant them to, but I think they liked it; I'English Poets as Letter Writers'copy promised to EH;a3 think I may send you a copy of my English Poets as Letter Writers to read – if you will read it, which I doubt – for if you don’t see my private joke in talking about how a poet should write letters, no one will.5 Then back to the Cournos home, dined privately, and three undergraduates came in for the evening. InLadd, William Palmer;a1 the morning Henry called for me, and took me to the Ladds – Dr. Ladd is head of a divinity school6 – Henry & Theresa were staying with them – andde la Mare, Walter;a2 they are friends of Walter de la Mare, who had asked me to try to see them – for lunch: nice people. ThenGarrett, Hurst;a1 Henry & Theresa & HurstAmericaNorthampton, Massachusetts;g3;a1 Garrett (her brother) motored me to Northampton, and I enjoyed that: howAmericaConnecticut;e2its countryside;a1 beautiful the Connecticut country and villages are! WeAmericaFarmington, Connecticut;e5which TSE passes by;a2 passed through Farmington, & IHale, EmilyTSE passes old school of;c3 had a thrill in seeing the school where I think you once were (did you like being there? Miss Porter’s) (by the way one of the New Haven Colleges has an inscription to Nathan Hale ‘Scholar, Athlete, Patriot’).7 At Smith they left me. WasNeilson, William Allanas TSE's host at Smith;a1 givenSmith Collegewhich proves luxurious;a2 a luxurious guest suite – at 6:30 President Neilson8 called for me – dinner at his house, with a few other people. The[nLear, Edwardagain in Smith;a4] the Lear lecture – went off pretty well – large full house – I dodged out into the green room afterwards and met no students at all. (Green room is the word: I think I have already remarked that the matter of a lecture, I find, matters less than one’s histrionic ability. It’s not exactly taking on a part whole, but pretending to be only a part of oneself – CournosCournos, Johnon TSE's lecture persona;a3 said that while I was lecturing at Yale I looked as he had never seen me, but he did not say what I looked like – but some things ordinarily suppressed do come out usefully). Then we (I mean a large group of the faculty and myself) went down to the railway station and Saw Off the Neilsons like a cosy family party – Neilson has been ill, and they were starting for a holiday in Spain – Mrs. N. enjoying herself in a thoroughly Teutonic way (she is very German) with tears, kisses and an armful of bouquets. Afterwards we adjourned to the house of Professor Lieber (who says he knew me at Harvard) and drank whisky and talked about the difference between poetry and prose, or one of those endless subjects which are so useful when you have two Germans (Prof. & Mrs. Koffka)9 a Frenchman, an Italian, an Englishman (not counting myself) and some Americans to offer points of view which never meet. Next day had breakfast in bed luxuriously andPatch, Howard Rollin;a1 lunched with Lieber and some pleasant people named Prof. & Mrs Patch10 (who asked to be remembered affectionately to someone but I can’t remember whom); thenMount Holyoke Collegejourney through snow to;a2 was called for by a motor from Mt. Holyoke, containingGriffith, Helen;a1 Miss Griffith (Professor of English)11 and two undergraduates – oneMount Holyoke CollegeTSE on visiting;a3 was a Miss Sever – the only one whose name I remember, and that is because she assumed a more proprietary air towards me at once than any one else ever has – tall, thin, plain, solemn as an owl with octagonal spectacles). A snow storm was now in progress; andWhittier, John GreenleafSnow-Bound;a1 as we approached the bleak isolated mountain on which Mt. Holyoke College is situated I wondered in some alarm whether I was to be Snow Bound (see Whittier I think)12 in a Young Females’ Seminary for several days. Mysmokingdespite Mt Holyoke rules;a3 alarm was increased when I was installed in the Guest Room and saw a notice on the mirror –




so I only smoked in the bathroom with the window open. I had tea (with pretzels) in my room, rested, dressed, and at 6:20 was called for by Miss Sever, who was in Full evening dress (with octagonal spectacles) and took my arm solemnly and escorted me to a reception room; whereMount Holyoke CollegeBlackstick Society addressed;a4 presently arrived Miss Griffith and the members of the Blackstick Society, the Senior Literary Society. I don’t remember a single name; oneWilberforce, Pamela Margaret (TSE's secretary)handsome girl reminds TSE of;a7 was distinctly handsome, like Pamela Wilberforce rather; and they were all in their best bib and tucker. Then we went to a private dining room, and I did my best, but rather poorly. Afterwards to a large Common Room, where came other undergraduates, and a few faculty; and goaded by Miss Griffith, I talked (with questions) about Standards of Criticism (extemporaneously) and after an hour or so read them poetry. Then the party more or less broke up; but some remained (mostly Blackstick Society) and sat on the floor very prettily and asked questions. When that was over I found myself to my horror left alone with the solemn Miss Sever, who settled down and got solemner and solemner, and she wants to write poetry; I had the uneasy feeling that she was going to treat me as a father confessor, so I managed to get away a little after eleven. Breakfast was sent me in the next morning; and at a quarter to ten Miss Sever (now dressed for winter sports – she had snowshoed over from her dormitory) came to tell me that a car was ready to take me to Springfield. However, she didn’t come too; but she threatens to come to one of my Wednesday afternoons; I said good bye to her at the door.13 Nothing more except that the driver (Mr. Snow, described as a contrivin’ man) took me to a wrong church; but of course it was wrong of me to trust a nice little Quaker schoolmarm like Miss Griffith to pick a church for me, andChristianityliturgy;b9aversion to Low Church Mattins;a8 I dare say it is well that now and then I should be reminded how horribly stuffy a Low Church Mattins can be, andEliot, Revd Frederick May (TSE's first cousin)qua preacher;a2 the preacher ranted just like Frederick; but this Sunday I Failed to hear Mass. Perhaps my own Fault. Just outside the Church was the statue of my ancestor Deacon Chapin, which I examined – but as he was covered with Snow his Features were rather softened – and his Hat was altered by snow so that he looked more like a Field Marshal than a Deacon; and then I came back to Cambridge. And I am thankful that I am now going away again this week – because I feel somehow obliged to Report to you where I have been and what I have done – and shall be able to write about other things – for example this alarming Philosophic Reading which you threaten to do. Dont be too impressed by poor little Hartly Alexander.

Et il faut que nous nous ecrivions de temps en temps en francais. Quoique je risque de m’epanouir trop et de t’offusquer; mais tu peux ignorer mon babil et mes enfantillages. A toi a jamais14


1.JohnCournos, John Cournos (1881–1966) – Johann Gregorievich Korshune – naturalised American writer of Russian birth (his Jewish parents fled Russia when he was 10), worked as a journalist on the Philadelphia Record and was first noted in Britain as an Imagist poet; he became better known as novelist, essayist and translator. After living in England in the 1910s and 1920s, he emigrated to the USA. An unhappy love affair in 1922–3 with Dorothy L. Sayers was fictionalised by her in Strong Poison (1930), and by him in The Devil is an English Gentleman (1932). His other publications include London Under the Bolsheviks (1919), In Exile (1923), Miranda Masters (a roman à clef about the imbroglio between himself, the poet HD and Richard Aldington, 1926), and Autobiography (1935). See too Alfred Satterthwaite, ‘John Cournos and “H.D.”’, Twentieth Century Literature 22: 4 (Dec. 1976), 394–410.

2.WilliamPhelps, William Lyon Lyon Phelps (1865–1943) taught at Yale for 41 years, becoming Lampson Professor of English Literature in 1901. A compelling, popular lecturer, he was the first to teach a course on the modern novel – which proved controversial at the start. Works include Essays on the Modern Novel (1910) and The Advance of the English Novel (1916). Phelps noted, in Autobiography with Letters (New York, 1939), of hisPhelps, William Lyonon lunch with TSE;a2n lunch with TSE on 23 Feb.: ‘We talked a good deal about Paul Elmer More, whom we both admired. Mr Eliot gives one the same impression in conversation that one receives in reading him – intense sincerity.’

3.FrederickPottle, Frederick A. A. Pottle (1897–1987), great scholar, taught at Yale University, 1925–66, becoming a full professor in 1930. He devoted the best part of his career to the editing of James Boswell’s journals and letters (Yale was to purchase 13,000 pages of the papers in 1949), publishing the first thirteen volumes of a projected total of 30–35 volumes: Boswell’s London Journal appeared in 1950. Other works include James Boswell, The Earlier Years, 1740–1769 (1966). The papers had come into the possession of the Talbot family upon the marriage of the fifth Lord Malahide to Boswell’s great-granddaughter, and were concealed for several years at Malahide Castle, County Dublin.

4.‘Hercules and Deianira’, by Antonio del Pollaiuolo (ca. 1429–98); ‘Virgin and Child with Saints Vincent Ferrer and Jerome’ (ca. 1508), by Piero di Cosimo (1462–1521). Both in Yale University Art Gallery.

5.TSEYale Universityand 'English Poets as Letter Writers';a2 spoke on ‘English Poets as Letter Writers’, under the auspices of the Lamont Memorial Foundation, to an audience of 500 in Sprague Memorial Hall, Yale University, 23 Feb. 1933. See CProse 4, 846–9.

The full lecture [Gallup C341] has not survived; but Henry Eliot copied out this opening paragraph:

I am really the last person who ought to be talking to you about letter writers, even within the frame to which I have restricted myself. To begin with, I am almost illiterate, although not analphabetic. I am an extremely ill-educated and ignorant man. I have been trying for some years, indeed, ever since I provided one of my own poems with notes, to shatter the notion that I was a man of vast erudition. I have denied this at every opportunity, at first rather diffidently, finally rather querulously, and I have found that no one believes me. Sherlock Holmes, you will remember, when he remarked that his brother Mycroft’s powers of observation were superior to his own, denied with what was for him unusual warmth, that his judgment was in any way biassed by modesty. So do I. I am genuinely sorry for my illiteracy; I have a great respect for educated men. I have certainly made use of the few scraps of learning that I possess, I see no reason why I should not use any quotation if it is apposite; but by quoting an author I do not delude myself into believing that I am perfectly acquainted with his works. Nor, until I woke up and found myself burdened with the weight of learning which I disclaimed, did I suppose that any one else would believe it either. I am merely a smatterer in a very few narrow fields. But I know what will happen. My words will fall of deaf ears, and everybody will go on believing in my incredible learning until I am dead. I mean, until a few days or a few weeks after I am dead; for critics are always very polite to you while you are still in the obituary state. And then one clever critic will have a new idea, and observe that in spite of this and that it must be said that Eliot was an ignorant man who had read very little. Then they will all take it up; until some other critic has the originality to remark that it is really the most significant thing about me; that it is, in fact, the clue to Eliot. Opinion will, I hope, be divided as to whether I know how ignorant I was, or whether I was justified in making use of learning which I did not possess, or whether I was a mere impostor. And in all the discussion no one will give me the credit of never having made any pretensions to learning. For the moment I have been speaking, you see, not so much to the present audience as to posterity; for I have an apprehension that the importance of my ignorance is going to be, some years hence, grossly exaggerated. And if I ever print this lecture, you will know the reason why.

The lecture was reported in Yale Daily News 56: 3 (24 Feb. 1933), 3 (Gallup C. 341):

‘No other form of communication can ever supplant the letter,’ Mr Eliot said. ‘Letters in the future will be different from those in the past because they will be typed, but no good letter can be dictated; there must be no third person. Letter-writing permits us to forget ourselves and to express the worthwhile things that come spontaneously. It can be a provocation of and a consolation for solitude. Our minds should be left to wander when writing a letter, and a good letter will focus the reader’s attention on what the letter is getting [at], rather than the letter itself.’

An ideal correspondence, according to Mr Eliot, will be with a person of the opposite sex, not one with whom the writer is in love, for love letters are monotonous. The recipient of the letter should be a mature friend, sufficiently understanding so that a good deal need not be said, but not to the point where the letters will be obscure to others. There should be sufficient sentiment to release the writer’s mind to speak freely, without fear of betrayal, for the greatest pleasure derived from letter-writing is being indiscreet. The two correspondents should have interests in common and should be able to be brutally frank.

‘AKeats, Johnhis letters;a6n poet can be judged by his letters,’ Mr Eliot said. ‘ToLawrence, David Herbert ('D. H.')as writer of letters;a4n me, theShelley, Percy Bysshehis letters;a2n letters of Keats are the finest letters in existence of English poets, for Keats could express great truths and yet be frivolous. Shelley’s letters, however, are dull.’ OtherWoolf, Virginiaher letters;a8n poets whose letters appeal to Mr Eliot are D. H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, whose epistles he termed ‘masterpieces of the letter-writing art.’

Henry Eliot noted:

T.S.E. quoted from this passage from a letter of D. H. Lawrence dated 1916 [to Catherine Carswell, 11 Jan. 1916]: ‘The essence of poetry with us in this age of stark and unlovely actualities is a stark directness, without a shadow of a lie, or a shadow of deflection anywhere. Everything can go but this stark, bare, rocky directness of statement, this alone make poetry, today.’ T.S.E. repeated this last sentence with approval, and continued: ‘This speaks to me of that at which I have long aimed, in writing poetry: to write poetry which should be essentially poetry, with nothing poetic about it, poetry standing naked in its bare bones, poetry so transparent that we see not the poetry, but that which we are meant to see through the poetry, poetry so transparent that in reading it we are intent on what the poem points at and not the poetry, this seems to me the thing to try for.’

And Henry took particular note (when he read over TSE’s lecture notes in June 1933) of this passage:

The desire to write a letter, to put down what you don’t want anybody else to see but the person you are writing to, but which yet you do not want to be destroyed, but perhaps hope may be preserved for complete strangers to read, is ineradicable. We want to confess ourselves in writing to a few friends, and we do not always want to feel that no one but those friends will ever read what we have written.

See too F. O. Matthiessen, The Achievement of T. S. Eliot (3rd edn, 1958), 89–90.

6.WilliamLadd, William Palmer Palmer Ladd (1870–1941), liturgical scholar; Professor of Church History, 1904–41, and Dean of Berkeley Divinity School (Episcopal seminary), New Haven, Connecticut, 1918–41 – where it was based from 1928 – and author of Prayer Book Interleaves (1943).

7.The Nathan Hale statue (sculpted by Bela Lyon Pratt and erected in 1913) stands close to Connecticut Hall, where Hale stayed. Capt. Hale was hanged by British forces in 1776, aet. 21.

8.WilliamNeilson, William Allan Allan Neilson (1869–1946), Scottish-American scholar, educator, lexicographer, author (works include studies of Shakespeare and Robert Burns; editions of Shakespeare): President of Smith College, 1917–39. See Margaret Farrand Thorp, Neilson of Smith (1956).

9.Kurt Koffka (1886–1941), Professor of Psychology, Smith College.

10.HowardPatch, Howard Rollin Rollin Patch (1889–1963), scholar of Chaucer, taught medieval literature at Smith College, 1919–57. (In a later year he would tutor Sylvia Plath.) His wife was Helen K. Patch.

11.HelenGriffith, Helen Griffith (1882–1976) taught English at Mount Holyoke College, 1912–47.

12.John Greenleaf Whittier, Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl (1866).

13.Loucks, ‘The Exile’s Return’, 25–6: ‘February 25, evening. In North Mandelle Parlor at Mount Holyoke, TSE dined with members of the honorary literary society, Blackstick, and gave an informal talk followed by a poetry reading. The critic’s task, he said, is to bring works of real merit to the attention of the public. He confessed his inability to enjoy Goethe and Milton’s Paradise Lost but said he expected to appreciate them in future. Major and minor poets differ in that with the latter, the reader must be in the proper mood; with a major poet, however, one can even be in the wrong mood. Literary greatness remains constant, though greatness can be attributed to different factors in different eras (“TSE Entertained”).’

TSE to J. McG. Bottkol, 8 June 1964: ‘I remember it was during the winter and Mount Holyoke seemed very remote from Cambridge, Mass., but I also remember that the undergraduates seemed to me a very nice lot of girls then …’

14.‘And we must write to each other from time to time in French. Although I may flourish too much and offend you; but you can ignore my babble and my childishness. Yours forever’

America, TSE on not returning in 1915, and TSE as transatlantic cultural conduit, dependence on Europe, TSE's sense of deracination from, and the Great Depression, TSE a self-styled 'Missourian', as depicted in Henry Eliot's Rumble Murders, its national coherence questioned, its religious and educational future, versus Canadian and colonial society, where age is not antiquity, drinks Scotland's whisky, and FDR's example to England, underrates Europe's influence on England, redeemed by experience with G. I.'s, TSE nervous at readjusting to, and post-war cost of living, more alien to TSE post-war, its glories, landscape, cheap shoes, its horrors, Hollywood, climate, lack of tea, overheated trains, over-social clubs, overheating in general, perplexities of dress code, food, especially salad-dressing, New England Gothic, earthquakes, heat, the whistle of its locomotives, 'Easter holidays' not including Easter, the cut of American shirts, television, Andover, Massachusetts, EH moves to, Ann Arbor, Michigan, TSE on visiting, Augusta, Maine, EH stops in, Baltimore, Maryland, and TSE's niece, TSE engaged to lecture in, TSE on visiting, Bangor, Maine, EH visits, Bay of Fundy, EH sailing in, Bedford, Massachusetts, its Stearns connections, Boston, Massachusetts, TSE tries to recollect society there, its influence on TSE, its Museum collection remembered, inspires homesickness, TSE and EH's experience of contrasted, described by Maclagan, suspected of dissipating EH's energies, EH's loneliness in, Scripps as EH's release from, possibly conducive to TSE's spiritual development, restores TSE's health, its society, TSE's relations preponderate, TSE's happiness in, as a substitute for EH's company, TSE's celebrity in, if TSE were there in EH's company, its theatregoing public, The Times on, on Labour Day, Brunswick, Maine, TSE to lecture in, TSE on visiting, California, as imagined by TSE, TSE's wish to visit, EH suggests trip to Yosemite, swimming in the Pacific, horrifies TSE, TSE finds soulless, land of earthquakes, TSE dreads its effect on EH, Wales's resemblance to, as inferno, and Californians, surfeit of oranges and films in, TSE's delight at EH leaving, land of kidnappings, Aldous Huxley seconds TSE's horror, the lesser of two evils, Cannes reminiscent of, TSE masters dislike of, land of monstrous churches, TSE regrets EH leaving, winterless, its southern suburbs like Cape Town, land of fabricated antiquities, Cambridge, Massachusetts, TSE's student days in, socially similar to Bloomsbury, TSE lonely there but for Ada, TSE's happiness in, exhausting, EH's 'group' in, road safety in, Casco Bay, Maine, TSE remembers, Castine, Maine, EH holidays in, Cataumet, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, Chicago, Illinois, EH visits, reportedly bankrupt, TSE on, TSE takes up lectureship in, its climate, land of fabricated antiquities, Chocurua, New Hampshire, EH stays in, Concord, Massachusetts, EH's househunting in, EH moves from, Connecticut, its countryside, and Boerre, TSE's end-of-tour stay in, Dorset, Vermont, EH holidays in, and the Dorset Players, Elizabeth, New Jersey, TSE on visiting, Farmington, Connecticut, place of EH's schooling, which TSE passes by, EH holidays in, Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, EH recuperates in, Gerrish Island, Maine, TSE revisits, Hollywood, perceived debauchery of its movies, TSE's dream of walk-on part, condemned by TSE to destruction, TSE trusts Murder will be safe from, Iowa City, Iowa, TSE invited to, Jonesport, Maine, remembered, Kittery, Maine, described, Lexington, Massachusetts, and the Stearns family home, Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, Madison, Wisconsin, Aurelia Bolliger hails from, Ralph Hodgson sails for, EH summers in, as conceived by TSE, who eventually visits, Maine, its coast remembered by TSE, TSE recalls swimming off, Minneapolis, on EH's 1952 itinerary, TSE lectures in, New Bedford, Massachusetts, EH's holidays in, TSE's family ties to, New England, and Unitarianism, more real to TSE than England, TSE homesick for, in TSE's holiday plans, architecturally, compared to California, and the New England conscience, TSE and EH's common inheritance, springless, TSE remembers returning from childhood holidays in, its countryside distinguished, and The Dry Salvages, New York (N.Y.C.), TSE's visits to, TSE encouraged to write play for, prospect of visiting appals TSE, as cultural influence, New York theatres, Newburyport, Maine, delights TSE, Northampton, Massachusetts, TSE on, EH settles in, TSE's 1936 visit to, autumn weather in, its spiritual atmosphere, EH moves house within, its elms, the Perkinses descend on, Aunt Irene visits, Boerre's imagined life in, TSE on hypothetical residence in, EH returns to, Peterborough, New Hampshire, visited by EH, TSE's vision of life at, Petersham, Massachusetts, EH holidays in, TSE visits with the Perkinses, EH spends birthday in, Edith Perkins gives lecture at, the Perkinses cease to visit, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, TSE on, and TSE's private Barnes Foundation tour, Independence Hall, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, surrounding countryside, Portsmouth, Maine, delights TSE, Randolph, New Hampshire, 1933 Eliot family holiday in, the Eliot siblings return to, Seattle, Washington State, EH summers in, EH's situation at, TSE prefers to California, EH repairs to post-Christmas, EH visits on 1952 tour, EH returns to, Sebasco, Maine, EH visits, South, the, TSE's first taste of, TSE's prejudices concerning, St. Louis, Missouri, TSE's childhood in, TSE's homesickness for, TSE styling himself a 'Missourian', possible destination for TSE's ashes, resting-place of TSE's parents, TSE on his return to, the Mississippi, compared to TSE's memory, TSE again revisits, TSE takes EVE to, St. Paul, Minnesota, TSE on visiting, the Furness house in, Tryon, North Carolina, EH's interest in, EH staying in, Virginia, scene of David Garnett's escapade, and the Page-Barbour Lectures, TSE on visiting, and the South, Washington, Connecticut, EH recuperates in, West Rindge, New Hampshire, EH holidays at, White Mountains, New Hampshire, possible TSE and EH excursion to, Woods Hole, Falmouth, Massachusetts, TSE and EH arrange holiday at, TSE and EH's holiday in recalled, and The Dry Salvages, TSE invited to, EH and TSE's 1947 stay in, EH learns of TSE's death at,
Christianity, and human isolation, and modern economics, Ada on TSE's personal piety, scheme for 'Pro Fide' bookshop, among the Eliot family, and beauty, its sects like different clubs, Anglo-Catholicism, TSE's conversion to, which he dates to Eccleston Square meeting, Anglican Missal sought for EH, but unfortunately out of print, discussed at Boston Theological School, and the Petrine Claims, apostolic succession, over Roman Catholicism, as refuge from VHE, and the Reformation, asceticism, discipline, rigour, the necessity for, and TSE's daily exhortation, making and breaking habits, mastering emotions and passions, as salubrious, only remedy for a prurient culture, confession and communion, more possible during Harvard year, the case for unattainable ideals, in time of war, gets TSE up before 7 o'clock, hereditary with TSE, belief, and good poetry, faced with Second World War, and conversion, antidote to TSE's skepticism, Christendom, TSE ponders the decline of, TSE on his prominence within, its ruin, the Church Visible and Invisible, and TSE's war work, the Malabar Church, prospect of total reunion within, confession, helps to objectify sin, more dreaded than dentist, harder in the morning, death and afterlife, the struggle to prepare for, consoles TSE in life, and cremation, Requiem Mass, gives meaning to life, and what makes a desirable burial place, the nature of eternal life, divorce, unrecognised by Anglo-Catholic Church, which TSE regrets, in church law, would separate TSE from Church, evil, TSE's belief in, and moral percipience, guilt, and the New England conscience, hell, TSE's 1910 vision of, and damnation, according to TSE, liturgy, TSE's weekly minimum, Mass of the Pre-sanctified, Requiem Mass versus Mass of Good Friday, and whether to serve at Mass, Imposition of Ashes, at Christmas, High Mass over Mattins, aversion to Low Church Mattins, Roman service in Wayland, Tenebrae, in country parish church, as guest at Kelham, remarkable sermon, over Christmas, Tenebrae and Family Reunion, during Holy Week, Mass of Charles King and Martyr, love, loving one's neighbour, marriage, TSE's need for privacy within, mysticism and transcendence, interpenetration of souls, intimations of life's 'pattern', 'doubleness', arrived at through reconciliation, orthodoxy, only remedy for contemporary culture, and pagans, sets TSE at odds with modernity, necessarily trinitarian, 'Christian' defined, iniquities of liberal theology, and creed, authority, Transubstantiation, TSE disclaims 'self-centredness' in maintaining, politics, the Church and social change, how denomination maps onto, need for working-class priests, church leaders against totalitarianism and Nazism, Christianity versus Fascism and Communism, Papal Encyclical against Nazi Germany, the 'Dividend morality', Presbyterianism, TSE quips on the meanness of, Quakerism, resignation, reconciliation, peace, TSE's love allows for, 'peace that passeth all understanding', the struggle to maintain, following separation from VHE, retreat and solitude, EH at Senexet, the need for, a need increasing with age, and TSE's mother, Roman Catholicism, TSE's counter-factual denomination, Rome, sacraments, Holy Communion, marriage, sainthood, TSE's idea of, the paradoxes of, susceptible of different sins, sins, vices, faults, how to invigilate, the sense of sin, the sinner's condition, bound up with the virtues, as a way to virtue, TSE's self-appraisal, when humility shades into, when unselfishness shades into, among saints, proportionate to spiritual progress, daydreaming, despair, lust, pride, perfection-seeking pride, spiritual progress and direction, TSE's crisis of 1910–11, EH's crisis, versus automatism, TSE's sense of, towards self-knowledge, in EH's case, as personal regeneration, temptation, to action/busyness, the Church Year, Advent, Christmas, dreaded, happily over, TSE rebuked for bah-humbugging, church trumps family during, season of irreligion, thoughts of EH during, unsettling, fatiguing, in wartime, Easter preferred to, Ash Wednesday, Lent, season for meditation and reading, prompts thoughts of EH, Lady Day, Holy Week, its intensity, arduous, preserved from public engagements, exhausting but refreshing, excitingly austere, Easter, better observed than Christmas, missed through illness, Unitarianism, the Eliots' as against EH's, the prospect of spiritual revival within, as personified by TSE's grandfather, regards the Bible as literature, as against Catholicism, divides EH from TSE, and whether Jesus believed himself divine, according to Dr Perkins, in England as against America, over-dependent on preachers' personality, TSE's wish that EH convert from, outside TSE's definition of 'Christian', the issue of communion, baptism, impossibly various, virtues heavenly and capital, bound up with the vices, better reached by way of sin, charity, towards others, in Bubu, TSE's intentness on, delusions of, as against tolerance, chastity, celibacy, beneath humility, TSE lacks vocation for, faith, and doubt, hope, a duty, TSE's struggle for, humility, distinguished from humiliation, comes as relief, greatest of the virtues, propinquitous to humour, not an Eliot virtue, opposed to timidity, danger of pride in, is endless, TSE criticised for overdoing, theatre a lesson in, most difficult of the virtues, possessed by EH, possessed by EH to a fault, TSE compares himself to EH in, the paradox of, distinguished from inferiority, self-discovery teaches, possessed by Dr Perkins, patience, recommended to EH, its foundations, possessed by Uncle John, purity, distinguished from purification, temperance, with alcohol, beneath humility,
Cournos, John, described for EH, puts TSE up, on TSE's lecture persona, mourns The Criterion,

1.JohnCournos, John Cournos (1881–1966) – Johann Gregorievich Korshune – naturalised American writer of Russian birth (his Jewish parents fled Russia when he was 10), worked as a journalist on the Philadelphia Record and was first noted in Britain as an Imagist poet; he became better known as novelist, essayist and translator. After living in England in the 1910s and 1920s, he emigrated to the USA. An unhappy love affair in 1922–3 with Dorothy L. Sayers was fictionalised by her in Strong Poison (1930), and by him in The Devil is an English Gentleman (1932). His other publications include London Under the Bolsheviks (1919), In Exile (1923), Miranda Masters (a roman à clef about the imbroglio between himself, the poet HD and Richard Aldington, 1926), and Autobiography (1935). See too Alfred Satterthwaite, ‘John Cournos and “H.D.”’, Twentieth Century Literature 22: 4 (Dec. 1976), 394–410.

de la Mare, Walter, talks to TSE at tea-party, roped into Edith Sitwell poetry-reading, at which he reads, at which he is rated, exempt from public duties, his funeral,

4.Walterde la Mare, Walter de la Mare (1873–1956), poet, novelist, short story writer, worked for the Statistics Department of the Anglo-American Oil Company, 1890–1908, before being freed to become a freelance writer by a £200 royal bounty negotiated by Henry Newbolt. He wrote many popular works: poetry including The Listeners (1912) and Peacock Pie (1913); novels including Henry Brocken (1904) and Memoirs of a Midget (1921); anthologies including Come Hither (1923). Appointed OM, 1953; CH, 1948. F&F brought out several of his books including Collected Rhymes and Verses (1942) and Collected Poems (1948); and TSE wrote ‘To Walter de la Mare’ for A Tribute to Walter de la Mare (1948). See further Theresa Whistler, Imagination of the Heart: The Life of Walter de la Mare (1993).

Eliot, Revd Frederick May (TSE's first cousin), invites TSE to lecture in St. Paul, qua preacher, as TSE's St. Paul host, unChristian, compared to Martha, versus Dr Perkins's Unitarianism, less observant than older generation, conspicuously absent from church manifestoes, compared to Uncle Christopher, and Margaret's death,

2.RevdEliot, Revd Frederick May (TSE's first cousin) Frederick May Eliot (1889–1958) – first cousin – Unitarian clergyman and author: see Biographical Register.

Eliots, the Henry, attend TSE's Yale lecture, get on TSE's nerves, move to Cambridge, Mass., join Randolph holiday, TSE enjoys birthday dinner chez, as potential parents, EH urged to see, invited to EH's birthday, their dynamic,
'English Poets as Letter Writers', lecture to be given at Yale, where it meets inverted reception, copy promised to EH,
Garrett, Hurst,
Griffith, Helen,

11.HelenGriffith, Helen Griffith (1882–1976) taught English at Mount Holyoke College, 1912–47.

Hale, Emily, visits the Eliots for tea, returns to Boston, likened to TSE's mother, TSE identifies with her 'reserve', encouraged to write for periodicals, visits West Rindge, summers in Seattle, presents herself as cossetted, blames herself for an unfulfilled life, returns to Boston, consulted over TSE's Norton Professorship, holidays in Castine, vacations in New Bedford, TSE fears accident befalling, travels to stay in Seattle, Frank Morley on Ada on, arrives in California, brought to tears by music, goes horse-riding, baited over how to boil an egg, TSE passes old school of, takes motoring holiday via San Francisco, summers in Seattle, TSE composes squib for, takes TSE's hand in dream, returned to California, TSE sends Harvard Vocarium record, holidays in West Rindge, returns to Boston before embarking for England, arrives in England, to travel to Paris, returns to London, feels inferior to 'brilliant society', invited to Sweeney Agonistes rehearsal, attends Richard II with TSE, attends Sweeney Agonistes, takes TSE to Gielgud's Hamlet, taken to see Stravinsky conducting, leaves for Italy, takes tea at OM's before leaving, mistaken for TSE's sister, returns to Florence, sails for the Riviera, returns from France, returns to Chipping Campden, to Guernsey with Jeanie McPherrin, taken to Henry IV on return, shares open taxi with TSE through Parks and Whitehall, and TSE attend The Gondoliers, visit to the Russian ballet, invited to Murder in Canterbury, and TSE attend 1066 And All That, taken to Tovaritch, and Morleys set for ballet, which she excuses herself from, criticised for flower-arranging, and TSE walk in the Cotswolds, feels inferior to Margaret Thorp, and TSE theatre-going with Thorps, taken to Timon of Athens, taken to Peer Gynt, visited at Campden for TSE's birthday, takes lodgings in Oxford, lodges at 19 Rosary Gardens, watches TSE read to Student Christian Movement, and TSE visit Kenwood House, dines with the Maritains, describes tea with the Woolfs, returns to America, visits Ada on Boston homecoming, possible career-move into politics, pays winter visit to Rindge, and Eleanor Hinkley attend New York Murder, moves to 154 Riverway with Perkinses, considers volunteering for charity, living at 5 Clement Circle, holidays in Cataumet, returns abruptly to Cambridge, recuperates in New Hampshire, moves to 240 Crescent St., Northampton, Mass., lectures at Concord, returns to Brimmer Street, returns to Boston during vacation, sails for England, in residence at Chipping Campden, travels to Yorkshire, returned to Chipping Campden, returns and moves to 22 Paradise Road, Northampton, Mass., spends Thanksgiving in Boston, stays at Hotel Lincolnshire with the Perkinses, vacations at New Bedford, visits New York, holidays in Charleston, as patron of school, returns to Northampton, sails for England, day at Windsor with TSE, fortnight at Campden with TSE, at Campden with TSE again, returns to America with 'Boerre', ordered to stay in America in case of war, given Family Reunion draft with her comments, encouraged to write drama criticism, vacations in New Bedford, advises TSE against Tewkesbury choruses, holidays with the Havenses, sails for England, at Chipping Campden, stays with the Adam Smiths in Scotland, returns to America with Perkinses, safely returned, sent copy of TSE's daily prayers, sent first CNL, sends TSE selected American plays, holidays in New Bedford, spends Easter in Harwichport, holiday destinations, holidays in Cape Cod, returns to the Perkinses at 90 Commonwealth Avenue, stays with Elsmiths in Woods Hole, holidays on Grand Manan, visits Perkinses in Boston, returns to 90 Commonwealth Avenue, holidays in Madison, Wisc., travels on to Maine, holidays on Grand Manan, holidays in Bangor, Maine, as president of S. P. C. A., spends Christmas holiday in New Bedford, holidays in Woods Hole, loans out her Eliotana, removes from Smith to the Perkinses, spends time in Maine, repairs to New Bedford, spends time in Tryon, N. C., returned to Boston, spends three days in New York, shares details of will, holidays on Grand Manan, leaves TSE portrait in event of predeceasing him, late summer in New Brunswick, vacations in New Bedford, repairs to New Bedford, resident in Millbrook, takes short holiday at 'Bleak House', holidays on Grand Manan, visits Woods Hole, visits New Bedford, holidays in New Bedford, spends holiday at Sylvia Knowles's, holidays in Dorset, Vt., holidays briefly in Farmington, holidaying on Grand Manan, TSE seeks Trojan Women translation for, moves to 9 Lexington Road, gives Christmas readings, congratulates TSE on OM, urges TSE not to despair at honours, spends Easter in Boston, race-relations and the WPA, sings Bach's B Minor Mass, removes from Concord to Andover, on life in Grand Manan, congratulates TSE on Nobel Prize, resident at 35 School Street, Andover, summers between Boston, Woods Hole, New Bedford and Grand Manan, recounts journey to Grand Manan, takes The Cocktail Party personally, then repents of doing so, post-Christmas stay in New Bedford, reports on Cocktail Party's opening, summers between Chocorua and Campobello, tours westward to California during summer holiday, attends British Drama League summer school, holidays in Grand Manan, asks TSE for occasional poem, week in the Virgin Islands, summers between Mount Desert and California, spends holidays in New Bedford, recuperates in New Bedford, returns, briefly to Chipping Campden, Eleanor Hinkley reports on, writes to EVE, sends EVE photograph of TSE, makes tour of Scandinavia, approaches TSE on Smith's behalf, which approach TSE declines, writes to TSE on GCF's death, moves back to Concord, pays visit to Seattle, reacts to TSE's death, writes to EVE, meets EVE, dies, appearance and characteristics, her shapely neck, TSE's memory for certain of her old dresses, particularly four dresses, which TSE then describes, TSE begs EH to describe her clothing, in silk, autumn 1930, costumed in a 'Titian wig', EH encouraged to gain weight, EH encouraged to tan, her Jantzen suit, TSE begs a slip of hair from, her gold-and-green tea gown, her Praxitelean nose, EH congratulated on 'perm', EH refuses TSE lock of hair, her voice, Guardsman dress, as a Botticelli Madonna, her hands, recommended skin-cream, 'new goldy dress', TSE inquires after, in TSE's dreams, 'new and nuder' swimsuit demanded, her black dress/red jacket outfit, dressed in blue, in charming black dress, her sense of humour, her New England conscience, the famous apricot dress, her hair, various dresses, EH's idea of new dresses, EH hair cut in the new style, blue dress worn following masque, as actor, as Olivia in Twelfth Night, in the Cambridge Dramatic club, as Roxane in Cyrano in 1915/16, as Judith Bliss in Hay Fever, EH considers giving up for teaching, in the 'stunt show' with TSE, as Beatrice, TSE hopes, in The Footlight Club, in Berkeley Square, in The Yellow Jacket, EH praised over Ruth Draper, under Ellen van Volkenburg, cast as an octogenarian, in The Old Lady Shows Her Medals, TSE speculates as to her future in, and teaching, as Lady Bracknell, TSE begs to write part for, in The Footlight Club, potentially in summer theatre company, as the Duchess of Devonshire, potentially in The Family Reunion, Cambridge Dramatic club reunion, The Wingless Victory, in masque with TSE, in a Van Druten play, as Lodovico Sforza, in play by Laurence Housman, as Madame Arcati in Blithe Spirit, with Paul Stephenson, in Kind Lady, joins the Dorset Players, as director ('producer'), La Locandiera, Lady Gregory's The Dragon, Dust of the Road, Comus, possibly temporarily at St. Catherine's, Va., chorus work at Smith, Electra, Quality Street, The Merchant of Venice, Dear Brutus, Christmas play, Richard II, Hay Fever, Christmas pantomime, The Dorset Players, a reading of Outward Bound, Molnár's The Swan, Dulcy, The School for Scandal, Fanny and the Servant Problem, Dear Brutus again, Twelfth Night, Prunella, Christmas play, Antigone, The Merry Wives of Windsor, As You Like It, The Admirable Crichton, Holy Night, The Tempest, as teacher, EH lectures on 'Modern British Verse', as a career, at Milwaukee-Downer College, Mich., at Simmons College, Boston, EH considers post at Scripps, which she accepts, arrives at Scripps, establishes drama workshop at Scripps, EH lectures on TSE, EH's advice that TSE lecture less slowly, as described by Scripps student, and being admired by students, TSE sees her teaching as a kind of acting, requests year's leave from Scripps, resigns position at Scripps, declares intention to teach again, possibly, temporarily, at St. Catherine's, Va., possibly at Smith, post at St. Catherine's rejected, appointed to position at Smith, is installed at Smith, reappointed with pay-rise, reappointed again for two years, her work at Smith, unsettled at Smith, in time of war, insecure over job at Smith, from which EH takes 'sabbatical', let go by Smith, takes job at Concord Academy, appointed to post at Bennett Junior College, Millbrook, appointment to permanent Concord position, EH thinks of giving up, lectures on Family Reunion, her work at Concord Academy, resignation from Concord Academy, takes permanent position at Abbot, EH admits to being sheltered by, retirement from Abbot, according to Abbot Academy tribute, birthdays, presents and love-tokens, EH's birthday compared to TSE's, TSE sends Terry–Shaw correspondence for EH's birthday, EH sends TSE pomme purée, present from EH, flowers for EH's birthday arrive too soon, EH wearing TSE's ring, two rings bought for EH, EH bought typewriter, TSE 'cables' EH roses, TSE consults EH over potential present, TSE's second 'sapphire' ring for, EH refits new rings from TSE, TSE receives flowers for Christmas, EH given 'powder box' for Christmas, EH's present to TSE goes amiss, missing present (calendar) explained, EH left cigarettes by TSE, EH gives TSE cigarette case, TSE necklace-hunting for EH, pearls suggested for EH, EH bought sapphire bracelet, EH gives TSE a signet ring, EH bought blue-gray scarf, EH gives TSE silk handkerchiefs, TSE has signet ring engraved, further ring sought for EH, EH with TSE on his birthday, EH gives TSE initialled leather portfolio, TSE given ashtrays and matchbox, furs sought for EH, EH gives TSE stool, roses sent to EH on birthday, TSE given diary and hairbrush box, TSE given rosary and print, EH buys TSE towel rails, TSE receives diary for Christmas, 1810 ring bought for EH, EH buys TSE various ties, war means no flowers, EH's lapis lazuli ring, TSE neglects to cable EH, EH knits socks for TSE, which turn out large, EH sends TSE 'snowflake' socks, EH remembers TSE's birthday with reference to Shakespeare, TSE sent marmalade and liver-paste, EH writes poem for TSE's birthday, EH sends TSE provisions, EH loses sapphire from ring, diamond circlet given to EH in 1939, EH gives TSE socks for Christmas, TSE gives EH 'evening bag', EH unthanked for Christmas present, correspondence with TSE, TSE petitions EH to bestow on the Bodleian, TSE exalts as authoritative, TSE envisions as reading-group, the only writing TSE enjoys, TSE as Cyrano to EH's Roxane, TSE's dependence on, TSE's nights spent planning, TSE rereads with pleasure, the strain of interruption, switches to Air Mail, TSE on his decision to renew, TSE marks first anniversary of, keeps TSE sane, TSE hopes to telephone, TSE wishes to maintain when in America, EH would withhold from the Bodleian bequest, from which TSE tries to dissuade her, TSE violently dependent on, TSE begs EH that it be preserved, less exciting to EH than at first, TSE's horror of sounding sermonic, if such a correspondence were profitable, and TSE's respectful reticence, EH suggests entrusting to Willard Thorp, but subsequently explains she meant Margaret Thorp, EH's to do with as pleases, and the prospect of TSE writing every night, TSE still rereads with pleasure, excites TSE too much to write smoothly, compared with talking, phone call finally arranged, which finally takes place, EH importuned to write more, TSE promises three letters a week, EH refuses more than one, a solitude within a solitude, EH switches to typewriter, which TSE offers to buy, observed weekly by EH's students, flatters TSE most when EH writes undutifully, TSE's dread of EH rationing, TSE's efforts to moderate himself within, TSE imagines the unsealing of, TSE offers to cease, a place to vent one's feelings, TSE rebuked for 'intolerance' within, EH learns to type, hinders TSE from work, TSE on life before, third anniversary marked, thwarted by TSE's self-loathing, TSE doubts having pursued, restraints on TSE's ardour lifted, more constrained by day, TSE worries about burdening EH with, worth TSE getting home early for, by day, by night, TSE specially treasures recent 'love letters', more delightful since EH's reciprocation, and TSE's diminished ardour, switches to transatlantic airmail, constrained by war, opened by censor, and Shamley Green post-office, TSE apologises for, EH free to dispose of, within limits, particularly constrained by EH's letter of 1939, and the experience of delay, TSE equivocates on preserving, varied with airgraph, again, EH's to do with as she pleases, still intended for Bodleian, TSE chastened for short cables, TSE's letters 'undemonstrative and impersonal', post-war frequency, being and not being loving by letter, EH asks TSE to reduce, TSE criticised for following monthly injunction, TSE rebuked for impersonality, EH formally bequeaths to Princeton, TSE unfussed as to repository, TSE reiterates 50-year prohibition, TSE's worries as to future appearances, EH promises Princeton her statement on, promises letters with ten-year seal, attempts to shorten TSE's moratorium, which TSE refuses, which forces EH to relent, TSE encouraged to return EH's letters, EH deposits further material with Princeton, EH makes 'recording' for Princeton, EH renews plea to shorten moratorium, and is again refused, TSE destroys EH's letters, TSE repents of severe letter, which EH never receives, EH suspects TSE of destroying her letters, EH instructs Princeton to discard 'recording', EH ultimately respects TSE's wishes, EH on TSE's destruction of her letters, family, her father, her childhood compared to TSE's, TSE desires family history of, EH encouraged to keep younger company, EH's unity with parents, EH's relations with aunt and uncle, EH's relations with aunt and uncle, EH photographed with parents, and EH's obligations to, finances, health, physical and mental, admits to breakdown, TSE compares 'nightmares' with, TSE's desire to nurse, suffers neuritis, then neuralgia, recommended suncream, suffers arthritis, suffers with sinuses, her teeth, experiences insomnia, suffers 'hives', suffers crisis body and soul, feels depressed over Christmas, suffers neuralgia, suffers intestinal flu, has shingles, admitted to hospital, convalesces on Grand Manan, recuperates in Washington, Conn., photographs of, as a child, Edith Sitwellesque photograph, in 18th-century costume, in 18th-century French costume, in broad-brimmed 'picture' hat, TSE buys Kodak, in deck-chair, eating sandwich, in a car, 'the Beautiful one', which TSE has enlarged for his dressing-table, painful, because taken in the 'interim', in bacchanalian pose, 'Semitic', among young people, set 'Elizabeth' giggling, Diana Mannersesque, are mnemonic aids to TSE, kneeling beside can of flowers, TSE's favourite, with ordinarily sized hands, smoking in chair, as child with big ears, taken on TSE's arrival in Claremont, in Jane Austen fashion, in unfamiliar jacket, taken in autumn, with mother and father, as a child, in TSE's note-case throughout Blitz, in Wingless Victory, as child, in gold frame, in familiar jacket, taken with Boerre, surround TSE at Shamley, with baby, in a group, of EH's portrait, in sailor suit, all inadequate, carrying lamp, with Rag Doll, at Campobello, reading, Henry James, Letters from Baron Friedrich von Hügel to a Niece, All Passion Spent, Bubu de Montparnasse, F&F thriller, Eyeless in Gaza, Dante, Hopkins and Roosevelt, Henry Irving: The Actor and His World, relationship with TSE, TSE's first acquaintance with, its abnormality, runs to admiration from EH, and TSE's habitual reserve, its morality under examination, defended by TSE, its susceptibilities envisaged by TSE, EH admits estrangement within, and TSE's desire for intimacies, provokes sorrow and fury in TSE, confided to the Perkinses, Miss Ware and Father Underhill, TSE's chance to be frivolous, and the prospect of TSE's Harvard year, TSE dates first meeting to 1905, whereas EH dates to 1915, TSE's terror of renewing in California, teaches TSE true companionship, runs to a 'kiss', as perpetual progress and revelation, EH offered manumission from, if TSE were not married, seems more real for TSE's American year, TSE's reasons against marrying, TSE fears having misled over, EH again offered manumission from, EH writes to Ada concerning, EH blames TSE for his ardour, then apologises for blaming TSE, leads to unhappiness in EH, possible drain on EH's health, its perceived inequalities, pity and gratitude would corrupt, TSE conditionally promises marriage, TSE sees as an imposition on EH, potentially richer for meeting TSE's friends, EH 'kisses' TSE, EH rests head on TSE's shoulder, EH strokes TSE's face, as consubstantial union, TSE's love finally reciprocated, mutual embraces, EH kissed on the right foot, TSE favoured with birthday kiss, exhausting, should proceed without hope of marriage, TSE again regrets misleading EH, as one of mutual dependence, its unsatisfactions, its seasonal rhythm, but for VHE would be marriage, EH seeks post-war clarity on, and the prospect of VHE's death, following VHE's death, TSE reflects on the deterioration of, TSE reflects generally on, and men and women generally, according to Theresa Eliot, EH reflects on, since TSE discounted marriage, had TSE behaved differently in 1914, its new dispensation, source of mutual anguish, apropos of TSE's second marriage, EH's marriage regret, EH recoils from publicising, TSE re-evaluates, EH writes to EVE about, religious beliefs and practices, claims experience of 'vision', admits suffering spiritual crisis, goes on retreat, and TSE's definition of sainthood, compared to TSE's, professes to resent the Church, makes retreat to Senexet, the issue of communion, the possibility of confirmation, source of worry to EH, confronts TSE on religious differences, TSE on her 'Christian spirit', fears TSE considers her damned, TSE pointedly refrains from criticising, unclear to TSE, TSE's love for, and their conversation in Eccleston Square, declared, in 1915, and TSE's desire to be EH's spiritual possession, source of serenity to TSE, the strangeness of not broadcasting, first felt in 1913, recognised by TSE the night of Tristan und Isolde, TSE's reasons for not declaring in 1913, what TSE said instead of declaring, a pain of sorts, unconfided to friends, not immune to jealousy of EH's male friends, its passion tempered by religion, and the torment of resignation, defiled by possessiveness and anger, and a particular journey back from Pasadena, in light of California stay, increases his desire to quarrel with EH, TSE doubts decision to declare, eternally unconditional, shows TSE true meaning of tenderness, defined by TSE, violent, clarified and strengthened by Chipping Campden reunion, disquiets EH, obstructive to EH loving another, TSE initially relieved to find unrequited, queered by inexperience, TSE repents of over-prizing, startles TSE, like 'a burglar', strengthened and deepened, irrespective of physical beauty, finally reciprocated, ideal when unreciprocated, relieved only by poetry, as against love's travesties, as expressed in Burnt Norton, over time, apparently undimmed but dwarfed by war, and the first time TSE spoke EH's name, thwarted by question of divorce, EH questions, now better adjusted to reality, argument over communion challenges, would run to jealously but not marriage, as expressed in 1914 on Chestnut Hill, TSE's names, nicknames and terms of endearment for, 'Lady', 'Dove', 'My saint', 'Bienaimée', TSE's reason for calling her 'Dove', 'Isolde', 'My Lady', 'Emilie', 'Princess', 'Lady bird', 'Birdie', 'riperaspberrymouth', 'Emily of Fire & Violence', 'Bouche-de-Fraise', 'Bouch-de-Framboise', 'Raspberrymouth', not 'Wendy', 'Nightingale', 'Mocking Bird', 'Love', 'My true love', 'my Self', 'Emilia' and Shelley's Epipsychidion, 'my Own', 'Girl', 'Western Star', 'Darling', 'My Life', 'My Lamb', 'Beloved my Female', 'My own Woman', writings, an article on 'Weimar', letter to The Times about King's jubilee, account of communion at Beaulieu, EH asks to write about TSE, review of La Machine infernale, review of Dangerous Corner, a note for S. P. C. A., an 'epigram', 'Actors at Alnwick', 'An Etching', 'The Giocanda Smile', 'The Personal Equation in Spoken English', 'A Play from Both Sides of the Footlights', 'Summer Sunshine: A Memory of Miss Minna Hall', 'They flash upon the inward eye',
Harvard University, rumours of TSE defecting to, TSE's student days at, makes TSE feel inadequate, Annenberg Hall disparaged, its society, English 26 (Modern English Literature), class described, on Shaw and Chesterton, on Hardy, positive feedback on, on Yeats, on modern poetry, on Joyce contra Lawrence, final lecture, compared architecturally to Yale, hockey match, compared to Princeton, produces Murder, TSE's student cooking at, engages MacNeice at TSE's instance, TSE's election to Phi Beta Kappa Society, where TSE's writers' cramp began, Harvard calendar given to TSE, TSE's student bodybuilding regime at, speaking engagement at, poetry reading at, confers honorary degree on TSE, stages Murder at Germanic Museum, Theodore Spencer Memorial Lecture, produces Murder again, Class Reunion at, which TSE gets out of, possible deposit for Hale letters,
Hulme, Thomas Ernest ('T. E.'), his influence on TSE and modernism, 'Conversion', Speculations: Essays on Humanism and the Philosophy of Art,
Keats, John, his love-letters disparaged, but suggested as joint-reading, then promised to EH, TSE recants superior attitude to, his letters guarantee his talent, his letters, Testaccio Cemetery appeal,
Ladd, William Palmer,

6.WilliamLadd, William Palmer Palmer Ladd (1870–1941), liturgical scholar; Professor of Church History, 1904–41, and Dean of Berkeley Divinity School (Episcopal seminary), New Haven, Connecticut, 1918–41 – where it was based from 1928 – and author of Prayer Book Interleaves (1943).

Lawrence, David Herbert ('D. H.'), his singularity as poet, piece of faux-Eliotana concerning, as writer of letters, TSE appreciates loneliness of, deranges TSE, singled out Bain's 'Disraeli' for praise, on The Criterion, represented better in Revelation, David, 'The Prussian Officer',
Lear, Edward, illustrates Scripps talk on English humour, subject of TSE's Ann Arbor lecture, again in Buffalo, again in Smith, again at Bowdoin, yardstick for TSE's own nonsense, TSE bangs on about, The Book of Nonsense,
Mount Holyoke College, lecture promised pro bono to, journey through snow to, TSE on visiting, Blackstick Society addressed, recalled,
Neilson, William Allan, as TSE's host at Smith, familiar of Sheff's, confers assistant professorship on EH, able to extend EH's contract, as President of Smith,

8.WilliamNeilson, William Allan Allan Neilson (1869–1946), Scottish-American scholar, educator, lexicographer, author (works include studies of Shakespeare and Robert Burns; editions of Shakespeare): President of Smith College, 1917–39. See Margaret Farrand Thorp, Neilson of Smith (1956).

Patch, Howard Rollin,
see also Patches, the

10.HowardPatch, Howard Rollin Rollin Patch (1889–1963), scholar of Chaucer, taught medieval literature at Smith College, 1919–57. (In a later year he would tutor Sylvia Plath.) His wife was Helen K. Patch.

Perry, Bliss, antithetical to TSE, but TSE repents of dismissing, doomed to amuse,

7.BlissPerry, Bliss Perry (1860–1954), critic, author, editor, editor of the Atlantic Monthly, 1899–1909.

Phelps, William Lyon, on lunch with TSE,

2.WilliamPhelps, William Lyon Lyon Phelps (1865–1943) taught at Yale for 41 years, becoming Lampson Professor of English Literature in 1901. A compelling, popular lecturer, he was the first to teach a course on the modern novel – which proved controversial at the start. Works include Essays on the Modern Novel (1910) and The Advance of the English Novel (1916). Phelps noted, in Autobiography with Letters (New York, 1939), of hisPhelps, William Lyonon lunch with TSE;a2n lunch with TSE on 23 Feb.: ‘We talked a good deal about Paul Elmer More, whom we both admired. Mr Eliot gives one the same impression in conversation that one receives in reading him – intense sincerity.’

Pottle, Frederick A.,

3.FrederickPottle, Frederick A. A. Pottle (1897–1987), great scholar, taught at Yale University, 1925–66, becoming a full professor in 1930. He devoted the best part of his career to the editing of James Boswell’s journals and letters (Yale was to purchase 13,000 pages of the papers in 1949), publishing the first thirteen volumes of a projected total of 30–35 volumes: Boswell’s London Journal appeared in 1950. Other works include James Boswell, The Earlier Years, 1740–1769 (1966). The papers had come into the possession of the Talbot family upon the marriage of the fifth Lord Malahide to Boswell’s great-granddaughter, and were concealed for several years at Malahide Castle, County Dublin.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe, as against Dante, his letters, furnished original Burnt Norton epigraph, TSE and Epipsychidion, appeal for Testaccio Cemetery,
Smith College, TSE's speaking engagement at, which proves luxurious, EH considers matronship at, offers EH job, appoints EH assistant professor, in TSE's recollection, EH installed at, TSE's response to EH's initial response, EH unhappy with work at, reappoints EH, reappoints EH again for two years, compared to Scripps, EH encouraged to stick at, despite feeling unsettled, reappoints and promotes EH again, EH's employment insecurities at, EH considers leaving for war-work, appoints Hallie Flanagan, places staff under assessment, does not renew EH's contract, TSE reflects on EH's time at, EH visits, EH invites TSE to speak at, which TSE declines, EH approaches Marianne Moore for,
smoking, like a schoolboy, with Jim Clement, despite Mt Holyoke rules, and TSE's definition of 'civilised', a pipe again, Chesterfields, tobacconist to Dr Perkins, cigarettes versus gaspers, birthday cigarettes, JDH's Christmas cigars, bedside cigarettes, French cigarettes versus Ringer's Mild Shag, as practised by Virginia Woolf, pipes from the Tandys, and drinking, French cigarettes, TSE forced to halve intake, against doctor's orders, TSE gives up,
Tinker, Chauncey Brewster,

4.ChaunceyTinker, Chauncey Brewster Brewster Tinker (1876–1963), Sterling Professor of English Literature, Yale University. 1923–45.

Whittier, John Greenleaf, Snow-Bound,
Wilberforce, Pamela Margaret (TSE's secretary), fobs off Lady Astor, advised on Staffordshire Terriers, engaged to be married, handsome girl reminds TSE of,

7.PamelaWilberforce, Pamela Margaret (TSE's secretary) Margaret Wilberforce (1909–97), scion of the Wilberforce family (granddaughter of Samuel Wilberforce) and graduate of Somerville College, Oxford, was appointed ‘secretary-typist’ to the Chairman’s office on 1 July 1930, at a salary of £2.10.0 a week. She was required to learn typing and shorthand; she asked too for time to improve her German.

Woolf, Virginia, the only woman TSE sees alone, characteristic letter from, her snobbery, TSE's most trusted female friend, TSE underrates, on the Eliots' Rodmell visit, as estate agent, her letters, as novelist, apparently drained by Lady Colefax, and Lytton Strachey's death, compared qua friend to OM, recounts TSE's practical jokes, her feminism, her anecdote of Bostonian snobbery, on 9 Grenville Place, TSE treasures but never reads, on TSE visiting Rodmell, EH taken to tea with, described by EH, on meeting EH, on Murder in the Cathedral, after 'long illness', represents TSE at OM's funeral, records TSE on Family Reunion, on TSE's wartime Sussex stay, on wartime dinner with TSE, her death, TSE strikes as conceited, TSE's scheduled final visit to, two journals vie for TSE's tribute to, TSE's tribute to, esteemed by Walpole, her absence at Rodmell, air-stewardess asks TSE about, A Room of One's Own, Jacob's Room, The Waves,

1.VirginiaWoolf, Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), novelist, essayist and critic: see Biographical Register.

Yale University, and 'English Poets as Letter Writers', more like Oxford than Harvard, compared to Princeton, negotiates amateur production of Murder, exhibits first editions of TSE, superior cadre of university, and George P. Baker's theatre-group, Herbert Read to lecture at, poetry reading at, confers degree on TSE, potential place of deposit for correspondence,