Martha Eliot, 1958.
© Valerie Eliot; from the collection of the T. S. Eliot Estate.

Martha May Eliot


Martha May Eliot (1898–1979), MD, pediatrician and expert on children’s health. A graduate of Radcliffe College and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, she was a founder of the World Health Organization and UNICEF, and fourth head of the Children’s Bureau in Washington, DC. She taught at the Harvard School of Public Health, headed the Massachusetts Committee on Children and Youth, and conducted pioneering research on rickets. See ‘Martha Eliot, world leader in child care’, Boston Globe, 16 Feb. 1978); Notable American Unitarians 1936–1961, ed. Herbert F. Vetter (Cambridge, MA, 2007), 86–7.